Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Oesterlund, C. ; Crowston, K.: Documentation and access to knowledge in online communities : know your audience and write appropriately?.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 70(2019) no.6, S.619-633.
Abstract: Virtual collaborations bring together people who must work together despite having varied access to and understanding of the work at hand. In many cases, the collaborations are technology supported, meaning that the work is done through shared documents. We develop a framework articulating the characteristics of documents supporting collaborators with access to asymmetric knowledge versus those with access to symmetric knowledge. Drawing on theories about document genre, boundary objects, and provenance, we hypothesize that documents supporting asymmetric collaborators are likely to articulate or prescribe their own (a) purpose, (b) context of use, (c) content and form, and (d) provenance in greater detail than documents supporting symmetric collaborators. We explore these hypotheses through content analysis of documents and instructions for documents from a variety of free/libre open-source projects (FLOSS). We present findings consistent with the hypotheses developed as well as results extending beyond our theory-derived assumptions. When participants have access to the same knowledge, the study suggests that prescriptions about the content of documents become less important compared with prescriptions about the context, provenance, and process of work. The study contributes with a dynamic perspective on communicative practices that consider an often-uneven distribution of knowledge in virtual collaborations.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24152.
2Kwasnik, B.H. ; Chun, Y.L. ; Crowston, K. ; D'Ignazio, J. ; Rubleske, J.: Challenges in ceating a taxonomy of genres of digital documents.
In: Knowledge organization for a global learning society: Proceedings of the 9th International ISKO Conference, 4-7 July 2006, Vienna, Austria. Hrsg.: G. Budin, C. Swertz u. K. Mitgutsch. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2006. S.225-231.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.10)
Abstract: We report on the process and difficulties of building a taxonomy of genres of digital documents. The taxonomy is being created to be used in the experimental phase of an ongoing study to learn about the usefulness of providing genre information to support information-seeking tasks. To build the taxonomy, we conducted field studies to collect webpage-genre information from 55 respondents: K-12 teachers, journalists, and engineers, who routinely use the web for information seeking. Challenges described in this paper include the difficulties respondents experienced in identifying and naming genres and that the researchers faced in unambiguously linking the genre identifications with clues to genre attributes and purposes.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/tocs/0497f79b0c0b3ed06/0497f79b0c0c7c33f/index.php.
Behandelte Form: Elektronische Dokumente
3Crowston, K. ; Kwasnik, B.H.: Can document-genre metadata improve information access to large digital collections?.
In: Library trends. 52(2004) no.2, S.345-361.
Abstract: We discuss the issues of resolving the information-retrieval problem in large digital collections through the identification and use of document genres. Explicit identification of genre seems particularly important for such collections because any search usually retrieves documents with a diversity of genres that are undifferentiated by obvious clues as to their identity. Also, because most genres are characterized by both form and purpose, identifying the genre of a document provides information as to the document's purpose and its fit to the user's situation, which can be otherwise difficult to assess. We begin by outlining the possible role of genre identification in the information-retrieval process. Our assumption is that genre identification would enhance searching, first because we know that topic alone is not enough to define an information problem and, second, because search results containing genre information would be more easily understandable. Next, we discuss how information professionals have traditionally tackled the issues of representing genre in settings where topical representation is the norm. Finally, we address the issues of studying the efficacy of identifying genre in large digital collections. Because genre is often an implicit notion, studying it in a systematic way presents many problems. We outline a research protocol that would provide guidance for identifying Web document genres, for observing how genre is used in searching and evaluating search results, and finally for representing and visualizing genres.
Anmerkung: Beitrag in einem Themenheft: Organizing the Internet
Themenfeld: Internet ; Metadaten