Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
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1Davis, C.H.: Indexing and index editing at Chemical Abstracts before the Registry System.
In: ¬The history and heritage of scientific and technological information systems: Proceedings of the 2002 Conference. Ed. by W. Boyd Rayward, Mary Ellen Bowden. Medford, NJ : Information Today, 2004. S.182-189.
(ASIS & monograph series)
Anmerkung: Auch unter: http://www.chemheritage.org/events/asist2002/15-davis.pdf
Objekt: Chemical abstracts
2Sun, Q. ; Shaw, D. ; Davis, C.H.: ¬A model for estimating the occurence of same-frequency words and the boundary between high- and low-frequency words in texts.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 50(1999) no.3, S.280-286.
Abstract: A simpler model is proposed for estimating the frequency of any same-frequency words and identifying the boundary point between high-frequency words and low-frequency words in a text. The model, based on a 'maximum-ranking method', assigns ranks to the words and estimates word frequency by a formula. The boundary value between high-frequency and low-frequency words is obtained by taking the square root of the number of different words in the text. This straightforward model was used successfully with both English and Chinese texts
3Davis, C.H. ; McKim, G.W.: Systematic weighting and ranking : cutting the Gordian knot.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 50(1999) no.7, S.626-628.
Abstract: A powers-of-two algorithm is described that automatically creates discrete, well-defined, and unique result sets, displaying them in decreasing order of likely relevance. All computations are transparent, and a simple query form allows the searcher to focus on the choice of terms and their sequence - an implicit indicator of their relative importance. The program can be used with traditional databases or with search engines designed for the WWW. It also can be used with an intelligent agent to search the Web with a pushdown store, returning only those items that best reflect the searcher's stated interests
Anmerkung: Vgl.: http://www.clarit.com/clhtml/h-weight.html (CLARIT); http://shakt.lib.indiana.edu/~swear/ (SWEAR)
Objekt: CLARIT ; SWEAR
4Davis, C.H.: From document retrieval to Web browsing : some universal concerns.
In: Journal of information; communication; and library science. 3(1997) no.3, S.3-10.
Abstract: Computer based systems can produce enourmous retrieval sets even when good search logic is used. Sometimes this is desirable, more often it is not. Appropriate filters can limit search results, but they represent only a partial solution. Simple ranking techniques are needed that are both effective and easily understood by the humans doing the searching. Optimal search output, whether from a traditional database or the Internet, will result when intuitive interfaces are designed that inspire confidence while making the necessary mathematics transparent. Weighted term searching using powers of 2, a technique proposed early in the history of information retrieval, can be simplifies and used in combination with modern graphics and textual input to achieve these results
Themenfeld: Internet ; Retrievalstudien
6Davis, C.H. ; Shaw, D.: Comparison of retrieval system interfaces using an objective measure of screen design effectiveness.
In: Library and information science research. 11(1989) no.4, S.325-334.
Abstract: Many evaluations of screen design for computer system interfaces are subjective. At best, they consist of sophisticated measures of user behaviour based on instruments devised by cognitive scientists: at worst, they represent only the preconceived notions of software designers. 2 straightforward experiments are described that use tallies of keyboarding errors as a measure of interface effectiveness. By programming the computer to keep such tallies during the input of search logic for a retrieval system, it is possible to obtain objectives and empirically based data for comparing the effectiveness of different interface designs