Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 03. März 2020)
1Gorichanaz, T. ; Furner, J. ; Ma, L. ; Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L. ; Dixon, D. ; Herold, K. ; Obelitz Søe, S. ; Martens, B. Van der Veer ; Floridi, L.: Information and design : book symposium on Luciano Floridi's The Logic of Information.
In: Journal of documentation. 76(2020) no.2, S.586-616.
Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to review and discuss Luciano Floridi's 2019 book The Logic of Information: A Theory of Philosophy as Conceptual Design, the latest instalment in his philosophy of information (PI) tetralogy, particularly with respect to its implications for library and information studies (LIS). Design/methodology/approach Nine scholars with research interests in philosophy and LIS read and responded to the book, raising critical and heuristic questions in the spirit of scholarly dialogue. Floridi responded to these questions. Findings Floridi's PI, including this latest publication, is of interest to LIS scholars, and much insight can be gained by exploring this connection. It seems also that LIS has the potential to contribute to PI's further development in some respects. Research limitations/implications Floridi's PI work is technical philosophy for which many LIS scholars do not have the training or patience to engage with, yet doing so is rewarding. This suggests a role for translational work between philosophy and LIS. Originality/value The book symposium format, not yet seen in LIS, provides forum for sustained, multifaceted and generative dialogue around ideas.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-10-2019-0200.
2Floridi, L.: ¬The logic of information : a theory of philosophy as conceptual design.
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2019. xxii, 240 S.
Abstract: Luciano Floridi presents an innovative approach to philosophy, conceived as conceptual design. He explores how we make, transform, refine, and improve the objects of our knowledge. His starting point is that reality provides the data, to be understood as constraining affordances, and we transform them into information, like semantic engines. Such transformation or repurposing is not equivalent to portraying, or picturing, or photographing, or photocopying anything. It is more like cooking: the dish does not represent the ingredients, it uses them to make something else out of them, yet the reality of the dish and its properties hugely depend on the reality and the properties of the ingredients. Models are not representations understood as pictures, but interpretations understood as data elaborations, of systems. Thus, Luciano Floridi articulates and defends the thesis that knowledge is design and philosophy is the ultimate form of conceptual design. Although entirely independent of Floridi's previous books, The Philosophy of Information (OUP 2011) and The Ethics of Information (OUP 2013), The Logic of Information both complements the existing volumes and presents new work on the foundations of the philosophy of information.
Inhalt: Vgl. auch das 'Buch-Symposium': unter: Gorichanaz, T., J. Furner u. L. Ma u.a.: Information and design: book symposium on Luciano Floridi's The Logic of Information. In: Journal of documentation. 76(2020) no.2, S.586-616.
3Floridi, L.: ¬Die 4. Revolution : wie die Infosphäre unser Leben verändert.Aus dem Engl. von Axel Walter.
Berlin : Suhrkamp, 2015. 317 S.
Abstract: Unsere Computer werden immer schneller, kleiner und billiger; wir produzieren jeden Tag genug Daten, um alle Bibliotheken der USA damit zu füllen; und im Durchschnitt trägt jeder Mensch heute mindestens einen Gegenstand bei sich, der mit dem Internet verbunden ist. Wir erleben gerade eine explosionsartige Entwicklung von Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien. Luciano Floridi, einer der weltweit führenden Informationstheoretiker, zeigt in seinem meisterhaften Buch, dass wir uns nach den Revolutionen der Physik (Kopernikus), Biologie (Darwin) und Psychologie (Freud) nun inmitten einer vierten Revolution befinden, die unser ganzes Leben verändert. Die Trennung zwischen online und offline schwindet, denn wir interagieren zunehmend mit smarten, responsiven Objekten, um unseren Alltag zu bewältigen oder miteinander zu kommunizieren. Der Mensch kreiert sich eine neue Umwelt, eine »Infosphäre«. Persönlichkeitsprofile, die wir online erzeugen, beginnen, in unseren Alltag zurückzuwirken, sodass wir immer mehr ein »Onlife« leben. Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien bestimmen die Art, wie wir einkaufen, arbeiten, für unsere Gesundheit vorsorgen, Beziehungen pflegen, unsere Freizeit gestalten, Politik betreiben und sogar, wie wir Krieg führen. Aber sind diese Entwicklungen wirklich zu unserem Vorteil? Was sind ihre Risiken? Floridi weist den Weg zu einem neuen ethischen und ökologischen Denken, um die Herausforderungen der digitalen Revolution und der Informationsgesellschaft zu meistern. Ein Buch von großer Aktualität und theoretischer Brillanz.
Anmerkung: Originaltitel: The 4th revolution : how the infosphere is reshaping human reality.
Themenfeld: Information ; Vision
LCSH: Information technology ; Social aspects ; Information society ; Internet / Social aspects ; Computers and civilization
RSWK: Digitale Revolution / Informationsgesellschaft / Internet / Kritik ; Internet / Informationsgesellschaft / Kritik
BK: 05.20 Kommunikation und Gesellschaft ; 71.43 Technologische Faktoren Soziologie ; 54.08 Informatik in Beziehung zu Mensch und Gesellschaft
DDC: 302.2301 / DDC22ger
GHBS: KNZZ (DU) ; HNW (SI) ; OGE (W) ; TTP (HA)
RVK: CC 8700
4Floridi, L.: Perception and testimony as data providers.
In: Theories of information, communication and knowledge : a multidisciplinary approach. Eds.: F. Ibekwe-SanJuan u. T.M. Dousa. Dordrecht : Springer, 2014. S.xxx-xxx.
(Studies in history and philosophy of science ; 34)
5Floridi, L.: ¬The Fourth Revolution in our self-understanding.
In: Philosophy, computing and information science. Eds.: R. Hagengruber u. U.V. Riss. London : Pickering & Chatto, 2014. S.19-27.
(History and philosophy of technoscience; 3)
Abstract: To oversimplify, science has two fundamental ways of changing our understanding. One may be called extrovert, or about the world, and the other introvert, or about ourselves. Three scientific revolutions in the past had great impact both extrovertly and introvertly. In changing our understanding of the external world, they also modified our conception of who we are, that is, our self-understanding. The story is well known, so I shall recount it rather quickly. We used to think that we were at the centre of the universe, nicely placed there by a creator God. It was a most comfortable and reassuring position to hold. In 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus published his treatise on the movements of planets around the sun. It was entitled On the Revolutions of Celestial Bodies (De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium). Copernicus probably did not mean to start a 'revolution' in our self-understanding as well. Nonetheless, his heliocentric cosmology forever displaced the earth from the centre of the universe and made us reconsider, quite literally, our own place and role in it. It caused such a profound change in our views of the universe that the word 'revolution' begun to be associated with radical scientific transformation. We have been dealing with the consequences of the Copernican revolution since its occurrence. Indeed, it is often remarked that one of the significant achievements of our space explorations has been a matter of external and comprehensive reflection on our human condition.
6Floridi, L.: ¬The philosophy of information.
Oxford : Oxford Univ. Press, 2011. XVIII, 405 S.
Abstract: This is the first volume in the tetralogy on the foundations of the philosophy of information. The reader interested in an introduction to its topics may find Information - A very Short Introduction helpful. The book fulfils three goals. The first is metatheoretical. The book describes what the philosophy of information is, its open problems, and its methods. The second goal is introductory. The book analyses the complex and diverse nature of informational concepts and phenomena, and defends the veridicality thesis and a theory of strongly semantic information. The third goal is constructive. The book tackles some classic philosophical questions in information-theoretical terms, such as how symbols acquire their semantics (the symbol-grounding problem), whether knowledge may be something different from justified true belief (the Gettier problem), or what kind of realism may be more plausible in philosophy of science (the debate on structural realism). The essential message is quite straightforward. Semantic information is well-formed, meaningful and truthful data; knowledge is relevant semantic information properly accounted for; humans are the only known semantic engines and conscious informational organisms who can develop a growing knowledge of reality; and reality is the totality of information (notice the crucial absence of "semantic").
Inhalt: What is the philosophy of information?. Introduction ; Philosophy of artificial intelligence as a premature paradigm of PI ; The historical emergence of PI ; The dialectic of reflection and the emergence of PI ; The definition of PI ; The analytic approach to PI ; The metaphysical approach to PI ; PI as philosophia prima -- Open problems in the philosophy of information. Introduction ; David Hilbert's view ; Analysis ; Semantics ; Intelligence ; Nature ; Values -- The method of levels of abstraction. Introduction Some definitions and preliminary examples ; A classic interpretation of the method of abstraction ; Some philosophical applications ; The philosophy of the method of abstraction -- ; Semantic information and the veridicality thesis. Introduction ; The data-based approach to semantic information ; The general definition of information ; Understanding data ; Taxonomic neutrality ; Typological neutrality ; Ontological neutrality ; Genetic neutrality ; Alethic neutrality ; Why false information is not a kind of semantic information ; Why false information is pseudo-information : attributive vs predictive use ; Why false information is pseudo-information : a semantic argument ; The definition of semantic information -- Outline of a theory of strongly semantic information. Introduction ; The Bar-Hillel-Carnap paradox ; Three criteria of information equivalence ; Three desiderata for TSSI ; Degrees of vacuity and inaccuracy ; Degrees of informativeness ; Quantities of vacuity and of semantic information ; The solution of the Bar-Hillel-Carnap paradox ; TSSI and the scandal of deduction -- ; The symbol grounding problem. Introduction ; The symbol of grounding problem ; The representationalist approach ; The semi-representationalist approach ; The non-representationalist approach -- Action-based semantics. Introduction ; Action-based semantics ; Two-machine artificial agents and their AbS ; From grounded symbols to grounded communication and abstractions -- Semantic information and the correctness theory of truth. Introduction ; First step : translation ; Second step : polarization ; Third step : normalization ; Fourth step : verification and validation ; Fifth step : correctness ; Some implications and advantages of the correctness theory of truth -- The logical unsolvability of the Gettier problem. Introduction ; Why the Gettier problem is unsolvable in principle ; Three objections and replies -- The logic of being informed. Introduction ; Three logics of information ; Modelling "being informed" ; Four epistemological implications of KTB-IL -- Understanding epistemic relevance. Introduction ; Epistemic vs casual relevance ; The basic case ; A probabilistic revision of the basic case ; A counterfactual revision of the probabilistic analysis ; A metatheoretical revision of the counterfactual analysis ; Advantages of the metatheoretical revision ; Some illustrative cases ; Misinformation cannot be relevant ; Two objections and replies -- ; Semantic information and the network theory of account. Introduction ; The nature of the upgrading problem : mutual independence ; Solving the upgrading problem : the network theory of account ; Advantages of a network theory of account ; Testing the network theory of account -- Consciousness, agents, and the knowledge game. Introduction ; The knowledge game ; The first and classic version of the knowledge game : externally inferable states ; The second version of the knowledge game ; The third version of the knowledge game ; The fourth version of the knowledge game ; Dretske's question and the knowledge game -- Against digital ontology. Introduction ; What is digital ontology : It from bit ; The thought experiment ; Three objections and replies -- A defense of informational structural realism. Introduction ; First step : ESR and OSR are not compatible ; Second step : Relata are not logically prior to all relations ; Third step : the concept of a structural object is not empty ; Informational structural realism ; Ten objections and replies.
LCSH: Information science / Philosophy
RSWK: Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft / Philosophie / / Information / Informationstheorie / Philosophie
BK: 08.49 (Systematische Philosophie: Sonstiges) ; 06.00 (Information und Dokumentation: Allgemeines)
7Floridi, L.: Information: a very short introduction.
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2010. XV, 130 S.
(Very short introductions : stimulating ways in to new subjects ; 225)
Abstract: We live in a society that is awash with information, but few of us really understand what information is. In this Very Short Introduction, one of the world's leading authorities on the philosophy of information and on information ethics, Luciano Floridi, offers an illuminating exploration of information as it relates to both philosophy and science. He discusses the roots of the concept of information in mathematics and science, and considers the role of information in several fields, including biology. Floridi also discusses concepts such as "Infoglut" (too much information to process) and the emergence of an information society, and he addresses the nature of information as a communication process and its place as a physical phenomenon. Perhaps more important, he explores information's meaning and value, and ends by considering the broader social and ethical issues relating to information, including problems surrounding accessibility, privacy, ownership, copyright, and open source. This book helps us understand the true meaning of the concept and how it can be used to understand our world. About the Series: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and style, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics. Written by experts for the newcomer, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, from philosophy to Freud, quantum theory to Islam.
LCSH: Knowledge, Sociology of
RSWK: Information / Soziologie / Einführung ; Information / Philosophie / Informationstheorie / Wissenssoziologie / Einführung ; HNI ; Philosophie / Information / Bedeutung / Differenz / Daten / Einführung (HBZ) ; Informationsgesellschaft / Informationsaufnahme / Informationsbedarf / Informationsbeschaffung / Informationsethik / Zugang / Drop-out / Slum (HBZ) ; Neue Medien/ Medienkonsum ; Information / Mathematik / Semantik ; Physik / Information / Entropie / Maxwellscher Dämon ; Biologie / Information / Genetik / DNS / Codon / Kommunikation / Neurobiologie ; Information / Wirtschaft
BK: 02.02 (Wissenschaftstheorie) ; 06.00 (Information und Dokumentation: Allgemeines) ; 53.71 (Theoretische Nachrichtentechnik) ; 54.64 (Datenbanken)
GHBS: HNI (PB)
RVK: AN 92550 ; AN 93000 ; BD 175 ; CC 2400 ; QH 710 ; WB 4000 ; MR 2200
8Floridi, L.: Open problems in the philosophy of information.
In: Metyphilosophy. 35(2004) no.4, S. -.
Abstract: The philosophy of information (PI) is a new area of research with its own field of investigation and methodology. This article, based an the Herbert A. Simon Lecture of Computing and Philosophy I gave at Carnegie Mellon University in 2001, analyses the eighteen principal open problems in PI. Section 1 introduces the analysis by outlining Herbert Simon's approach to PI. Section 2 discusses some methodological considerations about what counts as a good philosophical problem. The discussion centers an Hilbert's famous analysis of the central problems in mathematics. The rest of the article is devoted to the eighteen problems. These are organized into five sections: problems in the analysis of the concept of information, in semantics, in the study of intelligence, in the relation between information and nature, and in the investigation of values.
9Floridi, L.: Philosophy and computing : an introduction.
London : Routledge, 1999. XIV, 242 S.
Abstract: Philosophy and Computing explores each of the following areas of technology: the digital revolution; the computer; the Internet and the Web; CD-ROMs and Mulitmedia; databases, textbases, and hypertexts; Artificial Intelligence; the future of computing. Luciano Floridi shows us how the relationship between philosophy and computing provokes a wide range of philosophical questions: is there a philosophy of information? What can be achieved by a classic computer? How can we define complexity? What are the limits of quantam computers? Is the Internet an intellectual space or a polluted environment? What is the paradox in the Strong Artificial Intlligence program? Philosophy and Computing is essential reading for anyone wishing to fully understand both the development and history of information and communication technology as well as the philosophical issues it ultimately raises. 'The most careful and scholarly book to be written on castles in a generation.'
LCSH: Computer science / Philosophy
RSWK: Computer / Philosophie
BK: 08.03 / Grundlagen und Methoden der Philosophie ; 06.74 / Informationssysteme ; 08.25 / Zeitgenössische westliche Philosophie
RVK: CC 5200 [Philosophie # Systematische Philosophie # Philosophische Kybernetik]
10Floridi, L.: ¬The Internet: which future for organised knowledge : Frankenstein or Pygmalion?.Pt.1.2.
In: Electronic library. 14(1996) no.1, S.43-48,49-52.
Abstract: Based on a paper presented at the UNESCO Philosophy Forum International Conference, Paris, 14-17 March 1995. Presents the basic ideas underlying the provision of information services on the Internet: digital discrimination; disappearance of the great compilers; emergence of the computerized scholar; stored knowledge on the Internet becoming greater than that which can be accessed; accessible knowledge becoming greater than that which can be managed; digital parricide; the need to increase access to the Internet to avoid the rise of a new technological elite; emergence of a new language of the encyclopedia; pollution of the intellectual space on the Internet; and the issue of decentralization versus fragmentation
11Floridi, L.: Brave.Net.World : the Internet as a disinformation superhighway?.
In: Electronic library. 14(1996) no.6, S.509-514.
Abstract: Considers the possibility that the Internet could become a powerful tool for the dissemination of disinformation and looks at ways in which disinformation engendered by the Internet might differ from other forms of disinformation engendered via paper and broadcasting media. Discusses ways by which such disinformation, disseminated by the Internet, could be couuntered and neutralized
Themenfeld: Internet ; Information
12Floridi, L.: Internet: which future for organized knowledge, Frankenstein or Pygmalion?.
In: International journal of human-computer studies. 43(1995) no.2, S.261-274.
Abstract: The Internet is like a new country, with a growing population of millions of well educated citizens. It it wants to keep track of its own cultural achievements in real time, it will have to provide itself with an infostructure like a virtual National Library system. Proposes that institutions all over the world should take full advantage of the new technologies available, and promote and coordinate such a global service. This is essential in order to make possible a really efficient management of human knowledge on a global scale