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1Friedman, A. ; Smiraglia, R.P.: Nodes and arcs : concept map, semiotics, and knowledge organization.
In: Journal of documentation. 69(2013) no.1, S.27-48.
Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of the research reported here is to improve comprehension of the socially-negotiated identity of concepts in the domain of knowledge organization. Because knowledge organization as a domain has as its focus the order of concepts, both from a theoretical perspective and from an applied perspective, it is important to understand how the domain itself understands the meaning of a concept. Design/methodology/approach - The paper provides an empirical demonstration of how the domain itself understands the meaning of a concept. The paper employs content analysis to demonstrate the ways in which concepts are portrayed in KO concept maps as signs, and they are subjected to evaluative semiotic analysis as a way to understand their meaning. The frame was the entire population of formal proceedings in knowledge organization - all proceedings of the International Society for Knowledge Organization's international conferences (1990-2010) and those of the annual classification workshops of the Special Interest Group for Classification Research of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (SIG/CR). Findings - A total of 344 concept maps were analyzed. There was no discernible chronological pattern. Most concept maps were created by authors who were professors from the USA, Germany, France, or Canada. Roughly half were judged to contain semiotic content. Peirceian semiotics predominated, and tended to convey greater granularity and complexity in conceptual terminology. Nodes could be identified as anchors of conceptual clusters in the domain; the arcs were identifiable as verbal relationship indicators. Saussurian concept maps were more applied than theoretical; Peirceian concept maps had more theoretical content. Originality/value - The paper demonstrates important empirical evidence about the coherence of the domain of knowledge organization. Core values are conveyed across time through the concept maps in this population of conference papers.
Inhalt: Vgl. auch den Beitrag: Treude, L.: Das Problem der Konzeptdefinition in der Wissensorganisation: über einen missglückten Versuch der Klärung. In: LIBREAS: Library ideas. no.22, 2013, S.xx-xx.
2Friedman, A. ; Thellefsen, M.: Concept theory and semiotics in knowledge organization.
In: Journal of documentation. 67(2011) no.4, S.644-674.
Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore the basics of semiotic analysis and concept theory that represent two dominant approaches to knowledge representation, and explore how these approaches are fruitful for knowledge organization. Design/methodology/approach - In particular the semiotic theory formulated by the American philosopher C.S. Peirce and the concept theory formulated by Ingetraut Dahlberg are investigated. The paper compares the differences and similarities between these two theories of knowledge representation. Findings - The semiotic model is a general and unrestricted model of signs and Dahlberg's model is thought from the perspective and demand of better knowledge organization system (KOS) development. It is found that Dahlberg's concept model provides a detailed method for analyzing and representing concepts in a KOS, where semiotics provides the philosophical context for representation. Originality/value - This paper is the first to combine theories of knowledge representation, semiotic and concept theory, within the context of knowledge organization.
3Friedman, A.: ¬The use of concept maps in knowledge organization : an analysis of conference papers.
In: Knowledge organization. 37(2010) no.1, S.43-50.
Abstract: Concept mapping is a technique for representing knowledge in graphic form. It is often used in academic conference papers by professionals in the field of knowledge organization. By examining the entire run of conference proceedings from ISKO and ASIS SIG/CR, looking specifically at the nationality and professional occupation of the authors who used concept maps in their papers, this study analyzes how concept maps have been implemented. A total of 652 papers and 327 concept maps were examined, from nine volumes of ISKO conference proceedings and thirteen volumes of ASIS SIG/CR conference proceedings. In addition, I applied Dahlberg's classification in order to better understand the nature my findings. I found that Dahlberg's "object" category covers the majority of titles and concept maps found in the proceedings. Future studies need to address how concept maps used by researchers can be organized to support retrieval.
Inhalt: Vgl. unter: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/downloads/ko371c.pdf.
4Friedman, A.: Concept mapping a measurable sign.
In: Knowledge organization for a global learning society: Proceedings of the 9th International ISKO Conference, 4-7 July 2006, Vienna, Austria. Hrsg.: G. Budin, C. Swertz u. K. Mitgutsch. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2006. S.131-139.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.10)
Abstract: The objective of this study was to classify, according to Peirce's definition of the term sign, the various forms of concept mapping presented in 2000 and 2004 proceedings of ISKO Conferences. Our analysis was unable to discover relationships between Peirce's Thirdness category and Interpretant classifications with regard to concept mapping. The concept mappings we analyzed did not provide text descriptions nor graphic representations as they had when we analyzed Firstness, Secondness, Object and Representamen representations. We see a need for additional studies to assess Peirce's Thirdness trichotomy and Interpretant classifications as they might be applied to concept mapping.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/tocs/0497f79b0c0b3ed06/0497f79b0c0c7c33f/index.php.