Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Rafferty, P. ; Hidderley, R.: Flickr and democratic Indexing : dialogic approaches to indexing.
In: Aslib proceedings. 59(2007) no.4/5, S.397-410.
Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this paper is two-fold: to examine three models of subject indexing (i.e. expert-led indexing, author-generated indexing, and user-orientated indexing); and to compare and contrast two user-orientated indexing approaches (i.e. the theoretically-based Democratic Indexing project, and Flickr, a working system for describing photographs). Design/methodology/approach - The approach to examining Flickr and Democratic Indexing is evaluative. The limitations of Flickr are described and examples are provided. The Democratic Indexing approach, which the authors believe offers a method of marshalling a "free" user-indexed archive to provide useful retrieval functions, is described. Findings - The examination of both Flickr and the Democratic Indexing approach suggests that, despite Shirky's claim of philosophical paradigm shifting for social tagging, there is a residing doubt amongst information professionals that self-organising systems can work without there being some element of control and some form of "representative authority". Originality/value - This paper contributes to the literature of user-based indexing and social tagging.
Themenfeld: Social tagging
2Hidderley, R. ; Rafferty, P.: Flickr and democratic indexing : disciplining desire lines.
In: Knowledge organization for a global learning society: Proceedings of the 9th International ISKO Conference, 4-7 July 2006, Vienna, Austria. Hrsg.: G. Budin, C. Swertz u. K. Mitgutsch. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2006. S.405-411.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.10)
Abstract: In this paper, we consider three models of subject indexing, and compare and contrast two indexing approaches, the theoretically based democratic indexing project, and Flickr, a working system for describing photographs. We argue that, despite Shirky's (2005) claim of philosophical paradigm shifting for social tagging, there is a residing doubt amongst information professionals that self-organising systems can work without there being some element of control and some form of 'representative authority'.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/tocs/0497f79b0c0b3ed06/0497f79b0c0c7c33f/index.php.
Themenfeld: Social tagging
3Rafferty, P. ; Hidderley, R.: ¬A survey of Image trieval tools.
In: Knowledge organization and the global information society: Proceedings of the 8th International ISKO Conference 13-16 July 2004, London, UK. Ed.: I.C. McIlwaine. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2004. S.303-308.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.9)
Abstract: Issues regarding interpretation and the locus of meaning in the image sign (objectivist, constructionist or subjectivist) are clearly important in relation to reading images and are well documented in the literature (Svenonius, 1994; Shatford, 1984,1986; Layne, 1994; Enser, 1991, 1995; Rafferty Brown & Hidderley, 1996). The same issues of interpretation and reading pertain to image indexing tools which themselves are the result of choice, design and construction. Indexing becomes constrained and specific when a particular controlled vocabulary is adhered to. Indexing tools can often work better for one type of document than another. In this paper we discuss the different 'flavours' of three image retrieval tools: the Art and Architecture Thesaurus, Iconclass and the Library of Congress Thesaurus for Graphic Materials.
Wissenschaftsfach: Kunst ; Architektur
Behandelte Form: Bilder
Objekt: Art and Architecture Thesaurus ; Getty thesaurus ; Thesaurus of Geographic Names ; Iconclass ; Thesaurus for Graphic Materials
4Hidderley, R. ; Rafferty, P.: Democratic indexing : an approach to the retrieval of film.
In: Proceedings of the 2nd British-Nordic Conference on Library and Information Studies, Edinburgh, 1997. Organized by the British Association for Information and Library Education (BAILER). Ed.: Micheline Beaulieu et al. London : Taylor Graham, 1997. S.90-102.
Abstract: Builds on work begun in the field of image databases and examines how an analytical framework to describe the contents of images may be extended to deal with film. The project evolved from an analysis of problems related to image retrieval and solutions currently available. A 'levels of meanings' table is being used as an indexing template for image retrieval purposes. An image database offers an opportunity to test the image retrieval innovations on a pilot study. Central to the project is the development of the concept of democratic indexing. Argues that this concept could be used in many types of information retrieval. The information which is to be recorded for each image includes descriptive cataloguing and subject indexing based on user perceptions of the image and objects within the image. The collections of user generated indexes will be used to compile a public index through a process called reconciliation. The ability of individual users to record their private indexes offers a democratic approach to indexing
Behandelte Form: Filme
5Hidderley, R. ; Rafferty, P.: Democratic indexing : an approach to the retrieval of fiction.
In: Information services and use. 17(1997) nos.2/3, S.101-109.
Abstract: Examines how an analytical framework to describe the contents of images may be extended to deal with time based materials like film and music. A levels of meanings table was developed and used as an indexing template for image retrieval purposes. Develops a concept of democratic indexing which focused on user interpretation. Describes the approach to image or pictorial information retrieval. Extends the approach in relation to fiction
Anmerkung: Contribution to a special issue devoted to papers read at the 1996 Electronic Access to Fiction research seminar at Copenhagen, Denmark
Themenfeld: Inhaltsanalyse ; Schöne Literatur
Behandelte Form: Filme ; Musik-Tonträger
6Hidderley, R. ; Brown, P.: Capturing iconology : a study in retrieval modelling and image indexing.
In: Electronic library and visual information research: Proceedings of the Second ELVIRA Conference (ELVIRA 2), Electronic Library and Visual Information Research, De Montfort University, Milton Keynes, May 1995. Ed. by M. Collier u, K. Arnold. London : Aslib, 1995. S.79-91.
Abstract: Reviews the results of a study undertaken at the University of Central England at Birmingham to design a computerized system fir the classification, indexing and retrieval of information contained in pictures and other images: such as those found in picture libraries and newspaper libraries. The list of functions that are to be implemented in the first phase of the project include: indexing based on words and phrases; recording information specified in a 'levels of meaning table; distinguishing between private and public classifications; monitoring of changes in in classification over time; browsing a set of images; extensibility of contents (both images and classifications); and collection and analysis of statistics about images and their classification (breadth, depth and agreement) Sets out areas of future research
Behandelte Form: Bilder