Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Pope, J.T. ; Holley, R.P.: Google Book Search and metadata.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 49(2011) no.1, S.1-13.
Abstract: This article summarizes published documents on metadata provided by Google for books scanned as part of the Google Book Search (GBS) project and provides suggestions for improvement. The faulty, misleading, and confusing metadata in current Google records can pose potentially serious problems for users of GBS. Google admits that it took data, which proved to be inaccurate, from many sources and is attempting to correct errors. Some argue that metadata is not needed with keyword searching; but optical character recognition (OCR) errors, synonym control, and materials in foreign languages make reliable metadata a requirement for academic researchers. The authors recommend that users should be able to submit error reports to Google to correct faulty metadata.
Themenfeld: Formalerschließung ; Metadaten
Objekt: Google Book Search
2Holley, R.P.: Subject access tools in English for Canadian topics : Canadian extensions to U.S. subject access tools.
In: Library resources and technical services. 52(2008) no.2, S.29-43.
Abstract: Canada has a long history of adapting United States subject access tools, including the Library of Congress Classification (LCC), Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), the Dewey Decimal Classification, and the Sears List of Subject Headings, to meet the specific needs of Canadians. This paper addresses the extensions to these American tools for English-speaking Canadians. While the United States and Canada have many similarities, differences exist that require changing terminology and providing greater depth and precision in subject headings and classification for specifically Canadian topics. The major effort has been for Library and Archives Canada (LAC) systematically to provide extensions for LCC and LCSH for use within its cataloging records. This paper examines the history and philosophy of these Canadian efforts to provide enhanced subject access. Paradoxically, French-speaking Canadians may have found it easier to start from scratch with the Repertoire de vedettes-matiere because of the difficult decisions for English-language tools on how much change to implement in an environment where most Canadian libraries use the American subject access tools. Canadian studies scholars around the world can use Canadian records, especially those maintained by LAC, to obtain superior subject access for Canadian topics even if they obtain the documents from other sources.
Objekt: LCC ; LCSH
3Holley, R.P.: Are technical services topics underrepresented in the contributed papers at the ACRL national conferences?.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 44(2007) nos.3/4, S.259-269.
Abstract: This study tests the hypothesis that the contributed papers at the 12 ACRL national conferences do not cover topics of interest to technical services librarians in proportion to their membership in ACRL. The analysis showed that 14.66% of contributed papers dealt with subjects that were part of the charge of ALCTS, the technical services division in ALA, and its five sections. This percentage dropped to 7.52% with the removal of collection development papers that are also of high interest to many public services librarians. Current overlap statistics indicate that 18.83% of ACRL members also belong to ALCTS-an indication of potential ACRL member interest in technical services topics. An unexpected discovery was that the contributed papers became much more holistic with the arrival of the Internet and electronic resources in academic libraries and, starting with the 1999 Detroit national conference, were much more difficult to categorize into specialized niches. The author speculates that the attendance at the national conferences by a high proportion of librarians from small to mid-size academic libraries discourages papers on technical services topics since technical services librarians are more likely to work in large ARL libraries.
Inhalt: Vgl. auch: http://catalogingandclassificationquarterly.com/
Anmerkung: Simultaneously published as Cataloger, Editor, and Scholar: Essays in Honor of Ruth C. Carter
4Holley, R.P.: Cataloging : an exciting subject for exciting times.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 34(2002) nos.1/2, S.43-52.
Abstract: Cataloging remains a fundamental component of library and information science and has many lessons to teach the architects of the Internet age. All students can benefit from taking a cataloging course, especially if it stresses cataloging as one specific answer to the problems of managing information and places cataloging within a larger context that also includes indexing and Internet search engines. Students deserve cataloging courses that combine theory and practice, avoid memorization, and require them to show a mastery of core principles rather than picky details. This paper includes specific suggestions on how to make cataloging exciting.
Inhalt: Vgl. auch: http://catalogingandclassificationquarterly.com/
Anmerkung: Beitrag eines Themenheftes: Education for cataloging and the organization of information: pitfalls and the pendulum; Part I
Themenfeld: Ausbildung ; Formalerschließung
5Holley, R.P.: ¬The Répertoire de Vedettes-matière de l'Université Laval Library, 1946-92 : Francophone subject access in North America and Europe.
In: Library resources and technical services. 46(2002) no.4, S.138-149.
Abstract: In 1946, the Université Laval in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, started using Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) in French by creating an authority list, Répertoire de Vedettes-matière (RVM), whose first published edition appeared in 1962. In the 1970s, the most important libraries in Canada with an interest in French-language cataloging - the Université de Montréal, the Bibliothèque Nationale du Canada, and the Bibliothèque Nationale du Quebec - forged partnerships with the Université Laval to support RVM. In 1974, the Bibliothèque Publique d'Information, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France became the first library in Europe to adopt RVM. During the 1980s, the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BNF) created an authority list, RAMEAU, based upon RVM, which is used by numerous French libraries of all types. The major libraries in Luxembourg adopted RVM in 1985. Individual libraries in Belgium also use RVM, often in combination with LCSH. The spread of RVM in the francophone world reflects the increasing importance of the pragmatic North American tradition of shared cataloging and library cooperation. RVM and its European versions are based upon literary warrant and make changes to LCSH to reflect the specific cultural and linguistic meeds of their user communities. While the users of RVM seek to harmonize the various versions, differences in terminology and probably syntax are inevitable.
Themenfeld: Multilinguale Probleme
Objekt: RAMEAU ; RVM
Land/Ort: CAN ; F
Anwendungsfeld: Öffentliche Bibliotheken
6Holley, R.P. ; Drabenstott, K.M.: ¬An interview with Karen M. Drabenstott.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 32(2001) no.2, S.5-30.
Abstract: In an interview with Robert P. Holley, Karen M. Drabenstott provides a history of a professional career that has focused on subject access to information. Since her early work with Pauline Cochrane, she has strongly supported enhanced bibliographic records as a way to improve user access in the online catalog. Her Dewey Decimal Classification Online project showed that the classification offers increased subject retrieval. Her current projects include improved strategies for Web searching and multimedia literacy including subject access.
8Holley, R.P.: IFLA and international standards in the area of bibliographic control.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 21(1996) nos.3/4, S.17-36.
Abstract: The Division of Bibliographic Control of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) has taken an active role in standard setting to foster universal bibliographic control (UBC). UBC is built upon the assumption that a national cataloging agency will catalog national imprints and then share the records nationally and internationally. Standards in support of UBC include the International Standard Bibliographic Descriptions, UNIMARC, authority lists, and miscellaneous guidelines. The IFLA standard setting process requires consensus building and compromise among the various traditions of bibliographic control. The increasing importance of library networks and the internationalization of bibliographic control may reduce the importance of IFLA as a standard setting body.
Anmerkung: Beitrag eines Themenheftes "Cataloging and Classification Standards and Rules"
Objekt: UBC ; ISBD ; UNIMARC
9Holley, R.P.: Is popular culture forgotten?.
In: International cataloguing and bibliographic control. 22(1993) no.1, S.13-17.
Abstract: The 1991 IFLA programme given by the section on bibliography presented the theme that national bibliography becomes part of national memeory by recording the publications of the nation. Examines whether the widely distributed publications of popular culture are 'forgotten' by national bibliography. Considers the bibliographic control of newspapers, mass market publications and erotica in the US bibliographic control system. For the last 2 categories, searches selected titles in the OCLC database where many publications were found with wide distribution but recorded by few or no libraries. Popular culture materials should be recorded in national bibliographies to provide a more extended and historically accurate national memory
10Holley, R.P.: Cooperative cataloging outside North America : status report 1993.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 17(1993) nos.3/4, S.201-236.
Abstract: This paper presents a systematic investigation of cooperative cataloging outside North America. Since cooperative cataloging requires a certain level of telecommunication and computerization, most networks are found in Europe and in the Pacific Rim. With information taken from secondary sources, details relevant to cooperative cataloging are given for each network that provides this service to its members. With increased attention to document delivery and information retrieval, cooperative cataloging is less important in network formation than in the past
11Holley, R.P.: Report from the section on classification and indexing : 1988-89.
In: International cataloguing and bibliographic control. 18(1989), S.59.
13Holley, R.P.: Subject access in the online catalog.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 10(1989) nos.1/2, S.3-8.
Abstract: Einführung in das Themenhaft
Anmerkung: Simultaneously published as Subject Control in Online Catalogs
14Holley, R.P.: Entwicklung und Fortschritt bei Klassifikation und Indexierung.
In: Vortrag, 53rd IFLA council & general conference, Brighton, 16.-21.8.1987.
Anmerkung: 134-BIBLIO-8-G (dt. Übers.)
15Holley, R.P.: Classification in the USA.
In: International classification. 13(1986), S.73-78.
Abstract: United States libraries use classification to provide subject browsing in open stacks. The DDC used by 85% of American libraries, is a theoretical, universal attempt to organize all knowledge. The LCC lacks intellectual consistency since it was based upon library warrant to organize materials in one collection. Many academic libraries use LCC because the Library of Congress' shared bibliographic records with the LCC call numbers reflect the collecting interests of academic libraries. LCC is more hospitable to change than DDC whoese phoenix schedules have encountered resistance throughout the world. Classification currently receives less attention than subject headings since United States librarians place great hope in the computer to resolve subject heading problems while remaining conservative about classification
Anmerkung: Überarbeitete Version des IFLA-Vortrages, Chicago, 1985
Themenfeld: Aufstellungssysteme Wissenschaftl. Bibliotheken ; Aufstellungssysteme Öffentlicher Bibliotheken
Objekt: DDC ; LCC
17Holley, R.P.: Subject cataloguing in the USA.
In: International cataloguing. 14(1985), S.43-45.
18Holley, R.P.: ¬The consequences of new technologies in classification and subject cataloguing in third world countries : the technological gap.
In: Inspel. 19(1985), S.141-152.
Abstract: Since many nations rely upon subject headings and classification numbers from cataloguing agencies in developed countries, changes requiring computers would hinder subject access in Thrid World areas which lack high technology. New computer-supported systems such as PRECIS will probably take hold only in languages and countries where a subject analysis system does not already exist. For the traditional card catalogue-based subject access system, computer support may lead to more frequent changes in headings, less pre-coordinated structure, and the assignement of more terms per document. Third world countires may have difficulty in adapting to the developments. Classification, especially since it more easily crosses linguistc boundaries, may become to a greater degree the preferred means of subject access in Third World nations. During the transition, IFLA can serve as a forum for developing nations to make their needs known to the providers of bibliographic data
20Holley, R.P. ; Killheffer, R.E.: Is there an answer to the subject access crisis?.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 1(1981) nos.2/3, S.125-133.
Abstract: Library of Congress subject heading policy has been frequently criticized for using obsolete and biased terminology, for not providing subject analysis in depth, and for being overly research library oriented. While both PRECIS and the Subject Analysis Project offer possible solutions, fiscal considerations make their adoptions unlikely. By using existing computer technology, individual libraries could improve subject access by improved subject searching capabilities and by implementations of subject authority files which could tailor LC subject headings to the individual libraries' needs and provide an individualized cross-reference structure. For its part, the Library of Congress should provide an uptatable machine readable file of its complete cross-reference structure. This file should contain all references used in the Library of Congress Public Catalog since much of LC's subject heading practice is based upon its cross-reference structure. With such improvements, LC subject headings could provide much better subject access at an acceptable cost
Anmerkung: Man beachte die Analogie zum SWD-Angebot der Deutschen Bibliothek seit 1992
Objekt: LCSH ; LoC NAF ; LoC SAF