Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 28. April 2022)
1Arapakis, I. ; Lalmas, M. ; Cambazoglu, B.B. ; MarcosM.-C. ; Jose, J.M.: User engagement in online news : under the scope of sentiment, interest, affect, and gaze.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 65(2014) no.10, S.1988-2005.
Abstract: Online content providers, such as news portals and social media platforms, constantly seek new ways to attract large shares of online attention by keeping their users engaged. A common challenge is to identify which aspects of online interaction influence user engagement the most. In this article, through an analysis of a news article collection obtained from Yahoo News US, we demonstrate that news articles exhibit considerable variation in terms of the sentimentality and polarity of their content, depending on factors such as news provider and genre. Moreover, through a laboratory study, we observe the effect of sentimentality and polarity of news and comments on a set of subjective and objective measures of engagement. In particular, we show that attention, affect, and gaze differ across news of varying interestingness. As part of our study, we also explore methods that exploit the sentiments expressed in user comments to reorder the lists of comments displayed in news pages. Our results indicate that user engagement can be anticipated predicted if we account for the sentimentality and polarity of the content as well as other factors that drive attention and inspire human curiosity.
2Villa, R. ; Jose, J.M.: ¬A study of awareness in multimedia search.
In: Information processing and management. 48(2012) no.1, S.32-46.
Abstract: Awareness of another's activity is an important aspect of facilitating collaboration between users, enabling an "understanding of the activities of others" (Dourish & Bellotti, 1992). In this paper we investigate the role of awareness and its effect on search performance and behaviour in collaborative multimedia retrieval. We focus on the scenario where two users are searching at the same time on the same task, and via an interface, can see the activity of the other user. The main research question asks: does awareness of another searcher aid a user when carrying out a multimedia search session? To encourage awareness, an experimental study was designed where two users were asked to compete to find as many relevant video shots as possible under different awareness conditions. These were individual search (no awareness), Mutual awareness (where both users could see the other's search screen), and unbalanced awareness (where one user is able to see the other's screen, but not vice-versa). Twelve pairs of users were recruited, and the four worst performing TRECVID 2006 search topics were used as search tasks, under four different awareness conditions. We present the results of this study, followed by a discussion of the implications for multimedia information retrieval systems.
Inhalt: Vgl.: doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2011.03.005.
4Joho, H. ; Jose, J.M.: Effectiveness of additional representations for the search result presentation on the web.
In: Information processing and management. 44(2008) no.1, S.226-241.
Abstract: The presentation of search results on the web has been dominated by the textual form of document representation. On the other hand, the document's visual aspects such as the layout, colour scheme, or presence of images have been studied in a limited context with regard to their effectiveness of search result presentation. This article presents a comparative evaluation of textual and visual forms of document representation as additional components of document surrogates. A total of 24 people were recruited for our task-based user study. The experimental results suggest that an increased level of document representation available in the search results can facilitate users' interaction with a search interface. The results also suggest that the two forms of additional representations are likely beneficial to users' information searching process in different contexts.
5White, R.W. ; Jose, J.M. ; Ruthven, I.: ¬An implicit feedback approach for interactive information retrieval.
In: Information processing and management. 42(2006) no.1, S.166-190.
Abstract: Searchers can face problems finding the information they seek. One reason for this is that they may have difficulty devising queries to express their information needs. In this article, we describe an approach that uses unobtrusive monitoring of interaction to proactively support searchers. The approach chooses terms to better represent information needs by monitoring searcher interaction with different representations of top-ranked documents. Information needs are dynamic and can change as a searcher views information. The approach we propose gathers evidence on potential changes in these needs and uses this evidence to choose new retrieval strategies. We present an evaluation of how well our technique estimates information needs, how well it estimates changes in these needs and the appropriateness of the interface support it offers. The results are presented and the avenues for future research identified.
6White, R.W. ; Jose, J.M. ; Ruthven, I.: Using top-ranking sentences to facilitate effective information access.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 56(2005) no.10, S.1113-1125.
Abstract: Web searchers typically fall to view search results beyond the first page nor fully examine those results presented to them. In this article we describe an approach that encourages a deeper examination of the contents of the document set retrieved in response to a searcher's query. The approach shifts the focus of perusal and interaction away from potentially uninformative document surrogates (such as titles, sentence fragments, and URLs) to actual document content, and uses this content to drive the information seeking process. Current search interfaces assume searchers examine results document-by-document. In contrast our approach extracts, ranks, and presents the contents of the top-ranked document set. We use query-relevant topranking sentences extracted from the top documents at retrieval time as fine-grained representations of topranked document content and, when combined in a ranked list, an overview of these documents. The interaction of the searcher provides implicit evidence that is used to reorder the sentences where appropriate. We evaluate our approach in three separate user studies, each applying these sentences in a different way. The findings of these studies show that top-ranking sentences can facilitate effective information access.
Themenfeld: Suchmaschinen ; Retrievalalgorithmen
7Tombros, A. ; Ruthven, I. ; Jose, J.M.: How users assess Web pages for information seeking.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 56(2005) no.4, S.327-344.
Abstract: In this article, we investigate the criteria used by online searchers when assessing the relevance of Web pages for information-seeking tasks. Twenty-four participants were given three tasks each, and they indicated the Features of Web pages that they used when deciding about the usefulness of the pages in relation to the tasks. These tasks were presented within the context of a simulated work-task situation. We investigated the relative utility of features identified by participants (Web page content, structure, and quality) and how the importance of these features is affected by the type of information-seeking task performed and the stage of the search. The results of this study provide a set of criteria used by searchers to decide about the utility of Web pages for different types of tasks. Such criteria can have implications for the design of systems that use or recommend Web pages.
Themenfeld: Internet ; Benutzerstudien
8White, R.W. ; Jose, J.M. ; Ruthven, I.: ¬A task-oriented study on the influencing effects of query-biased summarisation in web searching.
In: Information processing and management. 39(2003) no.5, S.689-706.
Abstract: The aim of the work described in this paper is to evaluate the influencing effects of query-biased summaries in web searching. For this purpose, a summarisation system has been developed, and a summary tailored to the user's query is generated automatically for each document retrieved. The system aims to provide both a better means of assessing document relevance than titles or abstracts typical of many web search result lists. Through visiting each result page at retrieval-time, the system provides the user with an idea of the current page content and thus deals with the dynamic nature of the web. To examine the effectiveness of this approach, a task-oriented, comparative evaluation between four different web retrieval systems was performed; two that use query-biased summarisation, and two that use the standard ranked titles/abstracts approach. The results from the evaluation indicate that query-biased summarisation techniques appear to be more useful and effective in helping users gauge document relevance than the traditional ranked titles/abstracts approach. The same methodology was used to compare the effectiveness of two of the web's major search engines; AltaVista and Google.
Themenfeld: Suchmaschinen ; Suchtaktik ; Benutzerstudien
9Jose, J.M. ; Harper, D.J.: ¬An integrated approach to image retrieval.
In: New review of document and text management. 1995, no.1, S.167-181.
Abstract: Presents an integrated approach to image retrieval that makes use of both image and text features. Uses objects in the image and their locations as image features which are derived semi-automatically. Defines a similarity measure which combines the result of image and text query matching, and which considers the relative importance of each to the user. Moreover, the image matching considers the spatial similarity between a query object and an image object. Uses standard techniques for text indexing and matching. Provides a multimodal query interface by which users can retrieve pictures based on image or text or both. ELCAIR, an extensible class library for information retrieval, provides the basis for the resultant picture indexing and retrieval system
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