Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Stvilia, B. ; Hinnant, C.C. ; Wu, S. ; Worrall, A. ; Lee, D.J. ; Burnett, K. ; Burnett, G. ; Kazmer, M.M. ; Marty, P.F.: Research project tasks, data, and perceptions of data quality in a condensed matter physics community.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.2, S.246-263.
Abstract: To be effective and at the same time sustainable, a community data curation model needs to be aligned with the community's current data practices, including research project activities, data types, and perceptions of data quality. Based on a survey of members of the condensed matter physics (CMP) community gathered around the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, a large national laboratory, this article defines a model of CMP research project tasks consisting of 10 task constructs. In addition, the study develops a model of data quality perceptions by CMP scientists consisting of four data quality constructs. The paper also discusses relationships among the data quality perceptions, project roles, and demographic characteristics of CMP scientists. The findings of the study can inform the design of a CMP data curation model that is aligned and harmonized with the community's research work structure and data practices.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23177/abstract.
2Kazmer, M.M. ; Lustria, M.L.A. ; Cortese, J. ; Burnett, G ; Kim, .J.-H. ; Ma, J. ; Frost, J.: Distributed knowledge in an online patient support community : authority and discovery.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 65(2014) no.7, S.1319-1334.
Abstract: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressively debilitating neurodegenerative condition that occurs in adulthood and targets the motor neurons. Social support is crucial to the well-being and quality of life of people with unpredictable and incurable diseases such as ALS. Members of the PatientsLikeMe (PLM) ALS online support community share social support but also exchange and build distributed knowledge within their discussion forum. This qualitative analysis of 1,000 posts from the PLM ALS online discussion examines the social support within the PLM ALS online community and explores ways community members share and build knowledge. The analysis responds to 3 research questions: RQ1: How and why is knowledge shared among the distributed participants in the PLM-ALS threaded discussion forum?; RQ2: How do the participants in the PLM-ALS threaded discussion forum work together to discover knowledge about treatments and to keep knowledge discovered over time?; and RQ3: How do participants in the PLM-ALS forum co-create and treat authoritative knowledge from multiple sources including the medical literature, healthcare professionals, lived experiences of patients and "other" sources of information such as lay literature and alternative health providers? The findings have implications for supporting knowledge sharing and discovery in addition to social support for patients.
3Stvilia, B. ; Hinnant, C.C. ; Schindler, K. ; Worrall, A. ; Burnett, G. ; Burnett, K. ; Kazmer, M.M. ; Marty, P.F.: Composition of scientific teams and publication productivity at a national science lab.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 62(2011) no.2, S.270-283.
Abstract: The production of scientific knowledge has evolved from a process of inquiry largely based on the activities of individual scientists to one grounded in the collaborative efforts of specialized research teams. This shift brings to light a new question: how the composition of scientific teams affects their production of knowledge. This study employs data from 1,415 experiments conducted at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) between 2005 and 2008 to identify and select a sample of 89 teams and examine whether team diversity and network characteristics affect productivity. The study examines how the diversity of science teams along several variables affects overall team productivity. Results indicate several diversity measures associated with network position and team productivity. Teams with mixed institutional associations were more central to the overall network compared with teams that primarily comprised NHMFL's own scientists. Team cohesion was positively related to productivity. The study indicates that high productivity in teams is associated with high disciplinary diversity and low seniority diversity of team membership. Finally, an increase in the share of senior members negatively affects productivity, and teams with members in central structural positions perform better than other teams.
4Kazmer, M.M.: Disengaging from a distributed research project : refining a model of group departures.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 61(2010) no.4, S.758-771.
Abstract: Understanding how groups end and how group members depart helps us understand how these ending and departure processes affect group outcomes, individuals' willingness and ability to work in subsequent groups together or with others, and the maintenance of group-generated knowledge over time. In this article, a distributed, grant-funded research project group provides the setting for an analysis of the process that members went through as they disengaged from and dismantled their group when the funding period ended and the project was winding down. Qualitative interviews with group members were analyzed using a model of disengaging that was developed in an earlier study. The model comprises 12 interwoven parts of a disengaging process that begins well before the group ends and extends beyond the official termination of the group. The model frames the analysis and is revised as a result of the research findings.
5Lustria, M.L.A. ; Kazmer, M.M. ; Glueckauf, R.L. ; Hawkins, R.P. ; Randeree, E. ; Rosario, I.B. ; McLaughlin, C. ; Redmond, S.: Participatory design of a health informatics system for rural health practitioners and disadvantaged women.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 61(2010) no.11, S.2243-2255.
Abstract: While advances in highly targeted therapies and increased use of mammogram services have contributed to the overall decline of breast cancer deaths in the United States, these benefits have not been distributed equitably. Less educated, poor, rural, non-Hispanic African American women have poorer access to cancer services and are less likely to have had a mammogram than are urban women. Lack of physician recommendations and perceived barriers in accessing diagnostic services are major factors that hinder the uptake of regular mammograms in rural communities. This article reports results of formative research conducted as part of a larger study focused on the participatory development of an electronic reminder system for breast cancer screening. The article discusses insights gained from focus groups with rural patients and clinicians about their information needs, breast cancer screening behaviors, barriers to care, and mammography referral practices.
6Cole, T.W. ; Kazmer, M.M.: SGML as a component of the digital library.
In: Library hi tech. 13(1995) no.4, S.75-90.
Abstract: Sets out the background, history and distinguishing characteristics of SGML as an electronic format for handling electronic records and for electronic publishing. Describes available SGML authoring tools and editing packages. Assesses the suitability of SGML for electronic document delivery and document distribution systems for libraries (electronic library concept) with particular reference to the Illinois University at Urbana-Champaign Digital Library project. Contrasts the willingness with which publishers have embraced SGML with the problems that still need to be overcome in its implementation
Themenfeld: Elektronisches Publizieren
7Wall, C.E. ; Cole, T.W. ; Kazmer, M.M.: HyperText MARCup : a conceptualization for encoding, de-constructing, searching, retrieving, and using traditional knowledge tools.
In: Reference services review. 23(1995) no.4, S.13-18.
Abstract: Pierian Press and the University of Illinois have been experimenting with directly parsing classified, analytical bibliographies into an electronic structure using the respective strengths of both HTML and MARC. This structure, which is explained and illustrated in this article, mitigates the weaknesses of each standard by drawing on the strengths of the other. The resulting electronic knowledge constructs can be mounted on local library systems and function as dynamic maps onto a specified subset of resources on those systems. Linkages can be added and/or removed to customize each construct to local holdings and/or needs
Themenfeld: Datenformate ; Hypertext
Objekt: HTML ; MARC