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© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1O'Connor, B.C. ; Kearns, J. ; Anderson, R.L.: Doing things with information : beyond indexing and abstracting.
Westport, Conn. : Libraries Unlimited, 2008. xix, 241 S.
ISBN 987-1- 59158-577-0
Abstract: The relationship between a person with a question and a source of information is complex. Indexing and abstracting often fail because too much emphasis is put on the mechanics of description, and too little has been given as to what ought to be represented. Research literature suggests that inappropriate representation results in failed searches a significant number of times, perhaps even in a majority of cases. "Doing Things with Information" seeks to rectify this unfortunate situation by emphasizing methods of modeling and constructing appropriate representations of such questions and documents. Students in programs of information studies will find focal points for discussion about system design and refinement of existing systems. Librarians, scholars, and those who work within large document collections, whether paper or electronic, will find insights into the strengths and weaknesses of the access systems they use.
Inhalt: Inhalt: 1. Background concepts and models 2. Considerations of representation 3. Representation, function, and utility 4. Failures of representation: Indeterminacy and depth 5. Aboutness and user-generated descriptors 6. Responses to indeterminacy 7. Doing things with word-based documents 8. Functional application of information measurement 9. Functional ontology construction 10. Creek pebbles: A summary metaphor and touchstone for exploration
Anmerkung: The authors state that this book emerged from a proposal to do a second edition of Explorations in Indexing and Abstracting (O'Connor 1996); much of its content is the result of the authors' reaction to the reviews of this first edition and their realization for "the necessity to address some more fundamental questions". Rez. in: KO 38(2011) no.1, S.62-64 (L.F. Spiteri): "This book provides a good overview of the relationship between the document and the user; in this regard, it reinforces the importance of the clientcentred approach to the design of document representation systems. In the final chapter, the authors state: "We have offered examples of new ways to think about messages in all sorts of media and how they might be discovered, analyzed, synthesized, and generated. We brought together philosophical, scientific, and engineering notions into a fundamental model for just how we might understand doing this with information" (p. 225). The authors have certainly succeeded in highlighting the complex processes, nature, and implications of document representation systems, although, as has been seen, the novelty of some of their discussions and suggestions is sometimes limited. With further explanation, the FOC model may serve as a useful way to understand how to build document representation systems to better meet user needs."; vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/downloads/ko_38_2011_1e.pdf.
LCSH: Information retrieval ; Information storage and retrieval systems / Design ; Indexing ; Abstracting
DDC: 025.04 / dc22
LCC: ZA3075 .O28 2008
RVK: AN 95100
2Kearns, J. ; O'Connor, B.: Dancing with entropy : form attributes, children, and representation.
In: Journal of documentation. 60(2004) no.2, S.144-163.
Abstract: This study explores the use of the information theory entropy equation in representations of videos for children. The calculated rates of information in the videos are calibrated to the corresponding perceived rates of information as elicited from the 12 seven- to ten-year-old girls who were shown video documents. Entropy measures are calculated for several video elements: set time, set incidence, verbal time, verbal incidence, set constraint, nonverbal dependence, and character appearance. As hypothesized, mechanically calculated entropy measure (CEM) was found to be sufficiently similar to perceived entropy measure (PEM) made by children so that they can be used as useful and predictive elements of representations of children's videos. The relationships between the CEM and the PEM show that CEM could stand for PEM in order to enrich representations for video documents for this age group.
Anmerkung: Vgl. auch unter: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/00220410410522034