Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 28. April 2022)
1Huang, X. ; Soergel, D. ; Klavans, J.L.: Modeling and analyzing the topicality of art images.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.8, S.1616-1644.
Abstract: This study demonstrates an improved conceptual foundation to support well-structured analysis of image topicality. First we present a conceptual framework for analyzing image topicality, explicating the layers, the perspectives, and the topical relevance relationships involved in modeling the topicality of art images. We adapt a generic relevance typology to image analysis by extending it with definitions and relationships specific to the visual art domain and integrating it with schemes of image-text relationships that are important for image subject indexing. We then apply the adapted typology to analyze the topical relevance relationships between 11 art images and 768 image tags assigned by art historians and librarians. The original contribution of our work is the topical structure analysis of image tags that allows the viewer to more easily grasp the content, context, and meaning of an image and quickly tune into aspects of interest; it could also guide both the indexer and the searcher to specify image tags/descriptors in a more systematic and precise manner and thus improve the match between the two parties. An additional contribution is systematically examining and integrating the variety of image-text relationships from a relevance perspective. The paper concludes with implications for relational indexing and social tagging.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23269/abstract.
Behandelte Form: Bilder
2Klavans, J.L. ; LaPlante, R. ; Golbeck, J.: Subject matter categorization of tags applied to digital images from art museums.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 65(2014) no.1, S.3-12.
Abstract: In recent years, cultural heritage institutions have increasingly used social tagging. To better understand the nature of these tags, we analyzed tags assigned to a collection of 100 images of art (provided by the steve.museum project) using subject matter categorization. Our results show that the majority of tags describe the people and objects in the image and are generic in nature. This contradicts prior subject matter analyses of queries, tags, and index terms of other image collections, suggesting that the nature of social tags largely depends on the type of collection and on user needs. This insight may help cultural heritage institutions improve their management and use of tags.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.22950/abstract.
Behandelte Form: Bilder
3Muresan, S. ; Klavans, J.L.: Inducing terminologies from text : a case study for the consumer health domain.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 64(2013) no.4, S.727-744.
Abstract: Specialized medical ontologies and terminologies, such as SNOMED CT and the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), have been successfully leveraged in medical information systems to provide a standard web-accessible medium for interoperability, access, and reuse. However, these clinically oriented terminologies and ontologies cannot provide sufficient support when integrated into consumer-oriented applications, because these applications must "understand" both technical and lay vocabulary. The latter is not part of these specialized terminologies and ontologies. In this article, we propose a two-step approach for building consumer health terminologies from text: 1) automatic extraction of definitions from consumer-oriented articles and web documents, which reflects language in use, rather than relying solely on dictionaries, and 2) learning to map definitions expressed in natural language to terminological knowledge by inducing a syntactic-semantic grammar rather than using hand-written patterns or grammars. We present quantitative and qualitative evaluations of our two-step approach, which show that our framework could be used to induce consumer health terminologies from text.