Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Tognoli, N. ; Chaves-Guimarães, J.A.: Provenance as a knowledge organization principle.
In: Knowledge organization. 46(2019) no.7, S.558-568.
(Reviews of concepts in knowledge organization)
Abstract: The principle of provenance is one of the most im-portant milestones in archival practice and theory from the time its establishment grounded the scientific dimension of archival discipline in the nineteenth century. Since then, provenance and document context have supported the organization of archival knowledge (especially through classification and description pro-cedures). Such relationships were gradually refined over the years and from different experiences between European archives and their classification and ordering systems. Historically, the princi-ple of provenance is a pivotal moment in the development of archival theory, crucial to understanding the nature of records and archives. However, in archival theory, the principle of prov-enance still does not correspond to a single term or a single def-inition and scarce normalization terminology remains one of the problems of archival science, which leads to a lack of consensus about the division between the two principles of provenance and original order. Recently, the concept of provenance has been ad-dressed by many other disciplines (law, library and information science, computer science and visual analytics) and applied to dif-ferent domains (cloud-based storage, preservation of digital records, digital evidence, digital humanities, e-science, open data, linked data, knowledge organization and indexing. As the use of provenance reaches new domains it is no longer just an organizing principle but also a means of reaching for authenticity and reliability of data and objects in digital environments or museums or to reestablish the original organic relationship in library collections.
2Tognoli, N.B. ; Rodrigues, A.C. ; Chaves Guimarães, J.A.: Archival knowledge : conceptual frameworks for recent terminology in the KO domain.
In: Knowledge organization. 46(2019) no.7, S.522-529.
Abstract: Despite having the principle of provenance as its guiding element, the archival knowledge organization still prescinds, for conceptual purposes, of greater clarity of its object-the archival knowledge-a fundamental aspect for the sedimentation of the archival studies and of its discursive community in the scope of KO. This article aims to define a conceptual framework to archival knowledge by using Dahlberg's concept theory. In this vein, it established the nominal concept or definiendum-archival knowledge-seeking to analyze its real definition, composed by three inseparable definiens: the concept of fonds, the knowledge of documentary form and the knowledge of document creation context. At the end, it demonstrates that archival knowledge can be defined as being a reunion of three indivisible facets in which the archival bond will be contemplated.
Inhalt: DOI:10. 5771/0943-7444-2019-7-522.
Anmerkung: Beitrag in einem Special Issue on Archival Knowledge Organization
3Bolfarini Tognoli, N. ; Rodrigues, A.C.: ¬An analysis of the theoretical and practical application of Diplomatics to archival description in Knowledge Organization.
In: Challenges and opportunities for knowledge organization in the digital age: proceedings of the Fifteenth International ISKO Conference, 9-11 July 2018, Porto, Portugal / organized by: International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO), ISKO Spain and Portugal Chapter, University of Porto - Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Research Centre in Communication, Information and Digital Culture (CIC.digital) - Porto. Eds.: F. Ribeiro u. M.E. Cerveira. Baden-Baden : Ergon Verlag, 2018. S.43-51.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.16)
4Li, N. ; Sun, J.: Improving Chinese term association from the linguistic perspective.
In: Knowledge organization. 44(2017) no.1, S.13-23.
Abstract: The study aims to solve how to construct the semantic relations of specific domain terms by applying linguistic rules. The semantic structure analysis at the morpheme level was used for semantic measure, and a morpheme-based term association model was proposed by improving and combining the literal-based similarity algorithm and co-occurrence relatedness methods. This study provides a novel insight into the method of semantic analysis and calculation by morpheme parsing, and the proposed solution is feasible for the automatic association of compound terms. The results show that this approach could be used to construct appropriate term association and form a reasonable structural knowledge graph. However, due to linguistic differences, the viability and effectiveness of the use of our method in non-Chinese linguistic environments should be verified.
Themenfeld: Semantisches Umfeld in Indexierung u. Retrieval ; Computerlinguistik
5Suenaga, C.K. ; Moraes, J.B.E. de ; Tognoli, N.: Metatheoretical introduction of discourse analysis and the theory of speech acts for knowledge organization improvement.
In: Knowledge organization for a sustainable world: challenges and perspectives for cultural, scientific, and technological sharing in a connected society : proceedings of the Fourteenth International ISKO Conference 27-29 September 2016, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil / organized by International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO), ISKO-Brazil, São Paulo State University ; edited by José Augusto Chaves Guimarães, Suellen Oliveira Milani, Vera Dodebei. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2016. S.201-210.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.15)
Wissenschaftsfach: Sprachwissenschaft ; Kommunikationswissenschaften
6Pachú da Silva, A. ; Chaves Guimarães, J.A. ; Bolfarini Tognoli, N.: Ethical values in archival arrangement and description : an analysis of professional codes of ethics.
In: Knowledge organization. 42(2015) no.5, S.346-352.
Abstract: The international literature on information science has devoted attention to ethical studies in information, especially due to the development of information technologies. However, the information organization activities have incipient ethical studies that are mostly focused on libraries. Thus, the area of archival science still lacks studies of this nature, which leads to question how the codes of ethics for archivists address issues related to ethical dilemmas of information organization activities, especially in core activities of arrangement and document description. Thus, this study aims to identify and analyze ethical values related to those aforementioned activities, by analyzing the codes of the following countries: Brazil, Portugal, France, Spain, Australia, Canada, USA, New Zealand, United Kingdom and Switzerland and the ICA codes of ethics. Applying a content analysis, the following values were found: access and use, authenticity, confidentiality, conservation, custody, impartiality, information access, information security, physical preservation of the record, reliability, respect for provenance, respect for the original order, respect for the preservation of the archival value of the record.
Inhalt: Beitrag anlässlich: Proceedings of the 3rd Milwaukee Conference on Ethics in Knowledge Organization, May 28-29, 2015, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA. Vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/downloads/ko_42_2015_5.
7Tognoli, N.B. ; Chaves Guimarães, J.A.: Challenges of knowledge representation in contemporary archival science.
In: Categories, contexts and relations in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the Twelfth International ISKO Conference 6-9 August 2012, Mysore, India. Eds.: Neelameghan, A. u. K.S. Raghavan. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2012. S.267-271.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.13)
Abstract: Since its emergence as a discipline, in the nineteenth century (1889), the theory and practice of Archival Science have focused on the arrangement and description of archival materials as complementary and inseparable nuclear processes that aim to classify, to order, to describe and to give access to records. These processes have their specific goals sharing one in common: the representation of archival knowledge. In the late 1980 a paradigm shift was announced in Archival Science, especially after the appearance of the new forms of document production and information technologies. The discipline was then invited to rethink its theoretical and methodological bases founded in the nineteenth century so it could handle the contemporary archival knowledge production, organization and representation. In this sense, the present paper aims to discuss, under a theoretical perspective, the archival representation, more specifically the archival description facing these changes and proposals, in order to illustrate the challenges faced by Contemporary Archival Science in a new context of production, organization and representation of archival knowledge.
8Mahoui, M. ; Miled, Z.B. ; Godse, A. ; Kulkarni, H. ; Li, N.: BioFacets : faceted classification for biological information.
In: 18th International Conference on Scientific and Statistical Database Management (SSDBM'06).
Abstract: Biologists are increasingly relying on online biological databases to conduct their research. Despite the availability of hundreds of such databases, only a handful of them are effectively deployed by the community. The main reason for this is the lack of metadata provided by the databases, such as, the types of data stored, its coverage, and its relationship with other databases. Nevertheless, each database has a potential for supporting existing research investigations. The opportunity to leverage the wealth of data available presents several challenges related to data integration and representation. In this paper, we present BioFacets, a new integration system for web based biological databases. The main feature of this system is the proposal of a new faceted classification system that allows for dynamic categorization of biological result sets. Other features of the system include query optimization, cache management and support for a meta-search engine that allows the system to efficiently search across multiple online biological databases.
Anmerkung: Vgl.: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/SSDBM.2006.14.
12Tognoli, N.B. ; Chaves Guimaraes, J.A.: Postmodern archival science and contemporary diplomatics : new approaches for archival knowledge organization.
In: Paradigms and conceptual systems in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the Eleventh International ISKO conference, Rome, 23-26 February 2010, ed. Claudio Gnoli, Indeks, Frankfurt M. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, S.405-411.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.12)
Abstract: New information technologies and new forms of documentary production have led archivists to rethink the role of archival science in the so-called "information age". Since the late 1980s, the principles, methods and concepts stated by the well-known manuals of the 19th and the 20th centuries have been reconsidered along with their application to the organic sets of document in the 21st century. In this new scenario of reformulation and reinterpretation regarding the perspectives on archival knowledge organization, two trends with different approaches have emerged in North America and Europe: postmodern archival science and contemporary diplomatics, respectively. The first one was introduced by Terry Cook, who proposed a reformulation of the basic concepts and the functional analysis method focusing on the process and context of document creation. The second approach originated in Italy and incorporated all the theoretical and methodological models of classic diplomatics. The studies following this new trend were disseminated by Luciana Duranti and aimed to ensure the production, access and use of the documentation generated in the present times focusing on document typology, as opposed by the postmodern approach. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the connection points and distinct features between the two trends concerning the organization of archival knowledge.