Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 28. April 2022)
1Wang, P. ; Ma, Y. ; Xie, H. ; Wang, H. ; Lu, J. ; Xu, J.: "There is a gorilla holding a key on the book cover" : young children's known picture book search strategies.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 73(2022) no.1, S.45-57.
Abstract: There is no information search system can assist young children's known picture book search needs since the information is not organized according to their cognitive abilities and needs. Therefore, this study explored young children's known picture book search strategies and extracted picture book search elements by simulating a search scenario and playing a picture book search game. The study found 29 elements children used to search for known picture books. Then, these elements are classified into three dimensions: The first dimension is the concept category of an element. The second dimension is an element's status in the story. The third dimension indicates where an element appears in a picture book. Additionally, it revealed a young children's general search strategy: Children first use auditory elements that they hear from the adults during reading. After receiving error returns, they add visual elements that they see by themselves in picture books. The findings can not only help to understand young children's known-item search and reformulation strategies during searching but also provide theoretical support for the development of a picture book information organization schema in the search system.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://asistdl.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24539.
Behandelte Form: Bilderbücher
2Ma, Y.: Understanding information : adding a non-individualistic lens.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 72(2021) no.10, S.1295-1305.
(Special issue: Paradigm shift in the field of information)
Abstract: The individualistic lens refers to the understanding of problematic information as something that is clearly identifiable, with objective criteria of measurement. This article argues for adding a non-individualistic lens for understanding information. The necessity for adding a non-individualistic lens grows from that the existing individualistic lens appears inadequate to make sense of information phenomenon, in particular when it comes to understanding problematic information. Non-individualistic is proposed as a complementary perspective, which needs to be further developed conceptually. To begin such development, this article directs information professionals' attention to the promising concept of information ecology. More specifically, this article pulls resources from philosophy of information (Floridi's infosphere) and information ethics (Capurro's Angeletics) to illustrate existing conceptualizations of information ecology. Information ecology appears to align with this sociotechnical view that information researchers have started to develop in the most recent years, though arguably information ecology may have an even broader scope. Lastly, this article also points out that the conceptualization of information ecology needs to be aware of, and cautious of the philosophical assumption that is relied on for understanding information.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://asistdl.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24441.
3Tokita, T. ; Koto, M. ; Miyata, Y. ; Yokoyama, Y. ; Taniguchi, S. ; Ueda, S.: Identifying works for Japanese classics toward construction of FRBRized OPACs.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 50(2012) no.5/7, S.670-687.
Abstract: A research project was conducted in which proper JAPAN/MARC bibliographic records for 158 major Japanese classical works were identified manually, since existing records contain little information about works included in the resources. This paper reports the detailed method used for work identification, including selecting works, obtaining the bibliographic records to be judged, and building the judgment criteria. The results of the work identification process are reported along with average numbers that indicate the characteristics of certain classics. The necessity of manual identification was justified through an evaluation of searches by author and/or title information in a conventional retrieval system.
Inhalt: Contribution to a special issue "The FRBR family of conceptual models: toward a linked future"
4Onodera, N. ; Iwasawa, M. ; Midorikawa, N. ; Yoshikane, F. ; Amano, K. ; Ootani, Y. ; Kodama, T. ; Kiyama, Y. ; Tsunoda, H. ; Yamazaki, S.: ¬A method for eliminating articles by homonymous authors from the large number of articles retrieved by author search.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 62(2011) no.4, S.677-690.
Abstract: This paper proposes a methodology which discriminates the articles by the target authors ("true" articles) from those by other homonymous authors ("false" articles). Author name searches for 2,595 "source" authors in six subject fields retrieved about 629,000 articles. In order to extract true articles from the large amount of the retrieved articles, including many false ones, two filtering stages were applied. At the first stage any retrieved article was eliminated as false if either its affiliation addresses had little similarity to those of its source article or there was no citation relationship between the journal of the retrieved article and that of its source article. At the second stage, a sample of retrieved articles was subjected to manual judgment, and utilizing the judgment results, discrimination functions based on logistic regression were defined. These discrimination functions demonstrated both the recall ratio and the precision of about 95% and the accuracy (correct answer ratio) of 90-95%. Existence of common coauthor(s), address similarity, title words similarity, and interjournal citation relationships between the retrieved and source articles were found to be the effective discrimination predictors. Whether or not the source author was from a specific country was also one of the important predictors. Furthermore, it was shown that a retrieved article is almost certainly true if it was cited by, or cocited with, its source article. The method proposed in this study would be effective when dealing with a large number of articles whose subject fields and affiliation addresses vary widely.
5Ma, Y.-L. ; Liu, W.: Digital resources and metadata application in Shanghai Library.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 36(2003) nos.3/4, S.57-70.
Abstract: The Shanghai Digital Library (SDL) is a component of the China Digital Library Project. This paper introduces the framework, goals, and contents of the China Digital Library Project. The vision, mission, system architecture, digital resources, and related major technology of the SDL project are discussed. Also, the background of the Chinese metadata application and the metadata scheme of the SDL are described, and the features of metadata application in practical cases are analyzed. Finally, current issues of metadata application and their solutions are suggested.
Inhalt: Beitrag in einem Themenheft "Electronic cataloging: AACR2 and metadata for serials and monographs"
Anmerkung: Vgl. auch: http://catalogingandclassificationquarterly.com/
Themenfeld: Formalerschließung ; Metadaten
Land/Ort: China ; Shanghai
6Ma, Y.: ¬A design analysis model for developing World Wide Web sites.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and technology. 53(2002) no.7, S.531-535.
Abstract: This study applies reader-response criticism to examine the relationship between and among designers, text, and users of the Gaiter Health Sciences Library Web site. It asks such questions as "How do Web site designers construct their subject?" or, "Whom do the web designers think their users are?" The study ascertains the intentions of the designers of the GHSL Web site; examines the meanings made by the users through interviews; compares the similarities and differences of designers' intentions with their organization of knowledge represented in the GHSL Web site; and compares the similarities and differences between the designers' intentions and views of the users.
7Ma, Y. ; Diodato, V.: Icons as visual form of knowledge representation on the World Wide Web : a semiotic analysis.
In: Knowledge: creation, organization and use. Proceedings of the 62nd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science, 31.10.-4.11.1999. Ed.: L. Woods. Medford, NJ : Information Today, 1999. S.181-193.
(Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science; vol.36)
Abstract: This article compares the indexing structure of icons with principles used for traditional indexing. The investigators apply fourteen traditional indexing principles to study and demonstrate whether traditional principles of indexing are applicable for icon analysis. One of the fourteen indexing principles is first chosen for this analysis. A sample of fifteen library homepages is drawn from the total population of the United States library homepages. The investigators examine the structure of the selected homepages and non-icon information on the homepages. They examine icons as a visual form of knowledge representation (the structure and features of the icons) to determine how icons are representative of the information to which they are linked. The investigators assess how the icons on each library homepage satisfy the indexing principle chosen for the study. The article also provides an analysis of meanings of these icons. The investigators use semiotics theory to study the icons. The icons on the homepages of the WWW carry meaning dependent on the syntax of their use. They also carry paradigmatic meanings derived from other systems or domains. Codes and syntax are culturally constructed, which shape the meaning of messages conveyed in the icons. This study demonstrates whether traditional indexing principles are applicable for icons analysis in the WWW environment. It is hoped that the study will help designers of WWW homepages employ icon features that communicate effectively to their users and suggest using icons as a visual form for knowledge representation on the WWW
8Ma, Y. ; Miller, J. ; Liu, Y.Q.: Cataloguing nonprint resources in the United States and China : a camparative study of organization and access for selected electronic and audiovisual resources.
In: International cataloguing and bibliographic control. 26(1997) no.2, S.46-49.
Abstract: Presents a comparative study of organization and access for 9 specific types of electronic and audiovisual resources in libraries in the USA and the People's Republic of China from a cataloguing point of view. Includes comparative data on ownership, cataloguing, and user access for nonprint resources in large libraries in the 2 countries. The majority of the surveyed US libraries collect all 9 types of nonprint resource, fully catalogue them, and include them in their catalogues along with their print resources. Although most of the Chinese libraries surveyed collect relatively fewer of these resources, the majority catalogue those that they own, with the exception of film
Behandelte Form: Nonbook-Materialien
Land/Ort: USA ; China
9Takashima, Y.: ¬The study of information relationship on Internet : comparison of Vannevar Bush's memex.
In: Library and information science. 1996, no.36, S.45-50.
Abstract: Information on the Internet is characterized by links. Vannevar Bush's Mechanical; Electromechanical and Electronic Calculating Machines (Memex) is thought to be the origin of the concept of the WWW and the Internet the ultimate realization of Memex. Explains the differences in the structure of Memex and the WWW as well as in the nature of the informational relationship between Memex and the WWW
10Ma, Y.: Internet: the global flow of information.
In: Microcomputers for information management. 12(1995) no.3, S.189-200.
Abstract: Colours, icons, graphics, hypertext links and other multimedia elements are variables that affect information search strategies and information seeking behaviour. These variables are culturally constructed and represented and are subject to individual and community interpretation. Hypothesizes that users in different communities (in intercultural or multicultural context) will interpret differently the meanings of the multimedia objects on the Internet. Users' interpretations of multimedia objects may differ from the intentions of the designers. A study in this area is being undertaken
Themenfeld: Information ; Internet ; Multimedia