Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Marcoux, Y. ; Rizkallah, E.: Intertextual semantics : a semantics for information design.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 60(2009) no.9, S.1895-1906.
Abstract: In most discussions about information and knowledge management, natural language is described as too fuzzy, ambiguous, and changing to serve as a basis for the development of large-scale tools and systems. Instead, artificial formal languages are developed and used to represent, hopefully in an unambiguous and precise way, the information or knowledge to be managed. Intertextual semantics (IS) adopts an almost exactly opposite point of view: Natural language is the foundation on which information management tools and systems should be developed, and the usefulness of artificial formalisms used in the process lies exclusively in our ability to derive natural language from them. In this article, we introduce IS, its origins, and underlying hypotheses and principles, and argue that even if its basic principles seem remote from current trends in design, IS is actually compatible with - and complementary to - those trends, especially semiotic engineering (C.S. de Souza, [2005a]). We also hint at further possible application areas, such as interface and interaction design, and the design of concrete objects.
Anmerkung: Beitrag im Schwerpunktthema "Perspectives on design: information technologies and creative practices"
2Marcoux, Y. ; Rizkallah, E.: Knowledge organization in the light of intertextual semantics : a natural-language analysis of controlled vocabularies.
In: Culture and identity in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the Tenth International ISKO Conference 5-8 August 2008, Montreal, Canada. Ed. by Clément Arsenault and Joseph T. Tennis. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2008. S.36-42.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.11)
Inhalt: Intertextual semantics is a semiotics-based approach to the design of communication artefacts primarily aimed at modeling XML structured documents. SKOS (Simple Knowledge Organization System) is a specification currently under development at the W3C that allows expressing various types of controlled vocabularies in XML. In this article, we show through an example how intertextual semantics could be applied to controlled vocabularies expressed in SKOS, and argue that it could facilitate the communication of meaning among the various persons who interact with a controlled vocabulary.
Anmerkung: Vgl. unter: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/tocs/0497f79b0c0b3ed06/0497f79b0c0b5550a/index.php.
Themenfeld: Theorie verbaler Dokumentationssprachen ; Wissensrepräsentation ; Auszeichnungssprachen
Objekt: XML ; SKOS
3Marcoux, Y. ; Sevigny, M.: Why SGML? Why now?.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 48(1997) no.7, S.584-592.
Abstract: Provides an introduction and overview to the basics of the SGML. Details the nature of SGML, discusses the need for descriptive markup and its evolution, and compares it with Open Document Architecture highlighting the differences between them and the reasons for the success of SGML. Concludes that currently the cost benefit ratio of SGML is high. Includes examples of SGML compliant software products
Anmerkung: Contribution to a special topic issue devoted to structured information / standards for document architecture
Themenfeld: Elektronisches Publizieren
Objekt: SGML ; ODA
4Sevigny, M. ; Marcoux, Y.: Construction et evaluation d'un prototype d'interface-utilisateurs pour l'interrogation de bases de documents structures.
In: Canadian journal of information and library science. 21(1996) nos.3/4, S.59-77.
Abstract: The creation of electronic information in the form of structured documents is gaining popularity. It is thus necessary to develop information retrieval tools fitted to this type of document. Presents the results of a research project aimed at identifying human-computer interface elements that can support information retrieval in structured-document bases. The research included a review of the literature and of existing systems, as well as the design, development, and user testing of a prototype information retrieval system for SGML document bases. Makes 5 recommendations for the design of structured-retrieval systems
Anmerkung: Übers. d. Titels: The creation and evaluation of a human-computer interface for information retrieval in structured-document bases