Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
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1Miller, S.: Introduction to ontology concepts and terminology : DC-2013 Tutorial, September 2, 2013..
In: DC-2013: International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata: Online Proceedings [http://dcevents.dublincore.org/index.php/IntConf/dc-2013/schedConf/presentations].
Inhalt: Tutorial topics and outline 1. Tutorial Background Overview The Semantic Web, Linked Data, and the Resource Description Framework 2. Ontology Basics and RDFS Tutorial Semantic modeling, domain ontologies, and RDF Vocabulary Description Language (RDFS) concepts and terminology Examples: domain ontologies, models, and schemas Exercises 3. OWL Overview Tutorial Web Ontology Language (OWL): selected concepts and terminology Exercises
Themenfeld: Metadaten ; Wissensrepräsentation
Objekt: Dublin core
2Miller, S.J.: Metadata for digital collections : a how-to-do-it manual.
New York, NY : Neal-Schuman, 2011. XXIII, 343 S.
(How-to-do-it manuals ; 179)
Abstract: More and more libraries, archives, and museums are creating online collections of digitized resources. Where can those charged with organizing these new collections turn for guidance on the actual practice of metadata design and creation? "Metadata for Digital Collections: A How-to-do-it Manual" is suitable for libraries, archives, and museums. This practical, hands-on volume will make it easy for readers to acquire the knowledge and skills they need, whether they use the book on the job or in a classroom. Author Steven Miller introduces readers to fundamental concepts and practices in a style accessible to beginners and LIS students, as well as experienced practitioners with little metadata training. He also takes account of the widespread use of digital collection management systems such as CONTENTdm. Rather than surveying a large number of metadata schemes, Miller covers only three of the schemes most commonly used in general digital resource description, namely, Dublin Core, MODS, and VRA. By limiting himself, Miller is able to address the chosen schemes in greater depth. He is also able to include numerous practical examples that clarify common application issues and challenges. He provides practical guidance on applying each of the Dublin Core elements, taking special care to clarify those most commonly misunderstood. The book includes a step-by-step guide on how to design and document a metadata scheme for local institutional needs and for specific digital collection projects. The text also serves well as an introduction to broader metadata topics, including XML encoding, mapping between different schemes, metadata interoperability and record sharing, OAI harvesting, and the emerging environment of Linked Data and the Semantic Web, explaining their relevance to current practitioners and students. Each chapter offers a set of exercises, with suggestions for instructors. A companion website includes additional practical and reference resources.
Inhalt: Introduction to metadata for digital collections -- Introduction to resource description and Dublin Core -- Resource identification and responsibility elements -- Resource content and relationship elements -- Controlled vocabularies for improved resource discovery -- XML-encoded metadata -- MODS : the Metadata Object Description Schema -- VRA Core : the Visual Resources Association Core Categories -- Metadata interoperability, shareability, and quality -- Designing and documenting a metadata scheme -- Metadata, linked data, and the Semantic Web.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Mitt VÖB 64(2011) H.3/4, S.554-557 (Saskia Breitling)
Objekt: Dublin Core
LCSH: Cataloging of electronic information resources / Standards ; Metadata / Standards ; Dublin Core
RSWK: Elektronische Bibliothek, Elektronische Publikation, Katalogisierung, Metadatenmodell, Dublin Core, Einführung (BSB)
LCC: Z695.24 .M55 2011
3Miller, S.J. ; Fox, M.J. ; Lee, H.L. ; Hope, H.A.: Great expectations : professionals' perceptions and knowledge organization curricula.
In: Knowledge organization for a global learning society: Proceedings of the 9th International ISKO Conference, 4-7 July 2006, Vienna, Austria. Hrsg.: G. Budin, C. Swertz u. K. Mitgutsch. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2006. S.349-358.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.10)
Abstract: A disparity seems to exist between the expectations that librarians have of education for the knowledge organization (KO) and what is taught in accredited master's programs across the United States and Canada. Analysis of official competencies, AUTOCAT discussion list postings, previous studies, and LIS curricula suggests that although many practitioners express this mismatch, the data reveal that KO competencies are hardly marginalized in curricula, and there is a large degree of consensus on what educators should and do offer. The analysis also indicates that there may be a "mismatch" in perception about the state of KO education and curricular offerings today within both the practitioner and educator communities.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/tocs/0497f79b0c0b3ed06/0497f79b0c0c7c33f/index.php.
Land/Ort: USA ; CAN
4Miller, S.: Privacy, data bases and computers.
In: Journal of information ethics. 7(1998) no.1, S.42-48.
Abstract: Within the looming threat of the combination of computer databases with monitoring and surveillance devices, attempts to define the notion of privacy and its parameters. Considers the ethical issues posed by databases, touching on disclosure to organizations of matters such as personal taxation and financial information or security surveillance. Highlights the increasing information imbalance between persons and organizations and suggests ways to improve autonomy
Themenfeld: Internet ; Informationsethik
6Strong, D.M. ; Miller, S.M.: Exceptions and exception handling in computerized information process.
In: ACM transactions on information systems. 13(1995) no.2, S.206-233.
Abstract: Defines exceptions as situations that cannot be correctly processed by computer systems. Provides 5 perspectives on exceptions considering why they occur and how they might be eliminated or dealt with better. Investigates an operating information process with frequent exceptions, the results of which support total quality management for eliminating exceptions, particularly where computer systems are ill matched to organizational processes. In instances such as those of conflicting goals between subunits, better performance is achieved through the design of an integrated human-computer process than by greater automation
7Couvreur, T.R. ; Benzel, R.N. ; Miller, S.F. ; Zeitler, D.N. ; Lee, D.L. ; Singhal, M. ; Shivaratri, N. ; Wong, W.Y.P.: ¬An analysis of performance and cost factors in searching large text databases using parallel search systems.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 45(1994) no.7, S.443-464.
Abstract: The results of modelling the performance of searching large text databases (>10 GBytes) via various parallel hardware architectures and search algorithms are discussed. The performance under load and the cost of each configuration are compared. Strengths, weaknesses, performance sensitivities, and search features supported for each configuration are also addressed. In addition, a common search workload used in the modelling is described. The search workload is derived from a set of searches run against the Chemical Abstracts file of bibliographic and abstract text available on STN International. This common workload is applied to all configurations modelled to provide a common basis of comparison
Themenfeld: Retrievalalgorithmen ; Volltextretrieval