Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Pal, D. ; Mitra, M. ; Datta, K.: Improving query expansion using WordNet.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 65(2014) no.12, S.2469-2478.
Abstract: This study proposes a new way of using WordNet for query expansion (QE). We choose candidate expansion terms from a set of pseudo-relevant documents; however, the usefulness of these terms is measured based on their definitions provided in a hand-crafted lexical resource such as WordNet. Experiments with a number of standard TREC collections WordNet-based that this method outperforms existing WordNet-based methods. It also compares favorably with established QE methods such as KLD and RM3. Leveraging earlier work in which a combination of QE methods was found to outperform each individual method (as well as other well-known QE methods), we next propose a combination-based QE method that takes into account three different aspects of a candidate expansion term's usefulness: (a) its distribution in the pseudo-relevant documents and in the target corpus, (b) its statistical association with query terms, and (c) its semantic relation with the query, as determined by the overlap between the WordNet definitions of the term and query terms. This combination of diverse sources of information appears to work well on a number of test collections, viz., TREC123, TREC5, TREC678, TREC robust (new), and TREC910 collections, and yields significant improvements over competing methods on most of these collections.
Themenfeld: Semantisches Umfeld in Indexierung u. Retrieval
2Pal, S. ; Mitra, M. ; Kamps, J.: Evaluation effort, reliability and reusability in XML retrieval.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 62(2011) no.2, S.375-394.
Abstract: The Initiative for the Evaluation of XML retrieval (INEX) provides a TREC-like platform for evaluating content-oriented XML retrieval systems. Since 2007, INEX has been using a set of precision-recall based metrics for its ad hoc tasks. The authors investigate the reliability and robustness of these focused retrieval measures, and of the INEX pooling method. They explore four specific questions: How reliable are the metrics when assessments are incomplete, or when query sets are small? What is the minimum pool/query-set size that can be used to reliably evaluate systems? Can the INEX collections be used to fairly evaluate "new" systems that did not participate in the pooling process? And, for a fixed amount of assessment effort, would this effort be better spent in thoroughly judging a few queries, or in judging many queries relatively superficially? The authors' findings validate properties of precision-recall-based metrics observed in document retrieval settings. Early precision measures are found to be more error-prone and less stable under incomplete judgments and small topic-set sizes. They also find that system rankings remain largely unaffected even when assessment effort is substantially (but systematically) reduced, and confirm that the INEX collections remain usable when evaluating nonparticipating systems. Finally, they observe that for a fixed amount of effort, judging shallow pools for many queries is better than judging deep pools for a smaller set of queries. However, when judging only a random sample of a pool, it is better to completely judge fewer topics than to partially judge many topics. This result confirms the effectiveness of pooling methods.
3Singhal, A. ; Buckley, C. ; Mitra, M.: Using query zoning and correlation with SMART : TREC 5.
In: The Fifth Text Retrieval Conference (TREC-5). Ed.: E.M. Voorhees u. D.K. Harman. Gaithersburgh, MD : National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1997. S.25-48.
(NIST special publication;)
4Buckley, C. ; Singhal, A. ; Mitra, M. ; Salton, G.: New retrieval approaches using SMART : TREC 4.
In: The Fourth Text Retrieval Conference (TREC-4). Ed.: K. Harman. Gaithersburgh, MD : National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1996. S.25-48.
(NIST special publication; 500-236)
Objekt: SMART ; TREC