Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Zeng, M.L. ; Kronenberg, F. ; Molholt, P.: Toward a conceptual framework for complementary and alternative medicine : challenges and issues.
In: Knowledge organization. 28(2001) no.1, S.27-40.
Abstract: A problem facing information retrieval and exchange among international medical practitioners and researchers is the lack of a knowledge structure or conceptual framework that relates concepts used in the Western medical system to those used in non-Western medical systems. This paper presents challenges we have encountered in attempting to develop a general conceptual framework to cover concepts and terminology used for information retrieval in the field of complementary and alternative medicine. This is a broad field that has not been covered appropriately in knowledge organization systems such as classification schemes, thesauri, and terminology databases. The objective of the project is to improve significantly the efficiency and the quality of cross-language and cross-cultural information exchange and knowledge discovery by facilitating concept mapping and information retrieval between Western and Eastern medical traditions. Major facets of the conceptual framework include Diagnostic Categories, Therapeutic Preparations, Human Anatomy, Selected Diseases/Medical Conditions, and Basics of Traditional Systems. The paper discusses issues of subject coverage, the representation of medical concepts in the conceptual framework, incorporation of concept names that have existed in individual traditional systems, and the relationships among concepts. Findings reported are primarily from current work that focuses on Traditional Chinese Medicine.
2Molholt, P.: ¬The Art and Architecture Thesaurus : Controlling relatiosnhips through rules and structures.
In: Relationships in the organization of knowledge. Eds.: Bean, C.A. u. R. Green. Boston, MA : Kluwer Academic, 2001. S.153-170.
(Information science and knowledge management; vol.2)
Abstract: The Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) staff developed a set of associative, interconcept relationships to interconnect terminology contained in 33 hierarchies. Each of the 20 relationships is tightly defined and is applied under strict rules. The result benefits the user by providing reliable, standardized links between concepts. This chapter describes the logic, methodology, and impact of the AAT approach to relationships.
Wissenschaftsfach: Kunst ; Architektur
Objekt: Art and Architecture Thesaurus
3Molholt, P.: Standardization of interconcept links and their usage.
In: Knowledge organization and change: Proceedings of the Fourth International ISKO Conference, 15-18 July 1996, Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Ed.: R. Green. Frankfurt : INDEKS, 1996. S.65-71.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.5)
Abstract: The main focus of this paper is to relate the use of controlled, structured vocabularies to the ability to standardize the definition and form of a link
Themenfeld: Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus
Objekt: Art and architecture thesaurus
4Molholt, P.: Qualities of classification schemes for the Information Superhighway.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 21(1995) no.2, S.19-22.
Abstract: For my segment of this program I'd like to focus on some basic qualities of classification schemes. These qualities are critical to our ability to truly organize knowledge for access. As I see it, there are at least five qualities of note. The first one of these properties that I want to talk about is "authoritative." By this I mean standardized, but I mean more than standardized with a built in consensus-building process. A classification scheme constructed by a collaborative, consensus-building process carries the approval, and the authority, of the discipline groups that contribute to it and that it affects... The next property of classification systems is "expandable," living, responsive, with a clear locus of responsibility for its continuous upkeep. The worst thing you can do with a thesaurus, or a classification scheme, is to finish it. You can't ever finish it because it reflects ongoing intellectual activity... The third property is "intuitive." That is, the system has to be approachable, it has to be transparent, or at least capable of being transparent. It has to have an underlying logic that supports the classification scheme but doesn't dominate it... The fourth property is "organized and logical." I advocate very strongly, and agree with Lois Chan, that classification must be based on a rule-based structure, on somebody's world-view of the syndetic structure... The fifth property is "universal" by which I mean the classification scheme needs be useable by any specific system or application, and be available as a language for multiple purposes.
Anmerkung: Paper presented at the 36th Allerton Institute, 23-25 Oct 94, Allerton Park, Monticello, IL: "New Roles for Classification in Libraries and Information Networks: Presentation and Reports"
Themenfeld: Klassifikationstheorie: Elemente / Struktur ; Internet
5Molholt, P. ; Petersen, T.: ¬The role of The Art and Architecture Thesaurus in communicating about visual art.
In: Knowledge organization. 20(1993) no.1, S.30-34.
Abstract: The paper addresses the ways in which computerization and a thesaurus like the Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) influenece the organization, description, and understanding of the visual arts. It discusses these issues from the point of view of the AAT and considers how its structure and content serve as a bridging mechanism between the many different manifestations of the visual arts and the different types of organizations serving the viewers of art, whether as students, scholars, collection managers, or the enjoying public. This paper shows how a knowledge base like the AAT helps this variety of users develop approaches to the visual arts and suggests that the special nature of dealing with image rather than text influences how the thesaurus is structured and applied
Wissenschaftsfach: Architektur ; Kunst
Objekt: Art and architecture thesaurus
6Molholt, P. ; Forsythe, K.: Opening up information access through the electronic catalogue.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 13(1991) nos.3/4, S.223-243.
Abstract: Information access in Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Libraries', New York, InfoTrax has increased from its formation as an electronic catalogue in 1984 to its current status of campus wide information system. This has been accomplished by including additional library materials, campus files, and outside data bases. Integration between data bases gives patrons access to call number and serials check-in information without having to switch files. An electronic request service allows patrons to hold, photocopy or interloan materials from their terminals
Anmerkung: Simultaneously published as Enhancing Access to Information: Designing Catalogs for the 21st Century
Themenfeld: OPAC ; Informationsdienstleistungen
7Molholt, P.: Standardizing and codifying related term links for improved information retrieval.
In: Tools for knowledge organization and the human interface. Proceedings of the 1st International ISKO Conference, Darmstadt, 14.-17.8.1990. Pt.1. Frankfurt : Indeks, 1990. S.267-275.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.1)
Abstract: Presents the results of a survey of literature in the fields of information science, linguistics, and computer science research of lexical-semantic relations in information retrieval systems. Discusses these findings in the context of proposed research on the related terms structure for the Art and Architecture Thesaurus
Objekt: Art and Architecture Thesaurus
8Molholt, P.: ¬The information machine : a new challenge for librarians.
In: Library journal. 111(1986) 1.Okt., S.47-52.