Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Nichols, D.M. ; Twidale, M.B.: Metrics for openness.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 68(2017) no.4, S.1048-1060.
Abstract: The characterization of scholarly communication is dominated by citation-based measures. In this paper we propose several metrics to describe different facets of open access and open research. We discuss measures to represent the public availability of articles along with their archival location, licenses, access costs, and supporting information. Calculations illustrating these new metrics are presented using the authors' publications. We argue that explicit measurement of openness is necessary for a holistic description of research outputs.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23741/full.
3Witten, I.H. ; Bainbridge, M. ; Nichols, D.M.: How to build a digital library.2nd ed.
Amsterdam : Morgan Kaufmann, 2010. xxiii, 629 S.
(The Morgan Kaufmann series in multimedia information and systems)
Abstract: "How to Build a Digital Library" is the only book that offers all the knowledge and tools needed to construct and maintain a digital library, regardless of the size or purpose. It is the perfectly self-contained resource for individuals, agencies, and institutions wishing to put this powerful tool to work in their burgeoning information treasuries. The second edition reflects new developments in the field as well as in the Greenstone Digital Library open source software. In Part I, the authors have added an entire new chapter on user groups, user support, collaborative browsing, user contributions, and so on. There is also new material on content-based queries, map-based queries, cross-media queries. There is an increased emphasis placed on multimedia by adding a 'digitizing' section to each major media type. A new chapter has also been added on 'internationalization', which will address Unicode standards, multi-language interfaces and collections, and issues with non-European languages (Chinese, Hindi, etc.). Part II, the software tools section, has been completely rewritten to reflect the new developments in Greenstone Digital Library Software, an internationally popular open source software tool with a comprehensive graphical facility for creating and maintaining digital libraries. As with the First Edition, a web site, implemented as a digital library, will accompany the book and provide access to color versions of all figures, two online appendices, a full-text sentence-level index, and an automatically generated glossary of acronyms and their definitions. In addition, demonstration digital library collections will be included to demonstrate particular points in the book. To access the online content please visit our associated website. This title outlines the history of libraries - both traditional and digital - and their impact on present practices and future directions. It is written for both technical and non-technical audiences and covers the entire spectrum of media, including text, images, audio, video, and related XML standards. It is web-enhanced with software documentation, color illustrations, full-text index, source code, and more.
Inhalt: Orientation : the world of digital libraries -- People in digital libraries -- Presentation : user interfaces -- Textual documents: the raw material -- Multimedia : more raw material -- Metadata : elements of organization -- Interoperability : protocols and services -- Internationalization : the global challenge -- Visions : future, past, and present -- Greenstone digital library software. Building collections -- Operating and interoperating -- Design patterns for advanced user interfaces.
LCSH: Greenstone digital library software ; Digital libraries ; Digital libraries / Collection development / Computer programs
RSWK: Elektronische Bibliothek
DDC: 025.00285 / dc22
GHBS: TWY (SI) ; AWUI (SI)
LCC: ZA4080 .W58 2010
RVK: AN 73000 ; ST 515
4Nichols, D.M. ; Paynter, G.W. ; Chan, C.-H. ; Bainbridge, D. ; McKay, D. ; Twidale, M.B. ; Blandford, A.: Experiences in deploying metadata analysis tools for institutional repositories.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 47(2009) nos.3/4, S.xx-xx.
Abstract: Current institutional repository software provides few tools to help metadata librarians understand and analyse their collections. In this paper, we compare and contrast metadata analysis tools that were developed simultaneously, but independently, at two New Zealand institutions during a period of national investment in research repositories: the Metadata Analysis Tool (MAT) at The University of Waikato, and the Kiwi Research Information Service (KRIS) at the National Library of New Zealand. The tools have many similarities: they are convenient, online, on-demand services that harvest metadata using OAI-PMH, they were developed in response to feedback from repository administrators, and they both help pinpoint specific metadata errors as well as generating summary statistics. They also have significant differences: one is a dedicated tool while the other is part of a wider access tool; one gives a holistic view of the metadata while the other looks for specific problems; one seeks patterns in the data values while the other checks that those values conform to metadata standards. Both tools work in a complementary manner to existing web-based administration tools. We have observed that discovery and correction of metadata errors can be quickly achieved by switching web browser views from the analysis tool to the repository interface, and back. We summarise the findings from both tools' deployment into a checklist of requirements for metadata analysis tools.
Anmerkung: Beitrag eines Themenheftes Metadata and Open Access Repositories
Behandelte Form: Elektronische Dokumente
5Twidale, M.B. ; Nichols, D.M.: Collaborative information retrieval.
In: Encyclopedia of library and information sciences. 3rd ed. Ed.: M.J. Bates. London : Taylor & Francis, 2009. S.xx-xx.
Abstract: Collaborative information retrieval (CIR) encompasses the many varied social approaches to information seeking. Although some information retrieval systems have given an impression of individual access to resources, there is a growing realization that much information work is fundamentally collaborative in nature. We highlight key points in the recent history of CIR, particularly the difference between explicit and implicit collaboration.
Anmerkung: Vgl.: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/book/10.1081/E-ELIS3.
6Twidale, M.B. ; Gruzd, A.A. ; Nichols, D.M.: Writing in the library : exploring tighter integration of digital library use with the writing process.
In: Information processing and management. 44(2008) no.2, S.558-580.
Abstract: Information provision via digital libraries often separates the writing process from that of information searching. In this paper we investigate the potential of a tighter integration between searching for information in digital libraries and using those results in academic writing. We consider whether it may sometimes be advantageous to encourage searching while writing instead of the more conventional approach of searching first and then writing. The provision of ambient search is explored, taking the user's ongoing writing as a source for the generation of search terms used to provide possibly useful results. A rapid prototyping approach exploiting web services was used as a way to explore the design space and to have working demonstrations that can provoke reactions, design suggestions and discussions about desirable functionalities and interfaces. This design process and some preliminary user studies are described. The results of these studies lead to a consideration of issues arising in exploring this design space, including handling irrelevant results and the particular challenges of evaluation.
Anmerkung: Beitrag eines Themenschwerpunktes "Digital libraries in the context of users' broader activities"
7Nichols, D.M. ; Witten, I.H. ; Keegan, T.T. ; Bainbridge, D. ; Dewsnip, M.: Digital libraries and minority languages.
In: New review of hypermedia and multimedia. 11(2005) no.2, S.139-155.
Abstract: Digital libraries have a pivotal role to play in the preservation and maintenance of international cultures in general and minority languages in particular. This paper outlines a software tool for building digital libraries that is well adapted for creating and distributing local information collections in minority languages, and describes some contexts in which it is used. The system can make multilingual documents available in structured collections and allows them to be accessed via multilingual interfaces. It is issued under a free open-source licence, which encourages participatory design of the software, and an end-user interface allows community-based localization of the various language interfaces-of which there are many.
Inhalt: Beitrag in einem Themenheft "Minority languages, multimedia and the Web"
Themenfeld: Internet ; Multilinguale Probleme
8Crabtree, A. ; Nichols, D.M. ; O'Brien, J. ; Rouncefield, M. ; Twidale, M.B.: Ethnomethodologically informed ethnography and information system design.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 51(2000) no.7, S.666-682.
Abstract: This paper describes ethnomethodologically informed ethnography (EM) as a methodology for information science research, illustrating the approach with the results of a study in a university library. We elucidate major differences between the practical orientation of EM and theoretical orientation of other ethnographic approaches in information science research. We address ways in which EM may be used to inform systems design and consider the issues that arise in coordinating the results of this research with the needs of information systems designers. We outline out approach to the 'ethnographically informaed' development of information systems in addressing some of the major problems of interdisciplinary work between system designers and EM researchers
10Twidale, M.B. ; Nichols, D.M. ; Paice, C.D.: Browsing a collaborative process.
In: Information processing and management. 33(1997) no.6, S.761-783.
Abstract: Collaboration is an important aspect of searching online information retrieval systems that requires explicit computerized support. Surveys a number of systems offering varied approaches to supporting collaboration and applies a strucutre for analysing the various aspect of collaboration. The dominant form of collaboration in digital libraries is likely to be remote and asynchronous. Collaborative work in the digital library requires that both the search product and the search process can be captured and communicated. Introduces the ARIADNE system as an example of computerized support for collaboration between bowsers
11Twidale, M.B. ; Nichols, D.M.: Collaborative browsing and visualization of the search process.
In: Aslib proceedings. 48(1996) nos.7/8, S.177-182.
Abstract: We describe how to support the process of collaborative browsing and how to integrate support for the social aspects of information searching activities into information systems and particularly their interfaces. The use of library resources is often stereotyped as a solitary activity. However, informal observations indicate significant collaboration between users despite the fact that existing systems fail to support this. We describe the Ariadne system which does attempt to support collaboration by providing a visualization of the search process. Storage of search histories as digital object allows them to be manipulated and communicated. An explicit representation of a search history supports discussion of search strategies and concepts by explicit pointing to prior activities even when one of the participants may be a novice lacking the appropriate vocabulary. Several different types of activity, synchronous and asynchronous, remote and co-located, can be supported by search process re-use. We outline some of the issues of privacy concerned with the storage of users' searches
Anmerkung: Paper presented at ELVIRA '96: 3rd International Conference on Electronic Library and Visual Information Research held on 30 April - 2 May, 1996, Milton Keynes