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© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1O'Connor, B.C. ; Kearns, J. ; Anderson, R.L.: Doing things with information : beyond indexing and abstracting.
Westport, Conn. : Libraries Unlimited, 2008. xix, 241 S.
ISBN 987-1- 59158-577-0
Abstract: The relationship between a person with a question and a source of information is complex. Indexing and abstracting often fail because too much emphasis is put on the mechanics of description, and too little has been given as to what ought to be represented. Research literature suggests that inappropriate representation results in failed searches a significant number of times, perhaps even in a majority of cases. "Doing Things with Information" seeks to rectify this unfortunate situation by emphasizing methods of modeling and constructing appropriate representations of such questions and documents. Students in programs of information studies will find focal points for discussion about system design and refinement of existing systems. Librarians, scholars, and those who work within large document collections, whether paper or electronic, will find insights into the strengths and weaknesses of the access systems they use.
Inhalt: Inhalt: 1. Background concepts and models 2. Considerations of representation 3. Representation, function, and utility 4. Failures of representation: Indeterminacy and depth 5. Aboutness and user-generated descriptors 6. Responses to indeterminacy 7. Doing things with word-based documents 8. Functional application of information measurement 9. Functional ontology construction 10. Creek pebbles: A summary metaphor and touchstone for exploration
Anmerkung: The authors state that this book emerged from a proposal to do a second edition of Explorations in Indexing and Abstracting (O'Connor 1996); much of its content is the result of the authors' reaction to the reviews of this first edition and their realization for "the necessity to address some more fundamental questions". Rez. in: KO 38(2011) no.1, S.62-64 (L.F. Spiteri): "This book provides a good overview of the relationship between the document and the user; in this regard, it reinforces the importance of the clientcentred approach to the design of document representation systems. In the final chapter, the authors state: "We have offered examples of new ways to think about messages in all sorts of media and how they might be discovered, analyzed, synthesized, and generated. We brought together philosophical, scientific, and engineering notions into a fundamental model for just how we might understand doing this with information" (p. 225). The authors have certainly succeeded in highlighting the complex processes, nature, and implications of document representation systems, although, as has been seen, the novelty of some of their discussions and suggestions is sometimes limited. With further explanation, the FOC model may serve as a useful way to understand how to build document representation systems to better meet user needs."; vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/downloads/ko_38_2011_1e.pdf.
LCSH: Information retrieval ; Information storage and retrieval systems / Design ; Indexing ; Abstracting
DDC: 025.04 / dc22
LCC: ZA3075 .O28 2008
RVK: AN 95100
2O'Connor, B.C. ; O'Connor, M.K. ; Abbas, J.M.: User reactions as access mechanism : an exploration based on captions for images.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 50(1999) no.8, S.681-697.
Abstract: Words are problematic for describing images, but they are a convenient and traditional way of describing requests. Users can given voice to their reactions to images - how well they suit needs. User-generated reactions might provide word-based descriptors helpful to subsequent users and requiring minimal system resources to produce. Shifting focus from description of documents to description of reactions is accomplished by gathering verbal captions and responses to images. User generation of captions and verbal responses within a collection of 300 diverse images is demonstrated and analyzed. Functional adjectival descriptors appear in 20% of the responses and functional narrative (conversational) descriptors appear in 80% of the responses. Issues of larger scale analysis, implementation, and possible shifts in understanding of representation for retrieval are discussed
Behandelte Form: Bilder
3O'Connor, B.C. ; O'Connor, M.K.: Categories, photographs predicaments : exploratory research on representing pictures for access.
In: Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science. 25(1999), no.6, S. -.
Anmerkung: Vgl. auch: http://www.asis.org/Bulletin/Aug-99/o_connor.html
Behandelte Form: Bilder
4O'Connor, B.C.: Explorations in indexing and abstracting : pointing, virtue and power.
Englewood, CO : Libraries Unlimited, 1996. XII,182 S.
Abstract: Neubearbeitung als: O'Connor, B.C., J. Kearns u. R.L. Anderson: Doing things with information: beyond indexing and abstracting. Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited 2008. xix, 241 S.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Managing information. 3(1996) no.12, S.44-45 (A. Solamito); JASIS 48(1997) no.3, S.282-283 (F. Exner); Journal of academic librarianship 23(1997) no.3, S.242-243 (C.A. Turner)
5O'Connor, B.C.: Representation and the utility of moving image documents.
In: ASIS'86. Proceedings of the 49th ASIS Annual Meeting. Vol.23. Chicago, Ill., 28.9.-2.10.1986. Ed. by J.M. Hurd and C.H. Davis. ?, 1986. S.237-243.
Abstract: Examines 2 aspects of representation for the manner in which each has inhibited the scholarly use of film and video works. Most access systems have been designed for printed documents, which differ fundamentally from moving image documents, and access to these for research purposes is inadequate. Significant representational capabilities available to journal authors are unavailable to current non-fiction film or video work. Presents a model facilitating both intellectual access and the use of film/video for scholarly publishing
Behandelte Form: Filme ; Videos