Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Piro, F.N. ; Aksnes, D.W. ; Roerstad, K.: ¬A macro analysis of productivity differences across fields : challenges in the measurement of scientific publishing.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 64(2013) no.2, S.307-320.
Abstract: While many studies have compared research productivity across scientific fields, they have mostly focused on the "hard sciences," in many cases due to limited publication data for the "softer" disciplines; these studies have also typically been based on a small sample of researchers. In this study we use complete publication data for all researchers employed at Norwegian universities over a 4-year period, linked to biographic data for each researcher. Using this detailed and complete data set, we compare research productivity between five main scientific domains (and subfields within them), across academic positions, and in terms of age and gender. The study's key finding is that researchers from medicine, natural sciences, and technology are most productive when whole counts of publications are used, while researchers from the humanities and social sciences are most productive when article counts are fractionalized according to the total number of authors. The strong differences between these fields in publishing forms and patterns of coauthorship raise questions as to whether publication indicators can justifiably be used for comparison of productivity across scientific disciplines.
2Aksnes, D.W. ; Rorstad, K. ; Piro, F. ; Sivertsen, G.: Are female researchers less cited? : a large-scale study of Norwegian scientists.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 62(2011) no.4, S.628-636.
Abstract: Numerous studies have shown that female scientists tend to publish significantly fewer publications than do their male colleagues. In this study, we have analyzed whether similar differences also can be found in terms of citation rates. Based on a large-scale study of 8,500 Norwegian researchers and more than 37,000 publications covering all areas of knowledge, we conclude that the publications of female researchers are less cited than are those of men, although the differences are not large. The gender differences in citation rates can be attributed to differences in productivity. There is a cumulative advantage effect of increasing publication output on citation rates. Since the women in our study publish significantly fewer publications than do men, they benefit less from this effect. The study also provides results on how publication and citation rates vary according to scientific position, age, and discipline.
3Shapiro, F.R.: Coinage of the term information science : the neglected legal literature.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 46(1995) no.5, S.384-385.
Abstract: Summarizes the origins of the terms: bibliography, librarianship, library science, documentation, and information retrieval. Traces the 1st use of the term information scientist meaning a scientific information specialist to an article by J.E.L. Farradane in 1953, and the use of information science as the science of information in an article also by Farradane in 1955