Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 28. April 2022)
1Rice, R.: Supporting research data management and open science in academic libraries : a data librarian's view.
In: Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare. 72(2019) H.2-4, S.263-273.
Abstract: The 'data revolution' has impacted researchers across the disciplines. As if the traditional work of teaching, competing for grants and promotion, doing research and publishing results was not challenging enough, researchers are required to make fundamental changes in the way they do all of these things. A similar shift can be seen for academic librarians. Librarians who were taught to meet the needs of their users based on information scarcity now need to retrain themselves to help users deal with information overload. Moreover, librarians increasingly find themselves 'upstream' in the research process, trying to assist their users in managing unwieldy amounts of data when their comfort zone is firmly 'downstream' in the post-publication stage. Unsettling as it may be, these are exciting developments for the library profession.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://doi.org/10.31263/voebm.v72i2.3303.
Land/Ort: GB ; Edinburgh
Anwendungsfeld: Wissenschaftliche Bibliotheken
2Lee, J.H. ; Price, R.: User experience with commercial music services : an empirical exploration.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 67(2016) no.4, S.800-811.
Abstract: The music information retrieval (MIR) community has long understood the role of evaluation as a critical component for successful information retrieval systems. Over the past several years, it has also become evident that user-centered evaluation based on realistic tasks is essential for creating systems that are commercially marketable. Although user-oriented research has been increasing, the MIR field is still lacking in holistic, user-centered approaches to evaluating music services beyond measuring the performance of search or classification algorithms. In light of this need, we conducted a user study exploring how users evaluate their overall experience with existing popular commercial music services, asking about their interactions with the system as well as situational and personal characteristics. In this paper, we present a qualitative heuristic evaluation of commercial music services based on Jakob Nielsen's 10 usability heuristics for user interface design, and also discuss 8 additional criteria that may be used for the holistic evaluation of user experience in MIR systems. Finally, we recommend areas of future user research raised by trends and patterns that surfaced from this user study.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23433/abstract.
3Rice, R.: Applying DC to institutional data repositories.
In: Metadata for semantic and social applications : proceedings of the International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, Berlin, 22 - 26 September 2008, DC 2008: Berlin, Germany / ed. by Jane Greenberg and Wolfgang Klas. Göttingen : Univ.-Verl., 2008. S.212.
Abstract: DISC-UK DataShare (2007-2009), a project led by the University of Edinburgh and funded by JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee, UK), arises from an existing consortium of academic data support professionals working in the domain of social science datasets (Data Information Specialists Committee-UK). We are working together across four universities with colleagues engaged in managing open access repositories for e-prints. Our project supports 'early adopter' academics who wish to openly share datasets and presents a model for depositing 'orphaned datasets' that are not being deposited in subject-domain data archives/centres. Outputs from the project are intended to help to demystify data as complex objects in repositories, and assist other institutional repository managers in overcoming barriers to incorporating research data. By building on lessons learned from recent JISC-funded data repository projects such as SToRe and GRADE the project will help realize the vision of the Digital Repositories Roadmap, e.g. the milestone under Data, "Institutions need to invest in research data repositories" (Heery and Powell, 2006). Application of appropriate metadata is an important area of development for the project. Datasets are not different from other digital materials in that they need to be described, not just for discovery but also for preservation and re-use. The GRADE project found that for geo-spatial datasets, Dublin Core metadata (with geo-spatial enhancements such as a bounding box for the 'coverage' property) was sufficient for discovery within a DSpace repository, though more indepth metadata or documentation was required for re-use after downloading. The project partners are examining other metadata schemas such as the Data Documentation Initiative (DDI) versions 2 and 3, used primarily by social science data archives (Martinez, 2008). Crosswalks from the DDI to qualified Dublin Core are important for describing research datasets at the study level (as opposed to the variable level which is largely out of scope for this project). DataShare is benefiting from work of of the DRIADE project (application profile development for evolutionary biology) (Carrier, et al, 2007), eBank UK (developed an application profile for crystallography data) and GAP (Geospatial Application Profile, in progress) in defining interoperable Dublin Core qualified metadata elements and their application to datasets for each partner repository. The solution devised at Edinburgh for DSpace will be covered in the poster.
Anmerkung: Vgl. unter: http://dcpapers.dublincore.org/ojs/pubs/article/view/945/941.
Objekt: Dublin Core
4Yao, M.Z. ; Rice, R.E. ; Wallis, K.: Predicting user concerns about online privacy.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 58(2007) no.5, S.710-722.
Abstract: With the rapid diffusion of the Internet, researchers, policy makers, and users have raised concerns about online privacy, although few studies have integrated aspects of usage with psychological and attitudinal aspects of privacy. This study develops a model involving gender, generalized self-efficacy, psychological need for privacy, Internet use experience, Internet use fluency, and beliefs in privacy rights as potential influences on online privacy concerns. Survey responses from 413 college students were analyzed by bivariate correlations, hierarchical regression, and structural equation modeling. Regression results showed that beliefs in privacy rights and a psychological need for privacy were the main influences on online privacy concerns. The proposed structural model was not well supported by the data, but a revised model, linking self-efficacy with psychological need for privacy and indicating indirect influences of Internet experience and fluency on online privacy concerns about privacy through beliefs in privacy rights, was supported by the data.
Themenfeld: Internet ; Benutzerstudien
5Lehr, J.K. ; Rice, R.E.: Organizational measures as a form of knowledge management : a multitheoretic, communication-based exploration.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and technology. 53(2002) no.12, S.1060-1073.
Abstract: One form of knowledge management is the use of measures, to foster learning, to transform individual tacit understanding to shared explicit sensemaking, to evaluate and improve processes and customer service, and even to rationalize and control organizational activities and workers. This article summarizes and applies four theoretical approaches- organizational learning, sensemaking, quality management, and critical theory-to explore how measures are constructed, interpreted, and used within organizational settings as forms of knowledge management. The primary principles, the role of communication, and the role of measures are summarized for each approach. The article ends by discussing some implications of measures in general and this multitheoretic conceptualization of measures in particular for knowledge management.
Anmerkung: Part of a special section on knowledge management
6Rice, R.: Putting sample indexes on your Web site.Beyond book indexing: how to get started in Web indexing, embedded indexing and other computer-based media. Ed. by D. Brenner u. M. Rowland.
Phoenix, AZ : American Society of Indexers / Information Today, 2000. S.113-119.
Abstract: Why do you need samples of your indexing work on your Web site? Think about these situations: Scenario 1: You've contacted a potential client who says he has a project ready to be assigned. He requests some samples of your work. You fax them to him right away and call back a few hours later. "Oh," he says, "I didn't get the fax but anyway I already assigned the project. I can keep your name for future reference, though." Scenario 2: Another potential client asks you to send her some samples and if they're satisfactory, she'll put you on the freelance list. You mail them to her, or even FedEx them if you can spend the money. You wait a week and call her back. She does not remember who you are, and has not seen the samples. If she can find them, she says, she will file them for future reference. Scenario 3: You contacted a potential client who has asked to see some samples of your work. As it happens, she has a project ready to go and if your work is acceptable, you can have the job. You can FedEx her some samples, or you can fax them, she says. You think about FedEx and faxing costs, and mail and faxes that never get to her desk, and the risk of losing the assignment if she calls someone else later today, which she almost surely will, and you suggest an alternative. If she has Internet access, she can see a list of the indexes you've completed, and some samples of your indexes instantly. She is impressed that you have the know-how to create a Web site, and agrees to take a look and call you back shortly. You give her your URL and your phone number, and stand by. In five minutes she calls you back, says she is pleased with what she saw, and asks for your address so she can send the job out to you today.
Themenfeld: Register ; Internet
9Perry, C.A. ; Rice, R.E.: Scholarly communication in developmental dyslexia : influence of network structure on change in a hybrid problem area.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 49(1998) no.2, S.151-168.
Abstract: Based on Mulkay's and Kuhn's models of change in scientific structure, a scientific communication model of the emergence of a hybrid research area was developed and tested in the field of developmental dyslexia. Results show support for Mulkay's model of branching instead of Kuhn's model of scientific revolution. Evidence points to divergence rather than convergence among the related research areas, but suggests the need for longitudinal follow-up in order to rule out the impact of the inertia of aggregate co-citation data
10Baldwin, N.S. ; Rice, R.E.: Information-seeking behavior of securities analysts : individual and institutional influences, information sources and channels, and outcomes.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 48(1997) no.8, S.674-693.
Abstract: Information technology and the need for global information are constantly changing the way securities analysts, one kind of knowledge worker, obtain, manipulate, and disseminate information. This study develops and tests a general model, with specific hypotheses, that individual characteristics and institutional resources influence the information sources and communication channels that individuals use, that use od these sources and channels influences the outcomes of analysts' activities, and that, therefore, individual characteristics and institutional resources both directly and indirectly influence the outcomes
11Cortez, E. ; Rice, R.: ¬An investigation into the role of public libraries with online reference service.
In: Public library quarterly. 14(1994) nos.2/3, S.7-21.
Abstract: Explores issues surrounding the provision of online services and electronic resources in US public libraries, and discusses the appropriate directions for public libraries to pursue. Investigates traditional online reference tools, CD-ROM databases, OPACs, community bulletin boards and access to information resources via the Internet. Discusses national versus local library goals, strategies for online services, and consequences for service and cost controls. Considers the role of public libraries within NII. Access to computer networks for all citizens is essential and, whether information is made available through books or networks, public libraries must continue to play a critical role in public access
Themenfeld: Informationsdienstleistungen ; Internet
12Grice, R.: Using hypermedia to create an exploration space for users.
In: International forum on information and documentation. 19(1994) nos.3/4, S.28-31.
Abstract: Hypermedia offers opportunities for improved presentation and use of information. Authors can allow readers to select the types of information they want to see and the order in which they see it. Discusses some of the issues of balance that must be understood - the trade-offs between allowing readers too little freedom to explore, and allowing them more freedom than may be wise. Authros should analyze the bounds of the information made available, the links between pieces of information, and the paths that users can choose to follow when using the information. To achieve the proper balance, authors must not only understand the material they are presenting, they must also understand their audience and the way that the audience will use the information
13Grice, R.A. ; Ridgway, L.S.: Usability and hypermedia : toward a set of usabiblity criteria and measures.
In: Technical communication. 40(1993) no.3, S.429-437.
Abstract: Hypermedia is the presentation of online text and graphics to users in a form that allows them to view information in a sequence and quantity that best suits their needs. it offers great opportunities for information transfer. Examines how far it is possible to assess the usability of information presented as hypermedia. Considers the need to reexamine concepts of usability and methods for measuring it
14Rice, R.E. ; Tarin, P.: Staying informed : scientific communication and the use of information sources within disciplines.
In: Integrating technologies - converging professions: proceedings of the 56th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science, Columbus, OH, 24-28 October 1993. Ed.: S. Bonzi. Medford, NJ : Learned Information, 1993. S.160-164.
Abstract: Part of a large study evaluating an experimental online library catalogue interface, this preliminary study considers the extent to which research orientation, interdisciplinary work and disciplinary difference are associated with use of information sources, with extent of computer-mediated communication, and with experiencing scientific information overload
15Chang, S.J. ; Rice, R.R.: Browsing: a multidimensional framework.
In: Annual review of information science and technology. 28(1993), S.231-276. Medford, NJ : Learned Information, 1993.
Abstract: State of the art review of browsing from many different multidisciplinary contexts, integrating the diverse literatures on browsing: library and information science (information searching); end user information retrieval and system design (database searching); consumer behaviour (store shopping); mass media audience (television channel switching); organizational communication; and wayfinding and environmental design. Considers what constitutes browsing, and what are the consequences of browsing. Attempts to identify the underlying common dimensions of browsing and the consequences of browsing in a wide variety of human activities
16Rice, R.E.: ¬The impacts of computer-mediated organizational and interpersonal communication.
In: Annual review of information science and technology. 15(1980), S.221-250. White Plains : Knowledge Industry Publ., 1980.