Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 28. April 2022)
1Lee, D. ; Robinson, L. ; Bawden, D.: Orthogonality, dependency, and music : an exploration of the relationships between music facets.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 72(2021) no.5, S.570-582.
Abstract: The classification of Western art music is a complex area of knowledge organization, yet the reasons for those complexities have not been fully studied. This research dissects the concept of orthogonality, in particular regard to music classification. Orthogonality (antonym: dependency) means that one facet acts independently from another facet. Although orthogonality is an assumed quality of facets, it has attracted relatively little attention in knowledge organization discourse. This research utilizes bibliographic classification schemes, musicological writings, and musical works to analyze orthogonality in music classification. The relationships between the medium, form/genre, and function facets are unpicked and a strong dependency is found between these facets. Whether this orthogonality exists as a construct of faceted classification or stems from the domain knowledge is explored. Furthermore, the analysis initiates new thinking about the general concept of orthogonality. The idea of a spectrum of dependency is proposed. In addition, novel, orthogonality-derived phenomena are discussed-"dynamic facets" and "meta-dependency"-where the boundary between what is and is not a facet is blurred. The concluding model visualizes the chain of dependencies between music facets, ultimately showing how the lack of orthogonality plays a key role in the complexity and issues found in music classification.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://asistdl.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24426.
2Price, L. ; Robinson, L.: Tag analysis as a tool for investigating information behaviour : comparing fan-tagging on Tumblr, Archive of Our Own and Etsy.
In: Journal of documentation. 77(2021) no.2, S.320-358.
Abstract: Purpose This article describes the third part of a three-stage study investigating the information behaviour of fans and fan communities, the first stage of which is described in the study by Price and Robinson (2017). Design/methodology/approach Using tag analysis as a method, a comparative case study was undertaken to explore three aspects of fan information behaviour: information gatekeeping; classifying and tagging and entrepreneurship and economic activity. The case studies took place on three sites used by fans-Tumblr, Archive of Our Own (AO3) and Etsy. Supplementary semi-structured interviews with site users were used to augment the findings with qualitative data. Findings These showed that fans used tags in a variety of ways quite apart from classification purposes. These included tags being used on Tumblr as meta-commentary and a means of dialogue between users, as well as expressors of emotion and affect towards posts. On AO3 in particular, fans had developed a practice called "tag wrangling" to mitigate the inherent "messiness" of tagging. Evidence was also found of a "hybrid market economy" on Etsy fan stores. From the study findings, a taxonomy of fan-related tags was developed. Research limitations/implications Findings are limited to the tagging practices on only three sites used by fans during Spring 2016, and further research on other similar sites are recommended. Longitudinal studies of these sites would be beneficial in understanding how or whether tagging practices change over time. Testing of the fan-tag taxonomy developed in this paper is also recommended. Originality/value This research develops a method for using tag analysis to describe information behaviour. It also develops a fan-tag taxonomy, which may be used in future research on the tagging practices of fans, which heretofore have been a little-studied section of serious leisure information users.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-05-2020-0089.
Behandelte Form: Bilder
Objekt: Tumblr ; Archive of Our Own ; Etsy
3Gorichanaz, T. ; Furner, J. ; Ma, L. ; Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L. ; Dixon, D. ; Herold, K. ; Obelitz Søe, S. ; Martens, B. Van der Veer ; Floridi, L.: Information and design : book symposium on Luciano Floridi's The Logic of Information.
In: Journal of documentation. 76(2020) no.2, S.586-616.
Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to review and discuss Luciano Floridi's 2019 book The Logic of Information: A Theory of Philosophy as Conceptual Design, the latest instalment in his philosophy of information (PI) tetralogy, particularly with respect to its implications for library and information studies (LIS). Design/methodology/approach Nine scholars with research interests in philosophy and LIS read and responded to the book, raising critical and heuristic questions in the spirit of scholarly dialogue. Floridi responded to these questions. Findings Floridi's PI, including this latest publication, is of interest to LIS scholars, and much insight can be gained by exploring this connection. It seems also that LIS has the potential to contribute to PI's further development in some respects. Research limitations/implications Floridi's PI work is technical philosophy for which many LIS scholars do not have the training or patience to engage with, yet doing so is rewarding. This suggests a role for translational work between philosophy and LIS. Originality/value The book symposium format, not yet seen in LIS, provides forum for sustained, multifaceted and generative dialogue around ideas.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-10-2019-0200.
4Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: ¬"The dearest of our possessions" : applying Floridi's information privacy concept in models of information behavior and information literacy.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 71(2020) no.9, S.1030-1043.
(Special issue: Information privacy in the digital age)
Abstract: This conceptual article argues for the value of an approach to privacy in the digital information environment informed by Luciano Floridi's philosophy of information and information ethics. This approach involves achieving informational privacy, through the features of anonymity and obscurity, through an optimal balance of ontological frictions. This approach may be used to modify models for information behavior and for information literacy, giving them a fuller and more effective coverage of privacy issues in the infosphere. For information behavior, the Information Seeking and Communication Model and the Information Grounds conception are most appropriate for this purpose. For information literacy, the metaliteracy model, using a modification a privacy literacy framework, is most suitable.
5Lee, D. ; Robinson, L. ; Bawden, D.: Modeling the relationship between scientific and bibliographic classification for music.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 70(2019) no.3, S.230-241.
Abstract: Scientific classification is an important topic in contemporary knowledge organization discourse, yet the nature of the relationships between scientific and bibliographic classifications has not been fully studied. This article considers the connections between scientific and bibliographic classifications for music, taking general discourse about scientific classification and domain analysis as its starting point. Three relationship characteristics are posited: similarity, causation, and time. In discussions about similarity, "accords" and "discords" are analyzed. Further, the idea of a scale of accord is introduced, and issues with assuming a univocal scientific or bibliographic classification of music are discussed. Causation and the idea of influence between scientific and bibliographic classifications for music are unpicked. The connections between accordance and influence are explored, and the concept of differing purposes for different classification approaches is analyzed. A temporal dimension is considered, and the dynamic nature of connections between music scientific and bibliographic classifications is established. The idea of bifurcation is introduced-a change of accordance over time-which is prominent for musical instrument classification. The concluding model visualizes similarity, causation and temporal aspects as three dimensions, showing how scientific and bibliographic classifications for music are connected through a set of interconnected and complex relationships.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24120.
6Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: Curating the infosphere : Luciano Floridi's philosophy of information as the foundation for library and information science.
In: Journal of documentation. 74(2018) no.1, S.2-17.
Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to re-examine the proposal that Luciano Floridi's philosphy of information (PI) may be an appropriate conceptual foundation for the discipline of library and information science (LIS). Design/methodology/approach A selective literature review and analysis are carried out. Findings It is concluded that LIS is in need of a new conceptual framework, and that PI is appropriate for this purpose. Originality/value Floridi proposed a close relationship between PI and LIS more than a decade ago. Although various authors have addressed the aspects of this relationship since then, this is the first proposal from an LIS perspective that PI be adopted as a basis for LIS.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/JD-07-2017-0096.
Wissenschaftsfach: Bibliothekswesen ; Informationswissenschaft
7Lee, D. ; Robinson, L.: ¬The heart of music classification : toward a model of classifying musical medium.
In: Journal of documentation. 74(2018) no.2, S.258-277.
Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the classification of musical medium, which is a critical part of music classification. It considers how musical medium is currently classified, provides a theoretical understanding of what is currently problematic, and proposes a model which rethinks the classification of medium and resolves these issues. Design/methodology/approach The analysis is drawn from existing classification schemes, additionally using musicological and knowledge organization literature where relevant. The paper culminates in the design of a model of musical medium. Findings The analysis elicits sub-facets, orders and categorizations of medium: there is a strict categorization between vocal and instrumental music, a categorization based on broad size, and important sub-facets for multiples, accompaniment and arrangement. Problematically, there is a mismatch between the definitiveness of library and information science vocal/instrumental categorization and the blurred nature of real musical works; arrangements and accompaniments are limited by other categorizations; multiple voices and groups are not accommodated. So, a model with a radical new structure is proposed which resolves these classification issues. Research limitations/implications The results could be used to further understanding of music classification generally, for Western art music and other types of music. Practical implications The resulting model could be used to improve and design new classification schemes and to improve understanding of music retrieval. Originality/value Deep theoretical analysis of music classification is rare, so this paper's approach is original. Furthermore, the paper's value lies in studying a vital area of music classification which is not currently understood, and providing explanations and solutions. The proposed model is novel in structure and concept, and its original structure could be adapted for other knotty subjects.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/JD-08-2017-0120.
8Lee, D. ; Robinson, L. ; Bawden, D.: Global knowledge organization, "super-facets" and music : universal music classification in the digital age.
In: Challenges and opportunities for knowledge organization in the digital age: proceedings of the Fifteenth International ISKO Conference, 9-11 July 2018, Porto, Portugal / organized by: International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO), ISKO Spain and Portugal Chapter, University of Porto - Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Research Centre in Communication, Information and Digital Culture (CIC.digital) - Porto. Eds.: F. Ribeiro u. M.E. Cerveira. Baden-Baden : Ergon Verlag, 2018. S.248-255.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.16)
9Robinson, L.: Multisensory, pervasive, immersive : towards a new generation of documents.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.8, S.1734-1737.
Abstract: The emergence of immersive documents, which allow the "reader" to perceive unreality as real, is foreseen. This new type of document will evolve from the combination of contemporary participatory, transmedia storytelling with pervasive computing technologies and multisensory interfaces. It is argued that a research program within library and information science is needed, to investigate new information behaviors associated with such documents, the new digital literacies needed to make effective use of them, and their place in the information communication chain.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23328/abstract.
10Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L. ; Siddiqui, T.: "Potentialities or possibilities" : towards quantum information science?.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.3, S.437-449.
(Advances in information science)
Abstract: The use of quantum concepts and formalisms in the information sciences is assessed through an analysis of published literature. Five categories are identified: use of loose analogies and metaphors between concepts in quantum physics and library/information science; use of quantum concepts and formalisms in information retrieval; use of quantum concepts and formalisms in studying meaning and concepts; quantum social science, in areas adjacent to information science; and the qualitative application of quantum concepts in the information disciplines. Quantum issues have led to demonstrable progress in information retrieval and semantic modelling, with less clear-cut progress elsewhere. Whether there may be a future "quantum turn" in the information sciences is debated, the implications of such a turn are considered, and a research agenda outlined.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23192/abstract.
11Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: ¬"A few exciting words" : information and entropy revisited.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.10, S.1965-1987.
(Advances in information science)
Abstract: A review is presented of the relation between information and entropy, focusing on two main issues: the similarity of the formal definitions of physical entropy, according to statistical mechanics, and of information, according to information theory; and the possible subjectivity of entropy considered as missing information. The paper updates the 1983 analysis of Shaw and Davis. The difference in the interpretations of information given respectively by Shannon and by Wiener, significant for the information sciences, receives particular consideration. Analysis of a range of material, from literary theory to thermodynamics, is used to draw out the issues. Emphasis is placed on recourse to the original sources, and on direct quotation, to attempt to overcome some of the misunderstandings and oversimplifications that have occurred with these topics. Although it is strongly related to entropy, information is neither identical with it, nor its opposite. Information is related to order and pattern, but also to disorder and randomness. The relations between information and the "interesting complexity," which embodies both patterns and randomness, are worthy of attention.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23459/abstract.
12Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: "Waiting for Carnot" : Information and complexity.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.11, S.2177-2186.
(Advances in information science)
Abstract: The relationship between information and complexity is analyzed using a detailed literature analysis. Complexity is a multifaceted concept, with no single agreed definition. There are numerous approaches to defining and measuring complexity and organization, all involving the idea of information. Conceptions of complexity, order, organization, and "interesting order" are inextricably intertwined with those of information. Shannon's formalism captures information's unpredictable creative contributions to organized complexity; a full understanding of information's relation to structure and order is still lacking. Conceptual investigations of this topic should enrich the theoretical basis of the information science discipline, and create fruitful links with other disciplines that study the concepts of information and complexity.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23535/abstract.
13Robson, A. ; Robinson, L.: ¬The Information seeking and communication model : a study of its practical application in healthcare.
In: Journal of documentation. 71(2015) no.5, S.1043-1069.
Abstract: Purpose - This study investigated the application in the field of healthcare of a recently developed model of information seeking and communication. The purpose of this paper is to test the model's validity and to identify insights that it may provide. Design/methodology/approach - To investigate the model's application to information users, the findings from published literature on physicians' information behaviour were studied. To investigate its application to information providers, interviews were carried out with staff working for the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and with employees of pharmaceutical companies. The findings were examined using deductive content analysis. Findings - The findings endorse the validity of the model, with minor modifications. The model provides practical insights into the behaviour of both users and providers of information and the factors that influence them. It can be used to identify ways in which information behaviour may be positively modified in both finding and communicating healthcare information. Originality/value - This research demonstrates the practical value of a new model of information behaviour which was developed using insights from earlier models. In doing so it answers criticisms that research in library and information science often fails to build on previous research and that it has little practical usefulness.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/JD-01-2015-0023.
14Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: Information and the gaining of understanding.
In: Journal of information science. 41(2015) no.x, S.1-6.
Abstract: It is suggested that, in addition to data, information and knowledge, the information sciences should focus on understanding, understood as a higher-order knowledge, with coherent and explanatory potential. The limited ways in which understanding has been addressed in the design of information systems, in studies of information behaviour, in formulations of information literacy and in impact studies are briefly reviewed, and future prospects considered. The paper is an extended version of a keynote presentation given at the i3 conference in June 2015.
Inhalt: Beitrag in einem Special Issue - i3 Conference - Aberdeen - June 2015. Vgl.: http://jis.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/12/14/0165551515621691.
15Robinson, L. ; Priego, E. ; Bawden, D.: Library and information science and digital humanities : two disciplines, joint future?.
In: Re:inventing information science in the networked society: Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Information Science, Zadar/Croatia, 19th-21st May 2015. Eds.: F. Pehar, C. Schloegl u. C. Wolff. Glückstadt : vwh-Verlag, 2015. S.44-54.
(Schriften zur Informationswissenschaft; Bd.66)
Wissenschaftsfach: Bibliothekswesen ; Informationswissenschaft ; Geisteswissenschaften
16Mayor, C. ; Robinson, L.: Ontological realism and classification : structures and concepts in the Gene Ontology.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 65(2014) no.4, S.686-697.
Abstract: The Gene Ontology (GO), a scientific vocabulary widely used in molecular biology databases, is examined by an analysis of its structure, a comparison of its principles to those of traditional controlled vocabularies, and by a detailed analysis of a single concept within it. It is found that the GO deviates in some respects from its principles of ontological realism, and it is suggested the two forms of vocabulary could benefit from adopting good practice from the other.
17Robinson, L. ; Bawden, D.: Mind the gap : transitions between concepts of information in varied domains.
In: Theories of information, communication and knowledge : a multidisciplinary approach. Eds.: F. Ibekwe-SanJuan u. T.M. Dousa. Dordrecht : Springer, 2014. S.xxx-xxx.
(Studies in history and philosophy of science ; 34)
18Mayor, C. ; Robinson, L.: Ontological realism, concepts and classification in molecular biology : development and application of the gene ontology.
In: Journal of documentation. 70(2014) no.1, S.173-193.
Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this article is to evaluate the development and use of the gene ontology (GO), a scientific vocabulary widely used in molecular biology databases, with particular reference to the relation between the theoretical basis of the GO, and the pragmatics of its application. Design/methodology/approach - The study uses a combination of bibliometric analysis, content analysis and discourse analysis. These analyses focus on details of the ways in which the terms of the ontology are amended and deleted, and in which they are applied by users. Findings - Although the GO is explicitly based on an objective realist epistemology, a considerable extent of subjectivity and social factors are evident in its development and use. It is concluded that bio-ontologies could beneficially be extended to be pluralist, while remaining objective, taking a view of concepts closer to that of more traditional controlled vocabularies. Originality/value - This is one of very few studies which evaluate the development of a formal ontology in relation to its conceptual foundations, and the first to consider the GO in this way.
Themenfeld: Klassifikationstheorie: Elemente / Struktur
19Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: No such thing as society? : On the individuality of information behavior.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 64(2013) no.12, S.2587-2590.
Abstract: This opinion piece considers the relative importance of individual and social factors in determining information behavior. It concludes that individual factors are more central and fundamental, although they may certainly be qualified by social and cultural factors and even though there are good reasons for studying and analyzing information behavior in terms of social groups. More studies of interesting emergent factors and behaviors in social settings would be valuable.
20Robson, A. ; Robinson, L.: Building on models of information behaviour : linking information seeking and communication.
In: Journal of documentation. 69(2013) no.2, S.169-193.
Abstract: Purpose - This paper aims to gain insights from existing models of information behaviour, building on them to develop a new model which, unlike most others, encompasses both information seeking and communication. By identifying key factors affecting the successful communication and use of information, it is hoped that the model will be of practical value both to information providers and to users. Design/methodology/approach - The paper is based on a literature search and analysis of well-established models of information seeking and of communication, from which a new conceptual model is constructed. Findings - Existing models have elements in common, though most models in library and information science focus on information seeking and the information user, while those from the field of communications focus on the communicator and the communication process. A new model is proposed that includes key elements of existing models and takes into account not just the information seeker but also the communicator or information provider. Originality/value - The model developed in this paper is the first to combine elements from both information seeking and communication models. Being built on previous research, it can be used to investigate the practical value of the model itself and the elements that it has in common with other models.