Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Smith, A.: Physics Subject Headings (PhySH).
In: Knowledge organization. 47(2020) no.3, S.257-266.
(Reviews of concepts in knowledge organization)
Abstract: PhySH (Physics Subject Headings) was developed by the American Physical Society and first used in 2016 as a faceted hierarchical controlled vocabulary for physics, with some basic terms from related fields. It was developed mainly for the purpose of associating subjects with papers submitted to and published in the Physical Review family of journals. The scheme is organized at the top level with a two-dimensional classification, with one dimension (labeled "disciplines") representing professional divisions within physics, and the other dimension (labeled "facets") providing a conceptual partitioning of terms. PhySH was preceded in use by PACS ("Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme"), which was in turn preceded by more ad hoc approaches, and this history and related vocabularies or categorizations will also be briefly discussed.
Themenfeld: Verbale Doksprachen für präkombinierte Einträge
Objekt: Physics Subject Headings ; Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme
5Smith, A.G.: Search features of digital libraries.
In: Information Research. 5(2000) no.3, April 2000.
Abstract: Traditional on-line search services such as Dialog, DataStar and Lexis provide a wide range of search features (boolean and proximity operators, truncation, etc). This paper discusses the use of these features for effective searching, and argues that these features are required, regardless of advances in search engine technology. The literature on on-line searching is reviewed, identifying features that searchers find desirable for effective searching. A selective survey of current digital libraries available on the Web was undertaken, identifying which search features are present. The survey indicates that current digital libraries do not implement a wide range of search features. For instance: under half of the examples included controlled vocabulary, under half had proximity searching, only one enabled browsing of term indexes, and none of the digital libraries enable searchers to refine an initial search. Suggestions are made for enhancing the search effectiveness of digital libraries; for instance, by providing a full range of search operators, enabling browsing of search terms, enhancement of records with controlled vocabulary, enabling the refining of initial searches, etc.
Inhalt: Enthält eine Zusammenstellung der Werkzeuge und Hilfsmittel des Information Retrieval
Anmerkung: Auch unter: http://www.shef.ac.uk/~is/publications/infres/paper73.html.
6Cohen, S. ; Fereira, J. ; Horne, A. ; Kibbee, B. ; Mistlebauer, H. ; Smith, A.: MyLibrary : personalized electronic services in the Cornell University Library.
In: D-Lib magazine. 6(2000) no.4, xx S.
Abstract: Library users who are Web users expect customization and interactivity. MyLibrary is a Cornell University Library initiative to provide numerous personalized library services to Cornell University students, faculty, and staff. Currently, it consists of MyLinks, a tool for collecting and organizing resources for private use by a patron, and MyUpdates, a tool to help scholars stay informed of new resources provided by the library. This article provides an overview of the MyLibrary project, explains the rationale for the development of the service in the library, briefly discusses the hardware and software used for the service, and suggests some of the directions for future developments of the MyLibrary system. MyYahoo!, MyCNN, MyBookmarks, MyThis and MyThat. Internet users have demanded a personal face to the World Wide Web, and Web portals and information providers have responded. Why not MyLibrary? The Library and Information Technology Association (LITA) has defined MyLibrary-like services as the number one trend "worth keeping an eye on". "Library users who are Web users, a growing group," the experts agree, "expect customization, interactivity, and customer support. Approaches that are library-focused instead of user-focused will be increasingly irrelevant." In response to the needs of web-savvy patrons, the Cornell University Library (CUL) implemented a MyLibrary service this year, making finding and using library resources easier than ever. MyLibrary is an "umbrella" service for two new products: MyLinks and MyUpdates. Other products are in development. MyLibrary's MyLinks is a tool for collecting and organizing resources for private use by a patron. These resources may or may not be "official" Cornell University Library resources. Our patrons best understand this service as a "traveling set of bookmarks". Most patrons of the library use a variety of machines to access Internet resources. For example, you may have a computer at home and one at work. Why should you create your bookmarks twice, or carry around a diskette containing your bookmarks? Students who rely on lab computers never know which machine they will use next. With MyLinks, a patron's favorite sites are just a click away from any machine.
Anmerkung: Vgl.: http://dlib.ukoln.ac.uk/dlib/april00/mistlebauer/04mistlebauer.html.
7Smith, A.: Information and the small company.
In: Managing information. 3(1996) nos.7/8, S.38-40.
Abstract: Small and medium enterprises are an important part of the UK economy but little is known about their information needs and use. Presents the rationale and findings of a pilot survey carried out by the Aslib Consultnacy for limited liability companies in the London Home Counties in an attempt to establish their information needs and use. Suggests, while stressing that the results obtained are not definitive, that a successful company might be one that doesn't bother with credit reports, has a professionally qualified librarian that uses information brokers, and has access to the Internet
Themenfeld: Information Resources Management
8Pollitt, A.S. ; Treglown, M. ; Smith, A.P. ; Braekevelt, P.A.J. ; Ellis, G.P. ; Finlay, J.E. ; Wade, S.J.: Empowering users for improved database access and analysis through the application of knowledge structure views, progressive refinement techniques and a design approach driven by usability.
In: Knowledge organization and change: Proceedings of the Fourth International ISKO Conference, 15-18 July 1996, Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Ed.: R. Green. Frankfurt : INDEKS, 1996. S.231-241.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.5)
Abstract: An approach to accessing databases, which makes extensive use of structured thesaurus views for presenting and searching a large bibliographic database through progressive refinement, is being investigated in a research project which is seeking to apply usability criteria as the determinant for interface design. It aims to investigate measurements of retrieval performance in an application of graphical user interface techniques using multi-windowed layered attribute value aggregation, including those provided by a structured thesaurus, to access bibliographic databases. This paper reports on the progress made in the first year of the project of the application of usability methodologies, the revision of a preliminray design and the resulting prototype development. Implications for more widespread applications are discussed
Themenfeld: Suchoberflächen ; Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus
9Bradley, P. ; Smith, A.: World Wide Web : how do design and construct home pages.
London : Aslib, 1995. 52 S.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Program 30(1996) no.3, S.313-314 (A.Cox); International journal of information management 16(1996) no.3, S.235 (D. Bawden)
Objekt: WWW ; HTML