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© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Macias-Galindo, D. ; Cavedon, L. ; Thangarajah, J. ; Wong, W.: Effects of domain on measures of semantic relatedness.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.10, S.2116-2131.
Abstract: Measures of semantic relatedness have been used in a variety of applications in information retrieval and language technology, such as measuring document similarity and cohesion of text. Definitions of such measures have ranged from using distance-based calculations over WordNet or other taxonomies to statistical distributional metrics over document collections such as Wikipedia or the Web. Existing measures do not explicitly consider the domain associations of terms when calculating relatedness: This article demonstrates that domain matters. We construct a data set of pairs of terms with associated domain information and extract pairs that are scored nearly identical by a sample of existing semantic-relatedness measures. We show that human judgments reliably score those pairs containing terms from the same domain as significantly more related than cross-domain pairs, even though the semantic-relatedness measures assign the pairs similar scores. We provide further evidence for this result using a machine learning setting by demonstrating that domain is an informative feature when learning a metric. We conclude that existing relatedness measures do not account for domain in the same way or to the same extent as do human judges.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23303/abstract.
2Wong, W. ; Thangarajah, J.T. ; Padgham, L.: Contextual question answering for the health domain.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 63(2012) no.11, S.2313-2327.
Abstract: Studies have shown that natural language interfaces such as question answering and conversational systems allow information to be accessed and understood more easily by users who are unfamiliar with the nuances of the delivery mechanisms (e.g., keyword-based search engines) or have limited literacy in certain domains (e.g., unable to comprehend health-related content due to terminology barrier). In particular, the increasing use of the web for health information prompts us to reexamine our existing delivery mechanisms. We present enquireMe, which is a contextual question answering system that provides lay users with the ability to obtain responses about a wide range of health topics by vaguely expressing at the start and gradually refining their information needs over the course of an interaction session using natural language. enquireMe allows the users to engage in "conversations" about their health concerns, a process that can be therapeutic in itself. The system uses community-driven question-answer pairs from the web together with a decay model to deliver the top scoring answers as responses to the users' unrestricted inputs. We evaluated enquireMe using benchmark data from WebMD and TREC to assess the accuracy of system-generated answers. Despite the absence of complex knowledge acquisition and deep language processing, enquireMe is comparable to the state-of-the-art question answering systems such as START as well as those interactive systems from TREC.