Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Thompson, M.J.: Erich Fromm and the ontology of social relations.
In: Erich Fromm's critical theory: hope, humanism, and the future. Eds.: Joan Braun and Kieran Durkin. New York : Bloomsbury, 2018. S.21-39.
Abstract: Once central to critical theory was the thesis that critical reflection on social reality was only possible via a capacity to grasp the whole, the social totality, within which the subject and social phenomena occurred. Beginning with Hegel's dictum in the Phenomenology of Spirit that only the whole was true to Marx's exhaustive project to demonstrate the coherence of capitalism as a total system, the first generation of critical theorists took this as a basic paradigm of thought from which to develop their own critical projects. At the core of the Hegelian-Marxist structure of thought therefore is the axiomatic premise that we take human beings as essentially associative, social beings. The social totality was therefore seen as a concrete totality of social relations and processes that was constitutive of the development of individuality, consciousness, and reflective capacities. Whether expressed in terms of Hegel's conception of a sociality of reason via metaphysical relations of interdependence or Marx's Theses on Feuerbach that maintains the essentially social nature of human activity, a central concept emerges capturing the idea that social-relational structures are active in shaping human life and culture. ; Recently, a new generation of critical theorists has taken the concept of social relations in a very different direction. This move toward Kantian and pragmatist themes has meant thinning the conception of human sociality and interdependence. Reconceived as intersubjectivity, or a conception of social relations that stresses cognitive and symbolic forms of interaction, this paradigm shift has all but eclipsed the Hegelian-Marxian structure of thought that was once the infrastructure for critical theory. This new paradigm, heralded by Jürgen Habermas, Karl-Otto Apel, Axel Honneth, Rainer Forst as well as a myriad of others, essentially reduces social relations to cognitive structures of consciousness. Whether it be in linguistic, pragmatic, communicative, or recognitive terms, what unites these neo-idealist theories is the premise that our relations with others are essentially cognitive and affective. What they are not is in any sense ontological with causal powers or in possession of structures and functions that circumscribe them.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328768999_Erich_Fromm_and_the_Ontology_of_Social_Relations. 10.5040/9781350087026.0006.
Anmerkung: Volltext unter: ..\voltexte\Thompson_Fromm-Social-relations.pdf.
Wissenschaftsfach: Sozialwissenschaften ; Psychologie