Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 28. April 2022)
1Rosemblat, G. ; Tse, T. ; Gemoets, D.: Adapting a monolingual consumer health system for Spanish cross-language information retrieval.
In: Knowledge organization and the global information society: Proceedings of the 8th International ISKO Conference 13-16 July 2004, London, UK. Ed.: I.C. McIlwaine. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2004. S.315-321.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.9)
Abstract: This preliminary study applies a bilingual term list (BTL) approach to cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) in the consumer health domain and compares it to a machine translation (MT) approach. We compiled a Spanish-English BTL of 34,980 medical and general terms. We collected a training set of 466 general health queries from MedlinePlus en espaiiol and 488 domainspecific queries from ClinicalTrials.gov translated into Spanish. We submitted the training set queries in English against a test bed of 7,170 ClinicalTrials.gov English documents, and compared MT and BTL against this English monolingual standard. The BTL approach was less effective (F = 0.420) than the MT approach (F = 0.578). A failure analysis of the results led to substitution of BTL dictionary sources and the addition of rudimentary normalisation of plural forms. These changes improved the CLIR effectiveness of the same training set queries (F = 0.474), and yielded comparable results for a test set of new 954 queries (F= 0.484). These results will shape our efforts to support Spanishspeakers' needs for consumer health information currently only available in English.
2Tse, T. ; Vegh, S. ; Marchionini, G. ; Shneiderman, B.: ¬An exploratory study of video browsing user interface designs and research methodologies : effectiveness in information seeking tasks.
In: Knowledge: creation, organization and use. Proceedings of the 62nd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science, 31.10.-4.11.1999. Ed.: L. Woods. Medford, NJ : Information Today, 1999. S.681-692.
(Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science; vol.36)
Abstract: The purpose of this exploratory study is to develop research methods to compare the effectiveness of two video browsing interface designs, or surrogates-one static (storyboard) and one dynamic (slide show)-on two distinct information seeking tasks (gist determination and object recognition). Although video data is multimodal, potentially consisting of images, speech, sound, and text, the surrogates tested depend on image data only and use key frames or stills extracted from source video. A test system was developed to determine the effects of different key frame displays on user performance in specified information seeking tasks. The independent variables were interface display and task type. The dependent variables were task accuracy and subjective satisfaction. Covariates included spatial visual ability and time-to-completion. The study used a repeated block factorial 2x2 design; each of 20 participants interacted with all four interface-task combinations. No statistically significant results for task accuracy were found. Statistically significant differences were found, however, for user satisfaction with the display types: users assessed the static display to be "easier" to use than the dynamic display for both task types, even though there were no performance differences. This methodological approach provides a useful way to learn about the relationship between surrogate types and user tasks during video browsing
Behandelte Form: Videos