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1Symonds, M. ; Bruza, P. ; Zuccon, G. ; Koopman, B. ; Sitbon, L. ; Turner, I.: Automatic query expansion : a structural linguistic perspective.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 65(2014) no.8, S.1577-1596.
Abstract: A user's query is considered to be an imprecise description of their information need. Automatic query expansion is the process of reformulating the original query with the goal of improving retrieval effectiveness. Many successful query expansion techniques model syntagmatic associations that infer two terms co-occur more often than by chance in natural language. However, structural linguistics relies on both syntagmatic and paradigmatic associations to deduce the meaning of a word. Given the success of dependency-based approaches to query expansion and the reliance on word meanings in the query formulation process, we argue that modeling both syntagmatic and paradigmatic information in the query expansion process improves retrieval effectiveness. This article develops and evaluates a new query expansion technique that is based on a formal, corpus-based model of word meaning that models syntagmatic and paradigmatic associations. We demonstrate that when sufficient statistical information exists, as in the case of longer queries, including paradigmatic information alone provides significant improvements in retrieval effectiveness across a wide variety of data sets. More generally, when our new query expansion approach is applied to large-scale web retrieval it demonstrates significant improvements in retrieval effectiveness over a strong baseline system, based on a commercial search engine.
Themenfeld: Semantisches Umfeld in Indexierung u. Retrieval ; Computerlinguistik ; Retrievalalgorithmen