Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 03. März 2020)
1Lu, W. ; MacFarlane, A. ; Venuti, F.: Okapi-based XML indexing.
In: Aslib proceedings. 61(2009) no.5, S.483-499.
Abstract: Purpose - Being an important data exchange and information storage standard, XML has generated a great deal of interest and particular attention has been paid to the issue of XML indexing. Clear use cases for structured search in XML have been established. However, most of the research in the area is either based on relational database systems or specialized semi-structured data management systems. This paper aims to propose a method for XML indexing based on the information retrieval (IR) system Okapi. Design/methodology/approach - First, the paper reviews the structure of inverted files and gives an overview of the issues of why this indexing mechanism cannot properly support XML retrieval, using the underlying data structures of Okapi as an example. Then the paper explores a revised method implemented on Okapi using path indexing structures. The paper evaluates these index structures through the metrics of indexing run time, path search run time and space costs using the INEX and Reuters RVC1 collections. Findings - Initial results on the INEX collections show that there is a substantial overhead in space costs for the method, but this increase does not affect run time adversely. Indexing results on differing sized Reuters RVC1 sub-collections show that the increase in space costs with increasing the size of a collection is significant, but in terms of run time the increase is linear. Path search results show sub-millisecond run times, demonstrating minimal overhead for XML search. Practical implications - Overall, the results show the method implemented to support XML search in a traditional IR system such as Okapi is viable. Originality/value - The paper provides useful information on a method for XML indexing based on the IR system Okapi.
Objekt: Okapi ; XML
2Brajnik, G. ; Mizzaro, S. ; Tasso, C. ; Venuti, F.: Strategic help in user interfaces for information retrieval.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and technology. 53(2002) no.5, S.343-258.
Abstract: Brajnik et alia describe their view of an effective retrieval interface, one which coaches the searcher using stored knowledge not only of database structure, but of strategic situations which are likely to occur, such as repeating failed tactics in a low return search, or failing to try relevance feedback techniques. The emphasis is on the system suggesting search strategy improvements by relating them to an analysis of work entered so far and selecting and ranking those found relevant. FIRE is an interface utilizing these techniques. It allows the user to assign documents to useful, topical and trash folders, maintains thesauri files automatically searchable on query terms, and it builds, using user entries and a rule system, a picture of the retrieval situation from which it generates suggestions. Six participants used FIRE in INSPEC20K database searches, two for their own information needs and four needs provided by the authors. Satisfaction was measured in a structured post search interview, behavior by log analysis, and performance by recall and precision in the canned searches. Participants found the suggestions helpful, but insisted they would have taken those approaches without such assistance. Users took the suggestions offered and preferred those demanding the least effort.