Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Worrall, A.: "Connections above and beyond" : information, translation, and community boundaries in LibraryThing and Goodreads.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 70(2019) no.7, S.742-753.
Abstract: The connections and contexts surrounding information shared in social settings must be accounted for, and this is particularly true for online communities that are information-centric. This article presents a mixed-methods study of LibraryThing and Goodreads, which have characteristics of information-centric online communities and social digital libraries, with attention to their roles as boundary objects, users' information values, and information behavior, and other boundaries and boundary objects at play. Content analysis of messages, a survey of users, and qualitative interviews show LibraryThing and Goodreads help establish community and organizational structure; support sharing of information values; and facilitate the building and maintenance of social ties. Translation of meanings and understandings within and between communities is a key activity in these roles. Online communities and social digital libraries should highlight translation processes and resources; provide user profiles and off-topic spaces and encourage their use; take a sociotechnical approach to tailor technology and community features to the right audiences; and facilitate the establishment of shared structure, values, and ties and the work of boundary spanners. Further implications exist for research on and theorizing of information-centric online communities, boundaries, and boundary objects as part of the sociotechnical infrastructure surrounding online information sharing.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24153.
Objekt: LibraryThing ; Goodreads
2Huvila, I. ; Dirndorfer Anderson, T. ; Hourihan Jansen, E. ; McKenzie, P. ; Worrall, A.: Boundary objects in information science.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 68(2017) no.8, S.1807-1822.
Abstract: Boundary objects (BOs) are abstract or physical artifacts that exist in the liminal spaces between adjacent communities of people. The theory of BOs was originally introduced by Star and Griesemer in a study on information practices at the Berkeley Museum of Vertebrate Zoology but has since been adapted in a broad range of research contexts in a large number of disciplines including the various branches of information science. The aim of this review article is to present an overview of the state-of-the-art of information science research informed by the theory of BOs, critically discuss the notion, and propose a structured overview of how the notion has been applied in the study of information.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23817/full.
3Stvilia, B. ; Hinnant, C.C. ; Wu, S. ; Worrall, A. ; Lee, D.J. ; Burnett, K. ; Burnett, G. ; Kazmer, M.M. ; Marty, P.F.: Research project tasks, data, and perceptions of data quality in a condensed matter physics community.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.2, S.246-263.
Abstract: To be effective and at the same time sustainable, a community data curation model needs to be aligned with the community's current data practices, including research project activities, data types, and perceptions of data quality. Based on a survey of members of the condensed matter physics (CMP) community gathered around the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, a large national laboratory, this article defines a model of CMP research project tasks consisting of 10 task constructs. In addition, the study develops a model of data quality perceptions by CMP scientists consisting of four data quality constructs. The paper also discusses relationships among the data quality perceptions, project roles, and demographic characteristics of CMP scientists. The findings of the study can inform the design of a CMP data curation model that is aligned and harmonized with the community's research work structure and data practices.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23177/abstract.
4Stvilia, B. ; Hinnant, C.C. ; Schindler, K. ; Worrall, A. ; Burnett, G. ; Burnett, K. ; Kazmer, M.M. ; Marty, P.F.: Composition of scientific teams and publication productivity at a national science lab.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 62(2011) no.2, S.270-283.
Abstract: The production of scientific knowledge has evolved from a process of inquiry largely based on the activities of individual scientists to one grounded in the collaborative efforts of specialized research teams. This shift brings to light a new question: how the composition of scientific teams affects their production of knowledge. This study employs data from 1,415 experiments conducted at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) between 2005 and 2008 to identify and select a sample of 89 teams and examine whether team diversity and network characteristics affect productivity. The study examines how the diversity of science teams along several variables affects overall team productivity. Results indicate several diversity measures associated with network position and team productivity. Teams with mixed institutional associations were more central to the overall network compared with teams that primarily comprised NHMFL's own scientists. Team cohesion was positively related to productivity. The study indicates that high productivity in teams is associated with high disciplinary diversity and low seniority diversity of team membership. Finally, an increase in the share of senior members negatively affects productivity, and teams with members in central structural positions perform better than other teams.