Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
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1Chung, W. ; Zeng, D.: Social-media-based public policy informatics : sentiment and network analyses of U.S. immigration and border security.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 67(2016) no.7, S.1588-1606.
Abstract: Social media provide opportunities for policy makers to gauge pubic opinion. However, the large volumes and variety of expressions on social media have challenged traditional policy analysis and public sentiment assessment. In this article, we describe a framework for social-media-based public policy informatics and a system called "iMood" that addresses the needs for sentiment and network analyses of U.S. immigration and border security. iMood collects related messages on Twitter, extracts user sentiment and emotion, and constructs networks of the Twitter users, helping policy makers to identify opinion leaders, influential users, and community activists. We evaluated the sentiment, emotion, and network characteristics found in 909,035 tweets posted by over 300,000 users during three phases between May and November 2013. Statistical analyses reveal significant differences in emotion and sentiment among the 3 phases. The Twitter networks of the 3 phases also had significantly different relationship counts, network densities, and total influence scores from those of other phases. This research should contribute to developing a new framework and a new system for social-media-based public policy informatics, providing new empirical findings and data sets of sentiment and network analyses of U.S. immigration and border security, and demonstrating a general applicability to different domains.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23449/abstract.
Anmerkung: Dazu eine Korrektur in: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 67(2016) no.7, S.1588-1606. "On page 1594 of the above-mentioned article, the sentence "a sentiment polarity (positive [+1] or negative [-1]) and is categorized into one (or more) emotional category." should be "Each word was assigned a sentiment polarity (positive [+1] or negative [-1]) and is categorized into one (or more) emotional category. The sentiment polarity of a tweet is the average the sentiment polarities of all words in the tweet.""
2Zhang, Z. ; Li, Q. ; Zeng, D. ; Ga, H.: Extracting evolutionary communities in community question answering.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 65(2014) no.6, S.1170-1186.
Abstract: With the rapid growth of Web 2.0, community question answering (CQA) has become a prevalent information seeking channel, in which users form interactive communities by posting questions and providing answers. Communities may evolve over time, because of changes in users' interests, activities, and new users joining the network. To better understand user interactions in CQA communities, it is necessary to analyze the community structures and track community evolution over time. Existing work in CQA focuses on question searching or content quality detection, and the important problems of community extraction and evolutionary pattern detection have not been studied. In this article, we propose a probabilistic community model (PCM) to extract overlapping community structures and capture their evolution patterns in CQA. The empirical results show that our algorithm appears to improve the community extraction quality. We show empirically, using the iPhone data set, that interesting community evolution patterns can be discovered, with each evolution pattern reflecting the variation of users' interests over time. Our analysis suggests that individual users could benefit to gain comprehensive information from tracking the transition of products. We also show that the communities provide a decision-making basis for business.
Themenfeld: Data Mining
3Miao, Q. ; Li, Q. ; Zeng, D.: Fine-grained opinion mining by integrating multiple review sources.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 61(2010) no.11, S.2288-2299.
Abstract: With the rapid development of Web 2.0, online reviews have become extremely valuable sources for mining customers' opinions. Fine-grained opinion mining has attracted more and more attention of both applied and theoretical research. In this article, the authors study how to automatically mine product features and opinions from multiple review sources. Specifically, they propose an integration strategy to solve the issue. Within the integration strategy, the authors mine domain knowledge from semistructured reviews and then exploit the domain knowledge to assist product feature extraction and sentiment orientation identification from unstructured reviews. Finally, feature-opinion tuples are generated. Experimental results on real-world datasets show that the proposed approach is effective.
Themenfeld: Data Mining
4Zhang, C. ; Zeng, D. ; Li, J. ; Wang, F.-Y. ; Zuo, W.: Sentiment analysis of Chinese documents : from sentence to document level.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 60(2009) no.12, S.2474-2487.
Abstract: User-generated content on the Web has become an extremely valuable source for mining and analyzing user opinions on any topic. Recent years have seen an increasing body of work investigating methods to recognize favorable and unfavorable sentiments toward specific subjects from online text. However, most of these efforts focus on English and there have been very few studies on sentiment analysis of Chinese content. This paper aims to address the unique challenges posed by Chinese sentiment analysis. We propose a rule-based approach including two phases: (1) determining each sentence's sentiment based on word dependency, and (2) aggregating sentences to predict the document sentiment. We report the results of an experimental study comparing our approach with three machine learning-based approaches using two sets of Chinese articles. These results illustrate the effectiveness of our proposed method and its advantages against learning-based approaches.
5Chen, H. ; Fan, H. ; Chau, M. ; Zeng, D.: MetaSpider : meta-searching and categorization on the Web.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and technology. 52(2001) no.13, S.1134-1147.
Abstract: It has become increasingly difficult to locate relevant information on the Web, even with the help of Web search engines. Two approaches to addressing the low precision and poor presentation of search results of current search tools are studied: meta-search and document categorization. Meta-search engines improve precision by selecting and integrating search results from generic or domain-specific Web search engines or other resources. Document categorization promises better organization and presentation of retrieved results. This article introduces MetaSpider, a meta-search engine that has real-time indexing and categorizing functions. We report in this paper the major components of MetaSpider and discuss related technical approaches. Initial results of a user evaluation study comparing Meta-Spider, NorthernLight, and MetaCrawler in terms of clustering performance and of time and effort expended show that MetaSpider performed best in precision rate, but disclose no statistically significant differences in recall rate and time requirements. Our experimental study also reveals that MetaSpider exhibited a higher level of automation than the other two systems and facilitated efficient searching by providing the user with an organized, comprehensive view of the retrieved documents.