Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Hoppe, T. u.a. (Hrsg.): Semantic applications.
Berlin : Springer, 2018. XXV, 264 S.
(methodology, technology, corporate use)
Abstract: This book describes proven methodologies for developing semantic applications: software applications which explicitly or implicitly uses the semantics (i.e., the meaning) of a domain terminology in order to improve usability, correctness, and completeness. An example is semantic search, where synonyms and related terms are used for enriching the results of a simple text-based search. Ontologies, thesauri or controlled vocabularies are the centerpiece of semantic applications. The book includes technological and architectural best practices for corporate use.
Inhalt: Introduction.- Ontology Development.- Compliance using Metadata.- Variety Management for Big Data.- Text Mining in Economics.- Generation of Natural Language Texts.- Sentiment Analysis.- Building Concise Text Corpora from Web Contents.- Ontology-Based Modelling of Web Content.- Personalized Clinical Decision Support for Cancer Care.- Applications of Temporal Conceptual Semantic Systems.- Context-Aware Documentation in the Smart Factory.- Knowledge-Based Production Planning for Industry 4.0.- Information Exchange in Jurisdiction.- Supporting Automated License Clearing.- Managing cultural assets: Implementing typical cultural heritage archive's usage scenarios via Semantic Web technologies.- Semantic Applications for Process Management.- Domain-Specific Semantic Search Applications.
Themenfeld: Semantic Web ; Wissensrepräsentation
LCSH: Computer science ; Data mining ; Information storage and retrieval ; Artificial intelligence ; Management information systems ; Computer Science ; Information Systems Applications (incl. Internet) ; Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) ; Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery ; Management of Computing and Information Systems ; Information Storage and Retrieval
RSWK: Anwendungssystem ; Semantisches Netz ; Ontologie
; Wissensbasiertes System ; Information Retrieval ; Data Mining ; Semantic Web
DDC: 006.33 / DDC23ger ; 006.312 / DDC23ger
RVK: ST 306
2Sakr, S. ; Wylot, M. ; Mutharaju, R. ; Le-Phuoc, D. ; Fundulaki, I.: Linked data : storing, querying, and reasoning.
Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2018. XX, 223 S.
Abstract: This book describes efficient and effective techniques for harnessing the power of Linked Data by tackling the various aspects of managing its growing volume: storing, querying, reasoning, provenance management and benchmarking. To this end, Chapter 1 introduces the main concepts of the Semantic Web and Linked Data and provides a roadmap for the book. Next, Chapter 2 briefly presents the basic concepts underpinning Linked Data technologies that are discussed in the book. Chapter 3 then offers an overview of various techniques and systems for centrally querying RDF datasets, and Chapter 4 outlines various techniques and systems for efficiently querying large RDF datasets in distributed environments. Subsequently, Chapter 5 explores how streaming requirements are addressed in current, state-of-the-art RDF stream data processing. Chapter 6 covers performance and scaling issues of distributed RDF reasoning systems, while Chapter 7 details benchmarks for RDF query engines and instance matching systems. Chapter 8 addresses the provenance management for Linked Data and presents the different provenance models developed. Lastly, Chapter 9 offers a brief summary, highlighting and providing insights into some of the open challenges and research directions. Providing an updated overview of methods, technologies and systems related to Linked Data this book is mainly intended for students and researchers who are interested in the Linked Data domain. It enables students to gain an understanding of the foundations and underpinning technologies and standards for Linked Data, while researchers benefit from the in-depth coverage of the emerging and ongoing advances in Linked Data storing, querying, reasoning, and provenance management systems. Further, it serves as a starting point to tackle the next research challenges in the domain of Linked Data management.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 70(2019) no.8, S.905-907 (Dean Allemang).
Themenfeld: Semantische Interoperabilität ; Semantic Web
LCSH: Linked data ; Semantic Web ; RDF (Document markup language) ; Computer science ; Computers ; Information storage and retrieval ; Artificial intelligence
RSWK: Linked Data
BK: 54.72 (Künstliche Intelligenz)
LCC: Z666.73.L56 ; QA75.5-76.95
3Cole, C.: ¬The consciousness' drive : information need and the search for meaning.
Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2018. X, 247 S.
Abstract: What is the uniquely human factor in finding and using information to produce new knowledge? Is there an underlying aspect of our thinking that cannot be imitated by the AI-equipped machines that will increasingly dominate our lives? This book answers these questions, and tells us about our consciousness - its drive or intention in seeking information in the world around us, and how we are able to construct new knowledge from this information. The book is divided into three parts, each with an introduction and a conclusion that relate the theories and models presented to the real-world experience of someone using a search engine. First, Part I defines the exceptionality of human consciousness and its need for new information and how, uniquely among all other species, we frame our interactions with the world. Part II then investigates the problem of finding our real information need during information searches, and how our exceptional ability to frame our interactions with the world blocks us from finding the information we really need. Lastly, Part III details the solution to this framing problem and its operational implications for search engine design for everyone whose objective is the production of new knowledge. In this book, Charles Cole deliberately writes in a conversational style for a broader readership, keeping references to research material to the bare minimum. Replicating the structure of a detective novel, he builds his arguments towards a climax at the end of the book. For our video-game, video-on-demand times, he has visualized the ideas that form the book's thesis in over 90 original diagrams. And above all, he establishes a link between information need and knowledge production in evolutionary psychology, and thus bases his arguments in our origins as a species: how we humans naturally think, and how we naturally search for new information because our consciousness drives us to need it.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 71(2020) no.1, S.118-120 (Heidi Julien). - Vgl. auch den Beitrag: Cole, C.: A rebuttal of the book review of the book titled "The Consciousness' Drive: Information Need and the Search for Meaning": mapping cognitive and document spaces. In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 71(2020) no.2, S.242.
LCSH: Computers and Society ; Information Storage and Retrieval ; Cognitive Psychology ; User Interfaces and Human Computer Interaction ; Consciousness
4Calì, A. et al (Hrsg.): Semantic keyword-based search on structured data sources : COST Action IC1302. Second International KEYSTONE Conference, IKC 2016, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, September 8-9, 2016, Revised Selected Papers.
Springer International Publishing : Cham, 2017. VIII, 188 S.
(Lecture notes in computer science / Information Systems and Applications, incl. Internet/Web, and HCI ; 10151)
Abstract: This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second COST Action IC1302 International KEYSTONE Conference on Semantic Keyword-Based Search on Structured Data Sources, IKC 2016, held in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, in September 2016. The 15 revised full papers and 2 invited papers are reviewed and selected from 18 initial submissions and cover the areas of keyword extraction, natural language searches, graph databases, information retrieval techniques for keyword search and document retrieval.
Inhalt: Inhalt: Retrieval, Crawling and Fusion of Entity-centric Data on the Web / Dietze, Stefan - Data Multiverse: The Uncertainty Challenge of Future Big Data Analytics / Tudoran, Radu (et al.) - Experiments with Document Retrieval from Small Text Collections Using Latent Semantic Analysis or Term Similarity with Query Coordination and Automatic Relevance Feedback / Layfield, Colin (et al.) - Unsupervised Extraction of Conceptual Keyphrases from Abstracts / Ludwig, Philipp (et al.) - Back to the Sketch-Board: Integrating Keyword Search, Semantics, and Information Retrieval / Azzopardi, Joel (et al.) - Topic Detection in Multichannel Italian Newspapers / Po, Laura (et al.) - Random Walks Analysis on Graph Modelled Multimodal Collections / Sabetghadam, Serwah (et al.) - A Software Processing Chain for Evaluating Thesaurus Quality / Lacasta, Javier (et al.) - Comparison of Collaborative and Content-Based Automatic Recommendation Approaches in a Digital Library of Serbian PhD Dissertations / Azzopardi, Joel (et al.) - Keyword-Based Search on Bilingual Digital Libraries / Stankovic, Ranka (et al.) - Network-Enabled Keyword Extraction for Under-Resourced Languages / Beliga, Slobodan (et al.) - Making Sense of Citations / Koulouri, Xenia (et al.) - An Ontology-Based Approach to Information Retrieval / Mestrovic, Ana (et al.) - Game with a Purpose for Verification of Mappings Between Wikipedia and WordNet / Boinski, Tomasz - TB-Structure: Collective Intelligence for Exploratory Keyword Search / Terziyan, Vagan (et al.) - Using Natural Language to Search Linked Data / Rozinajová, Viera (et al.) - The Use of Semantics in the CrossCult H2020 Project / Bampatzia, Stavroula (et al.) Vgl. auch: http://www.keystone-cost.eu/ikc2016/program.php.
Anmerkung: Vgl.: DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-53640-8.
LCSH: Computer science ; Information storage and retrieval
DDC: 025.04 / dc23
RVK: SS 4800
5Ianni, G. et al. (Hrsg.): Reasoning Web : Semantic Interoperability on the Web, 13th International Summer School 2017, London, UK, July 7-11, 2017, Tutorial Lectures.
Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2017. XI, 347 S.
(Lecture Notes in Computer Scienc;10370 )(Information Systems and Applications, incl. Internet/Web, and HCI)
Abstract: This volume contains the lecture notes of the 13th Reasoning Web Summer School, RW 2017, held in London, UK, in July 2017. In 2017, the theme of the school was "Semantic Interoperability on the Web", which encompasses subjects such as data integration, open data management, reasoning over linked data, database to ontology mapping, query answering over ontologies, hybrid reasoning with rules and ontologies, and ontology-based dynamic systems. The papers of this volume focus on these topics and also address foundational reasoning techniques used in answer set programming and ontologies.
Inhalt: Neumaier, Sebastian (et al.): Data Integration for Open Data on the Web - Stamou, Giorgos (et al.): Ontological Query Answering over Semantic Data - Calì, Andrea: Ontology Querying: Datalog Strikes Back - Sequeda, Juan F.: Integrating Relational Databases with the Semantic Web: A Reflection - Rousset, Marie-Christine (et al.): Datalog Revisited for Reasoning in Linked Data - Kaminski, Roland (et al.): A Tutorial on Hybrid Answer Set Solving with clingo - Eiter, Thomas (et al.): Answer Set Programming with External Source Access - Lukasiewicz, Thomas: Uncertainty Reasoning for the Semantic Web - Calvanese, Diego (et al.): OBDA for Log Extraction in Process Mining
Themenfeld: Wissensrepräsentation ; Semantic Web ; Semantische Interoperabilität
LCSH: Computer science ; Mathematical logic ; Database management ; Information storage and retrieval ; Artificial intelligence ; Computer Science ; Mathematical Logic and Formal Languages
/ Terminologische Logik; Terminologische Logik ; OWL ; Ontologie / Semantic Web
RVK: SS 4800
6Crestani, F. ; Mizzaro, S. ; Scagnetto, I,: Mobile information retrieval.
Cham : Springer, 2017. VI, 110 S.
(Springer briefs in computer science)
Abstract: This book offers a helpful starting point in the scattered, rich, and complex body of literature on Mobile Information Retrieval (Mobile IR), reviewing more than 200 papers in nine chapters. Highlighting the most interesting and influential contributions that have appeared in recent years, it particularly focuses on both user interaction and techniques for the perception and use of context, which, taken together, shape much of today's research on Mobile IR. The book starts by addressing the differences between IR and Mobile IR, while also reviewing the foundations of Mobile IR research. It then examines the different kinds of documents, users, and information needs that can be found in Mobile IR, and which set it apart from standard IR. Next, it discusses the two important issues of user interfaces and context-awareness. In closing, it covers issues related to the evaluation of Mobile IR applications. Overall, the book offers a valuable tool, helping new and veteran researchers alike to navigate this exciting and highly dynamic area of research.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 69(2018) no.10, S.1283-1287 (Daqing He).
LCSH: Computer science ; Information storage and retrieval ; User interfaces (Computer systems) ; Text processing (Computer science)
RSWK: Mobiles Endgerät ; Mobile Computing ; Information Retrieval
DDC: 025.04 / dc23
RVK: ST 270
7Gossen, T.: Search engines for children : search user interfaces and information-seeking behaviour.
Wiesbaden : Springer Vieweg, 2016. XXIII, 283 S.
(Study in computer science and media design)
Abstract: The doctoral thesis of Tatiana Gossen formulates criteria and guidelines on how to design the user interfaces of search engines for children. In her work, the author identifies the conceptual challenges based on own and previous user studies and addresses the changing characteristics of the users by providing a means of adaptation. Additionally, a novel type of search result visualisation for children with cartoon style characters is developed taking children's preference for visual information into account.
Inhalt: Inhalt: Acknowledgments; Abstract; Zusammenfassung; Contents; List of Figures; List of Tables; List of Acronyms; Chapter 1 Introduction ; 1.1 Research Questions; 1.2 Thesis Outline; Part I Fundamentals ; Chapter 2 Information Retrieval for Young Users ; 2.1 Basics of Information Retrieval; 2.1.1 Architecture of an IR System; 2.1.2 Relevance Ranking; 2.1.3 Search User Interfaces; 2.1.4 Targeted Search Engines; 2.2 Aspects of Child Development Relevant for Information Retrieval Tasks; 2.2.1 Human Cognitive Development; 2.2.2 Information Processing Theory; 2.2.3 Psychosocial Development 2.3 User Studies and Evaluation2.3.1 Methods in User Studies; 2.3.2 Types of Evaluation; 2.3.3 Evaluation with Children; 2.4 Discussion; Chapter 3 State of the Art ; 3.1 Children's Information-Seeking Behaviour; 3.1.1 Querying Behaviour; 3.1.2 Search Strategy; 3.1.3 Navigation Style; 3.1.4 User Interface; 3.1.5 Relevance Judgement; 3.2 Existing Algorithms and User Interface Concepts for Children; 3.2.1 Query; 3.2.2 Content; 3.2.3 Ranking; 3.2.4 Search Result Visualisation; 3.3 Existing Information Retrieval Systems for Children; 3.3.1 Digital Book Libraries; 3.3.2 Web Search Engines 3.4 Summary and DiscussionPart II Studying Open Issues ; Chapter 4 Usability of Existing Search Engines for Young Users ; 4.1 Assessment Criteria; 4.1.1 Criteria for Matching the Motor Skills; 4.1.2 Criteria for Matching the Cognitive Skills; 4.2 Results; 4.2.1 Conformance with Motor Skills; 4.2.2 Conformance with the Cognitive Skills; 4.2.3 Presentation of Search Results; 4.2.4 Browsing versus Searching; 4.2.5 Navigational Style; 4.3 Summary and Discussion; Chapter 5 Large-scale Analysis of Children's Queries and Search Interactions; 5.1 Dataset; 5.2 Results; 5.3 Summary and Discussion Chapter 6 Differences in Usability and Perception of Targeted Web Search Engines between Children and Adults 6.1 Related Work; 6.2 User Study; 6.3 Study Results; 6.4 Summary and Discussion; Part III Tackling the Challenges ; Chapter 7 Search User Interface Design for Children ; 7.1 Conceptual Challenges and Possible Solutions; 7.2 Knowledge Journey Design; 7.3 Evaluation; 7.3.1 Study Design; 7.3.2 Study Results; 7.4 Voice-Controlled Search: Initial Study; 7.4.1 User Study; 7.5 Summary and Discussion; Chapter 8 Addressing User Diversity ; 8.1 Evolving Search User Interface 8.1.1 Mapping Function8.1.2 Evolving Skills; 8.1.3 Detection of User Abilities; 8.1.4 Design Concepts; 8.2 Adaptation of a Search User Interface towards User Needs; 8.2.1 Design & Implementation; 8.2.2 Search Input; 8.2.3 Result Output; 8.2.4 General Properties; 8.2.5 Configuration and Further Details; 8.3 Evaluation; 8.3.1 Study Design; 8.3.2 Study Results; 8.3.3 Preferred UI Settings; 8.3.4 User satisfaction; 8.4 Knowledge Journey Exhibit; 8.4.1 Hardware; 8.4.2 Frontend; 8.4.3 Backend; 8.5 Summary and Discussion; Chapter 9 Supporting Visual Searchers in Processing Search Results 9.1 Related Work
LCSH: Computer science ; Information storage and retrieval ; User interfaces (Computer systems)
8Chaudhury, S. ; Mallik, A. ; Ghosh, H.: Multimedia ontology : representation and applications.
Boca Raton, Florida : CRC Press, 2016. xxvii, 259 S.
Abstract: The book covers multimedia ontology in heritage preservation with intellectual explorations of various themes of Indian cultural heritage. The result of more than 15 years of collective research, Multimedia Ontology: Representation and Applications provides a theoretical foundation for understanding the nature of media data and the principles involved in its interpretation. The book presents a unified approach to recent advances in multimedia and explains how a multimedia ontology can fill the semantic gap between concepts and the media world. It relays real-life examples of implementations in different domains to illustrate how this gap can be filled. The book contains information that helps with building semantic, content-based search and retrieval engines and also with developing vertical application-specific search applications. It guides you in designing multimedia tools that aid in logical and conceptual organization of large amounts of multimedia data. As a practical demonstration, it showcases multimedia applications in cultural heritage preservation efforts and the creation of virtual museums. The book describes the limitations of existing ontology techniques in semantic multimedia data processing, as well as some open problems in the representations and applications of multimedia ontology. As an antidote, it introduces new ontology representation and reasoning schemes that overcome these limitations. The long, compiled efforts reflected in Multimedia Ontology: Representation and Applications are a signpost for new achievements and developments in efficiency and accessibility in the field.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Annals of Library and Information Studies 62(2015) no.4, S.299-300 (A.K. Das)
Themenfeld: Multimedia ; Wissensrepräsentation ; Semantic Web
LCSH: Multimedia systems ; Semantic Web ; Metadata ; Information storage and retrieval systems
DDC: 006.35 ; 006.7
LCC: Z673 .C384 2015
9Golub, K.: Subject access to information : an interdisciplinary approach.
Santa Barbara, Calif. : Libraries Unlimited, 2015. XI, 165 S.
Abstract: Drawing on the research of experts from the fields of computing and library science, this ground-breaking work will show you how to combine two very different approaches to classification to create more effective, user-friendly information-retrieval systems. * Provides an interdisciplinary overview of current and potential approaches to organizing information by subject * Covers both pure computer science and pure library science topics in easy-to-understand language accessible to audiences from both disciplines * Reviews technological standards for representation, storage, and retrieval of varied knowledge-organization systems and their constituent elements * Suggests a collaborative approach that will reduce duplicate efforts and make it easier to find solutions to practical problems.
Inhalt: Organizing information by subjectKnowledge organization systems (KOSs) -- Technological standards -- Automated tools for subject information organization : selected topics -- Perspectives for the future.
Themenfeld: Grundlagen u. Einführungen: Allgemeine Literatur
LCSH: Classification ; Subject headings ; Information organization ; Information storage and retrieval systems
RSWK: Klassifikation / Schlagwort / Wissensorganisation / Informationssystem
BK: 06.74 Informationssysteme
RVK: AN 96000
10Ege, B. et al. (Hrsg.): Corporate Semantic Web : wie semantische Anwendungen in Unternehmen Nutzen stiften.
Berlin : Springer, 2015. IX, 403 S.
Abstract: Beim Corporate Semantic Web betrachtet man Semantic Web-Anwendungen, die innerhalb eines Unternehmens oder einer Organisation - kommerziell und nicht kommerziell - eingesetzt werden, von Mitarbeitern, von Kunden oder Partnern. Die Autoren erläutern prägende Erfahrungen in der Entwicklung von Semantic Web-Anwendungen. Sie berichten über Software-Architektur, Methodik, Technologieauswahl, Linked Open Data Sets, Lizenzfragen etc. Anwendungen aus den Branchen Banken, Versicherungen, Telekommunikation, Medien, Energie, Maschinenbau, Logistik, Touristik, Spielwaren, Bibliothekswesen und Kultur werden vorgestellt. Der Leser erhält so einen umfassenden Überblick über die Semantic Web-Einsatzbereiche sowie konkrete Umsetzungshinweise für eigene Vorhaben.
Inhalt: Kapitel 1; Corporate Semantic Web; 1.1 Das Semantic Web; 1.2 Semantische Anwendungen im Unternehmenseinsatz; 1.3 Bereitstellen von Linked Data reicht nicht; 1.4 Eine global vernetzte Wissensbasis -- Fiktion oder Realität?; 1.5 Semantik)=)RDF?; 1.6 Richtig vorgehen; 1.7 Modellieren ist einfach (?!); 1.8 Juristische Fragen; 1.9 Semantische Anwendungen stiften Nutzen in Unternehmen -- nachweislich!; 1.10 Fazit; Literatur; Kapitel 2; Einordnung und Abgrenzung des Corporate Semantic Webs; 2.1 Grundlegende Begriffe; 2.2 Corporate Semantic Web 2.3 Public Semantic Web2.4 Social Semantic Web 3.0; 2.5 Pragmatic Web; 2.6 Zusammenfassung und Ausblick "Ubiquitous Pragmatic Web 4.0"; Literatur; Kapitel 3; Marktstudie: Welche Standards und Tools werden in Unternehmen eingesetzt?; 3.1 Einleitung; 3.2 Semantische Suche in Webarchiven (Quantinum AG); 3.2.1 Kundenanforderungen; 3.2.2 Technische Umsetzung; 3.2.3 Erfahrungswerte; 3.3 Semantische Analyse und Suche in Kundenspezifikationen (Ontos AG); 3.3.1 Kundenanforderungen; 3.3.2 Technische Umsetzung; 3.3.3 Erfahrungswerte 3.4 Sicherheit für Banken im Risikomanagement (VICO Research & Consulting GmbH)3.4.1 Kundenanforderungen; 3.4.2 Technische Umsetzung; 3.4.3 Erfahrungswerte; 3.5 Interaktive Fahrzeugdiagnose (semafora GmbH); 3.5.1 Kundenanforderungen; 3.5.2 Technische Umsetzung; 3.5.3 Erfahrungswerte; 3.6 Quo Vadis?; 3.7 Umfrage-Ergebnisse; 3.8 Semantic Web Standards & Tools; 3.9 Ausblick; Literatur; Kapitel 4; Modellierung des Sprachraums von Unternehmen; 4.1 Hintergrund; 4.2 Eine Frage der Bedeutung; 4.3 Bedeutung von Begriffen im Unternehmenskontext; 4.3.1 Website-Suche bei einem Industrieunternehmen 4.3.2 Extranet-Suche bei einem Marktforschungsunternehmen4.3.3 Intranet-Suche bei einem Fernsehsender; 4.4 Variabilität unserer Sprache und unseres Sprachgebrauchs; 4.4.1 Konsequenzen des Sprachgebrauchs; 4.5 Terminologiemanagement und Unternehmensthesaurus; 4.5.1 Unternehmensthesaurus; 4.5.2 Mut zur Lücke: Arbeiten mit unvollständigen Terminologien; 4.6 Pragmatischer Aufbau von Unternehmensthesauri; 4.6.1 Begriffsanalyse des Anwendungsbereichs; 4.6.2 Informationsquellen; 4.6.3 Häufigkeitsverteilung; 4.6.4 Aufwand und Nutzen; Literatur; Kapitel 5 Schlendern durch digitale Museen und Bibliotheken5.1 Einleitung; 5.2 Anwendungsfall 1: Schlendern durch das Digitale Museum; 5.3 Anwendungsfall 2: Literatur in Bibliotheken finden; 5.4 Herausforderungen; 5.5 Die Anforderungen treiben die Architektur; 5.5.1 Semantic ETL; 5.5.2 Semantic Logic; 5.5.3 Client; 5.6 Diskussion; 5.7 Empfehlungen und Fazit; Literatur; Kapitel 6; Semantische Suche im Bereich der Energieforschungsförderung; 6.1 Das Projekt EnArgus®; 6.2 Die Fachontologie; 6.2.1 Semantische Suche; 6.2.2 Repräsentation der semantischen Relationen in der Fachontologie
Themenfeld: Semantic Web
LCSH: Computer science ; Information systems ; Data mining ; Information storage and retrieval system ; Artificial intelligence ; Information System
RSWK: Unternehmen / Semantic Web / Aufsatzsammlung
11Borgman, C.L.: Big data, little data, no data : scholarship in the networked world.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2015. XXV, 383 S.
Abstract: "Big Data" is on the covers of Science, Nature, the Economist, and Wired magazines, on the front pages of the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times. But despite the media hyperbole, as Christine Borgman points out in this examination of data and scholarly research, having the right data is usually better than having more data; little data can be just as valuable as big data. In many cases, there are no data -- because relevant data don't exist, cannot be found, or are not available. Moreover, data sharing is difficult, incentives to do so are minimal, and data practices vary widely across disciplines. Borgman, an often-cited authority on scholarly communication, argues that data have no value or meaning in isolation; they exist within a knowledge infrastructure -- an ecology of people, practices, technologies, institutions, material objects, and relationships. After laying out the premises of her investigation -- six "provocations" meant to inspire discussion about the uses of data in scholarship -- Borgman offers case studies of data practices in the sciences, the social sciences, and the humanities, and then considers the implications of her findings for scholarly practice and research policy. To manage and exploit data over the long term, Borgman argues, requires massive investment in knowledge infrastructures; at stake is the future of scholarship.
Inhalt: Provocations -- What are data? -- Data scholarship -- Data diversity -- Data scholarship in the sciences -- Data scholarship in the social sciences -- Data scholarship in the humanities -- Sharing, releasing, and reusing data -- Credit, attribution, and discovery of data -- What to keep and why to keep them.
Anmerkung: Weitere Rez. in: JASIST 67(2016) no.3, S.751-753 (C. Tenopir).
LCSH: Communication in learning and scholarship / Technological innovations ; Research / Methodology ; Research / Data processing ; Information technology ; Information storage and retrieval systems ; Cyberinfrastructure
RSWK: Wissenschaft / Digitalisierung ; Forschung / Datenauswertung / Massendaten / Integrität
; Forschung / Datenverarbeitung / Informationssystem / Wissenschaft / E-Science
BK: 54.04 Ausbildung, Beruf, Organisationen Informatik ; 06.35 Informationsmanagement ; 02.13 Wissenschaftspraxis
DDC: 004 ; 020
GHBS: TZB (PB)
RVK: AK 28000 ; AK 28400 ; AK 39950
12Garoufallou, E. et al. (Hrsg.): Metadata and semantics research : 9th Research Conference, MTSR 2015, Manchester, UK, September 9-11, 2015, Proceedings.
Cham : Springer, 2015. XIX, 462 S.
(Communications in computer and information science; 544)
Abstract: This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th Metadata and Semantics Research Conference, MTSR 2015, held in Manchester, UK, in September 2015. The 35 full papers and 3 short papers presented together with 2 poster papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 76 submissions.
Inhalt: The papers are organized in several sessions and tracks: general track on ontology evolution, engineering, and frameworks, semantic Web and metadata extraction, modelling, interoperability and exploratory search, data analysis, reuse and visualization; track on digital libraries, information retrieval, linked and social data; track on metadata and semantics for open repositories, research information systems and data infrastructure; track on metadata and semantics for agriculture, food and environment; track on metadata and semantics for cultural collections and applications; track on European and national projects.
Themenfeld: Semantic Web ; Metadaten ; Semantische Interoperabilität
LCSH: Computer science ; Database management ; Information storage and retrieval systems ; Artificial intelligence ; Text processing (Computer science)
13Suman, A.: From knowledge abstraction to management : using Ranganathan's faceted schema to develop conceptual frameworks for digital libraries.
Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2014. XVI, 254 S.
(Chandos information professional series)
Abstract: The increasing volume of information in the contemporary world entails demand for efficient knowledge management (KM) systems; a logical method of information organization that will allow proper semantic querying to identify things that match meaning in natural language. On this concept, the role of an information manager goes beyond implementing a search and clustering system, to the ability to map and logically present the subject domain and related cross domains. From Knowledge Abstraction to Management answers this need by analysing ontology tools and techniques, helping the reader develop
LCSH: Digital libraries ; Information organization ; Information storage and retrieval systems ; Semantic Web ; Knowledge management
RSWK: Ranganathan, Shiyali R. / Facettenklassifikation / Wissensorganisation / Elektronische Bibliothek
DDC: 658.4'038 ; 025.042
LCC: HD30.2 ; TK5105.88815 ; TK5105.888 .K384 2013 ; ZA4080
RVK: AN 93100
14Closs, S. et al. (Hrsg.): Metadata and semantics research : 8th Research Conference, MTSR 2014, Karlsruhe, Germany, November 27-29, 2014, Proceedings.
Cham : Springer, 2014. XX, 384 S.
(Communications in computer and information science; 478)
Abstract: This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th Metadata and Semantics Research Conference, MTSR 2014, held in Karlsruhe, Germany, in November 2014. The 23 full papers and 9 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 57 submissions. The papers are organized in several sessions and tracks. They cover the following topics: metadata and linked data: tools and models; (meta) data quality assessment and curation; semantic interoperability, ontology-based data access and representation; big data and digital libraries in health, science and technology; metadata and semantics for open repositories, research information systems and data infrastructure; metadata and semantics for cultural collections and applications; semantics for agriculture, food and environment.
Inhalt: Metadata and linked data.- Tools and models.- (Meta)data quality assessment and curation.- Semantic interoperability, ontology-based data access and representation.- Big data and digital libraries in health, science and technology.- Metadata and semantics for open repositories, research information systems and data infrastructure.- Metadata and semantics for cultural collections and applications.- Semantics for agriculture, food and environment.
Themenfeld: Semantic Web ; Metadaten ; Semantische Interoperabilität
LCSH: Computer science ; Database management ; Information storage and retrieval systems ; Artificial intelligence ; Text processing (Computer science)
15Burke, C.: Information and intrigue : from index cards to Dewey decimals to Alger Hiss.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2014. 370 S.
(History and foundation of information science)
Abstract: In Information and Intrigue Colin Burke tells the story of one man's plan to revolutionize the world's science information systems and how science itself became enmeshed with ideology and the institutions of modern liberalism. In the 1890s, the idealistic American Herbert Haviland Field established the Concilium Bibliographicum, a Switzerland-based science information service that sent millions of index cards to American and European scientists. Field's radical new idea was to index major ideas rather than books or documents. In his struggle to create and maintain his system, Field became entangled with nationalistic struggles over the control of science information, the new system of American philanthropy (powered by millionaires), the politics of an emerging American professional science, and in the efforts of another information visionary, Paul Otlet, to create a pre-digital worldwide database for all subjects. World War I shuttered the Concilium, and postwar efforts to revive it failed. Field himself died in the influenza epidemic of 1918. Burke carries the story into the next generation, however, describing the astonishingly varied career of Field's son, Noel, who became a diplomat, an information source for Soviet intelligence (as was his friend Alger Hiss), a secret World War II informant for Allen Dulles, and a prisoner of Stalin. Along the way, Burke touches on a range of topics, including the new entrepreneurial university, Soviet espionage in America, and further efforts to classify knowledge.
Inhalt: Raising a perfectly modern HerbertAn unexpected library revolution, at an unexpected place, by an unusual young fellow -- The great men at Harvard and Herbert's information "calling" -- Challenging the British "Lion" of science information -- New information ideas in Zurich, not Brooklyn or Paris -- Starting an information revolution and business, the hard way -- Big debts, big gamble, big building, big friends, a special librarian -- Lydia's other adventurous boy, family responsibilities, to America with hat in hand, war -- From information to intrigue, Herbert, WWI, a young Allen Dulles -- Returning to a family in decline, meeting with the liberal establishment -- To the centers of science and political power, and a new information world -- More conflicts between old and new science -- Wistar and the Council's abstracts vs. Field's elegant classification, round 1 -- A Concilium without Herbert Field, Nina and the Rockefeller's great decisions -- A voyage home and the Council's vision for world science vs. the Concilium, round 2 -- The information consequences of "capitalism's disaster" and the shift to applied science information -- The 1930's ideological journey of the Fields and their liberal friends -- Intrigue begins, in Switzerland, England, and Cambridge -- New loves, a family of agents, science information in war, librarians stealing books?, Soviet espionage without cost -- Looking forward to more intrigue, the postwar stories of big science, big information, and more ideology.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST66(2015) no.10, S.2168-2170 (E. Levine)
Themenfeld: Geschichte der Sacherschließung
LCSH: Field, Herbert Haviland / 1868 / 1921 ; Field, Noel Haviland / 1904 / 1970 ; Concilium Bibliographicum / History ; Classification / Books / Science ; Information storage and retrieval systems / Science ; Bibliographers / Biography ; Diplomats / Biography ; Information science / History ; Science / Political aspects / History / 20th century ; Science and state / History / 20th century
RSWK: USA / Wissensorganisation / Klassifikation / Bibliografie / Geschichte 1860-1960 ; USA / Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft / Bibliothekswissenschaft / Geschichte 1860-1960 ; Field, Noel / Field, Herbert Haviland / Biographie ; Concilium Bibliographicum / Geschichte 1895-1960 ; Deutschland / Großbritannien / Schweden / Geheimdienst / Geschichte 1939-1945 (SWB)
BK: 06.01 (Geschichte des Informations- und Dokumentationswesens)
RVK: AN 93400 ; MF 9500
16Maass, W. ; Kowatsch, T. (Hrsg.): Semantic technologies in content management systems : trends, applications and evaluations.
Berlin : Springer, 2012. IX, 204 S.
(Springer eBook Collection : Business and Economics)
Abstract: Content Management Systems (CMSs) are used in almost every industry by millions of end-user organizations. In contrast to the 90s, they are no longer used as isolated applications in one organization but they support critical core operations in business ecosystems. Content management today is more interactive and more integrative: interactive because end-users are increasingly content creators themselves and integrative because content elements can be embedded into various other applications. The authors of this book investigate how Semantic Technologies can increase interactivity and integration capabilities of CMSs and discuss their business value to millions of end-user organizations. This book has therefore the objective, to reflect existing applications as well as to discuss and present new applications for CMSs that use Semantic Technologies. An evaluation of 27 CMSs concludes this book and provides a basis for IT executives that plan to adopt or replace a CMS in the near future.
Inhalt: On the Changing Market for Content Management Systems: Status and Outlook - Wolfgang Maass Empowering the Distributed Editorial Workforce - Steve McNally The Rise of Semantic-aware Applications - Stéphane Croisier Simplified Semantic Enhancement of JCR-based Content Applications -Bertrand Delacretaz and Michael Marth Dynamic Semantic Publishing - Jem Rayfield Semantics in the Domain of eGovernment - Luis Alvarez Sabucedo and Luis Anido Rifón The Interactive Knowledge Stack (IKS): A Vision for the Future of CMS - Wernher Behrendt Essential Requirements for Semantic CMS - Valentina Presutti Evaluation of Content Management Systems - Tobias Kowatsch and Wolfgang Maass CMS with No Particular Industry Focus (versch. Beiträge)
Anmerkung: Auch als Online-Ausgabe unter: http://www.springerlink.com/content/978-3-642-24960-0.
Themenfeld: Content Management System ; Wissensrepräsentation
LCSH: Economics ; Information storage and retrieval systems ; Information Systems ; Mass media ; Management information systems
17Cole, C.: Information need : a theory connecting information search to knowledge formation.
Medford, NJ : ASIST, 2012. XIII, 224 S.
(ASIS&T monograph series)
Inhalt: Inhalt: The importance of information need -- The history of information need -- The framework for our discussion -- Modeling the user in information search -- Information seeking's conceptualization of information need during information search -- Information use -- Adaptation : internal information flows and knowledge generation -- A theory of information need -- How information need works -- The user's situation in the pre-focus search -- The situation of user's information need in pre-focus information search -- The selection concept -- A review of the user's pre-focus information search -- How information need works in a focusing search -- Circles 1 to 5 : how information need works -- Corroborating research -- Applying information need -- The astrolabe : an information system for stage 3 information exploration -- Conclusion.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 64(2013) no.12, S.2595-2596 (N. Ford)
LCSH: Information behavior ; Information retrieval ; Information storage and retrieval systems ; Human information processing ; Knowledge, Theory of ; Information theory
RSWK: Informationsverhalten / Information Retrieval / Informationstheorie
BK: 06.74 Informationssysteme
18Jouis, C. u.a. (Hrsg.): Next generation search engines : advanced models for information retrieval.
Hershey, PA : IGI Publishing, 2012. 560 S.
Abstract: The main goal of this book is to transfer new research results from the fields of advanced computer sciences and information science to the design of new search engines. The readers will have a better idea of the new trends in applied research. The achievement of relevant, organized, sorted, and workable answers- to name but a few - from a search is becoming a daily need for enterprises and organizations, and, to a greater extent, for anyone. It does not consist of getting access to structural information as in standard databases; nor does it consist of searching information strictly by way of a combination of key words. It goes far beyond that. Whatever its modality, the information sought should be identified by the topics it contains, that is to say by its textual, audio, video or graphical contents. This is not a new issue. However, recent technological advances have completely changed the techniques being used. New Web technologies, the emergence of Intranet systems and the abundance of information on the Internet have created the need for efficient search and information access tools. ; Recent technological progress in computer science, Web technologies, and constantly evolving information available on the Internet has drastically changed the landscape of search and access to information. Web search has significantly evolved in recent years. In the beginning, web search engines such as Google and Yahoo! were only providing search service over text documents. Aggregated search was one of the first steps to go beyond text search, and was the beginning of a new era for information seeking and retrieval. These days, new web search engines support aggregated search over a number of vertices, and blend different types of documents (e.g., images, videos) in their search results. New search engines employ advanced techniques involving machine learning, computational linguistics and psychology, user interaction and modeling, information visualization, Web engineering, artificial intelligence, distributed systems, social networks, statistical analysis, semantic analysis, and technologies over query sessions. Documents no longer exist on their own; they are connected to other documents, they are associated with users and their position in a social network, and they can be mapped onto a variety of ontologies. Similarly, retrieval tasks have become more interactive and are solidly embedded in a user's geospatial, social, and historical context. It is conjectured that new breakthroughs in information retrieval will not come from smarter algorithms that better exploit existing information sources, but from new retrieval algorithms that can intelligently use and combine new sources of contextual metadata. ; With the rapid growth of web-based applications, such as search engines, Facebook, and Twitter, the development of effective and personalized information retrieval techniques and of user interfaces is essential. The amount of shared information and of social networks has also considerably grown, requiring metadata for new sources of information, like Wikipedia and ODP. These metadata have to provide classification information for a wide range of topics, as well as for social networking sites like Twitter, and Facebook, each of which provides additional preferences, tagging information and social contexts. Due to the explosion of social networks and other metadata sources, it is an opportune time to identify ways to exploit such metadata in IR tasks such as user modeling, query understanding, and personalization, to name a few. Although the use of traditional metadata such as html text, web page titles, and anchor text is fairly well-understood, the use of category information, user behavior data, and geographical information is just beginning to be studied. This book is intended for scientists and decision-makers who wish to gain working knowledge about search engines in order to evaluate available solutions and to dialogue with software and data providers.
Inhalt: Enthält die Beiträge: Das, A., A. Jain: Indexing the World Wide Web: the journey so far. Ke, W.: Decentralized search and the clustering paradox in large scale information networks. Roux, M.: Metadata for search engines: what can be learned from e-Sciences? Fluhr, C.: Crosslingual access to photo databases. Djioua, B., J.-P. Desclés u. M. Alrahabi: Searching and mining with semantic categories. Ghorbel, H., A. Bahri u. R. Bouaziz: Fuzzy ontologies building platform for Semantic Web: FOB platform. Lassalle, E., E. Lassalle: Semantic models in information retrieval. Berry, M.W., R. Esau u. B. Kiefer: The use of text mining techniques in electronic discovery for legal matters. Sleem-Amer, M., I. Bigorgne u. S. Brizard u.a.: Intelligent semantic search engines for opinion and sentiment mining. Hoeber, O.: Human-centred Web search. ; Vert, S.: Extensions of Web browsers useful to knowledge workers. Chen, L.-C.: Next generation search engine for the result clustering technology. Biskri, I., L. Rompré: Using association rules for query reformulation. Habernal, I., M. Konopík u. O. Rohlík: Question answering. Grau, B.: Finding answers to questions, in text collections or Web, in open domain or specialty domains. Berri, J., R. Benlamri: Context-aware mobile search engine. Bouidghaghen, O., L. Tamine: Spatio-temporal based personalization for mobile search. Chaudiron, S., M. Ihadjadene: Studying Web search engines from a user perspective: key concepts and main approaches. Karaman, F.: Artificial intelligence enabled search engines (AIESE) and the implications. Lewandowski, D.: A framework for evaluating the retrieval effectiveness of search engines.
Anmerkung: Vgl.: http://www.igi-global.com/book/next-generation-search-engines/59723.
LCSH: Information retrieval ; Information retrieval / Research ; Information storage and retrieval systems / Research ; Search engines ; Indexation (Economics) ; Data mining ; User interfaces (Computer systems) ; Information behavior
19Fidel, R: Human information interaction : an ecological approach to information behavior.
Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 2012. XIV, 348 S.
Abstract: Human information interaction (HII) is an emerging area of study that investigates how people interact with information; its subfield human information behavior (HIB) is a flourishing, active discipline. Yet despite their obvious relevance to the design of information systems, these research areas have had almost no impact on systems design. One issue may be the contextual complexity of human interaction with information; another may be the difficulty in translating real-life and unstructured HII complexity into formal, linear structures necessary for systems design. In this book, Raya Fidel proposes a research approach that bridges the study of human information interaction and the design of information systems: cognitive work analysis (CWA). Developed by Jens Rasmussen and his colleagues, CWA embraces complexity and provides a conceptual framework and analytical tools that can harness it to create design requirements. CWA offers an ecological approach to design, analyzing the forces in the environment that shape human interaction with information. Fidel reviews research in HIB, focusing on its contribution to systems design, and then presents the CWA framework. She shows that CWA, with its ecological approach, can be used to overcome design challenges and lead to the development of effective systems. Researchers and designers who use CWA can increase the diversity of their analytical tools, providing them with an alternative approach when they plan research and design projects. The CWA framework enables a collaboration between design and HII that can create information systems tailored to fit human lives. Human Information Interaction constructs an elegant argument for an ecological approach to information behavior. Professor Raya Fidel's cogent exposition of foundational theoretical concepts including cognitive work analysis delivers thoughtful guidance for future work in information interaction. Raya Fidel provides the human information interaction field with a manifesto for studying human information behavior from a holistic perspective, arguing that context dominates human action and we are obligated to study it. She provides a tutorial on cognitive work analysis as a technique for such study. This book is an important contribution to the Information field. Raya Fidel presents a nuanced picture of research on human information interaction, and advocates for Cognitive Work Analysis as the holistic approach to the study and evaluation of human information interaction.
Inhalt: Inhalt: Basic concepts -- What is human information interaction? -- Theoretical constructs and models in information seeking behavior -- The information need -- The search strategy -- Two generations of research -- In-context -- Theoretical traditions in human information behavior -- Interlude : models and their contribution to design -- Human information behavior and information retrieval : is collaboration possible? -- Cognitive work analysis : dimensions for analysis -- Cognitive work analysis : harnessing complexity -- Enhancing the impact of research in human information interaction.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 63(2013) no.1, S.213-214 (D.E. Agosto)
LCSH: Information behavior ; Information storage and retrieval systems ; Information retrieval
RSWK: Wissensextraktion ; Anthropologie / Information Retrieval / Informationsverhalten (BVB) ; Informationsverhalten / Information Retrieval / Mensch-Maschine-Kommunikation
BK: 06.35 (Informationsmanagement)
RVK: ST 670 ; QP 345
20Shiri, A.: Powering search : the role of thesauri in new information environments.
Medford, NJ : ASIST, 2012. XV, 318 S.
(ASIS&T monograph series)
Abstract: Powering search offers a clear and comprehensive treatment of the role of thesauri in search user interfaces across a range of information search and retrieval systems - from bibliographic and full-text databases to digital libraries, portals, open archives, and content management systems.
Inhalt: Thesauri : introduction and recent developments -- Thesauri in interactive information retrieval -- User-centered approach to the evaluation of thesauri : query formulation and expansion -- Thesauri in web-based search systems -- Thesaurus-based search and browsing functionalities in new thesaurus construction standards -- Design of search user interfaces for thesauri -- Design of user interfaces for multilingual and meta-thesauri -- User-centered evaluation of thesaurus-enhanced search user interfaces -- Guidelines for the design of thesaurus-enhanced search user interfaces -- Current trends and developments.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 65(2014) no.5, S.1085-1088 (B.H. Weinberg)
Themenfeld: Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus
LCSH: Information storage and retrieval systems ; Information retrieval ; Subject headings ; World Wide Web ; Subject access
RSWK: Thesaurus ; Information Retrieval
RVK: AN 94200