Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 03. März 2020)
1Dalkir, K.: Knowledge management in theory and practice.3rd. ed.
Cambridge, Massachusetts : MIT Press, 2017. xii, 534 S.
(Business / Information Science)
Abstract: A new, thoroughly updated edition of a comprehensive overview of knowledge management (KM), covering theoretical foundations, the KM process, tools, and professions. The ability to manage knowledge has become increasingly important in today's knowledge economy. Knowledge is considered a valuable commodity, embedded in products and in the tacit knowledge of highly mobile individual employees. Knowledge management (KM) represents a deliberate and systematic approach to cultivating and sharing an organization's knowledge base. This textbook and professional reference offers a comprehensive overview of the field. Drawing on ideas, tools, and techniques from such disciplines as sociology, cognitive science, organizational behavior, and information science, it describes KM theory and practice at the individual, community, and organizational levels. Chapters cover such topics as tacit and explicit knowledge, theoretical modeling of KM, the KM cycle from knowledge capture to knowledge use, KM tools, KM assessment, and KM professionals.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 69(2918) no.12, S.1521-1522 (Suliman Hawamdeh).
LCSH: Knowledge management
RSWK: Unternehmen Subject / Wissensmanagement ; Wissensmanagement Subject / Lernende Organisation
BK: 85.20 (Betriebliche Information und Kommunikation) ; 85.09 (Unternehmensorganisation)
DDC: 658.4038 / dc23
GHBS: PZY (DU)
2Suman, A.: From knowledge abstraction to management : using Ranganathan's faceted schema to develop conceptual frameworks for digital libraries.
Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2014. XVI, 254 S.
(Chandos information professional series)
Abstract: The increasing volume of information in the contemporary world entails demand for efficient knowledge management (KM) systems; a logical method of information organization that will allow proper semantic querying to identify things that match meaning in natural language. On this concept, the role of an information manager goes beyond implementing a search and clustering system, to the ability to map and logically present the subject domain and related cross domains. From Knowledge Abstraction to Management answers this need by analysing ontology tools and techniques, helping the reader develop
LCSH: Digital libraries ; Information organization ; Information storage and retrieval systems ; Semantic Web ; Knowledge management
RSWK: Ranganathan, Shiyali R. / Facettenklassifikation / Wissensorganisation / Elektronische Bibliothek
DDC: 658.4'038 ; 025.042
LCC: HD30.2 ; TK5105.88815 ; TK5105.888 .K384 2013 ; ZA4080
RVK: AN 93100
3Neuser, W.: Wissen begreifen : zur Selbstorganisation von Erfahrung, Handlung und Begriff.
Wiesbaden : Springer VS, 2013. I, 347 S.
Abstract: Das Internet, elektronische Medien und intelligente Wissenssysteme haben unseren Umgang mit Wissen grundlegend verändert - und mit ihm unsere traditionellen Begriffe von Wissen und Rationalität. Wolfgang Neuser, Philosophieprofessor an der TU Kaiserslautern, stellt in seiner begriffstheoretischen Untersuchung einen Wissensbegriff vor, der einen neuen Schlüssel zum Verständnis ideengeschichtlicher Epochen, kultureller Traditionen und Konflikte in traditionellen und nichttraditionellen Entwicklungsphasen einer Gesellschaft liefert: Wissen ist ein sich selbst organisierendes und stabilisierendes System, in dem der Mensch seine Mittelpunktstellung als denkendes Subjekt verloren hat: Was von den menschlichen Akteuren bleibt, ist das Individuum, das sein individuelles Wissen aus der Interaktion mit Allgemeinwissen bezieht.
Inhalt: 1. Historische Einordnung der Wissensgesellschaft 2. Dynamik des Wissens (mit einem Abschnitt zur Geschichte des Denkens als Dynamik von Wissenskonzepten) 3. Das Individuum im Wissenskosmos und der Verlust des Subjektes, schließlich noch 4. Methoden. Das Fortschreiten zur Stabilisierung des Wissens und - abgesehen von einem Leitfaden durch dieses Buch - noch das 5. Kapitel: Wissen in der Kultur und die Kultur des Wissens.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: iwp 64(2013) H.4, S.232-233 (W. Löw): "Der verdienstvolle Vorsatz Neusers durch begriffstheoretische Untersuchung einen Wissensbegriff zu entwickeln, der einen neuen Schlüssel zum Verständnis ideengeschichtlicher Epochen und kultureller Traditionen bietet, erreicht mich leider nicht. Ich kann auch nur soweit folgen, dass Wissen ein sich selbst organisierendes und stabilisierendes System ist. Dass aber der Mensch seine Mittelpunktstellung als denkendes Subjekt verloren hat, darf bestritten werden (auch wenn manche Alltagserfahrung dem Autor und nicht mir Recht gibt). Oder will der Autor dem alten, ironisch gemeinten Buchtitel von Weizenbaum "Die Macht der Computer und die Ohnmacht der Vernunft" (dt. Suhrkamp, 1978) doch weiter zum Durchbruch verhelfen? Immerhin sagt Neuser, was von den menschlichen Akteuren bleibe, sei das Individuum, welches sein individuelles Wissen aus der Interaktion mit Allgemeinwissen bezieht. Diesbezüglich hat Weizenbaum einmal zu mir gesagt, dass das Beste das eigene Denken ist. Vielleicht ein Rat für eine Nachauflage, den außerordentlich interdisziplinär denkenden Joseph Weizenbaum in die ansonsten beachtliche Bibliographie mit aufzunehmen. Sie wird auch ein Grund dafür sein, dass das Buch einen Platz in meinem Bücherschrank finden wird." 2017 in einer 2. Aufl. erschienen.
LCSH: Knowledge management
BK: 02.10 Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft ; 02.00 Wissenschaft und Kultur allgemein: Allgemeines
DDC: 001 / DDC22ger
RVK: CC 4400
4Smiraglia, R.P. u. H.-L. Lee (Hrsg.): Cultural frames of knowledge.
Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2012. X, 158 S.
Inhalt: Ch. 1. Introduction: theory, knowledge organization, epistemology, culture -- ch. 3. Praxes of knowledge organization in the first Chinese library catalog, the Seven epitomes -- ch. 4. Feminist epistemologies and knowledge organization -- ch. 5. Problems and characteristics of Foucauldian discourse analysis as a research method -- ch. 6. Epistemology of domain analysis -- ch. 8. Rethinking genre in knowledge organization through a functional unit taxonomy -- Conclusions: Toward multicultural domain plurality in knowledge organization
Anmerkung: Rez. in: KO 42(2915) no.2, S.129-133 (R. Szostak)
LCSH: Information organization ; Social epistemology ; Knowledge management
RSWK: Wissensorganisation / Wissensmanagement / Informationsgesellschaft / Aufsatzsammlung
DDC: 020 / DDC22ger
GHBS: PZY (FH K)
RVK: AN 93000 ; MS 6950 ; ST 515
5Linde, F. ; Stock, W.G.: Information markets : a strategic guideline for the i-commerce.
Berlin : DeGruyter Saur, 2011. XXI, 617 S.
(Knowledge & Information)
Abstract: Information Markets is a compendium of the i-commerce, the commerce with digital information, content as well as software. Information Markets is a comprehensive overview of the state of the art of economic and information science endeavors on the markets of digital information. It provides a strategic guideline for information providers how to analyse their market environment and how to develop possible strategic actions. It is a book for information professionals, both for students of LIS (Library and Information Science), CIS (Computer and Information Science) or Information Management curricula and for practitioners as well as managers in these fields.
Anmerkung: Rez. in : JASIST 63(2012) no.7, S.1477-1479 ( W. Peekhaus)
LCSH: Information technology / Management ; Knowledge management ; Electronic information resources ; Information services
RSWK: Neue Medien / Informationsmarkt / Informationswirtschaft / Informationsgesellschaft / Wettbewerbsstrategie
BK: 05.38 ; 85.20
DDC: 658.8/72 ; 338.47302231 / DDC22ger
GHBS: PVK (SI) ; QGTR (SI)
LCC: HC79.I55 L56 2011
RVK: AN 97700 ; QR 760 ; ST 515
6Semertzaki, E.: Special libraries as knowledge management centres.
Burlington : Elsevier Science, 2011. 337 S.
(Chandos information professional series)
Abstract: This book focuses on the role of special libraries as knowledge management centres in their organisations. It describes the work of a special library and the special library draws on the characteristics that make the nucleus of collecting and organising knowledge which is used for the benefit of the institution. By acquiring and sharing knowledge, staff will enhance the intellectual capital of the institution. Traditionally libraries are the information centres that organise and classify information. Further on they are the proper places to create human networks and to organise the knowledge
LCSH: Information services ; Knowledge management ; Special libraries / Administration ; Electronic books
RSWK: Wirtschaft / Management ; Spezialbibliothek / Informationsvermittlung (HBZ)
LCC: Z675 .A2 S46 2011
7Geisler, E. ; Wickramasinghe, N.: Principles of knowledge management : theory, practices, and cases.
Armonk, N.Y. : M.E. Sharpe, 2009. xii, 322 S.
Abstract: This text provides a comprehensive introduction to the new field of knowledge management. It approaches the subject from a management rather than a highly technical point of view, and provides students with a state-of-the-art survey of KM and its implementation in diverse organizations. The text covers the nature of knowledge (tacit and explicit), the origins and units of organizational knowledge, and the evolution of knowledge management in contemporary society. It explores the implementation and utilization of knowledge management systems, and how to measure their impact, outputs, and benefits. The book includes a variety of original case studies that illustrate specific situations in which the absence or existence of knowledge management systems has been crucial to the organization's actions. Charts and figures throughout help clarify more complex phenomena and classifications, and each chapter includes review questions and a comprehensive index.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 61(2010) no.2, S.430-432 (H. Hall)
LCSH: Knowledge management ; Knowledge management / Case studies ; Management information systems ; Management information systems / Case studies
RSWK: Wissensmanagement (GBV) ; Managementinformationssystem (BVB) ; Knowledge management (BVB) ; Organisation (BVB) ; Case studies (BVB) ; Management information systems (BVB)
DDC: 658.4/038 / dc22
LCC: HD30.2 .G446 2009
RVK: QP 345
8Laughlin, R.B.: ¬The crime of reason : and the closing of the scientific mind.
New York : Basic Books, 2008. 186 S.
(Edition Unseld ; 2)
Abstract: The Nobel prize-winning author of "A Different Universe" argues that ours is an age of disinformation and ignorance, in which access to knowledge is becoming increasingly restricted and even criminalized. We like to believe that in our modern, technologically advanced world, information is more freely available and flows faster than ever before, and that this free flow of ideas is behind our remarkable creativity. The second part is right: the free flow of ideas is indeed essential to creativity. But according to Nobel Laureate Robert Laughlin, many forces in the modern world conspire to make acquiring information a danger or even a crime. More and more of the really valuable information is private property or a state secret, with the result being that it is now easy for a flash of insight, entirely innocently, to infringe a patent or threaten national security.Within the past ten years it has become illegal to circumvent anti-piracy measures (i.e. to understand encrypted communication) or to distribute code-cracking devices; it is now legal for corporations to monopolize certain forms of communication; and it is possible to patent sales techniques, hiring strategies, and gene sequences. Broad areas of two sciences, physics and biology, are now off limits to public discourse because they are national security risks. Our society is sequestering knowledge more rapidly and thoroughly than any before it.Thus we find ourselves dealing more and more with the bizarre concept of the Crime of Reason, the antisocial and sometimes outright illegal nature of certain intellectual activities. The increasing restrictions on such fertile scientific and technological fields as cryptography, biotechnology, and computer software design are creating a new Dark Age: a time characterized not by light and truth but by disinformation and ignorance. This short, passionately argued book, by a Nobel laureate in physics, offers a stern warning and protest against our apparent collective decision to relinquish our intellectual rights.
Inhalt: Inhalt: The end of reason -- Dangerous knowledge -- The master cryptographer -- Games of chance -- Patently absurd -- The nuclear precedent -- The facts of life -- Clone wars -- Spam spam spam spam -- The troubled utopia.
Wissenschaftsfach: Wissenschaftstheorie ; Kommunikationswissenschaften
LCSH: Freedom of information ; Information policy ; Academic freedom ; Communication of technical information ; Intellectual freedom ; Knowledge management
RSWK: Informationsfreiheit / Informationspolitik / Akademische Freiheit (BVB)
DDC: 323.44/5 / dc22
LCC: JC598 .L38 2008
9Srikantaiah, T.K. u. M.D. Koenig (Hrsg.): Knowledge management in practice : connections and context..
Medford, NJ : Information Today, 2008. xxii, 519 S.
ISBN 978-1-57387-312-3 * ; 1-57387-312-8
(ASIST monograph series)
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 60(2006) no.3, S.642 (A.E. Prentice): "What is knowledge management (KM)? How do we define it? How do we use it and what are the benefits? KM is still an operational discipline that has yet to have an academic foundation. Its core has yet to solidify and concepts and practices remain fluid, making it difficult to discuss or even to identify the range of relevant elements. Being aware of this lack of a well-structured retrievable disciplinary literature, the editors made a practice of attending trade shows and conferences attended by KM professionals to look for presentations that would in some way expand knowledge of the field. They asked presenters to turn their paper into a book chapter, which is the major source of the material in this book. Although this is a somewhat chancy method of identifying authors and topics, several of the papers are excellent and a number add to an understanding of KM. Because of the fluidity of the area of study, the editors devised a three-dimensional topic expansion approach to the content so that the reader can follow themes in the papers that would not have been easy to do if one relied solely on the table of contents. The table of contents organizes the presentations into eight subject sections, each section with a foreword that introduces the topic and indicates briefly the contribution of each chapter to the overall section title. Following this, the Roadmap lists 18 topics or themes that appear in the book and relevant chapters where information on the theme can be found. Readers have the choice of following themes using the roadmap or of reading the book section by section. ..."
LCSH: Knowledge management
BK: 85.20 / Betriebliche Information und Kommunikation
DDC: 658.4/038 22
LCC: HD30.2 .K63726 2008
10Weinberger, D.: ¬Das Ende der Schublade : die Macht der neuen digitalen Unordnung.Aus dem Amerikan. von Ingrid Proß-Gill.
München : Hanser, 2008. 312 S.
Abstract: Ob wir spazieren gehen, einkaufen oder uns unterhalten - ständig teilen wir die Lebewesen und Dinge, die uns umgeben, ein in verschiedene Kategorien: Bäume und Blumen, Milchprodukte und Gemüse, sympathische Menschen und unsympathische. So schaffen wir Ordnung und finden uns in der Welt zurecht wie in einer Bibliothek - alles hat seinen Platz. Diese Ordnung kommt ins Wanken, sagt David Weinberger. Unser Denken in festen Kategorien führt uns auf Dauer nicht weiter, wir müssen lernen, mit Chaos, Unordnung und Unschärfe umzugehen. Nur so lässt sich verstehen, warum Projekte wie Wikipedia funktionieren, warum YouTube, Flickr und iTunes so populär und erfolgreich sind. Das ist nicht weniger als eine Revolution: Denn auf einmal verlieren Experten ihre Macht, soziale Netzwerke werden immer einflussreicher, Kunden und Bürger entscheiden selbst, weil sie am besten wissen, was sie wollen. Jeder besorgt sich genau die Informationen, die er braucht, und bringt sie in die Ordnung, die ihm am besten nützt. Ein faszinierendes Panorama der digitalen Welt von einem der profiliertesten Internet-Vordenker.
Anmerkung: Originaltitel: Everything is miscellaneous
LCSH: Knowledge management ; Information technology / Management ; Information technology / Social aspects ; Personal information management ; Information resources management ; Order
RSWK: Information / Digitalisierung / Unordnung / Wissensmanagement ; Informationsmanagement / Elektronisches Informationsmittel ; Wissensmanagement / Elektronisches Informationsmittel
BK: 06.35 / Informationsmanagement ; 05.20 / Kommunikation und Gesellschaft ; 06.74 / Informationssysteme
DDC: 303.4833 / DDC22ger
GHBS: OGC (E) ; OKH (FH K)
RVK: AK 28000 Allgemeines / Wissenschaftskunde und Wissenschaftsorganisation / Wissenschaftspraxis / Allgemeines ; AN 93200 Allgemeines / Buch- und Bibliothekswesen, Informationswissenschaft / Informationswissenschaft / Grundlagen, Theorie / Ordnungslehre, Systematik ; AP 18000 Allgemeines / Medien- und Kommunikationswissenschaften, Kommunikationsdesign / Arten des Nachrichtenwesens, Medientechnik / Allgemeines ; QP 345 (BVB) ; AN 96300 (BVB) ; AK 27000 (BVB)
11Hess, C. u. E. Ostrom (Hrsg.): Understanding knowledge as a commons : from theory to practice.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2007. xiii, 367 S.
Abstract: Looking at knowledge as a shared resource: experts discuss how to define, protect, and build the knowledge commons in the digital age. Knowledge in digital form offers unprecedented access to information through the Internet but, at the same time, is subject to ever-greater restrictions through intellectual property legislation, overpatenting, licensing, overpricing, and lack of preservation. Looking at knowledge as a commons - as a shared resource - allows us to understand both its limitless possibilities and what threatens it. In "Understanding Knowledge as a Commons", experts from a range of disciplines discuss the knowledge commons in the digital era - how to conceptualize it, protect it, and build it. Contributors consider the concept of the commons historically and offer an analytical framework for understanding knowledge as a shared social-ecological system. They look at ways to guard against enclosure of the knowledge commons, considering, among other topics, the role of research libraries, the advantages of making scholarly material available outside the academy, and the problem of disappearing Web pages. They discuss the role of intellectual property in a new knowledge commons, the open access movement (including possible funding models for scholarly publications), the development of associational commons, the application of a free/open source framework to scientific knowledge, and the effect on scholarly communication of collaborative communities within academia, and offer a case study of EconPort, an open access, open source digital library for students and researchers in microeconomics. The essays clarify critical issues that arise within these new types of commons - and offer guideposts for future theory and practice.
Inhalt: Inhalt: Introduction : an overview of the knowledge commons / Charlotte Hess and Elinor Ostrom The growth of the commons paradigm / David Bollier A framework for analyzing the knowledge commons / Elinor Ostrom and Charlotte Hess Countering enclosure : reclaiming the knowledge commons / Nancy Kranich Mertonianism unbound? : imagining free, decentralized access to most cultural and scientific material / James Boyle Preserving the knowledge commons / Donald J. Waters Creating an intellectual commons through open access / Peter Suber How to build a commons : is intellectual property constrictive, facilitating, or irrelevant? / Shubha Ghosh Collective action, civic engagement, and the knowledge commons / Peter Levine Free/open-source software as a framework for establishing commons in science / Charles M. Schweik Scholarly communication and libraries unbound : the opportunity of the commons / Wendy Pradt Lougee EconPort : creating and maintaining a knowledge commons / James C. Cox and J. Todd Swarthout
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 59(2008) no.2, S.333-334 (K.C. Desouza)
LCSH: Knowledge management ; Information commons
RSWK: Wissensmanagement / Informationsvermittlung / Aufsatzsammlung (BVB) ; Wissensorganisation / Open Access / Kongress 2004 (SWB)
RVK: EC 2460
12Lambe, P.: Organising knowledge : taxonomies, knowledge and organisational effectiveness.
Oxford : Chandos, 2007. xix, 277 S.
ISBN 1-84334-227-8 (pb) * ; 1-84334-228-6 (hb)
(Chandos knowledge management series)
Abstract: Summary Taxonomies are often thought to play a niche role within content-oriented knowledge management projects. They are thought to be 'nice to have' but not essential. In this groundbreaking book, Patrick Lambe shows how they play an integral role in helping organizations coordinate and communicate effectively. Through a series of case studies, he demonstrates the range of ways in which taxonomies can help organizations to leverage and articulate their knowledge. A step-by-step guide in the book to running a taxonomy project is full of practical advice for knowledge managers and business owners alike. Key Features Written in a clear, accessible style, demystifying the jargon surrounding taxonomies Case studies give real world examples of taxonomies in use Step-by-step guides take the reader through the key stages in a taxonomy project Decision-making frameworks and example questionnaires Clear description of how taxonomies relate to technology applications The Author Patrick Lambe is a widely respected knowledge management consultant based in Singapore. His Master's degree from University College London is in Information Studies and Librarianship, and he has worked as a professional librarian, as a trainer and instructional designer, and as a business manager in operational and strategic roles. He has been active in the field of knowledge management and e-learning since 1998, and in 2002 founded his own consulting and research firm, Straits Knowledge, with a partner. He is former President of the Information and Knowledge Society, and is Adjunct Professor at Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Patrick speaks and writes internationally on knowledge management. Readership This book is written primarily for knowledge managers and key stakeholders in knowledge management projects. However, it is also useful to all information professionals who wish to understand the role of taxonomies in a corporate setting. It may be used as a teaching text for postgraduate students in Information Studies, Library Science, and Knowledge Management, as well as at MBA level. Contents Part One: Dealing with Babel - the problem of coordination; why taxonomies are important; definitions; taxonomy as a common language; taxonomies express what is important; socially constructed; the business case for taxonomies; taxonomies in KM, collaboration, expertise management and information management; taxonomies, typologies and sensemaking Part Two: Fixing the foundations: planning your taxonomy project - understanding your context; identifying and engaging stakeholders; defining your purpose; planning your approach; communicating and setting expectations; managing myths; how NOT to do a taxonomy project; a taxonomy as a standard; digital information, hierarchies and facets Part Three: Building the floors: implementing your taxonomy project - Implicit taxonomies; evidence gathering; analysis or sensemaking; validation principles and techniques; change management and learning; taxonomy sustainability and governance; taxonomies and technology; measuring success Part Four: Looking skywards: the future of taxonomies - complexity and sensemaking; taxonomies as sensemaking frameworks and patterns; taxonomies and serendipity; taxonomies and ambiguity; anti-taxonomy and folksonomies; taxonomies, ignorance and power; taxonomies and organisational renewal
Anmerkung: Rez. in: KO 34(2007) no.4, S.266-267 (E. Quintarelli): "The knowledge and information world we live in can rarely be described from a single coherent and predictable point of view. In the global economy and mass society, an explosion of knowledge sources, different paradigms and information-seeking behaviors, fruition contexts and access devices are overloading our existence with an incredible amount of signals and stimulations, all competing for our limited attention. Taxonomies are often cited as tools to cope with, organize and make sense of this complex and ambiguous environment. Leveraging an extensive review of literature from a variety of disciplines, as well as a wide range of relevant real-life case studies, Organising Knowledge by Patrick Lambe has the great merit of liberating taxonomies from their recurring obscure and limitative definition, making them living, evolving and working tools to manage knowledge within organizations. Primarily written for knowledge and information managers, this book can help a much larger audience of practitioners and students who wish to design, develop and maintain taxonomies for large-scale coordination and organizational effectiveness both within and across societies. Patrick Lambe opens ours eyes to the fact that, far from being just a synonym for pure hierarchical trees to improve navigation, find-ability and information retrieval, taxonomies take multiple forms (from lists, to trees, facets and system maps) and play different roles, ranging from basic information organization to more subtle tasks, such as establishing common ground, overcoming boundaries, discovering new opportunities and helping in sense-making. ; Over the course of the book, a number of misconceptions haunting taxonomy work are addressed and carefully dispelled. 'taxonomy development is often thought to be an abstract task of analyzing and classifying entities, performed in complete isolation. On the contrary, taxonomies are to a large extent products of users' perceptions and worldviews, strongly influenced by the pre-existing information infrastructure. They can also be dangerous tools having the potential to reveal and clarify but also to exclude and conceal critical details that can have a large impact on basic business activities such as managing risk, controlling costs, understanding customers and supporting innovation. If the first part of the hook introduces concepts, provides definitions and challenges wrong assumptions about taxonomies and the work of taxonomy-building, the second one takes us step-by-step through a typical project. From here on, insights become part of practicable frameworks that form the basis of a concrete information-management strategy and process so flexible so as to be used in very different organizational environments and scenarios. Starting from the definition of stakeholders, purpose and scope and ending with deployment, validation and governance, a taxonomy-building project is realistically presented as an iterative and fascinating journey over competing needs, changing goals, mixed cues and technical and cognitive constraints. Beyond introducing fundamental guiding principles and addressing relevant implementation challenges, Organising Knowledge provides a large dose of political and pragmatic advice to make your efforts useful in contributing to the overall knowledge and information infrastructure. Taxonomies, much like architect's blueprints, only represent theory until they are implemented in practice involving real people and real content. As Lambe explains, this step requires crossing over to the other side of the barricade, wearing the user's shoes and constructing an information neighborhood, designing and populating a metadata framework, solving usability issues and successfully dealing with records management and information architecture concerns. ; While each single paragraph of the book is packed with valuable advice and real-life experience, I consider the last chapter to be the most intriguing and ground-breaking one. It's only here that taxonomists meet folksonomists and ontologists in a fundamental attempt to write a new page on the relative position between old and emerging classification techniques. In a well-balanced and sober analysis that foregoes excessive enthusiasm in favor of more appropriate considerations about content scale, domain maturity, precision and cost, knowledge infrastructure tools are all arrayed from inexpensive and expressive folksonomies on one side, to the smart, formal, machine-readable but expensive world of ontologies on the other. In light of so many different tools, information infrastructure clearly appears more as a complex dynamic ecosystem than a static overly designed environment. Such a variety of tasks, perspectives, work activities and paradigms calls for a resilient, adaptive and flexible knowledge environment with a minimum of standardization and uniformity. The right mix of tools and approaches can only be determined case by case, by carefully considering the particular objectives and requirements of the organization while aiming to maximize its overall performance and effectiveness. Starting from the history of taxonomy-building and ending with the emerging trends in Web technologies, artificial intelligence and social computing, Organising Knowledge is thus both a guiding tool and inspirational reading, not only about taxonomies, but also about effectiveness, collaboration and finding middle ground: exactly the right principles to make your intranet, portal or document management tool a rich, evolving and long-lasting ecosystem."
Compass: Knowledge management
LCSH: Knowledge management
BK: 06.70 Katalogisierung
DDC: 658.4038 / dc22
LCC: HD30.2.L36 2007
13Aberer, K. et al.: ¬The Semantic Web : 6th International Semantic Web Conference, 2nd Asian Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2007 + ASWC 2007, Busan, Korea, November 11-15, 2007 : proceedings.
Berlin : Springer, 2007. XXVII, 973 S.
(Lecture notes in computer science ; 4825)
Abstract: This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the joint 6th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2007, and the 2nd Asian Semantic Web Conference, ASWC 2007, held in Busan, Korea, in November 2007. The 50 revised full academic papers and 12 revised application papers presented together with 5 Semantic Web Challenge papers and 12 selected doctoral consortium articles were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 257 submitted papers to the academic track and 29 to the applications track. The papers address all current issues in the field of the semantic Web, ranging from theoretical and foundational aspects to various applied topics such as management of semantic Web data, ontologies, semantic Web architecture, social semantic Web, as well as applications of the semantic Web. Short descriptions of the top five winning applications submitted to the Semantic Web Challenge competition conclude the volume.
Themenfeld: Semantic Web
LCSH: Semantic Web / Congresses ; Web site development / Congresses ; Knowledge management / Congresses ; Ontology / Congresses ; Artificial intelligence ; Computer Communication Networks ; Data mining ; Information systems ; Logic design ; Multimedia systems ; Computer Science ; Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) ; Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery ; Information Systems Applications (incl.Internet) ; Logics and Meanings of Programs ; Multimedia Information Systems
RSWK: Semantic Web / Ontologie
/ Kongress / Pusan <2007> (BVB); Semantic Web / Wissensmanagement / Kongress / Pusan <2007> (BVB) ; Semantic Web / Anwendungssystem / Kongress / Pusan <2007> (BVB) ; Semantic Web / Metadatenmodell / Data Mining / Ontologie / Kongress / Pusan <2007> (BVB); Semantic Web / Kongress / Pusan <2007> (BVB)
BK: 54.65 / Webentwicklung / Webanwendungen ; 54.72 / Künstliche Intelligenz
DDC: 025.04 / dc22
LCC: TK5105.88815 .I89 2007
RVK: SS 4800 Informatik / Enzyklopädien und Handbücher. Kongreßberichte Schriftenreihe. Tafeln und Formelsammlungen / Schriftenreihen (indiv. Sign.) / Lecture notes in computer science
14Weinberger, D.: Everything is miscellaneous : the power of the new digital disorder.
New York : Times Books, 2007. 277 S.
Abstract: Human beings are information omnivores: we are constantly collecting, labeling, and organizing data. But today, the shift from the physical to the digital is mixing, burning, and ripping our lives apart. In the past, everything had its one place--the physical world demanded it--but now everything has its places: multiple categories, multiple shelves. Simply put, everything is suddenly miscellaneous. In Everything Is Miscellaneous, David Weinberger charts the new principles of digital order that are remaking business, education, politics, science, and culture. In his rollicking tour of the rise of the miscellaneous, he examines why the Dewey decimal system is stretched to the breaking point, how Rand McNally decides what information not to include in a physical map (and why Google Earth is winning that battle), how Staples stores emulate online shopping to increase sales, why your children's teachers will stop having them memorize facts, and how the shift to digital music stands as the model for the future in virtually every industry. Finally, he shows how by "going miscellaneous," anyone can reap rewards from the deluge of information in modern work and life. From A to Z, Everything Is Miscellaneous will completely reshape the way you think--and what you know--about the world.
Inhalt: Inhalt: The new order of order -- Alphabetization and its discontents -- The geography of knowledge -- Lumps and splits -- The laws of the jungle -- Smart leaves -- Social knowing -- What nothing says -- Messiness as a virtue -- The work of knowledge.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Publishers Weekly. May 2007: "In a high-minded twist on the Internet-has-changed-everything book, Weinberger (Small Pieces Loosely Joined) joins the ranks of social thinkers striving to construct new theories around the success of Google and Wikipedia. Organization or, rather, lack of it, is the key: the author insists that "we have to get rid of the idea that there's a best way of organizing the world." Building on his earlier works' discussions of the Internet-driven shift in power to users and consumers, Weinberger notes that "our homespun ways of maintaining order are going to break-they're already breaking-in the digital world." Today's avalanche of fresh information, Weinberger writes, requires relinquishing control of how we organize pretty much everything; he envisions an ever-changing array of "useful, powerful and beautiful ways to make sense of our world." Perhaps carried away by his thesis, the author gets into extended riffs on topics like the history of classification and the Dewey Decimal System. At the point where readers may want to turn his musings into strategies for living or doing business, he serves up intriguing but not exactly helpful epigrams about "the third order of order" and "useful miscellaneousness." But the book's call to embrace complexity will influence thinking about "the newly miscellanized world."" ; Weitere Rez. in: BuB 59(2007) H.10, S.750-751 (J. Plieninger: Vermischtes und noch mehr ...): "Dass dieses Buch den Bibliothekaren gewidmet ist, stimmt tröstlich. Denn auf den Punkt gebracht, bedeutet sein Inhalt für unseren Berufsstand: Es kommt nicht mehr auf Euch an! Die Kernthese, die der Autor, ein bekannter Publizist zum Internet und Mitglied einer Harvard-Institution, in diesem Essay überaus anregend und mit vielen Beispielen gespickt ausführt, lautet: Dem Informationsüberfluss durch elektronische Dokumente kann nur noch durch noch mehr Information begegnet werden. ..." Weitere Rez. in JASIST 60(2009) no.6, S.1299-1300 (G Thornton). Vgl. für Rezensionen auch: http://www.everythingismiscellaneous.com/reviews/. ; Vgl. auch: http://www.faz.net/s/Rub475F682E3FC24868A8A5276D4FB916D7/Doc~E1FD1C505AE0148E1B2C3FF3567B9F2FB~ATpl~Ecommon~Scontent.html.
LCSH: Knowledge management ; Information technology / Management ; Information technology / Social aspects ; Personal information management ; Information resources management ; Order
BK: 06.74 / Informationssysteme
DDC: 303.48/33 / dc22
LCC: HD30.2.W4516 2007
15Liebowitz, J.: What they didn't tell you about knowledge management.
Lanham, MD : Scarecrow Press, 2006. vii, 121 S.
Abstract: There are a myriad of books that have been published on knowledge management. However, very few of these books give the practical know-how of what truly is needed in the information professional/manager's mind, such as: how to make the decision whether knowledge management is right for you; how to explain the pros and cons of the various knowledge management alternatives/solutions; how to determine which knowledge management solution, if any, is the best fit with your organizational culture; how to explain the way to show the expected value-added benefits of using knowledge management; and how to discuss lessons learned in applying knowledge management (i.e. how others have utilized KM techniques for enhanced decision making). This applied and concise guide - based on the author's many years of experience - addresses these areas and includes helpful tools developed by the author, such as knowledge audit instruments, knowledge access and sharing surveys, and techniques for determining knowledge management success.
Inhalt: The management fad of the day -- Gaining the knowledge behind knowledge management -- KM in the life of an information and library professional -- Is KM right for you? -- Content, document, expertise, and knowledge management -- Lessons learned about knowledge management -- Showing value from knowledge management -- The future of knowledge management.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 58(2007) no.12, S.1909-1910 (Andrea Japzon): "Jay Liebowitz has written extensively on expert systems, knowledge management (KM), and information systems, as evidenced by the publication of almost 30 books and more than 200 articles on the subjects. What They Didn't Tell You about Knowledge Management offers a concise practical guide specifically for the LIS professional. The hook is best suited to those LIS professionals who arc currently involved with a KM initiative, are interested in pursuing a career in KM, or are working in corporate or government libraries. The hook is concise with only 84 pages of text and another 20 pages of appendices. This work provides only the briefest of overviews on KM, making it a starting point for the uninitiated. For richer descriptions and greater development of KM concepts and practices, The Knowledge Management Yearbook (Cortada & Woods, 2000) or Liebowitz's Knowledge Management Handbook (1999) should be consulted. The hook is filled with charts, bulleted lists, and excerpts from other publications meant to quickly guide the reader through the knowledge-management landscape. These examples are from KM in practice and provide the reader with a sense of how KM manifests itself in the workplace. While the examples are the strength of the book, Liebowitz does not explain or describe them in enough detail to integrate them into the work as a whole. However, the references that accompany each chapter are well chosen and provide the reader with the opportunity to explore in greater detail any of the concepts or practices presented. ; The concluding chapter addresses the future of KM. Liebowitz asserts that knowledge management will not become a discipline in its own right but that its practices will continue to integrate with other fields such as organizational learning and computer science. He envisions LIS professionals as brokers making connections between the people of an organization and the knowledge it creates, with the library or information center as the middle ground between codification and personalization. In that vision, he sees a role for LIS professionals in pushing information to employees rather than taking the more traditional role of reacting to information requests. He sees a future in which LIS professionals take leadership roles in KM programs through the integration of their technological, organizational, and human interaction skills. He is hopeful that in time libraries will take ownership of KM programs within organizations. His statement, "The library has always been a treasure house of information, and it needs to continue to expand into the knowledge chest as well" (p. 33) expresses Liehowitz's charge to corporate and government LIS professionals. The ideas presented in What They Didn't Tell You about Knowledge Management are certainly in support of that charge.' This work provides a broad overview of the KM field and serves as an initial source for exploration for LIS professionals working in a corporate setting or considering doing so."
LCSH: Knowledge management
DDC: 658.4/038 / dc22
LCC: HD30.2.L53 2006
16Maceviciütè, E. u. T.D. Wilson (Hrsg.): Introducing information management : an information research reader.
London : Facet Publ., 2005. xv, 235 S.
Abstract: Information management (IM) has exploded in importance in recent years and yet until now there has been no Reader to introduce students to the subject. This comprehensive international collection introduces you to the core topics and methodologies used in teaching IM, namely: information behaviour; environmental scanning and decision making; knowledge management; and information strategy. These peer-reviewed papers represent an elite selection from the respected "Information Research" journal, each carefully updated to take into account recent developments. This book is an essential introduction to IM for all students on courses in library and information science, IM, information systems, business information technology, business management, computer science and information technology; as well as for practitioners working in a wide range of organizations providing information services.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 58(2007) no.4, S.607-608 (A.D. Petrou): "One small example of a tension in the book's chapters can be expressed as: What exactly falls under information management (IM) as a domain of study? Is it content and research about a traditional life cycle of information, or is it the latter and also any other important issue in information research, such as culture, virtual reality, and online behavior, and communities of practice? In chapter 13, T.D. Wilson states, "Information management is the management of the life cycle to the point of delivery to the information user" (p. 164), yet as he also recognizes, other aspects of information are now included as IM's study matter. On p. 163 of the same chapter, Wilson offers Figure 12.2, titled "The extended life cycle of information." The life cycle in this case includes the following information stages: acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval, access and lending, and dissemination. All of these six stages Wilson labels, inside the circle, as IM. The rest of the extended information life cycle is information use, which includes use, sharing, and application. Chapter 3's author, Gunilla Widen-Wulff, quoting Davenport (1994), states "effective IM is about helping people make effective use of the information, rather than the machines" (p. 31). Widen-Wulff, however, addresses IM from an information culture perspective. To review the book's critical content, IM definitions and research methodology and methods reported in chapters are critically summarized next. This will provide basic information for anyone interested in using the book as an information research reader. ; The chapter by Wilson and Maceviciûtè should have been the first in the book, as it offers an informative, clearly laid out, research-based picture for IM. The chapter offers IM definitions, as mentioned earlier, and also covers a couple of major studies concerned with mapping diversity of content and topics studied in the IM field. RefViz, a visualization tool and an addition to EndNote, was used to map 462 articles published between 1999 and 2004 that had the term information management in their title. Figure 2.1 (Visualization of the IM literature), presents the map's 18 groups or clusters of documents. Two studies by Wilson also are presented. A study completed in 2004 covered the years 2000 to 2004 and reviewed five journals with articles about information activities. The 2004 study analyzed 190 articles from 383 authors. Wilson developed a number of categories about information activities as part of the 2000 and 2004 studies that indicate the scope of the articles analyzed and IM's diversity of subject matter. The remainder of the chapter presents comparative data between the 2000 and 2004 research studies. Joyce Kirk provides a hierarchy of five IM definitions. "IM as IT systems" and "information resource management" are two of these definitions. While it is difficult to clearly recognize any of the hierarchy statements as a definition for IM, what can be had from this hierarchy is the realization, as cviu te' and Wilson state in chapter 2, that IM "is used as an abbreviation for the management of IT, information systems management, management information systems, etc." (p. 20). Perhaps, the critical usefulness of the chapter resides not so much in that it offers any ready to apply definitions for IM but rather in that it provides an overall review about information. The latter can be helpful for a book intended as an information research reader and as an introduction to IM. WidenWulff examined 15 Finnish insurance businesses and developed scales for the measurement of open and closed organizations, and also presented learning organization attributes in different information environments. A 1999 study by Aiki Tibar about critical success factors (CSF) and information needs of successful Estonian companies is the centerpiece of the chapter. The study's findings are presented in relation to previous and more recent research on CSF. The study's methodology was qualitative in nature, involving semistructured interviews with managers and engineers from 25 of the most successful companies in Estonia; these companies were selected in a contest in 1998 as being included in the top 50 most successful companies. In terms of findings, IM was a CFS that was mentioned the most frequently. ; Chun Wei Choo focused on environmental analyzability and organizational intrusiveness in an effort to theorize and to highlight intricacies in scanning as managers attempt to deal with uncertainty and complexity in their environment. Correia and Wilson used a case-study approach to examine managerial scanning in 19 companies; 47 semistructured interviews were performed in an effort to develop a grounded theory of scanning. Because of the grounded theory approach, the authors did not use statistical sampling but rather utilized principles of maximum variation sampling and theoretical sampling. Categories and relationships that emerged from the grounded theory approach were utilized to build a model of the environmental process. Judith Broady-Preston presents an interesting discussion on balanced scorecard as a way to keep track of successful strategies and their impact on various areas of organizational performance, including finances, innovation and learning, and customer perceptions. Yet, although there have been three efforts to clarify the purpose of a balanced scorecard, the concept remains unclear, along with a role that information professionals can play in its successful application in organizations. France Bouthillier and Kathleen Shearer set review case studies of five private and five public organizations to bring out elements, practices, and benefits associated with knowledge management (KM). As stated by the authors: "generally speaking, IM involves the integration of a variety of activities designed to manage information and information resources throughout their life cycle" (p. 150). The authors say that the focus of KM initiatives, as opposed to the focus in IM initiatives, tends to be on "knowledge-sharing methodologies such as communities of practice, virtual collaboration and expert databases" (p. 150). In the chapter "The Nonsense of Knowledge Management" revisited by Wilson, he states that communities of practice are at the heart of methodologies for KM. And natural arenas for KM and communities of practice are various disciplines in education and departments in the medical field because of the collaborative spirit in these two fields. But, he also repeats his criticisms that beyond these arenas, there is no such thing as KM in business where competition is the norm rather than collaboration. He emphasizes that a common problem in the KM community is the treatment of knowledge as a thing or a commodity, when in reality, knowledge is a complex and dynamic process. The chapter also provides additional evidence from analysis of various publications that show KM as a fragmented field and as a business fad, according to Wilson. ; Allen strikes a realistic note of the institutional importance of trust across teams of academics and administrators, and subsequently of the political behavior of academics and computer services administrators/ managers and the relation of the latter to information strategy formulation. Research was conducted at 12 university sites, information strategy process documents were analyzed, and 20 informants were interviewed at each site. The study's research focused on cross-case analysis (instead of an iterative approach to collection and analysis of data), research was longitudinal, and a grounded theory approach was employed. According to the author, findings confirm a similar position taken by Pettigrew (1977): "development of information strategy is the outcome of negotiated political relations" (p. 177). And for such negotiated political relations, the author concludes, trust is a necessary ingredient. It is important to reiterate that IM's scope requires a diversity of study methods and methodologies to address all issues involved. A multiplicity of information and IM definitions and the number of local and global issues that must be addressed, along with information's significance as resource and/or commodity in different types of organizations, necessitate diversity in information research. Each chapter has demonstrated a need to cover many aspects of IM and to ensure that there is as much clarity in that effort as possible, and yet differentiation of IM from other related fields such as KM clearly remains a top issue. As with any other effort to define a field's boundaries, the task at hand is not easy, but while definitions and boundaries are being worked out, there is always an opportunity to engage in fruitful discussions about scope and critical issues in information research."
LCSH: Knowledge management ; Information retrieval
RSWK: Informationsmanagement / Aufsatzsammlung ; Wissensmanagement / Aufsatzsammlung
BK: 06.35 Informationsmanagement
DDC: 658.4038 / dc22
LCC: HD30.2.I5595 2005
17Little, S.E. u. T. Ray (Hrsg.): Managing knowledge : an essential reader.2nd ed.
London : SAGE, 2005. X, 367 S.
Abstract: Knowledge management is crucial to organizational learning, innovation and success within organizations. The Second Edition of the successful knowledge management reader provides a core source of key theoretical thinkers in the field and presents the most up-to-date leading-edge articles that explore emerging trends. A comprehensive introduction places these readings in context and draws together key strands across the field. The new reader includes new and revised chapters as well as newly authored material, to provide students with a current resource that enables the study of knowledge management from a variety of perspectives. Theoretical work and engaging case studies place knowledge management in the context of an emerging global economy. This essential course Reader offers a critical overview of underlying theory as well as a range of relevant examples from a global perspective. It will be essential reading on knowledge.
Inhalt: Enthält die Kapitel: Making Sense of Managing Knowledge (Tim Ray) - SECI, Ba and Leadership: A Unified Model of Dynamic Knowledge Creation (I. Nonaka, R. Toyama and N. Konno) - Bridging Epistemologies: The Generative Dance between Organizational Knowledge and Organizational Knowing (S.D.N. Cook and J.S. Brown) - What is Organizational Knowledge? (Haridimos Tsoukas and Efi Vladimirou) - Do We Really Understand Tacit Knowledge? (Haridimos Tsoukas) - An Overview: What's New and Important about Knowledge Management? Building New Bridges between Managers and Academics (J.-C. Spender) - Deep Smarts (Dorothy Leonard and Walter Swap) - Organizational and Occupational Commitment: Knowledge Workers in Large Corporations (May Yeuk-Mui Tam, Marek Korczynski and Stephen J. Frenkel) - Human Resource Policies for Knowledge Work (John Storey) - Knowledge Management Initiatives: Learning from Failure (John Storey and Elizabeth Barnett) - IC Valuation and Measurement: Classifying the State of the Art (Daniel Andriessen) - Managing Knowledge and Innovation Across Boundaries (Paul Quintas) - The Human Resource Architecture: Toward a Theory of Human Capital Allocation and Development (David P. Lepak and Scott A. Snell) - HR's Role in Building Relationship Networks Mark (L. Lengnick-Hall and Cynthia A. Lengnick-Hall) - Tacit Knowing, Communication and Power: Lessons from Japan? (Tim Ray and Stewart Clegg)
Anmerkung: Rez. in Library review 56(2007) no.6, S.xxx-xxx (S. Burnett)
LCSH: Knowledge management
RSWK: Wissensmanagement / Aufsatzsammlung
DDC: 658.4/038 / dc22
LCC: HD30.2.M3645 2005
18Stuckenschmidt, H. ; Harmelen, F. van: Information sharing on the semantic web.
Berlin : Springer, 2005. XIX, 276 S.
(Advanced information and knowledge processing)
Abstract: Das wachsende Informationsvolumen im WWW führt paradoxerweise zu einer immer schwierigeren Nutzung, das Finden und Verknüpfen von Informationen in einem unstrukturierten Umfeld wird zur Sisyphosarbeit. Hier versprechen Semantic-Web-Ansätze Abhilfe. Die Autoren beschreiben Technologien, wie eine semantische Integration verteilter Daten durch verteilte Ontologien erreicht werden kann. Diese Techniken sind sowohl für Forscher als auch für Professionals interessant, die z.B. die Integration von Produktdaten aus verteilten Datenbanken im WWW oder von lose miteinander verbunden Anwendungen in verteilten Organisationen implementieren sollen.
Themenfeld: Semantic Web ; Wissensrepräsentation
LCSH: Semantic Web ; Ontologies (Information retrieval) ; Knowledge management
RSWK: Semantic Web / Ontologie
/ Information Retrieval / Verteilung / Metadaten / Datenintegration
BK: 06.74 / Informationssysteme ; 54.72 / Künstliche Intelligenz
DDC: 025.04 / dc22
GHBS: TWY (DU) ; OVU (DU) ; PZY (DU) ; TVU (E) ; TWZ (SI) ; TWX (FH K) ; TYP (HA) ; TYG (HA) ; TZH (HA)
LCC: TK5105.88815.S84 2005
RVK: ST 205 Informatik / Monographien / Vernetzung, verteilte Systeme / Internet allgemein ; ST 515 Informatik / Monographien / Einzelne Anwendungen der Datenverarbeitung / Wirtschaftsinformatik / Wissensmanagement, Information engineering ; ST 271 (BVB) ; ST 302 (BVB) ; QH 500 (BVB)
19Mertins, K. et al. (Hrsg.): Knowledge management : concepts and best practices.2nd ed.
Berlin : Springer, 2003. XXX, 383 S.
Abstract: The Fraunhofer Competence Center Knowledge Management presents in this second edition its up-dated and extended research results an business-process oriented knowledge management, pro-active change management, KM strategy, knowledge structuring and KM audit, reviews the latest advancements in measuring intellectual capital and classifies more than 100 KM tools. Best Practices in KM are described by the Swiss Benchmarking Center TECTEM at University St. Gallen and in case studies from pricewinning companies like Aventis and Siemens as well as from Arthur D. Little, British Aerospate plc., Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Phonak and Roche. New survey results an KM from EFQM, OECD and an "The Future of Knowledge Management" are presented. The book concludes with an overview an research funded by the European Commission in order to make "KM Made in Europe" a reality.
Themenfeld: Information Resources Management
LCSH: Knowledge management ; Knowledge management / Europe / Case studies
RSWK: Europäische Union / Unternehmen / Wissensmanagement / Aufsatzsammlung ; Wissensmanagement (BVB)
BK: 85.06 / Unternehmensführung
DDC: 658.4/038 / dc21
GHBS: PZY (E) ; QCN (PB) ; QAB (PB) ; QGTC (SI)
LCC: HD30.2.K636865 2003
RVK: QP 345 Wirtschaftswissenschaften / Allgemeine Betriebswirtschaftslehre / Unternehmensführung / Organisation / Informationswesen. Informationssysteme ; CW 4500
20Daconta, M.C. ; Oberst, L.J. ; Smith, K.T.: ¬The Semantic Web : A guide to the future of XML, Web services and knowledge management.
Indianapolis, Ind. : Wiley, 2003. xxii, 281 S.
Abstract: "The Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web in which information is given well defined meaning, better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation." - Tim Berners Lee, "Scientific American", May 2001. This authoritative guide shows how the "Semantic Web" works technically and how businesses can utilize it to gain a competitive advantage. It explains what taxonomies and ontologies are as well as their importance in constructing the Semantic Web. The companion web site includes further updates as the framework develops and links to related sites.
Anmerkung: Rez. Amazon: "Die Autoren bezeichnen das Buch im Vorwort als strategischen Führer für Führungskräfte und Entwickler die sich einen Überblick über das Semantic Web und die dahinter stehende Vision machen wollen. Genau diesem Anspruch wird das Buch auch absolut gerecht. Die ersten beiden Kapitel beschreiben die Vision sowie die Möglichkeiten, die sich durch den Einsatz der in den nachfolgenden Kapiteln beschriebenen Techniken bieten. Die Autoren schaffen es anhand vieler praktischer Szenarien (die zwar teilweise meiner Einschätzung nach schon noch in einiger Zukunft liegen, aber die große Vision des ganzen schön vergegenwärtigen) sehr schnell den Leser für die Technik zu begeistern und mehr darüber wissen zu wollen. Die nachfolgenden Kapitel beschreiben die Techniken auf den verschiedenen semantischen Ebenen von XML als Basis für alles weitere, über Web Services, RDF, Taxonomies und Ontologies. Den Autoren gelingt es die beschriebenen Techniken so kurz und prägnant zu erklären, dass sich der Leser danach zumindest ein Bild über die Techniken an sich, sowie über deren komplexes Zusammenspiel machen kann. Auch für Entwickler würde ich das Buch empfehlen, da es einen sehr guten Einstieg in viele doch sehr neue Techniken bietet mit vielen Verweisen auf weitere Literatur. Alles in allem ein sehr gelungenes Buch, das es trotz relativ geringem Umfangs schafft, einen guten Überblick über dieses komplexe Thema zu vermitteln."
Themenfeld: Semantic Web
LCSH: Semantic Web ; XML (Document markup language) ; Web site development ; Knowledge management
RSWK: Semantic Web
BK: 54.72 Künstliche Intelligenz ; 85.20 Betriebliche Information und Kommunikation ; 06.70 Katalogisierung ; 54.82 Textverarbeitung
DDC: 025.04 / dc21
LCC: TK5105.88815.D33 2003