Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 28. April 2022)
1Gremm, J. ; Barth, J. ; Fietkiewicz, K.J. ; Stock, W.G.: Transitioning towards knowledge society : Qatar as a case study.
Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2018. XVII, 244 S.
Abstract: The book offers a critical evaluation of Qatar's path from oil- and gas-based industries to a knowledge-based economy. This book gives basic information about the region and the country, including the geographic and demographic data, the culture, the politics and the economy, the health care conditions and the education system. It introduces the concepts of knowledge society and knowledge-based development and adds factual details about Qatar by interpreting indicators of the development status.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 70(2019) no.7, S.769-771 (Mohammed M. Aman)
LCSH: Social sciences ; Middle East / Politics and government ; Economic geography ; Physical geography ; Human geography
DDC: 304.2 / dc23
2Hargittai, E. u. C. Sandvig (Hrsg.): Digital research confidential : the secrets of studying behavior online.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2015. xi, 271 S.
Abstract: The realm of the digital offers both new methods of research and new objects of study. Because the digital environment for scholarship is constantly evolving, researchers must sometimes improvise, change their plans, and adapt. These details are often left out of research write-ups, leaving newcomers to the field frustrated when their approaches do not work as expected. Digital Research Confidential offers scholars a chance to learn from their fellow researchers' mistakes -- and their successes. The book -- a follow-up to Eszter Hargittai's widely read Research Confidential -- presents behind-the-scenes, nuts-and-bolts stories of digital research projects, written by established and rising scholars. They discuss such challenges as archiving, Web crawling, crowdsourcing, and confidentiality. They do not shrink from specifics, describing such research hiccups as an ethnographic interview so emotionally draining that afterward the researcher retreated to a bathroom to cry, and the seemingly simple research question about Wikipedia that mushroomed into years of work on millions of data points. Digital Research Confidential will be an essential resource for scholars in every field.
Inhalt: Preface How to think about digital research / Christian Sandvig and Eszter Hargittai -- "How local is user-generated content" : a 9,000+ word essay on answering a five-word research question" : or how we learned to stop worrying (or worry less) and love the diverse challenges of our fast-moving, geographically-flavored interdisciplinary research area / Darren Gergle and Brent Hecht -- Flash mobs and the social life of public spaces : analyzing online visual data to study new forms of sociability / Virag Molnar and Aron Hsiao -- Social software as social science / Eric Gilbert and Karrie Karahalios -- Hired hands and dubious guesses : adventures in crowdsourced data collection / Aaron Shaw -- Making sense of teen life : strategies for capturing ethnographic data in a networked era / Danah Boyd -- When should we use real names in published accounts of internet research? / Amy Bruckman, Kurt Luther, and Casey Fiesler -- The art of web crawling for social science research / Michelle Shumate and Matthew Weber -- The ethnographic study of visual culture in the age of digitization / Paul Leonardi -- Read/write the digital archive: strategies for historical web research / Megan Sapnar Ankerson -- Big data, big problems, big opportunities : using internet log data to conduct social network analysis research / Brooke Foucault Welles -- Contributors -- References -- Index.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 67(2017) no.7, S.1802-1803 (Michael Zimmer).
LCSH: Social sciences / Research ; Social networks / Research ; Internet searching ; Social scientists / Attitudes
RSWK: Verhaltensanalyse / Internet / Online-Community / Forschungsmethode / Sozialwissenschaften
BK: 05.20 Kommunikation und Gesellschaft ; 05.39 Massenkommunikation, Massenmedien: Sonstiges
DDC: 302.30285 / dc23
RVK: LB 33999 ; MR 2000
3Ibekwe-SanJuan, F. u. T.M. Dousa (Hrsg.): Theories of information, communication and knowledge : a multidisciplinary approach.
Dordrecht : Springer, 2014. VI, 331 S.
(Studies in history and philosophy of science ; 34)
Abstract: This book addresses some of the key questions that scientists have been asking themselves for centuries: what is knowledge? What is information? How do we know that we know something? How do we construct meaning from the perceptions of things? Although no consensus exists on a common definition of the concepts of information and communication, few can reject the hypothesis that information - whether perceived as « object » or as « process » - is a pre-condition for knowledge. Epistemology is the study of how we know things (anglophone meaning) or the study of how scientific knowledge is arrived at and validated (francophone conception). To adopt an epistemological stance is to commit oneself to render an account of what constitutes knowledge or in procedural terms, to render an account of when one can claim to know something. An epistemological theory imposes constraints on the interpretation of human cognitive interaction with the world. It goes without saying that different epistemological theories will have more or less restrictive criteria to distinguish what constitutes knowledge from what is not. If information is a pre-condition for knowledge acquisition, giving an account of how knowledge is acquired should impact our comprehension of information and communication as concepts. While a lot has been written on the definition of these concepts, less research has attempted to establish explicit links between differing theoretical conceptions of these concepts and the underlying epistemological stances. This is what this volume attempts to do. It offers a multidisciplinary exploration of information and communication as perceived in different disciplines and how those perceptions affect theories of knowledge.
Inhalt: Introduction; 1. Fidelia Ibekwe-SanJuan and Thomas Dousa.- 2. Cybersemiotics: A new foundation for transdisciplinary theory of information, cognition, meaning, communication and consciousness; Soren Brier.- 3. Epistemology and the Study of Social Information within the Perspective of a Unified Theory of Information;Wolfgang Hofkirchner.- 4. Perception and Testimony as Data Providers; Luciano Floridi.- 5. Human communication from the semiotic perspective; Winfried Noth.- 6. Mind the gap: transitions between concepts of information in varied domains; Lyn Robinson and David Bawden.- 7. Information and the disciplines: A conceptual meta-analysis; Jonathan Furner.- 8. Epistemological Challenges for Information Science; Ian Cornelius.- 9. The nature of information science and its core concepts; Birger Hjorland.- 10. Visual information construing: bistability as a revealer of mediating patterns; Sylvie Leleu-Merviel. - 11. Understanding users' informational constructs via a triadic method approach: a case study; Michel Labour. - 12. Documentary languages and the demarcation of information units in textual information: the case of Julius O. Kaisers's Systematic Indexing
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 65(2014) no.6, S.1299-1302 (A.P. Carlin), KO 42(2915) no.2, S.129-133 (R. Szostak)
LCSH: Knowledge, Theory of ; Semantics (Philosophy) ; Philosophy (General) ; Genetic epistemology ; Science / Philosophy ; Social sciences / Philosophy
RSWK: Information / Kommunikation / Wissen / Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft / Kongress / Lyon <2011>
4Spink, A.: Information behavior : an evolutionary instinct.
Heidelberg : Springer, 2010. XXVIII, 85 S.
(Information science and knowledge management ; 6159)
Abstract: Information behavior has emerged as an important aspect of human life, however our knowledge and understanding of it is incomplete and underdeveloped scientifically. Research on the topic is largely contemporary in focus and has generally not incorporated results from other disciplines. In this monograph Spink provides a new understanding of information behavior by incorporating related findings, theories and models from social sciences, psychology and cognition. In her presentation, she argues that information behavior is an important instinctive sociocognitive ability that can only be fully understood with a highly interdisciplinary approach. The leitmotivs of her examination are three important research questions: First, what is the evolutionary, biological and developmental nature of information behavior? Second, what is the role of instinct versus environment in shaping information behavior? And, third, how have information behavior capabilities evolved and developed over time? Written for researchers in information science as well as social and cognitive sciences, Spink's controversial text lays the foundation for a new interdisciplinary theoretical perspective on information behavior that will not only provide a more holistic framework for this field but will also impact those sciences, and thus also open up many new research directions.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: iwp 62(2011) H.1, S.48 (D. Lewandowski): "... Es ist sehr schade, dass die Autorin aus diesem interessanten und für die Zukunft des Fachs sicherlich entscheidenden Thema nicht mehr gemacht hat. Gerade bei einem Thema, das noch nicht intensiv beackert wurde, ist eine ausführliche Darstellung von großer Bedeutung. Auch in Hinblick auf die Unmenge an Literatur, die in diesem Buch zitiert wird, erscheint die Form der Darstellung in keiner Weise angemessen. Ebenso unangemessen wirkt der Preis von 85 Euro für dieses schmale Werk, welches auch gut in der Form von einem oder zwei längeren Aufsätzen hätte veröffentlicht werden können."
LCSH: Anthropology ; Computer science ; Library science ; Social sciences
RSWK: Information / Wissensorganisation / Kognitive Entwicklung / Anthropologie
BK: 06.35 / Informationsmanagement
DDC: 153 / DDC22ger
5Szostak, R.: ¬A schema for unifying human science : interdisciplinary perspectives on culture.
Selinsgrove, Pa. : Susquehanna Univ Pr, 2003. 389 S.
Abstract: This book develops a schema, consisting of a hierarchically organized list of the phenomena of interest to human scientists, and the causal links (influences) which exist among these. This organizing device, and particularly the "unpacking" of "culture" into its constituent phenomena, allows the true complexity of culture to be captured. Unpacking also allows us to sail between the twin dangers of culture bigotry and cultural relativism.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: KO 39(2012) no.4, S.300-303 (M.J. Fox) Vgl. auch: Szostak, R.: Speaking truth to power in classification: response to Fox's review of my work; KO 39:4, 300. In: Knowledge organization. 40(2013) no.1, S.76-77.
Themenfeld: Klassifikationstheorie: Elemente / Struktur
LCSH: Culture ; Culture / Study and teaching ; Social sciences ; Anthropology
RSWK: Kulturwissenschaften / Theorie ; Kultur
BK: 15.07 Kulturgeschichte
LCC: GN357 .S96 2003