Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Tharani, K.: Just KOS! : enriching digital collections with hypertexts to enhance accessibility of non-western knowledge materials in libraries.
In: Knowledge organization. 47(2020) no.3, S.220-230.
Abstract: The knowledge organization systems (KOS) in use at libraries are social constructs that were conceived in the Euro-American context to organize and retrieve Western knowledge materials. As social constructs of the West, the effectiveness of library KOSs is limited when it comes to organization and retrieval of non-Western knowledge materials. How can librarians respond if asked to make non-Western knowledge materials as accessible as Western materials in their libraries? The accessibility of Western and non-Western knowledge materials in libraries need not be an either-or proposition. By way of a case study, a practical way forward is presented by which librarians can use their professional agency and existing digital technologies to exercise social justice. More specifically I demonstrate the design and development of a specialized KOS that enriches digital collections with hypertext features to enhance the accessibility of non-Western knowledge materials in libraries.
Inhalt: DOI: 10.5771/0943-7444-2020-3-220.
2Ferreira, R.S. ; Graça Pimentel, M. de ; Cristo, M.: ¬A wikification prediction model based on the combination of latent, dyadic, and monadic features.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 69(2018) no.3, S.380-394.
Abstract: Considering repositories of web documents that are semantically linked and created in a collaborative fashion, as in the case of Wikipedia, a key problem faced by content providers is the placement of links in the articles. These links must support user navigation and provide a deeper semantic interpretation of the content. Current wikification methods exploit machine learning techniques to capture characteristics of the concepts and its associations. In previous work, we proposed a preliminary prediction model combining traditional predictors with a latent component which captures the concept graph topology by means of matrix factorization. In this work, we provide a detailed description of our method and a deeper comparison with a state-of-the-art wikification method using a sample of Wikipedia and report a gain up to 13% in F1 score. We also provide a comprehensive analysis of the model performance showing the importance of the latent predictor component and the attributes derived from the associations between the concepts. Moreover, we include an analysis that allows us to conclude that the model is resilient to ambiguity without including a disambiguation phase. We finally report the positive impact of selecting training samples from specific content quality classes.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23922/full.
Themenfeld: Hypertext ; Semantisches Umfeld in Indexierung u. Retrieval
3Ridi, R.: Hypertext.
In: Knowledge organization. 45(2018) no.5, S.393-424.
(Reviews of concepts in knowledge organization)
Abstract: Hypertexts are multilinear, granular, interactive, integrable and multimedia documents describable with graph theory and composed of several information units (nodes) interconnected by links that users can freely and indefinitely cover by following a plurality of possible different paths. Hypertexts are particularly widespread in the digital environment, but they existed (and still exist) also in non-digital forms, such as paper encyclopedias and printed academic journals, both consisting of information subunits densely linked between them. This article reviews the definitions, characteristics, components, typologies, history and applications of hypertexts, with particular attention to their theoretical and practical developments from 1945 to present day and to their use for the organization of information and knowledge.
4Finnemann, N.O.: Hypertext configurations : genres in networked digital media.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 68(2017) no.4, S.845-854.
Abstract: The article presents a conceptual framework for distinguishing different sorts of heterogeneous digital materials. The hypothesis is that a wide range of heterogeneous data resources can be characterized and classified due to their particular configurations of hypertext features such as scripts, links, interactive processes, and time scalings, and that the hypertext configuration is a major but not sole source of the messiness of big data. The notion of hypertext will be revalidated, placed at the center of the interpretation of networked digital media, and used in the analysis of the fast-growing amounts of heterogeneous digital collections, assemblages, and corpora. The introduction summarizes the wider background of a fast-changing data landscape.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23709/full.
5Frank, I.: Fortschritt durch Rückschritt : vom Bibliothekskatalog zum Denkwerkzeug. Eine Idee.
In: LIBREAS: Library ideas. no.30, 2016.
Abstract: Der Text zeigt anhand einer essayistisch selektiven Rückschau in die Zeit vor den Digital Humanities bibliotheks- und informationswissenschaftliche Ansätze zur Entwicklung hypertextueller Werkzeuge für Bibliographie-Verwaltung und Strukturierung des wissenschaftlichen Diskurses - eine zukunftsweisende Idee für eine digitale Geisteswissenschaft zur Unterstützung geisteswissenschaftlicher Denkarbeit jenseits von reinem 'distant thinking'.
Inhalt: Beitrag in einerm Schwerpunkt "Post-Digital Humanities". Vgl.: http://libreas.eu/ausgabe30/frank/.
Themenfeld: Katalogfragen allgemein ; Bibliographie ; Hypertext
6Schmolz, H.: Anaphora resolution and text retrieval : a lnguistic analysis of hypertexts.
Berlin : De Gruyter Mouton, 2015. VIII, 280 S.
(Empirische Linguistik / Empirical Linguistics ; 3)
Anmerkung: Überarbeitete Version der Doktorarbeit, Universität Passau, 2013.
Themenfeld: Computerlinguistik ; Hypertext
RSWK: Englisch / Anapher
/ Hypertext / Information Retrieval / Korpus
RVK: HF 450 ; HF 342
7Hammwöhner, R.: Hypertext.
In: Grundlagen der praktischen Information und Dokumentation. Handbuch zur Einführung in die Informationswissenschaft und -praxis. 6., völlig neu gefaßte Ausgabe. Hrsg. von R. Kuhlen, W. Semar u. D. Strauch. Begründet von Klaus Laisiepen, Ernst Lutterbeck, Karl-Heinrich Meyer-Uhlenried. Berlin : DeGruyter-Saur, 2013. S.86-96.
8Schmolz, H.: Anaphora resolution and text retrieval : a lnguistic analysis of hypertexts.
Passau : Universität, 2013. xxx S.
Inhalt: Trägerin des VFI-Dissertationspreises 2014: "Überzeugende gründliche linguistische und quantitative Analyse eines im Information Retrieval bisher wenig beachteten Textelementes anhand eines eigens erstellten grossen Hypertextkorpus, einschliesslich der Evaluation selbsterstellter Auflösungsregeln für die Nutzung in künftigen IR-Systemen.".
Anmerkung: Doktorarbeit, Universität Passau, 2013.
Themenfeld: Computerlinguistik ; Hypertext
9Baião Salgado Silva, G. ; Lima, G.Â. Borém de Oliveira: Using topic maps in establishing compatibility of semantically structured hypertext contents.
In: Knowledge organization. 39(2012) no.6, S.432-445.
Abstract: Considering the characteristics of hypertext systems and problems such as cognitive overload and the disorientation of users, this project studies subject hypertext documents that have undergone conceptual structuring using facets for content representation and improvement of information retrieval during navigation. The main objective was to assess the possibility of the application of topic map technology for automating the compatibilization process of these structures. For this purpose, two dissertations from the UFMG Information Science Post-Graduation Program were adopted as samples. Both dissertations had been duly analyzed and structured on the MHTX (Hypertextual Map) prototype database. The faceted structures of both dissertations, which had been represented in conceptual maps, were then converted into topic maps. It was then possible to use the merge property of the topic maps to promote the semantic interrelationship between the maps and, consequently, between the hypertextual information resources proper. The merge results were then analyzed in the light of theories dealing with the compatibilization of languages developed within the realm of information technology and librarianship from the 1960s on. The main goals accomplished were: (a) the detailed conceptualization of the merge process of the topic maps, considering the possible compatibilization levels and the applicability of this technology in the integration of faceted structures; and (b) the production of a detailed sequence of steps that may be used in the implementation of topic maps based on faceted structures.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/downloads/ko_39_2012_6_d.pdf.
Themenfeld: Wissensrepräsentation ; Hypertext
Objekt: Topic maps
10Lima, G.A.B. de Oliveira: Conceptual modeling of hypertexts : methodological proposal for the management of semantic content in digital libraries.
In: Categories, contexts and relations in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the Twelfth International ISKO Conference 6-9 August 2012, Mysore, India. Eds.: Neelameghan, A. u. K.S. Raghavan. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2012. S.96-102.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.13)
Abstract: This research is focused on the continuation of the Hypertext Map prototype implementation - MHTX, proposed by Lima, (2004), with the general objective of transforming the MHTX into a semantic content management product facilitating navigation in context supported by customizable software that is easy to use, through high end desktop/web interfaces that sustain the operation of its functions. Besides, these studies aim, in the long run, to achieve the simplification of the information organization, access and recovery processes in digital libraries, making archive management by authors, content managers and information professionals possible.
11Krajewski, M.: Paper machines : about cards & catalogs, 1548-1929.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2011. vi, 215 S.
(History and foundations of information science)
Abstract: "Krajewski draws on recent German media theory and on a rich array of European and American sources in this thought-provoking account of the index card as a tool of information management. In investigating the road from the slips of paper of the 16th century to the data processing of the 20th, Krajewski highlights its twists and turns--failures and unintended consequences, reinventions, and surprising transfers."--Ann M. Blair, Henry Charles Lea Professor of History, Harvard University, and author of Too Much to Know: Managing Scholarly Information before the Modern Age -- Ann Blair "This is a fascinating, original, continuously surprising, and meticulously researched study of the long history of the emergence of card systems for organizing not only libraries but business activities in Europe and the United States. It is particularly important for English language readers due to its European perspective and the extraordinary range of German and other resources on which it draws." --W. Boyd Rayward, Professor Emeritus, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign -- W. Boyd Rayward "Markus Krajewski has done the history of cataloguing and the history of information management a considerable service: I recommend it highly." -- Professor Tom Wilson, Editor-in-Chief, Information Research
Inhalt: Originaltitel: Zettelwirtschaft: Die Geburt der Kartei aus dem Geiste der Bibliothek. Berlin: Kulturverlag Kadmos, 2002.
Anmerkung: Rez. in JASIST 64(2013) no.2, S.431-432 (A. Black)
Themenfeld: Geschichte der Kataloge ; Hypertext
LCSH: Catalog cards / History ; Card catalogs / History ; Information organization / History
RSWK: Bibliothekskatalog / Medien / Geschichte 1548-1929
BK: 06.30 (Bibliothekswesen / Dokumentationswesen: Allgemeines)
RVK: AN 74160
12Khalifa, M. ; Shen, K.N.: Applying semantic networks to hypertext design : effects on knowledge structure acquisition and problem solving.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 61(2010) no.8, S.1673-1685.
Abstract: One of the key objectives of knowledge management is to transfer knowledge quickly and efficiently from experts to novices, who are different in terms of the structural properties of domain knowledge or knowledge structure. This study applies experts' semantic networks to hypertext navigation design and examines the potential of the resulting design, i.e., semantic hypertext, in facilitating knowledge structure acquisition and problem solving. Moreover, we argue that the level of sophistication of the knowledge structure acquired by learners is an important mediator influencing the learning outcomes (in this case, problem solving). The research model was empirically tested with a situated experiment involving 80 business professionals. The results of the empirical study provided strong support for the effectiveness of semantic hypertext in transferring knowledge structure and reported a significant full mediating effect of knowledge structure sophistication. Both theoretical and practical implications of this research are discussed.
Themenfeld: Hypertext ; Wissensrepräsentation
13Robinson, L. ; Maguire, M.: ¬The rhizome and the tree : changing metaphors for information organisation.
In: Journal of documentation. 66(2010) no.4, S.604-613.
Abstract: Purpose - The paper aims to review Deleuze and Guttari's concept of the rhizome as a model for information organisation. Design/methodology/approach - This is a critical review of selected literature. Findings - The rhizome concept is a promising model for understanding hyperlinked information services. It may be of practical value, particularly if it can be integrated with more traditional forms of information organisation. More research, conceptual and practical, is needed before this can be achieved. Research limitations/implications - The literature review is not comprehensive, and the conclusions are open-ended. Originality/value - This is the only paper to review the rhizome concept in this way.
Themenfeld: Informetrie ; Hypertext
14Yang, C.C. ; Liu, N.: Web site topic-hierarchy generation based on link structure.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 60(2009) no.3, S.495-508.
Abstract: Navigating through hyperlinks within a Web site to look for information from one of its Web pages without the support of a site map can be inefficient and ineffective. Although the content of a Web site is usually organized with an inherent structure like a topic hierarchy, which is a directed tree rooted at a Web site's homepage whose vertices and edges correspond to Web pages and hyperlinks, such a topic hierarchy is not always available to the user. In this work, we studied the problem of automatic generation of Web sites' topic hierarchies. We modeled a Web site's link structure as a weighted directed graph and proposed methods for estimating edge weights based on eight types of features and three learning algorithms, namely decision trees, naïve Bayes classifiers, and logistic regression. Three graph algorithms, namely breadth-first search, shortest-path search, and directed minimum-spanning tree, were adapted to generate the topic hierarchy based on the graph model. We have tested the model and algorithms on real Web sites. It is found that the directed minimum-spanning tree algorithm with the decision tree as the weight learning algorithm achieves the highest performance with an average accuracy of 91.9%.
Themenfeld: Internet ; Hypertext
15Luzón, M.J.: Scholarly hyperwriting : the function of links in academic weblogs.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 60(2009) no.1, S.75-89.
Abstract: Weblogs are gaining momentum as one of most versatile tools for online scholarly communication. Since academic weblogs tend to be used by scholars to position themselves in a disciplinary blogging community, links are essential to their construction. The aim of this article is to analyze the reasons for linking in academic weblogs and to determine how links are used for distribution of information, collaborative construction of knowledge, and construction of the blog's and the blogger's identity. For this purpose I analyzed types of links in 15 academic blogs, considering both sidebar links and in-post links. The results show that links are strategically used by academic bloggers for several purposes, among others to seek their place in a disciplinary community, to engage in hypertext conversations for collaborative construction of knowledge, to organize information in the blog, to publicize their research, to enhance the blog's visibility, and to optimize blog entries and the blog itself.
Themenfeld: Internet ; Hypertext
16Falquet, G. ; Nerima, L. ; Ziswiler, J.-C.: Hyperbooks.
In: Semantic digital libraries. Eds.: S.R. Kruk, B. McDaniel. Berlin : Springer, 2009. S.179-196.
Abstract: The first part of the chapter presents a synthesis of recent works in the domain of hyperbooks and introduces a general hyperbook model. In this model, a hyperbook is made of a knowledge structure, a set of informational fragment, links between the fragments and the knowledge structure, and a user interface specification. This specification is used to generate the actual reading interface which is a hypertext whose nodes and links are derived from the knowledge and fragment structures. The knowledge structure provides a mean to interconnect different hyperbooks in a semantically consistent way, so as to create digital libraries of hyperbooks. The second part explains in more details the knowledge structure alignment process that is at the heart of the semantic interconnection of hyper-books. The presentation is based on a real-world example, in the domain of agriculture. It also provides experimental results about the performance, in terms of precision and recall, of this process.
Inhalt: Vgl. die digitale Ausgabe unter: http://www.springerlink.com/content/w615367288x04425/.
17Kinnell, S.K. ; Franklin, C.: Hypertext and hypercard : early development.ELIS Classic, from 1992.
In: Encyclopedia of library and information sciences. 3rd ed. Ed.: M.J. Bates. London : Taylor & Francis, 2009. S.xx-xx.
Abstract: The ease of linking and hopping from one text to another that we associate today with the World Wide Web was implemented in a different context prior to the Web. The creation of "hypertext" has a long and interesting history prior to the Web, as this article demonstrates. At the time it was issued, the HyperCard software application was expected to be the foundation of a widely-used new means of information organization. We can see now that the key ideas of hypertext were present in HyperCard, without the ease of use of subsequent World Wide Web features.
Anmerkung: Vgl.: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/book/10.1081/E-ELIS3.
18Oliveira Lima, G.A.B. de: Hypertext model - HTXM : a model for hypertext organization of documents.
In: Culture and identity in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the Tenth International ISKO Conference 5-8 August 2008, Montreal, Canada. Ed. by Clément Arsenault and Joseph T. Tennis. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2008. S.177-183.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.11)
Inhalt: This article reports an applied research on the construction and implementation of a semantically structured conceptual prototype to help in the organization and representation of human knowledge in hypertextual systems, based on four references: the Facet Analysis Theory (FAT), the Conceptual Map Theory, semantic structure of hypertext links and the technical guidelines of the Associacao Brasileira de Normas Técnicas (ABNT). This prototype, called Modelo Hipertextual para Organizacao de Documentos (MHTX) - Model For Hypertext Organization of Documents HTXM - is formed by a semantic structure called Conceptual Map (CM) and Expanded Summary (ES), the latter based on the summary of a selected doctoral thesis to which access points were designed. In the future, this prototype maybe used to implement a digital libraty called BTDECI - UFMG (Biblioteca de Teses e Dissertacöes do Programa de Pós-Graduacao da Escola de Ciência da Informacao da UFMG - Library of Theses and Dissertations of the Graduate Program of School of Information Science of Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais).
Anmerkung: Vgl. unter: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/tocs/0497f79b0c0b3ed06/0497f79b0c0b5550a/index.php
Themenfeld: Hypertext ; Wissensrepräsentation
19Tredinnick, L.: Post-structuralism, hypertext, and the World Wide Web.
In: Aslib proceedings. 59(2007) no.2, S.169-186.
Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore the application of post-structuralist theory to understanding hypertext and the World Wide Web, and the challenge posed by digital information technology to the practices of the information profession. Design/methodology/approach - The method adopted is that of a critical study. Findings - The paper argues for the importance of post-structuralism for an understanding of the implications of digital information for the information management profession. Originality/value - Focuses on an epistemological gap between the traditional practices of the information profession, and the structure of the World Wide Web.
Themenfeld: Hypertext ; Internet
20Kitzmann, A.: Hypertext handbook : the straight story.
Frankfurt : Lang, 2006. 121 S.
Abstract: Hypertext Handbook provides a condensed and straightforward introduction to the main issues, concepts, and developments in both the application of hypertext technology and its interpretation by the academic community. It offers a concise history of the medium in a manner that will help readers to better understand contemporary directions in digital media technology. Hypertext Handbook provides a comprehensive guide to this complex concept and is designed to inform and inspire students and scholars alike.