Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 28. April 2022)
1Reichmann, S. ; Klebel, T. ; Hasani-Mavriqi, I. ; Ross-Hellauer, T.: Between administration and research : understanding data management practices in an institutional context.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 72(2021) no.11, S.1415-1431.
Abstract: Research Data Management (RDM) promises to make research outputs more transparent, findable, and reproducible. Strategies to streamline data management across disciplines are of key importance. This paper presents results of an institutional survey (N = 258) at a medium-sized Austrian university with a STEM focus, supplemented with interviews (N = 18), to give an overview of the state-of-play of RDM practices across faculties and disciplinary contexts. RDM services are on the rise but remain somewhat behind leading countries like the Netherlands and UK, showing only the beginnings of a culture attuned to RDM. There is considerable variation between faculties and institutes with respect to data amounts, complexity of data sets, data collection and analysis, and data archiving. Data sharing practices within fields tend to be inconsistent. RDM is predominantly regarded as an administrative task, to the detriment of considerations of good research practice. Problems with RDM fall in two categories: Generic problems transcend specific research interests, infrastructures, and departments while discipline-specific problems need a more targeted approach. The paper extends the state-of-the-art on RDM practices by combining in-depth qualitative material with quantified, detailed data about RDM practices and needs. The findings should be of interest to any comparable research institution with a similar agenda.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://asistdl.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24492.
2Stephens, B. ; Cummings, J.N.: Knowledge creation through collaboration : the role of shared institutional affiliations and physical proximity.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 72(2021) no.11, S.1337-1353.
Abstract: This paper examines how shared affiliations within an institution (e.g., same primary appointment, same secondary appointment, same research center, same laboratory/facility) and physical proximity (e.g., walking distance between collaborator offices) shape knowledge creation through biomedical science collaboration in general, and interdisciplinary collaboration in particular. Using archival and publication data, we examine pairwise research collaborations among 1,138 faculty members over a 12-year period at a medical school in the United States. Modeling at the dyadic level, we find that faculty members with more shared institutional affiliations are positively associated with knowledge creation and knowledge impact, and that this association is moderated by the physical proximity of collaborators. We further find that the positive influence of disciplinary diversity (e.g., collaborators from different fields) on knowledge impact is stronger among pairs that share more affiliations and is significantly reduced as the physical distance among collaborators increases. These results support the idea that shared institutional affiliations and physical proximity can increase interpersonal contact, providing more opportunities to develop trust and mutual understanding, and thus alleviating some of the coordination issues that can arise with higher disciplinary diversity. We discuss the implications for future research on scientific collaborations, managerial practice regarding office space allocation, and strategic planning of initiatives aimed at promoting interdisciplinary collaboration.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://asistdl.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24491.
3Qin, H. ; Wang, H. ; Johnson, A.: Understanding the information needs and information-seeking behaviours of new-generation engineering designers for effective knowledge management.
In: Aslib journal of information management. 72(2020) no.6, S.853-868.
Abstract: Purpose This paper aims to explore the information needs and information-seeking behaviours of the new generation of engineering designers. A survey study is used to approach what their information needs are, how these needs change during an engineering design project and how their information-seeking behaviours have been influenced by the newly developed information technologies (ITs). Through an in-depth analysis of the survey results, the key functions have been identified for the next-generation management systems. Design/methodology/approach The paper first proposed four hypotheses on the information needs and information-seeking behaviours of young engineers. Then, a survey study was undertaken to understand their information usage in terms of the information needs and information-seeking behaviours during a complete engineering design process. Through analysing the survey results, several findings were obtained and on this basis, further comparisons were made to discuss and evaluate the hypotheses. Findings The paper has revealed that the engineering designers' information needs will evolve throughout the engineering design project; thus, they should be assisted at several different levels. Although they intend to search information and knowledge on know-what and know-how, what they really require is the know-why knowledge in order to help them complete design tasks. Also, the paper has shown how the newly developed ITs and web-based applications have influenced the engineers' information-seeking practices. Research limitations/implications The research subjects chosen in this study are engineering students in universities who, although not as experienced as engineers in companies, do go through a complete design process with the tasks similar to industrial scenarios. In addition, the focus of this study is to understand the information-seeking behaviours of a new generation of design engineers, so that the development of next-generation information and knowledge management systems can be well informed. In this sense, the results obtained do reveal some new knowledge about the information-seeking behaviours during a general design process. Practical implications This paper first identifies the information needs and information-seeking behaviours of the new generation of engineering designers. On this basis, the varied ways to meet these needs and behaviours are discussed and elaborated. This intends to provide the key characteristics for the development of the next-generation knowledge management system for engineering design projects. Originality/value This paper proposes a novel means of exploring the future engineers' information needs and information-seeking behaviours in a collaborative working environment. It also characterises the key features and functions for the next generation of knowledge management systems for engineering design.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://doi.org/10.1108/AJIM-04-2020-0097.
4Byström, K. u.a. (Hrsg.): Information at work : Information management in the workplace.
London : Facet Publishing, 2019. xvii, 179 S.
Abstract: Today's society is characterized by quick technological developments and constant changes to our information environments. One of the biggest changes has been on our workplace environments where technological developments have automated work processes that were previously done by manual labour whilst new professions and work tasks have emerged in response to new methods of creating, sharing and using information. Information at Work: Information management in the workplace provides a comprehensive account of information in the modern workplace. It includes a set of chapters examining and reviewing the major concepts within workplace information, from over-arching themes of information cultures and ecologies, to strategic concerns of information management and governance, and to detailed accounts of questions and current debates. This book will be useful reading for researchers in Information Science and Information Management and students on related courses. It is also suitable to be used as an introductory text for those working in allied fields such as Management and Business Studies.
Inhalt: Intro -- Title page -- Contents -- List of figures -- Acknowledgement -- Contributors -- Foreword: Situating the role of information in the messy and complex context of the workplace -- 1 Work and information in modern society: a changing workplace -- Economic changes and information innovation -- Information technology and its impact on people -- Fragmentation -- Information technology and its impact on organizations -- Global trends -- Work information environments -- Perspectives on workplace information -- Models of workplace information1 -- Taylor's information use environments -- This book -- References -- 2 Information activities and tasks -- Introduction -- Data, information and knowledge - the fuel that drives information work -- About work and examples of work -- The workplace -- Deconstructing work -- Conclusion -- Future directions -- References -- 3 Information culture -- Introduction -- Defining information culture -- Information culture - factors and components -- Information culture research -- Conclusions -- References -- 4 Information management -- Introduction -- Information management and the workplace -- Definition of information management -- Related concepts -- Conclusion: the future of information management and workplace information -- Note -- References -- 5 Information artefacts -- Introduction -- Theoretical underpinnings for information artefacts -- Key concepts: information source and information channel -- Use of information sources and channels -- Key concept: information tool -- Key concept: information system -- Information artefacts and information needs -- Conclusions: information artefacts, collegial inclusion and expertise in the workplace -- References -- 6 Information attributes -- Introduction -- Theoretical underpinnings -- Conclusion -- References.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 71(2020) no.4, S.497-499 (Isto Huvila).
RSWK: Informationsmanagement / Arbeitsplatz
5Dalkir, K.: Knowledge management in theory and practice.3rd. ed.
Cambridge, Massachusetts : MIT Press, 2017. xii, 534 S.
(Business / Information Science)
Abstract: A new, thoroughly updated edition of a comprehensive overview of knowledge management (KM), covering theoretical foundations, the KM process, tools, and professions. The ability to manage knowledge has become increasingly important in today's knowledge economy. Knowledge is considered a valuable commodity, embedded in products and in the tacit knowledge of highly mobile individual employees. Knowledge management (KM) represents a deliberate and systematic approach to cultivating and sharing an organization's knowledge base. This textbook and professional reference offers a comprehensive overview of the field. Drawing on ideas, tools, and techniques from such disciplines as sociology, cognitive science, organizational behavior, and information science, it describes KM theory and practice at the individual, community, and organizational levels. Chapters cover such topics as tacit and explicit knowledge, theoretical modeling of KM, the KM cycle from knowledge capture to knowledge use, KM tools, KM assessment, and KM professionals.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 69(2918) no.12, S.1521-1522 (Suliman Hawamdeh).
LCSH: Knowledge management
RSWK: Unternehmen Subject / Wissensmanagement ; Wissensmanagement Subject / Lernende Organisation
BK: 85.20 (Betriebliche Information und Kommunikation) ; 85.09 (Unternehmensorganisation)
DDC: 658.4038 / dc23
GHBS: PZY (DU)
6Willke, H.: Systemisches Wissensmanagement : mit Fallstudien von Carsten Krück, Susanne Mingers, Konstanze Piel, Torsten Strulik und Oliver Vopel.2., neubearb. Aufl.
Stuttgart : Lucius und Lucius, 2001. 367 S.
(UTB ; 2047)
Abstract: Heute ist allgemein anerkannt, dass im Zuge einer nachhaltigen und rasanten Globalisierung Wissen, Wissensbasierung und Wissensarbeit zur unabdingbaren Voraussetzung der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit von Organisationen, Regionen und ganzen Gesellschaften geworden ist. Die Frage, welche die Autoren dieses Buches leitet, ist: Welche Formen der Erzeugung und Nutzung von Wissen setzen Personen und Organisationen in die Lage, Lernen und Innovationsfähigkeit zu Kernkompetenzen zu gestalten? Besonderer Wert wird darauf gelegt, die Vielfalt - und auch die Schwierigkeiten - möglicher Antworten anhand einer Reine von Fallstudien aufzuzeigen.
LCSH: Knowledge management / Case studies ; Economics / Organizational Case Studies ; Sociology
RSWK: Unternehmen / Organisatorisches Lernen / Wissensorganisation ; Informationsgesellschaft / Organisatorisches Lernen / Wissensorganisation ; Wissensmanagement / Systemdenken
BK: 85.62 Personalwesen ; 85.05 Betriebssoziologie Betriebspsychologie ; 85.06 Unternehmensführung
GHBS: OFH (DU) ; OFG (DU) ; PZ (DU) ; PZY (E) ; AGOG (SI)
RVK: AP 14450 ; CW 4500 ; MS 6950 ; QP 340 ; QP 342 ; QP 345