Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
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1Kushwoh, S.S. ; Gautam, J.N. ; Singh, R.: Migration from CDS / ISIS to KOHA : a case study of data conversion from CCF to MARC 21.
In: International cataloging & bliographic control. 38(2009) no.1, S.6-12.
Abstract: Standards are important for quality and interoperability in any system. Bibliographic record creation standards such as MARC 21 (Machine Readable Catalogue), CCF (Common Communication Format), UNIMARC (Universal MARC) and their local variations, are in practice all across the library community. ILMS (Integrated Library Management Systems) are using these standards for the design of databases and the creation of bibliographic records. Their use is important for uniformity of the system and bibliographic data, but there are problems when a library wants to switch over from one system to another using different standards. This paper discusses migration from one record standard to another, mapping of data and related issues. Data exported from CDS/ISIS CCF based records to KOHA MARC 21 based records are discussed as a case study. This methodology, with few modifications, can be applied for migration of data in other bibliographicformats too. Freeware tools can be utilized for migration.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lxh&AN=40101930&site=ehost-live.
Themenfeld: Formalerschließung ; Bibliographische Software ; Datenformate
Objekt: MARC 21 ; CCF ; KOHA ; CDS/ISIS
2Chandrakar, R.: Mapping CCF to MARC21 : an experimental approach.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 33(2001) no.1, S.33-49.
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to raise and address a number of issues pertaining to the conversion of Common Communication Format (CCF) into MARC21. In this era of global resource sharing, exchange of bibliographic records from one system to another is imperative in today's library communities. Instead of using a single standard to create machine-readable catalogue records, more than 20 standards have emerged and are being used by different institutions. Because of these variations in standards, sharing of resources and transfer of data from one system to another among the institutions locally and globally has become a significant problem. Addressing this problem requires keeping in mind that countries such as India and others in southeast Asia are using the CCF as a standard for creating bibliographic cataloguing records. This paper describes a way to map the bibliographic catalogue records from CCF to MARC21, although 100% mapping is not possible. In addition, the paper describes an experimental approach that enumerates problems that may occur during the mapping of records/exchanging of records and how these problems can be overcome.
Anmerkung: Vgl. auch: http://catalogingandclassificationquarterly.com/
Themenfeld: Formalerschließung ; Datenformate
Objekt: CCF ; MARC21
3Smet, E.d. ; Nieuwenhuysen, P.: ¬The DANIS database system : integrating bibliographic and factual information using CDS/ISIS software and the Common Communication Format.
In: Journal of information science. 23(1997) no.4, S.327-337.
Abstract: Presents the Danube Information System (DANIS): a database containing records on documents, persons, organizations, projects, events and standrads relevant to the management of the Environmental Programme on the Danube River Basin. Describes briefly the background ideas for an integrated bibliographic / factual system based on the CDS/ISIS software and the Common Communication Format (CCF), along with the development activities of the system, such as training workshops and expert meetings. Includes a brief account of the present state of the art of the project, including the actual management set up and Internet and WWW presence. Technical aspects of DANIS are highlighted, such as the enrichment of the system by the data entry and searching interfaces and the technical solutions introduced to cope with the integrated approach in both indexing and display formats
Objekt: CCF ; CDS/ISIS ; DANIS
4Mishra, K.S.: Bibliographic databases and exchange formats.
In: DESIDOC bulletin of information technology. 17(1997) no.5, S.17-22.
Abstract: Computers play an important role in the development of bibliographic databases. Exchange formats are needed for the generation and exchange of bibliographic data at different levels: international, national, regional and local. Discusses the formats available at national and international level such as the International Standard Exchange Format (ISO 2709); the various MARC formats and the Common Communication Format (CCF). Work on Indian standards involving the Bureau of Indian Standards, the National Information System for Science and Technology (NISSAT) and other institutions proceeds only slowly
Objekt: MARC ; ISO 2709 ; CCF
5Chowdhury, G.G.: Record formats for integrated databases : a review and comparison.
In: Information development. 12(1996) no.4, S.218-223.
Abstract: Discusses the issues involved in the development of data formats for computerized information retrieval systems. Integrated databases capable of holding both bibliographic and factual information, in a single database structure, are more convenient for searching and retrieval by end users. Several bibliographic formats have been developed and are used for these bibliographic control puposes. Reviews features of 6 major bibliographic formats: USMARC, UKMARC, UNIMARC, CCF, MIBIS and ABNCD are reviewed. Only 2 formats: CCF and ABNCD are capable of holding both bibliographic and factual information and supporting the design of integrated databases. The comparison suggests that, while CCF makes more detailed provision for bibliographic information, ABNCD makes better provision for factual information such as profiles of institutions, information systems, projects and human experts
Objekt: USMARC ; UKMARC ; UNIMARC ; CCF ; MIBIS ; ABNCD
6Radwanski, A.: Rozwoj formatu MARC.
In: Zagadnienia informacji naukowej. 1996, no.2, S.15-32.
Abstract: Discusses the origins of the MARC format and its development connected with the proceedings of the Library of Congress and the British Library. Presents 2 standards: ISO 2709 and ISBD. Focuses on national and international formats elaborated in the 1970s and 1980s, including UNIMARC (1975) and CCF (1984). Outlines the prospects and directions of MARC format development, that is, integration of the format and implementing MARC in the network environment
Anmerkung: Übers. d. Titels: Development of the MARC format
Objekt: MARC ; UNIMARC ; CCF ; ISBD ; ISO 2709
8Simmons, P.: Preserving compatibility with standard data formats.
In: Program. 28(1994) no.2, S.125-140.
Abstract: Librarians in countries without well-established national bibliographic systems increasingly find themselves faced with the problem of establishing local formats for machine-readable cataloguing and for referral data. Often they lack the background and the resources - especially trained staff - either to adopt an existing MARC format or to develop their own. Such international formats as UNIMARC and CCF, despite widespread international use, present problems of their own; MARC formats are not practical for agencies that do not follow standard cataloguing rules, and CCF offers little guidance to agencies wishing to adopt it for local use. A number of techniques useful in adapting and implementing international and national standard formats are presented, with some guidelines for preserving compatibility with standards
Objekt: UNIMARC ; CCF
9Sur, S.N. ; Chowdhury, G.G.: ¬A prototype design of a bibliographic database based on CCF using Micro-CDS/ISIS.
In: IASLIC bulletin. 38(1993) no.1, S.17-37.
Abstract: Design aspects of bibliographic databases are of utmost importance for effective resource sharing and for providing better information retrieval services in libraries. Standard formats such as the Common Communication Format (CCF) may be adapted for the design of databases. Experience shows that some modifications to the CCF format may be more useful for manipulation of data for various libray operations. Proposes the design of a bibliographic database based on CCF for use in Micr-CDS/ISIS. Almost all the mandatory CCF fields have been adopted and a few new fields added for achieving better results. Formats for display of records conform to AACR2. Provides ample catalogue entries and sample indexes to illustrate how the proposed design helps perform various information retrieval operations in libraries. Modifications in the display of records may be achieved with little effort
Themenfeld: Bibliographische Software
Objekt: CDS/ISIS ; CCF
13Hopkinson, A.: International data exchange : a question of formats.
In: Asian libraries. 2(1992) no.1, S.30-39.
Abstract: Paper presented at the International Symposium on Information Technology; Standards for biliographic control, Bangkok, Thailand, 4-8 Sept 89. Reviews the 3 formats for the international exchange of bibliographic data: UNIMARC, UNISIST Reference Manual, and UNESCO's Common Communication Format (CCF) and describes the origins, technical features and typical users for all 3 formats. Selection of the most appropriate format depends upon whether users participate in a library network, are employed by technical institutes, or need to exchange information with both types of organization
Objekt: UNIMARC ; UNISIST ; CCF
16Hopkinson, A. (Hrsg.): Information transfer and exchange formats.
In: Standards for the international exchange of bibliographic information: papers presented at a course held at the School of Library, Archive and Information Studies, University College, London, 3-18 August 1990. Ed.: I.C. McIlwaine. London : Library Association, 1991. S.169-176.
Abstract: Describes international standard exchange formats for bibliographic information transfer. Outlines their common and differing features. Describes: UNIMARC, UNISIST Reference manual and UNECSO Common Communication Format
Objekt: UNISIST ; CCF
17Simmons, P.: Converting UNIMARC records to CCF.
In: International cataloguing and bibliographic control. 18(1989) no.3, S.42-45.
Abstract: One of the primary goals of Unesco's Common Communication Format (CCF) has been to maintain compatibility between two major information communities: libraries; and abstracting and indexing organisations. While abstracting and indexing organisations do not follow any single standard for description or the structure and encoding of machine records, libraries have clearly defined standards and practices. Among CCF-using organisations are some that wish to incorporate records produced by national bibliographic agencies, especially national libraries, into their own data bases. They need the ability to convert UNIMARC records to CCF. To accomplish this they require a source of records, a computer to process them, a computer programm designed for record conversion and a table or instructions laying out the specific way in which each UNIMARC data element is to be processed in the course of conversion to CCF. Examines the factors to be considered in planning a table that would be sufficiently detailed to accomplish record conversion, and outlines problems that might be encountered.
Objekt: UNIMARC ; CCF