Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Cui, H. ; Stacy, S.: Welcome to LAC/Bienvenue à BAC : a new bilingual NACO partner.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 58(2020) no.2, S.169-179.
Abstract: In 2018, the national, bilingual authority file maintained by Library and Archives Canada (LAC), called Canadiana Authorities, underwent major changes when the internally-developed Integrated Library System (ILS) AMICUS was decommissioned and OCLC's WorldShare Management Services (WMS) was adopted as a replacement. As a part of the transition, LAC split its single, bilingual authority file Canadiana Authorities into separate English and French language files and joined Name Authority Cooperative Program (NACO) in order to manage its English-language authority records. This has been a significant change that has challenged the organization to rethink everyday practices while maintaining its commitments to the Canadian and global library community. This paper discusses this national library's history of bilingual cataloging, the reason for the changes, and the attempt to ensure that the two files "talk" to each other.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://doi.org/10.1080/01639374.2020.1724224.
Themenfeld: Multilinguale Probleme ; Normdateien
2Billey, A. ; Drabinski, E. ; Roberto, K.R.: What's gender got to do with It? : a critique of RDA 9.7.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 52(2014) no.4, S.412-421.
Abstract: The Library of Congress (LC) and the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) interpretation of Resource Description and Access (RDA) 9.7 regarding gender when identifying persons reinforces regressive conceptions of gender identity. The rule instructs catalogers to record gender when identifying persons, and although RDA gives catalogers the flexibility to record more than two gender labels, LC limits Name Authority Cooperative Program (NACO) catalogers to a binary label: male, female, or not known. In this article, the authors challenge gender as a descriptive attribute for personal names, critique how LC is instructing NACO catalogers to record elements about gender, and make recommendations to address describing persons in LC authority records.
Objekt: RDA ; NACO
3McGurr, M. ; Mason, C. ; Monaco, M.: Public and academic library cataloging collaboration in Ohio's NACO Funnel Project.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 51(2013) no.1/3, S.72-81.
Abstract: Catalogers at The Ohio State University (OSU) Libraries, Columbus Metropolitan Library (CML), and Cleveland Public Library (CPL) are collaborating through the Ohio Name Authority Cooperative (NACO) funnel to create personal name authority records that directly benefit library patrons. Although OSU provides training and review, all three libraries receive value from the collaboration. There have been obstacles, however, such as cataloging training and workflow differences between public and academic libraries. This article will discuss the challenges and benefits of this interlibrary cataloger collaboration from the point of view of all three libraries, plans for the future, and best practices for other libraries that are interested in public/academic library collaborations of this kind.
Anmerkung: Contribution to a special issue "Cataloging collaborations and partnerships"
Objekt: NACO Funnel Project
Land/Ort: USA ; Ohio
Anwendungsfeld: Wissenschaftliche Bibliotheken ; Öffentliche Bibliotheken
4Runcie, R.: Collaborative cataloging within a centralized network : the case of the University of the West Indies, Mona Campus.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 51(2013) no.1/3, S.156-167.
Abstract: Efforts at networking and cooperation have flourished for some time at the University of the West Indies (UWI), a regional institution in the English-speaking Caribbean. Due to their common mission and shared goals, libraries within the system have collaborated on projects to enhance the services provided to their clients. In its attempt at collaboration, the Mona Campus established the UWI Mona Information Network, the primary goal of which is the creation of a campus-wide online catalog with member libraries having access to a larger pool of resources. Most of the departmental libraries within the system have struggled with their inability to adequately acquire and provide access to their collections. To this end some of these libraries have collaborated with the UWI Library to have their holdings added to the online public access catalog (OPAC). This article presents an overview of the collaborative efforts of the UWI Mona Libraries.
Anmerkung: Contribution to a special issue "Cataloging collaborations and partnerships"
Objekt: NACO Funnel Project
Anwendungsfeld: Wissenschaftliche Bibliotheken
5Hickey, T.B. ; Toves, J. ; O'Neill, E.T.: NACO normalization : a detailed examination of the authority file comparison rules.
In: Library resources and technical services. 50(2006) no.3, S.166-172.
Abstract: Normalization rules are essential for interoperability between bibliographic systems. In the process of working with Name Authority Cooperative Program (NACO) authority files to match records with Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) and developing the Faceted Application of Subject Terminology (FAST) subject heading schema, the authors found inconsistencies in independently created NACO normalization implementations. Investigating these, the authors found ambiguities in the NACO standard that need resolution, and came to conclusions on how the procedure could be simplified with little impact on matching headings. To encourage others to test their software for compliance with the current rules, the authors have established a Web site that has test files and interactive services showing their current implementation.
6Byrum Jr., J.D.: NACO: a cooperative model for building and maintaining a shared name authority database.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 38(2004) nos.3/4, S.xx-xx.
Abstract: The Name Authority Cooperative (NACO), founded in 1976, now encompasses some 395 institutions that have collectively developed and maintained a database of more than 2,000,000 authority records in addition to the more than 3,500,000 records created by Library of Congress staff. The NACO family of libraries is expanding at a rate of about 50 new members annually. The membership include institutions from all but four of the 50 U.S. states and 43 institutions in 16 countries within Europe, Africa, Oceania, Asia, and Latin America. The NACO model has changed over time to create more cost-effective and user-friendly policies and procedures to meet participants' needs. Increased recognition, especially by library administrators, of the value of authority control also encouraged NACO to flourish. This presentation explains membership requirements, benefits to the participants, as well as the role of the Library of Congress which serves as secretariat to NACO and oversees a variety of training and documentation activities to support program operations. One of the NACO's unique features - the opportunity to participate via a "Funnel Project" in which a group of institutions band together - is also described. Internationally, as the trend towards adopting AACR and MARC 21 increases, the number of NACO partners outside the U.S. also increases. For countries where other standards prevail or where English is not the official language, NACO can serve as a model to consider to provide a framework for a national program while awaiting longer-term development of a more global approach to authority control.
Anmerkung: Beitrag in einem Themenheft "Authority control: definition and international experience. Part I"
7Kaiser, M. ; Lieder, H.J. ; Majcen, K. ; Vallant, H.: New ways of sharing and using authority information : the LEAF project.
In: D-Lib magazine. 9(2003) no.11, x S.
Abstract: This article presents an overview of the LEAF project (Linking and Exploring Authority Files)1, which has set out to provide a framework for international, collaborative work in the sector of authority data with respect to authority control. Elaborating the virtues of authority control in today's Web environment is an almost futile exercise, since so much has been said and written about it in the last few years.2 The World Wide Web is generally understood to be poorly structured-both with regard to content and to locating required information. Highly structured databases might be viewed as small islands of precision within this chaotic environment. Though the Web in general or any particular structured database would greatly benefit from increased authority control, it should be noted that our following considerations only refer to authority control with regard to databases of "memory institutions" (i.e., libraries, archives, and museums). Moreover, when talking about authority records, we exclusively refer to personal name authority records that describe a specific person. Although different types of authority records could indeed be used in similar ways to the ones presented in this article, discussing those different types is outside the scope of both the LEAF project and this article. Personal name authority records-as are all other "authorities"-are maintained as separate records and linked to various kinds of descriptive records. Name authority records are usually either kept in independent databases or in separate tables in the database containing the descriptive records. This practice points at a crucial benefit: by linking any number of descriptive records to an authorized name record, the records related to this entity are collocated in the database. Variant forms of the authorized name are referenced in the authority records and thus ensure the consistency of the database while enabling search and retrieval operations that produce accurate results. On one hand, authority control may be viewed as a positive prerequisite of a consistent catalogue; on the other, the creation of new authority records is a very time consuming and expensive undertaking. As a consequence, various models of providing access to existing authority records have emerged: the Library of Congress and the French National Library (Bibliothèque nationale de France), for example, make their authority records available to all via a web-based search service.3 In Germany, the Personal Name Authority File (PND, Personennamendatei4) maintained by the German National Library (Die Deutsche Bibliothek, Frankfurt/Main) offers a different approach to shared access: within a closed network, participating institutions have online access to their pooled data. The number of recent projects and initiatives that have addressed the issue of authority control in one way or another is considerable.5 Two important current initiatives should be mentioned here: The Name Authority Cooperative (NACO) and Virtual International Authority File (VIAF). ; NACO was established in 1976 and is hosted by the Library of Congress. At the beginning of 2003, nearly 400 institutions were involved in this undertaking, including 43 institutions from outside the United States.6 Despite the enormous success of NACO and the impressive annual growth of the initiative, there are requirements for participation that form an obstacle for many institutions: they have to follow the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2) and employ the MARC217 data format. Participating institutions also have to belong to either OCLC (Online Computer Library Center) or RLG (Research Libraries Group) in order to be able to contribute records, and they have to provide a specified minimum number of authority records per year. A recent proof of concept project of the Library of Congress, OCLC and the German National Library-Virtual International Authority File (VIAF)8-will, in its first phase, test automatic linking of the records of the Library of Congress Name Authority File (LCNAF) and the German Personal Name Authority File by using matching algorithms and software developed by OCLC. The results are expected to form the basis of a "Virtual International Authority File". The project will then test the maintenance of the virtual authority file by employing the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH)9 to harvest the metadata for new, updated, and deleted records. When using the "Virtual International Authority File" a cataloguer will be able to check the system to see whether the authority record he wants to establish already exists. The final phase of the project will test possibilities for displaying records in the preferred language and script of the end user. Currently, there are still some clear limitations associated with the ways in which authority records are used by memory institutions. One of the main problems has to do with limited access: generally only large institutions or those that are part of a library network have unlimited online access to permanently updated authority records. Smaller institutions outside these networks usually have to fall back on less efficient ways of obtaining authority data, or have no access at all. Cross-domain sharing of authority data between libraries, archives, museums and other memory institutions simply does not happen at present. Public users are, by and large, not even aware that such things as name authority records exist and are excluded from access to these information resources.
Anmerkung: Vgl.: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november03/lieder/11lieder.html.
Themenfeld: Normdateien ; Datenformate
Objekt: LEAF ; NACO ; VIAF
9Joachim, M.D.: From lost luggage to the Library of Congress : Joseph H. Howard's contribution to librarianship.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 25(1998) nos.2/3, S.171-180.
Abstract: Reviews the career of Joseph H. Howard's career in cataloguing with particular reference to his achievements at the Library of Congress, including: the CONSER cooperative periodicals cataloguing scheme; implementation of NACO; development of minimal level cataloguing; increased cataloguing of foreign materials; the CIP project; and expanded availability of both Roman and Non Roman language MARC records
Anmerkung: Articles included in an issue devoted to part 1 of a 2 part series celebrating people who have been leaders in the field of cataloguing and classification
Themenfeld: Biographische Darstellungen
Objekt: CONSER ; NACO
10McCawley, C.W.: ¬An interview with Lucia Rather.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 25(1998) no.4, S.253-262.
Abstract: Briefly reviews the professional career of Lucia Rather, spent at the Library of Congress between 1957 and 1991, focusing on her significant contributions there, including: implementation of AACR2; work on the MARC format and creation of the PREMARC File; the cooperative NACO File; converting the LoC from a manual to an online catalogue; and reorganization of the cataloguing
Anmerkung: Articles included in an issue devoted to part 2 of a 2 part series celebrating people who have been leaders in the field of cataloguing and classification
Themenfeld: Biographische Darstellungen
Objekt: AACR2 ; MARC ; PREMARC ; NACO
11Ivany, J.: Cooperative cataloging organizations merge.
In: OCLC newsletter. 1998, no.233, May/June, S.12-13.
Abstract: Reports on the merger of 2 major cooperative cataloguing organizations: the CONSER program and the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC). This move positions the PCC as the umbrella cooperative cataloguing organization, and in addition to CONSER, the Name Authority Cooperative Program (NACO), the Subject Authority Cooperative Program (SACO), and the Bibliographic Cooperative Program (BIBCO) noew reside under it. Enumerates some of the benefits for both CONSER and the PCC
Objekt: CONSER ; PCC ; NACO ; SACO ; BIBCO
12Vogt, F.: Formale Begriffsanalyse mit C++ : Datenstrukturen und Algorithmen.
Berlin : Springer, 1996. X,323 S. + Diskette.
Abstract: Das Buch soll den Leser, der an Formaler Begriffsnalyse als Methode der Datenanalyse und Wissensstrukturierung interssiert ist, in die Lage versetzen, eigene C++-Programme zur Formalen Begriffsanalyse zu schreiben. Die Vorgehensweise der Formalen Begriffsanalyse werden an einem Anwendungsbeispiel erläutert, so daß das Buch sowohl als Leitfaden für den interessierten Neueinsteiger als auch als Handbuch für den versierten Anwendungsprogrammierer und Projektleiter dienen kann
Inhalt: The book comprises 16 chapters and an appendix in which the software CONSCRIPT is explained
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Knowledge organization 25(1998) nos.1/2, S.47 (S. Düwel u. W. Hesse)
Themenfeld: Formale Begriffsanalyse
Objekt: TOSCANA ; ANACONDA
14Fenly, J.G. ; Irvine, S.D.: ¬The Name Authority Co-op (NACO) project at the Library of Congress : present and future.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 7(1986) no.2, S.7-18.
Abstract: Over the past nine years, the Name Authority Co-op Project (NACO) has grown to become an important source of both authority and bibliographic records in the LC database. With the implementation of the Linked Systems Project in late 1985, the enriched LC authorities database is being made available on a more timely basis to a wider library public. This article describes the origin and growth of NACO, its operations, and prospects for future cooperation.
15Burger, R.H.: NACO at the University of Illinois at U-C : a narrative case study.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 7(1986) no.2, S.19-28.
Abstract: Although the Name Authority Cooperative Project (NACO) is now almost ten years old, little has been written about it from the perspective of NACO participants. This article provides a narrative case study of the effects of NACO on one academic research library, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The decision to accept NACO membership, NACO training at the Library of Congress, post-training implementation at the University of Illinois and effects on work flow, productivity and morale are portrayed in this description. It is hoped that the information contained here can provide more insight into the pros and cons of NACO membership that could be generalized to any library.