Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Christensen, H.D.: ¬The framing of scientific domains : about UNISIST, domain analysis and art history.
In: Journal of documentation. 70(2014) no.2, S.261-281.
Abstract: Purpose - By using the UNISIST models this paper argues for the necessity of domain analysis in order to qualify scientific information seeking. The models allow better understanding of communication processes in a scientific domain and they embrace the point that domains are always both unstable over time, and changeable, according to the specific perspective. This understanding is even more important today as numerous digitally generated information tools as well as collaborative and interdisciplinary research are blurring the domain borders. Nevertheless, researchers navigate "intuitively" in "their" specific domains, and UNISIST helps understanding this navigation. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach - The UNISIST models are tentatively applied to the domain of art history at three stages, respectively two modern, partially overlapping domains, as well as an outline of an art historical domain anno c1820. The juxtapositions are discussed against the backdrop of, among others, poststructuralist concepts such as "power" and "anti-essentialism" Findings - The juxtapositions affirm the point already surfacing in the different versions of the UNISIST model, that is, structures of communication change over time as well as according to the agents that are charting them. As such, power in a Foucauldian sense is unavoidable in outlining a domain. Originality/value - The UNISIST models are applied to the domain of art history and the article discusses the instability of a scientific domain as well as, at the same time, the significance of framing a domain; an implication which is often neglected in scientific information seeking
Anmerkung: Beitrag in: Special Issue: The future of research libraries .
2Søndergaard, T.F. ; Andersen, J. ; Hjoerland, B.: Documents and the communication of scientific and scholarly information : revising and updating the UNISIST model.
In: Journal of documentation. 59(2003) no.3, S.278-320.
Abstract: In 1971 UNISIST proposed a model for scientific and technical communication. This model has been widely cited and additional models have been added to the literature. There is a need to bring this model to the focus of information science (IS) research as well as to update and revise it. There are both empirical and theoretical reasons for this need. On the empirical side much has happened in the developments of electronic communication that needs to be considered. From a theoretical point of view the domain-analytic view has proposed that differences between different disciplines and domains should be emphasised. The original model only considered scientific and technical communication as a whole. There is a need both to compare with the humanities and social sciences and to regard internal differences in the sciences. There are also other reasons to reconsider and modify this model today. Offers not only a descriptive model, but also a theoretical perspective from which information systems may be understood and evaluated. In addition to this provides empirical exemplification and proposals for research initiatives.
Anmerkung: Vgl. auch unter: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/00220410310472509
3Smith, L.C.: UNISIST revisited: campatibility in the context of collaboratories.
In: Classification research for knowledge representation and organization. Proc. 5th Int. Study Conf. on Classification Research, Toronto, Canada, 24.-28.6.1991. Ed. by N.J. Williamson u. M. Hudon. Amsterdam : Elsevier, 1992. S.337-344.
Abstract: On the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the UNISIST Study Report on the feasibility of a World Science Information System, this paper reconsiders the issue of compatibility of indexing languages in the context of the practice of science at the close of the twentieth century. Aspects of incompatibility and approaches to achieving compatibility are summarized, followed by identification of a research agenda for compatibility
4Hopkinson, A.: International data exchange : a question of formats.
In: Asian libraries. 2(1992) no.1, S.30-39.
Abstract: Paper presented at the International Symposium on Information Technology; Standards for biliographic control, Bangkok, Thailand, 4-8 Sept 89. Reviews the 3 formats for the international exchange of bibliographic data: UNIMARC, UNISIST Reference Manual, and UNESCO's Common Communication Format (CCF) and describes the origins, technical features and typical users for all 3 formats. Selection of the most appropriate format depends upon whether users participate in a library network, are employed by technical institutes, or need to exchange information with both types of organization
Objekt: UNIMARC ; UNISIST ; CCF
5Hopkinson, A. (Hrsg.): Information transfer and exchange formats.
In: Standards for the international exchange of bibliographic information: papers presented at a course held at the School of Library, Archive and Information Studies, University College, London, 3-18 August 1990. Ed.: I.C. McIlwaine. London : Library Association, 1991. S.169-176.
Abstract: Describes international standard exchange formats for bibliographic information transfer. Outlines their common and differing features. Describes: UNIMARC, UNISIST Reference manual and UNECSO Common Communication Format
Objekt: UNISIST ; CCF
9Vickery, B.C. ; Slater, M. ; Presanis, A. ; Reynolds, R.: Classification in science information : a comparative study undertaken by Aslib for the International Council of Scientific Unions as contribution to the ICSU/Unesco study of the feasibility of a world science information system (UNISIST).
London : Aslib, 1969.