Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 04. Juni 2021)
1Rösch, H.: Informationsethik und Bibliotheksethik : Grundlagen und Praxis.
Berlin : DeGruyter-Saur, 2021. XIII, 584 S.
(Bibliotheks- und Informationspraxis; 68)
Abstract: Neben den theoretischen und allgemeinen Grundlagen von Informationsethik und Bibliotheksethik wird das Spektrum ethischer Konflikte und Dilemmata an Beispielen aus der Praxis des Berufsfelds Bibliothek und Information konkret erläutert. Dabei wird deutlich, dass wissenschaftlich fundierte Aussagen der Informationsethik und der Bibliotheksethik grundlegend für die wertbezogene Standardisierung bibliothekarischer Arbeit und äußerst hilfreich für ethisch abgesicherte Entscheidungen im Berufsalltag sind.
Inhalt: Vgl,: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110522396.
RSWK: Informationsethik ; Bibliothek
BK: 06.35 Informationsmanagement
GHBS: AUB (PB) ; BANC (FHK)
RVK: AN 65100: Begriff, Wesen der Bibliothek / Allgemeines / Buch- und Bibliothekswesen, Informationswissenschaft ; AN 92650: Darstellungen zu mehreren Gebieten / Allgemeines / Buch- und Bibliothekswesen, Informationswissenschaft ; CC 7270: Ethik der Künstlichen Intelligenz, Maschinenethik, Roboterethik / Philosophie / Systematische Philosophie
2Bowker, L. ; Ciro, J.B.: Machine translation and global research : towards improved machine translation literacy in the scholarly community.
Bingley, UK : Emerald Publishing, 2019. xiii, 111 S.
Abstract: In the global research community, English has become the main language of scholarly publishing in many disciplines. At the same time, online machine translation systems have become increasingly easy to access and use. Is this a researcher's match made in heaven, or the road to publication perdition? Here Lynne Bowker and Jairo Buitrago Ciro introduce the concept of machine translation literacy, a new kind of literacy for scholars and librarians in the digital age. For scholars, they explain how machine translation works, how it is (or could be) used for scholarly communication, and how both native and non-native English-speakers can write in a translation-friendly way in order to harness its potential. Native English speakers can continue to write in English, but expand the global reach of their research by making it easier for their peers around the world to access and understand their works, while non-native English speakers can write in their mother tongues, but leverage machine translation technology to help them produce draft publications in English. For academic librarians, the authors provide a framework for supporting researchers in all disciplines as they grapple with producing translation-friendly texts and using machine translation for scholarly communication - a form of support that will only become more important as campuses become increasingly international and as universities continue to strive to excel on the global stage. Machine Translation and Global Research is a must-read for scientists, researchers, students, and librarians eager to maximize the global reach and impact of any form of scholarly work.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 71(2020) no.10, S.1275-1278 (Krystyna K. Matusiak).
LCSH: Literature and society ; Machine translating ; Literature / Translations / History and criticism
RSWK: Maschinelle Übersetzung
GHBS: BFP (FH K)
RVK: AP 15840 ; ES 960
3Affelt, A.: All that's not fit to print : fake news and the call to action for librarians and information professionals.
London, UK : Emerald, 2019. xiii, 161 S.
Abstract: "Dewey Defeats Truman." "Hillary Clinton Adopts Alien Baby." Fake news may have reached new notoriety since the 2016 US election, but it has been around a long time. Whether it was an error in judgment in a rush to publish election results in November, 1948, or a tabloid cover designed to incite an eye roll and a chuckle in June, 1993, fake news has permeated and influenced culture since the inception of the printed press. But now, when almost every press conference at the White House contains a declaration of the evils of "fake news", evaluating information integrity and quality is more important than ever. In All That?s Not Fit to Print, Amy Affelt offers tools and techniques for spotting fake news and discusses best practices for finding high quality sources, information, and data. Including an analysis of the relationship between fake news and social media, and potential remedies for viral fake news, Affelt explores the future of the press and the skills that librarians will need, not only to navigate these murky waters, but also to lead information consumers in to that future. For any librarian or information professional, or anyone who has ever felt overwhelmed by the struggle of determining the true from the false, this book is a fundamental guide to facing the tides of fake news.
Inhalt: 1. Fake News: False Content in a Familiar Format; 2. How We Got Here; 3. When Sharing Is Not Caring: Fake News and Social Media; 4. How to Spot Fake News; 5. Fake News in the Field: Library Schools and Libraries; Ottawa Public Library; Vancouver Public Library; Surrey Public Library; Mississauga Public Library; Oshawa Public Library Librarian; 6. The Future of Fake News: The View from HereThe Eyes Have It; Put Your Money Where the Mouth Is; Hot Blooded? Check It and See; Go Slow-Mo; Remember the Old Standbys; Conclusion.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 72(2021) no.2, S.259-263 (Thomas J. Froehlich).
Wissenschaftsfach: Kommunikationswissenschaften ; Bibliothekswesen ; Informationswissenschaft
LCSH: Electronic books ; Library science / Vocational guidance ; Information science / Vocational guidance ; Fake news ; Truthfulness and falsehood ; Libraries and mass media ; Libraries and society
RVK: AP 17120 ; AN 96800
4Badia, A.: ¬The information manifold : why computers cannot solve algorithmic bias and fake news.
Cambridge, UK : MIT Press, 2019. xvii, 334 S.
(History and foundations of information science)
Abstract: An argument that information exists at different levels of analysis-syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic-and an exploration of the implications. Although this is the Information Age, there is no universal agreement about what information really is. Different disciplines view information differently; engineers, computer scientists, economists, linguists, and philosophers all take varying and apparently disconnected approaches. In this book, Antonio Badia distinguishes four levels of analysis brought to bear on information: syntactic, semantic, pragmatic, and network-based. Badia explains each of these theoretical approaches in turn, discussing, among other topics, theories of Claude Shannon and Andrey Kolomogorov, Fred Dretske's description of information flow, and ideas on receiver impact and informational interactions. Badia argues that all these theories describe the same phenomena from different perspectives, each one narrower than the previous one. The syntactic approach is the more general one, but it fails to specify when information is meaningful to an agent, which is the focus of the semantic and pragmatic approaches. The network-based approach, meanwhile, provides a framework to understand information use among agents. Badia then explores the consequences of understanding information as existing at several levels. Humans live at the semantic and pragmatic level (and at the network level as a society), computers at the syntactic level. This sheds light on some recent issues, including "fake news" (computers cannot tell whether a statement is true or not, because truth is a semantic notion) and "algorithmic bias" (a pragmatic, not syntactic concern). Humans, not computers, the book argues, have the ability to solve these issues.
Inhalt: Introduction -- Information as codes : Shannon, Kolmogorov and the start of it all -- Information as content : semantics, possible worlds and all that jazz -- Information as pragmatics : impact and consequences -- Information as communication : networks and the phenomenon of emergence -- Will the real information please stand up? -- Is Shannon's theory a theory of information? -- Computers and information I : what can computers do? -- Computers and information II : machine learning, big data and algorithic bias -- Humans and information --Conclusions : where from here?
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 72(2021) no.3, S.357-361. (Marc Kosciejew)
Wissenschaftsfach: Informatik ; Kommunikationswissenschaften
LCSH: Information science / Philosophy ; Communication / Philosophy ; Information theory
RSWK: Massenmedien / Soziologie ; Informationsbeschaffung / Falschmeldung
BK: 05.31 Öffentlichkeit Kommunikationswissenschaft
5Hauff-Hartig, S.: Fehl-, Falsch- und Desinformation aus dem Blickwinkel der Informationswissenschaften : Lassen sich Manipulationen im Internet durch informationswissenschaftliche Methoden identifizieren?.
Berlin : Simon Verlag für Bibliothekswissen, 2018. 80 S.
Abstract: Falsche Nachrichten sind keine Erscheinung der Neuzeit. Die Feststellung, dass es im Internet Falschinformationen gibt, ist eine Binsenweisheit. In welchem Umfang jedoch Politiker mit falschen Behauptungen Erfolge erreichen und verifizierte Informationen als Fake News misskreditieren, ist besonders im Jahr 2016 in den Blickpunkt der Öffentlichkeit gelangt. Zu Recht, denn die gesellschaftlichen Auswirkungen sind gravierend. Die Auseinandersetzung mit derartigen Informationspathologien ist ein Aufgabengebiet der Informationswissenschaften. Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit soll die Beantwortung der Forschungsfrage sein, ob sich Manipulationen im Internet durch informationswissenschaftliche Methoden identifizieren lassen. Deshalb werden Falschinformationen zunächst in den informationswissenschaftlichen Kontext gestellt, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Sichtweisen von Reiner Kuhlen, Luciano Floridi und Don Fallis. Nach einem kurzen Exkurs zu Nachrichten und Medien werden Falschinformationen basierend auf einem Konzept von Giglietto et al. konkreter untersucht. Dazu wird auf die Besonderheiten der Informationsausbreitung im Web 2.0 eingegangen, der Begriff "irreführende Informationen" eingeführt und Faktoren, die für deren Weitergabe relevant sind, benannt. Für die Untersuchung, wie irreführende Informationen weitergegeben werden, steht statt einer akteurorientierten Betrachtung der Aspekt des Prozesses im Mittelpunkt. Dies erfolgt durch die Untersuchung von vier Typologien der Weitergabe irreführender Informationen. Durch das vorgestellte Verbreitungsmodell lassen sich Zusammenhänge und Abläufe bei der Verbreitung von Fake News und anderen irreführenden Informationen besser beschreiben und verstehen als bis zum jetzigen Zeitpunkt.
Objekt: Fake News
DDC: 020 / 23sdnb
6Ribeiro, F. u. M.E. Cerveira (Hrsg.): Challenges and opportunities for knowledge organization in the digital age : proceedings of the Fifteenth International ISKO Conference, 9-11 July 2018, Porto, Portugal / organized by: International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO), ISKO Spain and Portugal Chapter, University of Porto - Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Research Centre in Communication, Information and Digital Culture (CIC.digital) - Porto.
Baden-Baden : Ergon Verlag, 2018. 992 S.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.16)
Abstract: The 15th International ISKO Conference has been held in Porto (Portugal) under the topic Challenges and opportunities for KO in the digital age. ISKO has been organizing biennial international conferences since 1990, in order to promote a space for debate among Knowledge Organization (KO) scholars and practitioners all over the world. The topics under discussion in the 15th International ISKO Conference are intended to cover a wide range of issues that, in a very incisive way, constitute challenges, obstacles and questions in the field of KO, but also highlight ways and open innovative perspectives for this area in a world undergoing constant change, due to the digital revolution that unavoidably moulds our society. Accordingly, the three aggregating themes, chosen to fit the proposals for papers and posters to be submitted, are as follows: 1 - Foundations and methods for KO; 2 - Interoperability towards information access; 3 - Societal challenges in KO. In addition to these themes, the inaugural session includes a keynote speech by Prof. David Bawden of City University London, entitled Supporting truth and promoting understanding: knowledge organization and the curation of the infosphere.
BK: 06.35 (Informationsmanagement)
DDC: 020 / 23sdnb
7Rousseau, R. ; Egghe, L. ; Guns, R.: Becoming metric-wise : a bibliometric guide for researchers.
Cambridge, MA : Elsevier, Chandos Publishing, 2018. xv, 385 S.
Abstract: Aims to inform researchers about metrics so that they become aware of the evaluative techniques being applied to their scientific output. Understanding these concepts will help them during their funding initiatives, and in hiring and tenure. The book not only describes what indicators do (or are designed to do, which is not always the same thing), but also gives precise mathematical formulae so that indicators can be properly understood and evaluated. Metrics have become a critical issue in science, with widespread international discussion taking place on the subject across scientific journals and organizations. As researchers should know the publication-citation context, the mathematical formulae of indicators being used by evaluating committees and their consequences, and how such indicators might be misused, this book provides an ideal tome on the topic. Provides researchers with a detailed understanding of bibliometric indicators and their applications. Empowers researchers looking to understand the indicators relevant to their work and careers. Presents an informed and rounded picture of bibliometrics, including the strengths and shortcomings of particular indicators. Supplies the mathematics behind bibliometric indicators so they can be properly understood. Written by authors with longstanding expertise who are considered global leaders in the field of bibliometrics
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 70(2019) no.5, S.530-532 (I. Dorsch)
LCSH: Bibliometrics ; Electronic books
RSWK: Bibliometrie / Wissenschaft / Veröffentlichung
BK: 02.13 (Wissenschaftspraxis)
DDC: 020.21 / dc23
GHBS: AZC (E)
RVK: AK 28100 ; AN 96300 ; AN 96400
8Arafat, S. ; Ashoori, E.: Search foundations : toward a science of technology-mediated experience.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2018. 448 S.
(History and foundations of information science)
Abstract: This book contributes to discussions within Information Retrieval and Science (IR&S) by improving our conceptual understanding of the relationship between humans and technology. A call to redirect the intellectual focus of information retrieval and science (IR&S) toward the phenomenon of technology-mediated experience. In this book, Sachi Arafat and Elham Ashoori issue a call to reorient the intellectual focus of information retrieval and science (IR&S) away from search and related processes toward the more general phenomenon of technology-mediated experience. Technology-mediated experience accounts for an increasing proportion of human lived experience; the phenomenon of mediation gets at the heart of the human-machine relationship. Framing IR&S more broadly in this way generalizes its problems and perspectives, dovetailing them with those shared across disciplines dealing with socio-technical phenomena. This reorientation of IR&S requires imagining it as a new kind of science: a science of technology-mediated experience (STME). Arafat and Ashoori not only offer detailed analysis of the foundational concepts underlying IR&S and other technical disciplines but also boldly call for a radical, systematic appropriation of the sciences and humanities to create a better understanding of the human-technology relationship. Arafat and Ashoori discuss the notion of progress in IR&S and consider ideas of progress from the history and philosophy of science. They argue that progress in IR&S requires explicit linking between technical and nontechnical aspects of discourse. They develop a network of basic questions and present a discursive framework for addressing these questions. With this book, Arafat and Ashoori provide both a manifesto for the reimagining of their field and the foundations on which a reframed IR&S would rest.
Inhalt: The embedding of the foundational in the adhoc -- Notions of progress in information retrieval -- From growth to progress I : methodology for understanding progress -- From growth to progress II : the network of discourse -- Basic questions characterising foundations discourse -- Enduring nature of foundations -- Foundations as the way to the authoritative against the authoritarian : a conclusion
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 72(2021) no.3, S.377-383. (Marcia J. Bates)
LCSH: Information science ; Information retrieval
RSWK: Informationsverhalten / Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft
BK: 06.74 Informationssysteme
RVK: AN 96000: Allgemeines / Allgemeines / Buch- und Bibliothekswesen, Informationswissenschaft ; ST 278: Mensch-Maschine-Kommunikation Software-Ergonomie / Informatik / Monografien
9Tüür-Fröhlich, T.: ¬The non-trivial effects of trivial errors in scientific communication and evaluation.Preface: Volker Gadenne.
Glückstadt : vwh-Verlag, 2016. 162 S.
(Schriften zur Informationswissenschaft; Bd.69)
Abstract: "Thomson Reuters' citation indexes i.e. SCI, SSCI and AHCI are said to be "authoritative". Due to the huge influence of these databases on global academic evaluation of productivity and impact, Terje Tüür-Fröhlich decided to conduct case studies on the data quality of Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) records. Tüür-Fröhlich investigated articles from social science and law. The main findings: SSCI records contain tremendous amounts of "trivial errors", not only misspellings and typos as previously mentioned in bibliometrics and scientometrics literature. But Tüür-Fröhlich's research documented fatal errors which have not been mentioned in the scientometrics literature yet at all. Tüür-Fröhlich found more than 80 fatal mutations and mutilations of Pierre Bourdieu (e.g. "Atkinson" or "Pierre, B. and "Pierri, B."). SSCI even generated zombie references (phantom authors and works) by data fields' confusion - a deadly sin for a database producer - as fragments of Patent Laws were indexed as fictional author surnames/initials. Additionally, horrific OCR-errors (e.g. "nuxure" instead of "Nature" as journal title) were identified. Tüür-Fröhlich´s extensive quantitative case study of an article of the Harvard Law Review resulted in a devastating finding: only 1% of all correct references from the original article were indexed by SSCI without any mistake or error. Many scientific communication experts and database providers' believe that errors in databanks are of less importance: There are many errors, yes - but they would counterbalance each other, errors would not result in citation losses and would not bear any effect on retrieval and evaluation outcomes. Terje Tüür-Fröhlich claims the contrary: errors and inconsistencies are not evenly distributed but linked with languages biases and publication cultures."
Inhalt: Table of content: http://www.vwh-verlag.de/vwh/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/titelei_tuur-frohlich.pdf.
Anmerkung: Zugl.: Dissertation, Johannes Kepler Universität Linz, 2014.
10Sonnenwald, D.H. (Hrsg.): Theory development in the information sciences.
Austin, TX : University of Texas Press, 2016. vi, 343 S.
Abstract: Emerging as a discipline in the first half of the twentieth century, the information sciences study how people, groups, organizations, and governments create, share, disseminate, manage, search, access, evaluate, and protect information, as well as how different technologies and policies can facilitate and constrain these activities. Given the broad span of the information sciences, it is perhaps not surprising that there is no consensus regarding its underlying theory the purposes of it, the types of it, or how one goes about developing new theories to talk about new research questions. Diane H. Sonnenwald and the contributors to this volume seek to shed light on these issues by sharing reflections on the theory-development process. These reflections are not meant to revolve around data collection and analysis; rather, they focus on the struggles, challenges, successes, and excitement of developing theories. The particular theories that the contributors explore in their essays range widely, from theories of literacy and reading to theories of design and digital search. Several chapters engage with theories of the behavior of individuals and groups; some deal with processes of evaluation; others reflect on questions of design; and the rest treat cultural and scientific heritage. The ultimate goal, Sonnenwald writes in her introduction, is to "encourage, inspire, and assist individuals striving to develop and/or teach theory development.""
Inhalt: Inhalt: Exploring Theory Development: Learning from Diverse Masters Behavior of Individuals and Groups Many Paths to Theory: The Creative Process in the Information Sciences Reflections on Theory Construction in Human Information Behavior: A Theory of Browsing Reflections on the Development of a Theoretical Perspective Converging on Theory from Four Sides Evaluation Drawing Graphs for Theory Development in Bibliometrics and Retrieval Two Views on Theory Development for Interactive Information Retrieval Relevance: In Search of a Theoretical Foundation The Story of a Colony: Theory Development in Webometric Research Design Theorizing the Unprecedented Appropriating Theory Theory for Design: The Case of Reading Cultural and Scientific Heritage The Poverty of Theory; or, The Education of Jerome McGann Illuminating Daughter-Mother Narratives in Young Adult Fiction The Noblest Pleasure: Theories of Understanding in the Information Sciences Apologia pro Theoria Sua Supporting Future Theory Development
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 67(2017) no.7, S.1796-1801 (Birger Hjørland).
LCSH: Information science ; Information theory
RSWK: Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft / Theoriebildung / Informationstheorie
BK: 6.00 Information und Dokumentation: Allgemeines
DDC: 020 / dc23
RVK: AN 930000 ; ST 270
11Sugimoto, C.R. (Hrsg.): Theories of informetrics and scholarly communication : a Festschrift in honor of Blaise Cronin.
Berlin : de Gruyter Mouton, 2016. XI, 426 S.
Abstract: Scientometrics have become an essential element in the practice and evaluation of science and research, including both the evaluation of individuals and national assessment exercises. This book brings together the theories that guide informetrics and scholarly communication research. It is a much needed compilation by leading scholars in the field that gathers together the theories that guide our understanding of authorship, citing, and impact
Inhalt: Frontmatter -- -- Foreword -- -- Prologue -- -- Contents -- -- Introduction -- -- Part I: Critical informetrics -- -- The Incessant Chattering of Texts -- -- Informetrics Needs a Foundation in the Theory of Science -- -- Part II: Citation theories -- -- Referencing as Cooperation or Competition -- -- Semiotics and Citations -- -- Data Citation as a Bibliometric Oxymoron -- -- Part III: Statistical theories -- -- TypeToken Theory and Bibliometrics -- -- From a Success Index to a Success Multiplier -- -- From Matthew to Hirsch: A Success-Breeds-Success Story -- -- Informations Magic Numbers: The Numerology of Information Science -- -- Part IV: Authorship theories -- -- Authors as Persons and Authors as Bundles of Words -- -- The Angle Sum Theory: Exploring the Literature on Acknowledgments in Scholarly Communication -- -- The Flesh of Science: Somatics and Semiotics -- -- Part V: Knowledge organization theories -- -- Informetric Analyses of Knowledge Organization Systems (KOSs) -- -- Information, Meaning, and Intellectual Organization in Networks of Inter-Human Communication -- -- Modeling the Structure and Dynamics of Science Using Books -- -- Part VI: Altmetric theories -- -- Webometrics and Altmetrics: Home Birth vs. Hospital Birth -- -- Scientific Revolution in Scientometrics: The Broadening of Impact from Citation to Societal -- -- Altmetrics as Traces of the Computerization of the Research Process -- -- Interpreting Altmetrics: Viewing Acts on Social Media through the Lens of Citation and Social Theories -- -- Biographical information for the editor and contributors -- -- Index
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 68(2017) no.9, S.2275-2283 (Anthony F.J. van Raan)
RSWK: Bibliometri ; Altmetrische Daten ; Informetrie ; Wissensorganisation
BK: 02.20 Wissenschaftsinformation
DDC: 020.727 / DDC22ger
GHBS: AZC (E)
RVK: AK 26100 ; AK 28100 ; AN 96300
12Gingras, Y.: Bibliometrics and research evaluation : uses and abuses.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2016. xii, 119 S.
(History and foundations of information science)
Abstract: The research evaluation market is booming. "Ranking," "metrics," "h-index," and "impact factors" are reigning buzzwords. Government and research administrators want to evaluate everything -- teachers, professors, training programs, universities -- using quantitative indicators. Among the tools used to measure "research excellence," bibliometrics -- aggregate data on publications and citations -- has become dominant. Bibliometrics is hailed as an "objective" measure of research quality, a quantitative measure more useful than "subjective" and intuitive evaluation methods such as peer review that have been used since scientific papers were first published in the seventeenth century. In this book, Yves Gingras offers a spirited argument against an unquestioning reliance on bibliometrics as an indicator of research quality. Gingras shows that bibliometric rankings have no real scientific validity, rarely measuring what they pretend to. Although the study of publication and citation patterns, at the proper scales, can yield insights on the global dynamics of science over time, ill-defined quantitative indicators often generate perverse and unintended effects on the direction of research. Moreover, abuse of bibliometrics occurs when data is manipulated to boost rankings. Gingras looks at the politics of evaluation and argues that using numbers can be a way to control scientists and diminish their autonomy in the evaluation process. Proposing precise criteria for establishing the validity of indicators at a given scale of analysis, Gingras questions why universities are so eager to let invalid indicators influence their research strategy.
Inhalt: The origins of bibliometrics -- What bibliometrics teach us about the dynamics of scienceThe proliferation of research evaluation -- The evaluation of research evaluation -- Conclusion: the universities' new clothes?
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 68(2017) no.9, S.2290-2292 (Judit Bar-Ilan). Originaltitel: Dérives de l'évaluation de la recherche.
LCSH: Bibliometrics ; Research / Evaluation ; Education, Higher / Research / Evaluation ; Universities and colleges / Research / Evaluation
RSWK: Bibliometrie / Missbrauch / Forschung / Erfolgskontrolle
BK: 02.13 (Wissenschaftspraxis) Subject | Subject | ; 81.80 (Hochschulen / Fachhochschulen) ; 83.31 (Wirtschaftswachstum)
DDC: 020.727 / dc23
RVK: AK 28100 ; AN 96300 ; AN 96800 ; QB 100
13Chaves Guimarães, J.A., S. Oliveira Milani u. Vera Dodebei (Hrsg.): Knowledge organization for a sustainable world: challenges and perspectives for cultural, scientific, and technological sharing in a connected society : proceedings of the Fourteenth International ISKO Conference 27-29 September 2016, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil / organized by International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO), ISKO-Brazil, São Paulo State University ; edited by José Augusto Chaves Guimarães, Suellen Oliveira Milani, Vera Dodebei.
Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2016. 599 S.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.15)
BK: 02.14 Organisation von Wissenschaft und Kultur
DDC: 020 / DC22ger
RVK: AK 27000 ; AK 28400
14Borgman, C.L.: Big data, little data, no data : scholarship in the networked world.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2015. XXV, 383 S.
Abstract: "Big Data" is on the covers of Science, Nature, the Economist, and Wired magazines, on the front pages of the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times. But despite the media hyperbole, as Christine Borgman points out in this examination of data and scholarly research, having the right data is usually better than having more data; little data can be just as valuable as big data. In many cases, there are no data -- because relevant data don't exist, cannot be found, or are not available. Moreover, data sharing is difficult, incentives to do so are minimal, and data practices vary widely across disciplines. Borgman, an often-cited authority on scholarly communication, argues that data have no value or meaning in isolation; they exist within a knowledge infrastructure -- an ecology of people, practices, technologies, institutions, material objects, and relationships. After laying out the premises of her investigation -- six "provocations" meant to inspire discussion about the uses of data in scholarship -- Borgman offers case studies of data practices in the sciences, the social sciences, and the humanities, and then considers the implications of her findings for scholarly practice and research policy. To manage and exploit data over the long term, Borgman argues, requires massive investment in knowledge infrastructures; at stake is the future of scholarship.
Inhalt: Provocations -- What are data? -- Data scholarship -- Data diversity -- Data scholarship in the sciences -- Data scholarship in the social sciences -- Data scholarship in the humanities -- Sharing, releasing, and reusing data -- Credit, attribution, and discovery of data -- What to keep and why to keep them.
Anmerkung: Weitere Rez. in: JASIST 67(2016) no.3, S.751-753 (C. Tenopir).
LCSH: Communication in learning and scholarship / Technological innovations ; Research / Methodology ; Research / Data processing ; Information technology ; Information storage and retrieval systems ; Cyberinfrastructure
RSWK: Wissenschaft / Digitalisierung ; Forschung / Datenauswertung / Massendaten / Integrität
; Forschung / Datenverarbeitung / Informationssystem / Wissenschaft / E-Science
BK: 54.04 Ausbildung, Beruf, Organisationen Informatik ; 06.35 Informationsmanagement ; 02.13 Wissenschaftspraxis
DDC: 004 ; 020
GHBS: TZB (PB)
RVK: AK 28000 ; AK 28400 ; AK 39950
15Burke, C.: Information and intrigue : from index cards to Dewey decimals to Alger Hiss.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2014. 370 S.
(History and foundation of information science)
Abstract: In Information and Intrigue Colin Burke tells the story of one man's plan to revolutionize the world's science information systems and how science itself became enmeshed with ideology and the institutions of modern liberalism. In the 1890s, the idealistic American Herbert Haviland Field established the Concilium Bibliographicum, a Switzerland-based science information service that sent millions of index cards to American and European scientists. Field's radical new idea was to index major ideas rather than books or documents. In his struggle to create and maintain his system, Field became entangled with nationalistic struggles over the control of science information, the new system of American philanthropy (powered by millionaires), the politics of an emerging American professional science, and in the efforts of another information visionary, Paul Otlet, to create a pre-digital worldwide database for all subjects. World War I shuttered the Concilium, and postwar efforts to revive it failed. Field himself died in the influenza epidemic of 1918. Burke carries the story into the next generation, however, describing the astonishingly varied career of Field's son, Noel, who became a diplomat, an information source for Soviet intelligence (as was his friend Alger Hiss), a secret World War II informant for Allen Dulles, and a prisoner of Stalin. Along the way, Burke touches on a range of topics, including the new entrepreneurial university, Soviet espionage in America, and further efforts to classify knowledge.
Inhalt: Raising a perfectly modern HerbertAn unexpected library revolution, at an unexpected place, by an unusual young fellow -- The great men at Harvard and Herbert's information "calling" -- Challenging the British "Lion" of science information -- New information ideas in Zurich, not Brooklyn or Paris -- Starting an information revolution and business, the hard way -- Big debts, big gamble, big building, big friends, a special librarian -- Lydia's other adventurous boy, family responsibilities, to America with hat in hand, war -- From information to intrigue, Herbert, WWI, a young Allen Dulles -- Returning to a family in decline, meeting with the liberal establishment -- To the centers of science and political power, and a new information world -- More conflicts between old and new science -- Wistar and the Council's abstracts vs. Field's elegant classification, round 1 -- A Concilium without Herbert Field, Nina and the Rockefeller's great decisions -- A voyage home and the Council's vision for world science vs. the Concilium, round 2 -- The information consequences of "capitalism's disaster" and the shift to applied science information -- The 1930's ideological journey of the Fields and their liberal friends -- Intrigue begins, in Switzerland, England, and Cambridge -- New loves, a family of agents, science information in war, librarians stealing books?, Soviet espionage without cost -- Looking forward to more intrigue, the postwar stories of big science, big information, and more ideology.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST66(2015) no.10, S.2168-2170 (E. Levine)
Themenfeld: Geschichte der Sacherschließung
LCSH: Field, Herbert Haviland / 1868 / 1921 ; Field, Noel Haviland / 1904 / 1970 ; Concilium Bibliographicum / History ; Classification / Books / Science ; Information storage and retrieval systems / Science ; Bibliographers / Biography ; Diplomats / Biography ; Information science / History ; Science / Political aspects / History / 20th century ; Science and state / History / 20th century
RSWK: USA / Wissensorganisation / Klassifikation / Bibliografie / Geschichte 1860-1960 ; USA / Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft / Bibliothekswissenschaft / Geschichte 1860-1960 ; Field, Noel / Field, Herbert Haviland / Biographie ; Concilium Bibliographicum / Geschichte 1895-1960 ; Deutschland / Großbritannien / Schweden / Geheimdienst / Geschichte 1939-1945 (SWB)
BK: 06.01 (Geschichte des Informations- und Dokumentationswesens)
RVK: AN 93400 ; MF 9500
16Wright, A.: Cataloging the world : Paul Otlet and the birth of the information age.
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2014. 360 S.
Abstract: In 1934, a Belgian entrepreneur named Paul Otlet sketched out plans for a worldwide network of computers-or "electric telescopes," as he called them - that would allow people anywhere in the world to search and browse through millions of books, newspapers, photographs, films and sound recordings, all linked together in what he termed a reseau mondial: a "worldwide web." Today, Otlet and his visionary proto-Internet have been all but forgotten, thanks to a series of historical misfortunes - not least of which involved the Nazis marching into Brussels and destroying most of his life's work. In the years since Otlet's death, however, the world has witnessed the emergence of a global network that has proved him right about the possibilities - and the perils - of networked information. In Cataloging the World, Alex Wright brings to light the forgotten genius of Paul Otlet, an introverted librarian who harbored a bookworm's dream to organize all the world's information. Recognizing the limitations of traditional libraries and archives, Otlet began to imagine a radically new way of organizing information, and undertook his life's great work: a universal bibliography of all the world's published knowledge that ultimately totaled more than 12 million individual entries. That effort eventually evolved into the Mundaneum, a vast "city of knowledge" that opened its doors to the public in 1921 to widespread attention. Like many ambitious dreams, however, Otlet's eventually faltered, a victim to technological constraints and political upheaval in Europe on the eve of World War II. Wright tells not just the story of a failed entrepreneur, but the story of a powerful idea - the dream of universal knowledge - that has captivated humankind since before the great Library at Alexandria. Cataloging the World explores this story through the prism of today's digital age, considering the intellectual challenge and tantalizing vision of Otlet's digital universe that in some ways seems far more sophisticated than the Web as we know it today. ; The dream of universal knowledge hardly started with the digital age. From the archives of Sumeria to the Library of Alexandria, humanity has long wrestled with information overload and management of intellectual output. Revived during the Renaissance and picking up pace in the Enlightenment, the dream grew and by the late nineteenth century was embraced by a number of visionaries who felt that at long last it was within their grasp. Among them, Paul Otlet stands out. A librarian by training, he worked at expanding the potential of the catalogue card -- the world's first information chip. From there followed universal libraries and reading rooms, connecting his native Belgium to the world -- by means of vast collections of cards that brought together everything that had ever been put to paper. Recognizing that the rapid acceleration of technology was transforming the world's intellectual landscape, Otlet devoted himself to creating a universal bibliography of all published knowledge. Ultimately totaling more than 12 million individual entries, it would evolve into the Mundaneum, a vast "city of knowledge" that opened its doors to the public in 1921. By 1934, Otlet had drawn up plans for a network of "electric telescopes" that would allow people everywhere to search through books, newspapers, photographs, and recordings, all linked together in what he termed a réseau mondial: a worldwide web. It all seemed possible, almost until the moment when the Nazis marched into Brussels and carted it all away. In Cataloging the World, Alex Wright places Otlet in the long continuum of visionaries and pioneers who have dreamed of unifying the world's knowledge, from H.G. Wells and Melvil Dewey to Ted Nelson and Steve Jobs. And while history has passed Otlet by, Wright shows that his legacy persists in today's networked age, where Internet corporations like Google and Twitter play much the same role that Otlet envisioned for the Mundaneum -- as the gathering and distribution channels for the world's intellectual output. In this sense, Cataloging the World is more than just the story of a failed entrepreneur; it is an ongoing story of a powerful idea that has captivated humanity from time immemorial, and that continues to inspire many of us in today's digital age.
Inhalt: Introduction -- 1. The Libraries of Babel -- 2. The Dream of the Labyrinth -- 3. Belle Epoque -- 4. The Microphotic Book -- 5. The Index Museum -- 6. Castles in the Air -- 7. Hope, Lost and Found -- 8. Mundaneum -- 9. The Collective Brain -- 10. The Radiated Library -- 11. The Intergalactic Network -- 12. Entering the Steam -- Conclusion.
Themenfeld: Geschichte der Sacherschließung
LCSH: Otlet, Paul / 1868 / 1944 ; Mundaneum / History ; Bibliographers / Belgium / Biography ; Universal bibliography ; Documentation ; Classification / Books ; Information organization / History ; World Wide Web / History
RSWK: Otlet, Paul / Biographie ; Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft / Klassifikation / Katalogisierung / Geschichte 1900-1950
BK: 06.01 Geschichte des Informations- und Dokumentationswesens
RVK: AN 93200
17Umlauf, K, S. Fühles-Ubach u. M.S. Seadle (Hrsg.): Handbuch Methoden der Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaft : Bibliotheks-, Benutzerforschung, Informationsanalyse.
Berlin : De Gruyter Saur, 2013. 560 S.
Abstract: Dieses Handbuch stellt in Beiträgen der führenden Experten qualitative und quantitative Forschungsmethoden des Faches vor. Behandelt werden sowohl fachspezifische Methoden wie auch Methoden der Sozialwissenschaften und der Informatik: Entwicklung von Forschungsdesigns, Befragungen, Nutzungsmessung von Websites, Benutzerforschung, Ethnomethodologie, Methoden der Informetrie, Evaluation von Informationssystemen, Inhaltsanalyse, Diskursanalyse, hermeneutische Methoden, Delphi-Methode, Methoden der buchwissenschaftlichen Forschung, Forschungsmethoden für historische Fragestellungen, Methoden der Lese- und Mediennutzungsforschung. Auch neue Möglichkeiten der Unterstützung durch Online-Tools (z.B. Online-Befragungen) werden erklärt.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.degruyter.com/viewbooktoc/product/129330.
RSWK: Bibliothekswissenschaft / Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft / Forschungsmethode
DDC: 020.721 / DDC22ger
18Berman, S.: Not in my library! : "Berman's bag" columns from The Unabshed Librarian, 2000-2013.
Jefferson, NC : McFarland, 2013. 208 S.
Abstract: Contains a reprinted Counterpoise interview with Sandy Berman plus 45 of his U*L columns dealing with such topics as book-burning, genocide, government secrecy and repression, cataloging, indexing, Banned Books Week, classism, self-censorship, and free speech for library staff
Inhalt: Introduction (Counterpoise interview with Kristin Hoyer, 2005) -- Why catalog? (u*l 116, 2000) -- Must "the poor" always be among us? (u*l 117, 2000) -- The top censored library stories of 1998-2000 (u*l 118, 2001) -- Updates and additions (u*l 119, 2001) -- Updates and additions (u*l 120, 2001) -- No more shushing : library staff and users speak (part 1) (u*l 121, 2001) -- Harry Potter imperiled, keyword searching as panacea, Robin Hood's noble liege, and other foolishness (u*l 124, 2002) -- "Not in my library!" (u*l 125, 2002) -- Updates and additions (u*l 127, 2003) -- Cuba libre! (u*l 128, 2003) -- No more shushing : library staff and users speak (part 2), more on Cuba (u*l 129, 2003) -- King County responds, "Banned books week" deconstructed, cataloging blues at LAPL, Loompanics' Mike Hoy on censorship, deep-sixed Afghan atrocity film, Cuba again (u*l 130, 2004) -- Access denied (u*l 133, 2004) -- Squelched letters, more access denied (u*l 134, 2005) -- Fighting the USA Patriot Act, updates and additions (u*l 135, 2005) -- UCLA cross-refs, AACR3, library openness (u*l 136, 2005) -- Cataloging zines and widgets (u*l 137, 2005) -- Questions (u*l 138, 2006) -- "Genocide" or merely "massacres"? : the politics of subject cataloging (u*l 139, 2006) -- Darfur revisited, GLBT access denied (u*l 140, 2006) -- Subject cataloging (part 1) (u*l 143, 2007) -- Subject cataloging (part 2) (u*l 142, 2007) -- Subject cataloging (postscript), self-censorship (u*l 143, 2007) -- Obsessions (u*l 144, 2007) -- Huh?, fines and fees, self-censorship (continued) (u*l 145, 2007) -- "Controversial" cataloging (u*l 146, 2008) -- Flawed indexing, erotica selection, subject heading currency, undercataloging (u*l 147, 2008) -- Darfur redux, LC cataloging rescue, subject heading currency (u*l 148, 2008) -- Book, many missed opportunities, or why cataloging matters (when it's done right) (u*l 149, 2008) -- Cats, cataloging, fines, and BBW (Banned books week) (u*l 150, 2009) -- More classism in the stacks (u*l 151, 2009) -- Cataloging stink, truth in materials selection, CEO pay (u*l 152, 2009) -- Liberated foreword, unrequited LC letters (u*l 153, 2009) -- Nation gets it wrong, more unrequited LC letters, LCSH currency (u*l 154, 2010) -- More (attempted) LCSH input, geopolitics versus historical truth (u*l 155, 2010) -- LCSH currency (continued), libraries and politics, retiring the r-word, Celeste West tribute (u*l 156, 2010) -- The kids are not all right (u*l 157, 2010) -- Remembrance of things past, interview excerpts (u*l 158, 2011) -- More interview excerpts, atheist deficit, what Rosa said (u*l 159, 2011) -- No to government secrecy and repression! (u*l 160, 2011) -- Word peeves, "content-enriched metadata," no "sexting" allowed (u*l 161, 2011) -- Really banned books, another word peeve, Clint's fantasy, OWS library trashed, PFC Manning's gift (u*l 162, 2012) -- Post office crisis, LC letters (u*l 163, 2012) -- Another real banning, the trashing of both Hypatia and her library, not-so-funny cataloging (u*l 164, 2012) -- Laureates support PFC Manning, self-censorship affirmed, J'accuse LC of untimeliness and sloth, let's hear it for Robin Hood! (u*l 166, 2013).
Anmerkung: Rez. in: BuB 66(2014) H.10, S.722 (O. Dienelt) u.d.T.: Über einen unbequemen Kolumnisten: ein anderer Blickwinkel
LCSH: Library science / Moral and ethical aspects ; Library science / Political aspects ; Libraries and society ; Censorship ; Libraries / Censorship ; Cataloging ; Subject cataloging ; Subject headings, Library of Congress ; Library & information sciences c 2000 to c 2010 ; c 2010 to c 2020
19Stock, W.G. ; Stock, M.: Handbook of information science : a comprehensive handbook.Transl. from the German by Paul Becker.
Berlin : DeGruyter, 2013. IX, 901 S.
(Knowledge and Information)
Abstract: Dealing with information is one of the vital skills in the 21st century. It takes a fair degree of information savvy to create, represent and supply information as well as to search for and retrieve relevant knowledge. How does information (documents, pieces of knowledge) have to be organized in order to be retrievable? What role does metadata play? What are search engines on the Web, or in corporate intranets, and how do they work? How must one deal with natural language processing and tools of knowledge organization, such as thesauri, classification systems, and ontologies? How useful is social tagging? How valuable are intellectually created abstracts and automatically prepared extracts? Which empirical methods allow for user research and which for the evaluation of information systems? This Handbook is a basic work of information science, providing a comprehensive overview of the current state of information retrieval and knowledge representation. It addresses readers from all professions and scientific disciplines, but particularly scholars, practitioners and students of Information Science, Library Science, Computer Science, Information Management, and Knowledge Management. This Handbook is a suitable reference work for Public and Academic Libraries.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.degruyter.com/doi/book/10.1515/9783110235005.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: iwp 65(2014) H.1, S.76-81 (R. Kuhlen). Weitere Rez. in: JASIST 67(2016) no.3, S.749-750 (T. Saracevic).
RSWK: Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft
BK: 06.74 (Informationssysteme)
DDC: 020 / DDC22ger
RVK: AN 92500
20Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: ¬An introduction to information science.
London : Facet Publ., 2012. XXX, 351 S.
Abstract: Landmark textbook taking a whole subject approach to information science as a discipline. The authors' expert narratives guides you through each of the essential components of information science, offering a concise introduction an expertly chosen readings and resources. This is the definitve science textbook for students of this subject, and of information and knowledge management, librarianship, archives and records management worldwide.
Inhalt: Parallelausg.: Chicago, IL: Neal Schuman Pub 2012. ISBN 978-1-55570-861-0
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 64(2013) no.5, S.1081-1083 (E. Aversa)
Themenfeld: Grundlagen u. Einführungen: Allgemeine Literatur
LCSH: Information science
RSWK: Bibliothekswissenschaft / Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft / Einführung
BK: 06.35 (Informationsmanagement)
GHBS: TZU (HA) ; BAHH (FH K)