Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 28. April 2022)
1Lalmas, M.: XML retrieval.
San Rafael, Calif. : Morgan and Claypool, 2009. IX,99 S.
(Synthesis lectures on information concepts, retrieval & services; 7)
Abstract: Documents usually have a content and a structure. The content refers to the text of the document, whereas the structure refers to how a document is logically organized. An increasingly common way to encode the structure is through the use of a mark-up language. Nowadays, the most widely used mark-up language for representing structure is the eXtensible Mark-up Language (XML). XML can be used to provide a focused access to documents, i.e. returning XML elements, such as sections and paragraphs, instead of whole documents in response to a query. Such focused strategies are of particular benefit for information repositories containing long documents, or documents covering a wide variety of topics, where users are directed to the most relevant content within a document. The increased adoption of XML to represent a document structure requires the development of tools to effectively access documents marked-up in XML. This book provides a detailed description of query languages, indexing strategies, ranking algorithms, presentation scenarios developed to access XML documents. Major advances in XML retrieval were seen from 2002 as a result of INEX, the Initiative for Evaluation of XML Retrieval. INEX, also described in this book, provided test sets for evaluating XML retrieval effectiveness. Many of the developments and results described in this book were investigated within INEX.
Inhalt: Table of Contents: Introduction / Basic XML Concepts / Historical Perspectives / Query Languages / Indexing Strategies / Ranking Strategies / Presentation Strategies / Evaluating XML Retrieval Effectiveness / Conclusions
LCSH: Information retrieval ; Query languages (Computer science) ; XML (Document markup language)
GHBS: BCA (FH K)
2Park, J. u. S. Hunting (Hrsg.): XML topic maps : creating and using topic maps for the Web.
Boston : Addison-Wesley, 2003. xxix, 603 S.
Abstract: XML Topic Maps (XTM) represent a powerful new tool for transforming the Web from a vast, chaotic sea of data into a highly usable information resource. XML Topic Maps is the first comprehensive, authoritative guide to this new technology. Edited by Jack Park, a leader of the XTM community, with contributions from leading members of the community, it covers every aspect of XML Topic Map creation and usage. Drawing on the XTM 1.0 standard, a complete XML grammar for interchanging Web-based Topic Maps, this book shows how XML Topic Maps can be utilized as an enabling technology for the new "Semantic Web," in which information is given well-defined meaning, making it possible for computers and people to cooperate more effectively than ever before. Coverage includes: creating, using, and extending XML Topic Maps; ontological engineering; and the use of XML Topic Maps to create next-generation knowledge representation systems and search tools. Park shows how to use Topic Maps to visualize data; how Topic Maps relate to RDF and semantic networks; and finally, how Topic Maps presage a profound paradigm shift in the way information is represented, shared, and learned on the Internet -- and everywhere else. For every Web designer, developer, and content specialist concerned with delivering and sharing information in more useful and meaningful forms.
Inhalt: Inhalt: Let There Be Light / Jack Park - Introduction to the Topic Maps Paradigm / Michel Biezunski - A Perspective on the Quest for Global Knowledge Interchange / Steven R. Newcomb - The Rise and Rise of Topic Maps / Sam Hunting - Topic Maps from Representation to Identity: Conversation, Names, and Published Subject Indicators / Bernard Vatant - How to Start Topic Mapping Right Away with the XTM Specification / Sam Hunting - Knowledge Representation, Ontological Engineering, and Topic Maps / Leo Obrst and Howard Liu - Topic Maps in the Life Sciences / John Park arid Nefer Park - Creating and Maintaining Enterprise Web Sites with Topic Maps and XSLT / Nikita Ogievetsky - SemanText / Eric Freese - XTM Programming with TM4J / Kal Ahmed - Nexist Topic MapTestbed / Jack Park - GooseWorks Toolkit / Sam Hunting - Topic Map Visualization / Benedicte Le Grand - Topic Maps and RDF / Eric Freese - Topic Maps and Semantic Networks / Eric Freese - Topic Map Fundamentals for Knowledge Representation / H. Holger Rath - Topic Maps in Knowledge Organization / Alexander Sigel - Prediction: A Profound Paradigm Shift / Kathleen M. Fisher - Topic Maps, the Semantic Web, and Education / Jack Park
Objekt: Topic maps
LCSH: XML (Document markup language) ; Metadata
RSWK: XML ; Metadaten
BK: 54.55 / Auszeichnungssprachen
GHBS: TWCE (FH K) ; TVV (PB) ; TZG (HA)
LCC: QA76.76.H94 X45494 2003
RVK: ST 250
3Ray, E.T. (Hrsg.): Learning XML : [creating self describing data].
Sebastopol, CA : O'Reilly, 2001. xii, 354 S.
Abstract: Although Learning XML covers XML with a broad brush, it nevertheless presents the key elements of the technology with enough detail to familiarise the reader with the crucial markup language. This guide is brief enough to tackle in a weekend. Author Erik T Ray begins with an excellent summary of XML's history as an outgrowth of SGML and HTML. He outlines very clearly the elements of markup, demystifying concepts such as attributes, entities and namespaces with numerous clear examples. To illustrate a real-world XML application, he gives the reader a look at a document written in DocBook--a publicly available XML document type for publishing technical writings--and explains the sections of the document step by step. A simplified version of DocBook is used later in the book to illustrate transformation--a powerful benefit of XML. The all-important Document Type Definition (DTD) is covered in depth, but the still-unofficial alternative--XML Schema--is only briefly addressed. The author makes liberal use of graphical illustrations, tables and code to demonstrate concepts along the way, keeping the reader engaged and on track. Ray also gets into a deep discussion of programming XML utilities with Perl. Learning XML is a highly readable introduction to XML for readers with existing knowledge of markup and Web technologies, and it meets its goals very well--to deliver a broad perspective of XML and its potential.
Inhalt: Topics covered: XML overview - XPointer - XLink - XHTML - Presentation with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) - Document Type Definitions (DTDs) - XML Schemas - Transformation with XSLT - Internationalization - Simple API for XML (SAX)
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 52(2001) no.12, S.1082-1084 (J. Kalbach). - Dt. Ausg. u.d.T.: Einführung in XML
LCSH: XML (Document markup language)
BK: 54.62 / Datenstrukturen ; 54.55 / Auszeichnungssprachen
DDC: 005.7/2 / dc21
GHBS: TYBA (E) ; TVV (PB) ; TYD (PB) ; TWCE (FH K)
LCC: QA76.76.H94R3945 2001
RVK: ST 250 X70 ; ST 200
4Bradshaw, J.M.: Software agents.
Menlo Park, CA : AAAI Press / MIT Press, 1997. X, 480 S.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Education for information 16(1998) no.2, S.160-161 (F. Johnson)
LCSH: Intelligent agents (Computer software)
5Schoenhoff, D.M.: ¬The barefoot expert : the interface of computerized knowledge systems and indigenous knowledge systems.
Westport, CT : Greenwood Press, 1993. 184 S.
(Contributions to the study of computer science; no.3)
Abstract: It may seem a strange match - AI and crop irrigation or AI and the Serengeti lions but researchers in artificial intelligence envision expert systems as a new technology for capturing the knowledge and reasoning process of experts in agriculture, wildlife management and many other fields. These computer programmes have a relevance for developing nations that desire to close the gap between themselves and the richer nations of the world. Despite the value and appeal of expert systems for economic and technological development, Schoenhoff dicloses how this technology reflects the Western preoccupation with literacy and rationality. When expert systems are introduced into developing nations, they must interact with persons who reason and articulate their knowledge in ways unfamiliar to high-tech cultures. Knowledge, particularly in poor and traditional communities, may be expressed in proverbs rather than propositions or in folklore rather that formulas. Drawing upon diverse disciplines, the author explores whether such indigenous knowledge can be incorporated into the formal language and artificial rationality of the computer - and the imperative for working toward this incorporation.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIS 45(1994) no.3, S.220-221 (P. Wilson)
LCSH: Expert systems (Computer science) ; Ethnoscience
RSWK: Wissensbasiertes System (GBV) ; Expertensystem / Weltbild (TR) ; Wissensverarbeitung (BVB)
BK: 54.72 / Künstliche Intelligenz
DDC: 006.3/3 / dc20
LCC: QA76.76.E95S383 1993
7Rada, R.: Hypertext: from text to expertext.
London : McGraw-Hill, 1991. 237 S.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Journal of documentation 48(1992) S.98-99 (P. Brown); Knowledge organization 20(1993) no.2, S.106-107 (dt.), no.3, S.172-173 (engl.) (R. Kuhlen)
Compass: Software / Documentation
LCSH: Computer programs / Catalogs
8Ignizio, J.P.: ¬An Introduction to expert systems : the development and implementation of rule-based expert systems.
New York : McGraw-Hill, 1991. XXI, 402 S. + 1 computer disk (5 1/4").
Abstract: For courses in Expert Systems, Knowledge-Based Systems, Artificial Intelligence or Decision Support Systems, this book embodies the fact that expert systems now extend beyond the field of computer science into such areas as engineering and business. It offers a comprehensive understanding of expert systems and shows their application to real world problems. The material is presented in such a way that the student needs no previous experience in computers or computer programming. The book addresses all of the topics necessary to understand, build, validate, and implement expert systems - with many examples, exercises, and problems. A working version of EXSYS - a microcomputer-based expert systems software program - is packaged with the text.
Compass: Expert systems
LCSH: Expert systems (Computer science) ; System design
DDC: 006.33 / dc20
GHBS: TZH (HA)
LCC: QA76.76.E95I387 1991
9Sparck Jones, K.: Synonymy and semantic classification.
Edinburgh : Edinburg University Press, 1986. VIII,285 S.
(Edinburgh information technology series ; 1)
LCSH: Programming languages (Electronic computers) / Syntax ; Programming languages (Electronic computers) / Semantics
Precis: Computer systems / Programming languages / Grammar