Document (#17399)

Author
Fu, Y.-h.
Title
¬The theory and empirical studies on information seeking
Source
Bulletin of library and information science. 1997, no.20, S.13-28
Year
1997
Abstract
Defines information seeking as using information to satisfy one's needs. Traditionally, quantitative research has focused on objective information and the external behaviour of users, while the alternative paradigm in user studies focused on subjective information and the internal cognition of users. In the context of the paradigm shift, scholars are calling for supplementing quantitative approaches with qualitative approaches. Reviews the literature and presents theories and empirical studies on information needs and information seeking behaviour
Footnote
In Chinesisch

Similar documents (content)

  1. Maungwa, T.; Fourie, I.: Competitive intelligence failures : an information behaviour lens to key intelligence and information needs (2018) 0.24
    0.24219711 = sum of:
      0.24219711 = product of:
        0.6727697 = sum of:
          0.018418755 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 1201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.018418755 = score(doc=1201,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.094081305 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2481209 = boost
                3.5798833 = idf(docFreq=3179, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.19577487 = fieldWeight in 1201, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5798833 = idf(docFreq=3179, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1201)
          0.09365409 = weight(abstract_txt:needs in 1201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09365409 = score(doc=1201,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.14542809 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5517764 = boost
                4.450834 = idf(docFreq=1330, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.64398897 = fieldWeight in 1201, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                4.450834 = idf(docFreq=1330, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1201)
          0.04154004 = weight(abstract_txt:approaches in 1201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04154004 = score(doc=1201,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16179848 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6367872 = boost
                4.694663 = idf(docFreq=1042, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.25673938 = fieldWeight in 1201, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.694663 = idf(docFreq=1042, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1201)
          0.13033833 = weight(abstract_txt:behaviour in 1201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13033833 = score(doc=1201,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.24043858 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9952948 = boost
                5.7229414 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.54208577 = fieldWeight in 1201, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.7229414 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1201)
          0.08905952 = weight(abstract_txt:quantitative in 1201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08905952 = score(doc=1201,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26901925 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.110555 = boost
                6.0535326 = idf(docFreq=267, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.33105257 = fieldWeight in 1201, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.0535326 = idf(docFreq=267, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1201)
          0.098057225 = weight(abstract_txt:paradigm in 1201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.098057225 = score(doc=1201,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2868465 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.179364 = boost
                6.250892 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.34184566 = fieldWeight in 1201, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.250892 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1201)
          0.049023297 = weight(abstract_txt:studies in 1201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.049023297 = score(doc=1201,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20683716 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.266548 = boost
                4.3339696 = idf(docFreq=1495, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.23701397 = fieldWeight in 1201, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3339696 = idf(docFreq=1495, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1201)
          0.08200367 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 1201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08200367 = score(doc=1201,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.29146233 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6905549 = boost
                5.1447325 = idf(docFreq=664, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.28135255 = fieldWeight in 1201, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1447325 = idf(docFreq=664, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1201)
          0.07067486 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07067486 = score(doc=1201,freq=12.0), product of:
              0.15292156 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9769626 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.46216413 = fieldWeight in 1201, product of:
                3.4641016 = tf(freq=12.0), with freq of:
                  12.0 = termFreq=12.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1201)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  2. Hjoerland, B.: Theory and metatheory of information science : a new interpretation (1998) 0.20
    0.20061845 = sum of:
      0.20061845 = product of:
        0.71649444 = sum of:
          0.11251078 = weight(abstract_txt:theories in 724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11251078 = score(doc=724,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.12078695 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.736437 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.93148124 = fieldWeight in 724, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.736437 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=724)
          0.03157501 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03157501 = score(doc=724,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.094081305 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2481209 = boost
                3.5798833 = idf(docFreq=3179, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.33561406 = fieldWeight in 724, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5798833 = idf(docFreq=3179, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=724)
          0.12669292 = weight(abstract_txt:cognition in 724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12669292 = score(doc=724,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18855262 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2494137 = boost
                7.167183 = idf(docFreq=87, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.6719234 = fieldWeight in 724, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.167183 = idf(docFreq=87, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=724)
          0.0712115 = weight(abstract_txt:approaches in 724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0712115 = score(doc=724,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16179848 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6367872 = boost
                4.694663 = idf(docFreq=1042, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.44012466 = fieldWeight in 724, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.694663 = idf(docFreq=1042, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=724)
          0.12900148 = weight(abstract_txt:behaviour in 724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12900148 = score(doc=724,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24043858 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9952948 = boost
                5.7229414 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.5365257 = fieldWeight in 724, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.7229414 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=724)
          0.14057772 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14057772 = score(doc=724,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.29146233 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6905549 = boost
                5.1447325 = idf(docFreq=664, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.48231867 = fieldWeight in 724, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1447325 = idf(docFreq=664, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=724)
          0.10492495 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 724) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10492495 = score(doc=724,freq=9.0), product of:
              0.15292156 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9769626 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.68613577 = fieldWeight in 724, product of:
                3.0 = tf(freq=9.0), with freq of:
                  9.0 = termFreq=9.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=724)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Bates, M.J.: Learning about the information seeking of interdisciplinary scholars and students (1996) 0.19
    0.19322816 = sum of:
      0.19322816 = product of:
        0.8051173 = sum of:
          0.094305374 = weight(abstract_txt:scholars in 251) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.094305374 = score(doc=251,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12783884 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0287774 = boost
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.73768955 = fieldWeight in 251, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=251)
          0.080909535 = weight(abstract_txt:needs in 251) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.080909535 = score(doc=251,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14542809 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5517764 = boost
                4.450834 = idf(docFreq=1330, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.5563542 = fieldWeight in 251, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.450834 = idf(docFreq=1330, maxDocs=41962)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=251)
          0.17200199 = weight(abstract_txt:behaviour in 251) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17200199 = score(doc=251,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24043858 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9952948 = boost
                5.7229414 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.7153677 = fieldWeight in 251, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.7229414 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=41962)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=251)
          0.112053245 = weight(abstract_txt:studies in 251) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.112053245 = score(doc=251,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20683716 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.266548 = boost
                4.3339696 = idf(docFreq=1495, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.5417462 = fieldWeight in 251, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3339696 = idf(docFreq=1495, maxDocs=41962)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=251)
          0.2650759 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 251) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2650759 = score(doc=251,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.29146233 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6905549 = boost
                5.1447325 = idf(docFreq=664, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.90946877 = fieldWeight in 251, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.1447325 = idf(docFreq=664, maxDocs=41962)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=251)
          0.08077127 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 251) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08077127 = score(doc=251,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.15292156 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9769626 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.5281876 = fieldWeight in 251, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=251)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Kostagiolas, P.A.; Lavranos, C.; Korfiatis, N.; Papadatos, J.; Papavlasopoulos, S.: Music, musicians and information seeking behaviour : a case study on a community concert band (2015) 0.17
    0.1713092 = sum of:
      0.1713092 = product of:
        0.71378833 = sum of:
          0.040454768 = weight(abstract_txt:needs in 3788) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040454768 = score(doc=3788,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14542809 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5517764 = boost
                4.450834 = idf(docFreq=1330, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.2781771 = fieldWeight in 3788, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.450834 = idf(docFreq=1330, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3788)
          0.09615968 = weight(abstract_txt:empirical in 3788) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09615968 = score(doc=3788,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20558299 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8450094 = boost
                5.29189 = idf(docFreq=573, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.46774143 = fieldWeight in 3788, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.29189 = idf(docFreq=573, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3788)
          0.17200199 = weight(abstract_txt:behaviour in 3788) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17200199 = score(doc=3788,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.24043858 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9952948 = boost
                5.7229414 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.7153677 = fieldWeight in 3788, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.7229414 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3788)
          0.056026623 = weight(abstract_txt:studies in 3788) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.056026623 = score(doc=3788,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20683716 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.266548 = boost
                4.3339696 = idf(docFreq=1495, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.2708731 = fieldWeight in 3788, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3339696 = idf(docFreq=1495, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3788)
          0.2650759 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 3788) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2650759 = score(doc=3788,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.29146233 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6905549 = boost
                5.1447325 = idf(docFreq=664, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.90946877 = fieldWeight in 3788, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                5.1447325 = idf(docFreq=664, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3788)
          0.08406941 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3788) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08406941 = score(doc=3788,freq=13.0), product of:
              0.15292156 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9769626 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.5497551 = fieldWeight in 3788, product of:
                3.6055512 = tf(freq=13.0), with freq of:
                  13.0 = termFreq=13.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3788)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Mansourian, Y.; Ford, N.: Web searchers' attributions of success and failure: an empirical study (2007) 0.17
    0.17092778 = sum of:
      0.17092778 = product of:
        0.47479936 = sum of:
          0.032479066 = weight(abstract_txt:theories in 2841) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032479066 = score(doc=2841,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12078695 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.736437 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.26889548 = fieldWeight in 2841, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.736437 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=41962)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2841)
          0.05721661 = weight(abstract_txt:external in 2841) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05721661 = score(doc=2841,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1398371 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0759726 = boost
                6.172249 = idf(docFreq=237, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.40916616 = fieldWeight in 2841, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.172249 = idf(docFreq=237, maxDocs=41962)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2841)
          0.059431657 = weight(abstract_txt:internal in 2841) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.059431657 = score(doc=2841,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14342324 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.089682 = boost
                6.250892 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.41437954 = fieldWeight in 2841, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.250892 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=41962)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2841)
          0.07954925 = weight(abstract_txt:one's in 2841) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07954925 = score(doc=2841,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21946995 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3479617 = boost
                7.7324967 = idf(docFreq=49, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.3624608 = fieldWeight in 2841, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.7324967 = idf(docFreq=49, maxDocs=41962)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2841)
          0.03560575 = weight(abstract_txt:approaches in 2841) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03560575 = score(doc=2841,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16179848 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6367872 = boost
                4.694663 = idf(docFreq=1042, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.22006233 = fieldWeight in 2841, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.694663 = idf(docFreq=1042, maxDocs=41962)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2841)
          0.05099637 = weight(abstract_txt:empirical in 2841) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05099637 = score(doc=2841,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20558299 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8450094 = boost
                5.29189 = idf(docFreq=573, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.24805735 = fieldWeight in 2841, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.29189 = idf(docFreq=573, maxDocs=41962)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2841)
          0.06450074 = weight(abstract_txt:behaviour in 2841) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06450074 = score(doc=2841,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24043858 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9952948 = boost
                5.7229414 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.26826286 = fieldWeight in 2841, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.7229414 = idf(docFreq=372, maxDocs=41962)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2841)
          0.07028886 = weight(abstract_txt:seeking in 2841) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07028886 = score(doc=2841,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.29146233 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6905549 = boost
                5.1447325 = idf(docFreq=664, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.24115933 = fieldWeight in 2841, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1447325 = idf(docFreq=664, maxDocs=41962)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2841)
          0.02473105 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2841) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02473105 = score(doc=2841,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15292156 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9769626 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.021056093 = queryNorm
              0.16172376 = fieldWeight in 2841, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2841)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)