Document (#41069)

Author
Laßmann, G.
Title
Asimovs Robotergesetze : was leisten sie wirklich?
Imprint
Hannover : Heise
Year
2017
Pages
190 S
Isbn
978-3-95788-089-5
Series
Telepolis
Abstract
In Simulationen treten bei Robotern innere Zustände immer dann auf, wenn Katastrophen wie der eigene Totalausfall drohen. Die bekannten Robotergesetze von Isaac Asimov sind schon mehr als 75 Jahre alt. Systematisch untersucht wurden sie bislang nicht, obgleich durch die technische Entwicklung in der Computertechnik das Erstellen von Regeln für Roboter immer drängender wird: Autonome Fahrzeug fahren auf unseren Straßen, das EU-Parlament diskutiert Roboterrechte und nicht nur der Deutsche Ethikrat befasst sich mit Pflegerobotern. Gunter Laßmann hat in seinem eBook Asimovs Robotergesetze philosophisch und technisch untersucht: Asimovs Robotergesetze. Was leisten sie wirklich?" Er erörtert, was ein Roboter ist und wie ein solcher Roboter nach dem heutigen Stand der Technik "denken" würde. Diskutiert wird, inwieweit Roboter individuell sein könnten und wer die Verantwortung für den Roboter trägt. Alle drei Robotergesetze werden erstmals simuliert, was teilweise zu unerwarteten Ergebnissen führt. Die Roboter werden durch Hinzunahme von Lernen weiterentwickelt, es werden die Unterschiede zwischen regelbasiertem Lernen und Deep Learning dargestellt und am aktuellen Beispiel erläutert.
Footnote
Vgl.: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20180104576. Vgl. den Beitrag: Laßmann, G.: Die Aktualität von Asimovs Robotergesetzen (Interview) unter: https://www.heise.de/tp/features/Die-Aktualitaet-von-Asimovs-Robotergesetzen-3940781.html?wt_mc=nl.tp-aktuell.woechentlich.
Field
Informatik
RSWK
Roboter / Brutreaktor (maschinell ermittelt)
DDC
621.3 Elektrotechnik, Elektronik

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