Document (#41220)

Author
Cho, H.
Donovan, A.
Lee, J.H.
Title
Art in an algorithm : a taxonomy for describing video game visual styles
Source
Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 69(2018) no.5, S.633-646
Year
2018
Abstract
The discovery and retrieval of video games in library and information systems is, by and large, dependent on a limited set of descriptive metadata. Noticeably missing from this metadata are classifications of visual style-despite the overwhelmingly visual nature of most video games and the interest in visual style among video game users. One explanation for this paucity is the difficulty in eliciting consistent judgements about visual style, likely due to subjective interpretations of terminology and a lack of demonstrable testing for coinciding judgements. This study presents a taxonomy of video game visual styles constructed from the findings of a 22-participant cataloging user study of visual styles. A detailed description of the study, and its value and shortcomings, are presented along with reflections about the challenges of cultivating consensus about visual style in video games. The high degree of overall agreement in the user study demonstrates the potential value of a descriptor like visual style and the use of a cataloging study in developing visual style taxonomies. The resulting visual style taxonomy, the methods and analysis described herein may help improve the organization and retrieval of video games and possibly other visual materials like graphic designs, illustrations, and animations.
Content
Vgl.: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/asi.23988.
Theme
Metadaten
Form
Spiele

Similar documents (content)

  1. Lee, J.H.; Clarke, R.I.; Perti, A.: Empirical evaluation of metadata for video games and interactive media (2015) 0.27
    0.26504746 = sum of:
      0.26504746 = product of:
        0.9465981 = sum of:
          0.014604547 = weight(abstract_txt:value in 3344) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014604547 = score(doc=3344,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.053009007 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1575373 = boost
                4.4081707 = idf(docFreq=1409, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.27551067 = fieldWeight in 3344, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.4081707 = idf(docFreq=1409, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3344)
          0.05330588 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 3344) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05330588 = score(doc=3344,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.065691374 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2885888 = boost
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.81145936 = fieldWeight in 3344, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3344)
          0.015769277 = weight(abstract_txt:about in 3344) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015769277 = score(doc=3344,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06386495 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5560985 = boost
                3.950656 = idf(docFreq=2227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.246916 = fieldWeight in 3344, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.950656 = idf(docFreq=2227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3344)
          0.20287842 = weight(abstract_txt:game in 3344) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20287842 = score(doc=3344,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.2431298 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.0361617 = boost
                7.708272 = idf(docFreq=51, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.8344449 = fieldWeight in 3344, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.708272 = idf(docFreq=51, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3344)
          0.28128797 = weight(abstract_txt:games in 3344) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.28128797 = score(doc=3344,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.33273205 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.101309 = boost
                7.809368 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.8453889 = fieldWeight in 3344, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.809368 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3344)
          0.19631265 = weight(abstract_txt:video in 3344) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19631265 = score(doc=3344,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.36113465 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.652346 = boost
                6.1501274 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.5435996 = fieldWeight in 3344, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.1501274 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3344)
          0.18243939 = weight(abstract_txt:visual in 3344) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18243939 = score(doc=3344,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.51858556 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.868415 = boost
                5.6288304 = idf(docFreq=415, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.3518019 = fieldWeight in 3344, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6288304 = idf(docFreq=415, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3344)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Welhouse, Z.; Lee, J.H.; Bancroft, J.: "What am I fighting for?" : creating a controlled vocabulary for video game plot metadata (2015) 0.18
    0.18082188 = sum of:
      0.18082188 = product of:
        0.90410936 = sum of:
          0.025184663 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 3016) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025184663 = score(doc=3016,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.065691374 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2885888 = boost
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.38337854 = fieldWeight in 3016, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3016)
          0.019711597 = weight(abstract_txt:about in 3016) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019711597 = score(doc=3016,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06386495 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5560985 = boost
                3.950656 = idf(docFreq=2227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.308645 = fieldWeight in 3016, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.950656 = idf(docFreq=2227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3016)
          0.20706192 = weight(abstract_txt:game in 3016) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20706192 = score(doc=3016,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.2431298 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.0361617 = boost
                7.708272 = idf(docFreq=51, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.8516517 = fieldWeight in 3016, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.708272 = idf(docFreq=51, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3016)
          0.35160998 = weight(abstract_txt:games in 3016) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.35160998 = score(doc=3016,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.33273205 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.101309 = boost
                7.809368 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              1.0567361 = fieldWeight in 3016, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.809368 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3016)
          0.30054113 = weight(abstract_txt:video in 3016) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30054113 = score(doc=3016,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.36113465 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.652346 = boost
                6.1501274 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.8322135 = fieldWeight in 3016, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.1501274 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3016)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  3. Argamon, S.: Introduction to the special topic section on the computational analysis of style (2006) 0.14
    0.13574183 = sum of:
      0.13574183 = product of:
        0.84838647 = sum of:
          0.08865506 = weight(abstract_txt:styles in 189) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08865506 = score(doc=189,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20192514 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.766948 = boost
                7.0247865 = idf(docFreq=102, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.43904915 = fieldWeight in 189, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.0247865 = idf(docFreq=102, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=189)
          0.16240169 = weight(abstract_txt:games in 189) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16240169 = score(doc=189,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.33273205 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.101309 = boost
                7.809368 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.4880855 = fieldWeight in 189, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.809368 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=189)
          0.4148903 = weight(abstract_txt:style in 189) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.4148903 = score(doc=189,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.4123684 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.039999 = boost
                6.5719194 = idf(docFreq=161, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              1.0061157 = fieldWeight in 189, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                6.5719194 = idf(docFreq=161, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=189)
          0.18243939 = weight(abstract_txt:visual in 189) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18243939 = score(doc=189,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.51858556 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.868415 = boost
                5.6288304 = idf(docFreq=415, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.3518019 = fieldWeight in 189, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6288304 = idf(docFreq=415, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=189)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  4. Groat, G. de: ¬A history of video game cataloging in U.S. libraries (2015) 0.12
    0.11837165 = sum of:
      0.11837165 = product of:
        0.98643047 = sum of:
          0.073418885 = weight(abstract_txt:cataloging in 3015) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.073418885 = score(doc=3015,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.067481406 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3060272 = boost
                4.9736547 = idf(docFreq=800, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              1.087987 = fieldWeight in 3015, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.9736547 = idf(docFreq=800, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3015)
          0.49225396 = weight(abstract_txt:games in 3015) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.49225396 = score(doc=3015,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.33273205 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.101309 = boost
                7.809368 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              1.4794306 = fieldWeight in 3015, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.809368 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3015)
          0.4207576 = weight(abstract_txt:video in 3015) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.4207576 = score(doc=3015,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.36113465 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.652346 = boost
                6.1501274 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              1.1650989 = fieldWeight in 3015, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.1501274 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3015)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)
    
  5. Jett, J.; Sacchi, S.; Lee, J.H.; Clarke, R.I.: ¬A conceptual model for video games and interactive media (2016) 0.10
    0.100569524 = sum of:
      0.100569524 = product of:
        0.8380794 = sum of:
          0.20287842 = weight(abstract_txt:game in 3768) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20287842 = score(doc=3768,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.2431298 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.0361617 = boost
                7.708272 = idf(docFreq=51, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.8344449 = fieldWeight in 3768, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.708272 = idf(docFreq=51, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3768)
          0.32480338 = weight(abstract_txt:games in 3768) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.32480338 = score(doc=3768,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.33273205 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.101309 = boost
                7.809368 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.976171 = fieldWeight in 3768, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                7.809368 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3768)
          0.31039757 = weight(abstract_txt:video in 3768) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.31039757 = score(doc=3768,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.36113465 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.652346 = boost
                6.1501274 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42596)
                0.010388582 = queryNorm
              0.8595064 = fieldWeight in 3768, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                6.1501274 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3768)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)