Document (#41294)

Author
Lu, K.
Mao, J.
Li, G.
Title
Toward effective automated weighted subject indexing : a comparison of different approaches in different environments
Source
Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 69(2018) no.1, S.121-133
Year
2018
Abstract
Subject indexing plays an important role in supporting subject access to information resources. Current subject indexing systems do not make adequate distinctions on the importance of assigned subject descriptors. Assigning numeric weights to subject descriptors to distinguish their importance to the documents can strengthen the role of subject metadata. Automated methods are more cost-effective. This study compares different automated weighting methods in different environments. Two evaluation methods were used to assess the performance. Experiments on three datasets in the biomedical domain suggest the performance of different weighting methods depends on whether it is an abstract or full text environment. Mutual information with bag-of-words representation shows the best average performance in the full text environment, while cosine with bag-of-words representation is the best in an abstract environment. The cosine measure has relatively consistent and robust performance. A direct weighting method, IDF (Inverse Document Frequency), can produce quick and reasonable estimates of the weights. Bag-of-words representation generally outperforms the concept-based representation. Further improvement in performance can be obtained by using the learning-to-rank method to integrate different weighting methods. This study follows up Lu and Mao (Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 66, 1776-1784, 2015), in which an automated weighted subject indexing method was proposed and validated. The findings from this study contribute to more effective weighted subject indexing.
Content
Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23912/full.
Footnote
Vgl. das Erratum in JASIST 69(2018) no.7, S.956.
Theme
Automatisches Indexieren
Indexierungsstudien
Field
Medizin

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