Document (#10861)

Author
Ananiadou, S.
McNaught, J.
Title
Terms are not alone : term choice and choice terms
Source
Aslib proceedings. 47(1995) no.2, S.47-54,57-60
Year
1995
Abstract
Assesses the degree to which established practices in terminology can provide the translation industry with the lexical means to support mediation of information between languages, especially where such mediation involves modification. The effects of term variation, collocation and sublanguage phraseology present problems of term choice to the translator. Current term resources cannot help much with these problems; however, tools and techniques are discussed which, in the near future, will offer translators the means to make appropriate choices of terminology

Similar documents (content)

  1. Bowker, L.: Peering through the linguistic keyhole : what can term choice tell us about knowledge organization? (1998) 0.19
    0.19340469 = sum of:
      0.19340469 = product of:
        0.8058529 = sum of:
          0.02158562 = weight(abstract_txt:which in 2047) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02158562 = score(doc=2047,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.055613782 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0426061 = boost
                2.9274929 = idf(docFreq=6293, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.38813436 = fieldWeight in 2047, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.9274929 = idf(docFreq=6293, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2047)
          0.17873375 = weight(abstract_txt:variation in 2047) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17873375 = score(doc=2047,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.1578229 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2419356 = boost
                6.9743648 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              1.1324956 = fieldWeight in 2047, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.9743648 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2047)
          0.057495706 = weight(abstract_txt:terms in 2047) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.057495706 = score(doc=2047,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.106863566 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.445253 = boost
                4.058069 = idf(docFreq=2031, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.5380291 = fieldWeight in 2047, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.058069 = idf(docFreq=2031, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2047)
          0.11520933 = weight(abstract_txt:terminology in 2047) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11520933 = score(doc=2047,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21399707 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0451868 = boost
                5.7426 = idf(docFreq=376, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.53836876 = fieldWeight in 2047, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.7426 = idf(docFreq=376, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2047)
          0.1969212 = weight(abstract_txt:choice in 2047) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1969212 = score(doc=2047,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.35019353 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2042675 = boost
                5.998091 = idf(docFreq=291, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.56232107 = fieldWeight in 2047, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.998091 = idf(docFreq=291, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2047)
          0.23590729 = weight(abstract_txt:term in 2047) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23590729 = score(doc=2047,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.30144855 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.432817 = boost
                4.819436 = idf(docFreq=948, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.78257895 = fieldWeight in 2047, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.819436 = idf(docFreq=948, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2047)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  2. Bowker, L.: ¬A corpus-based investigation of variation in the organization of medical terms (2000) 0.19
    0.19040516 = sum of:
      0.19040516 = product of:
        0.79335487 = sum of:
          0.015263339 = weight(abstract_txt:which in 2093) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015263339 = score(doc=2093,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.055613782 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0426061 = boost
                2.9274929 = idf(docFreq=6293, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.27445245 = fieldWeight in 2093, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.9274929 = idf(docFreq=6293, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2093)
          0.2307443 = weight(abstract_txt:variation in 2093) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2307443 = score(doc=2093,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.1578229 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2419356 = boost
                6.9743648 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              1.4620457 = fieldWeight in 2093, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                6.9743648 = idf(docFreq=109, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2093)
          0.0406556 = weight(abstract_txt:terms in 2093) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0406556 = score(doc=2093,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.106863566 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.445253 = boost
                4.058069 = idf(docFreq=2031, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.380444 = fieldWeight in 2093, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.058069 = idf(docFreq=2031, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2093)
          0.19886482 = weight(abstract_txt:translators in 2093) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19886482 = score(doc=2093,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24440572 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5455025 = boost
                8.679112 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.8136668 = fieldWeight in 2093, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.679112 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2093)
          0.11520933 = weight(abstract_txt:terminology in 2093) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11520933 = score(doc=2093,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21399707 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0451868 = boost
                5.7426 = idf(docFreq=376, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.53836876 = fieldWeight in 2093, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.7426 = idf(docFreq=376, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2093)
          0.19261749 = weight(abstract_txt:term in 2093) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19261749 = score(doc=2093,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.30144855 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.432817 = boost
                4.819436 = idf(docFreq=948, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.638973 = fieldWeight in 2093, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.819436 = idf(docFreq=948, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2093)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Olvera-Lobo, M.-D.; García-Santiago, L.: Analysis of errors in the automatic translation of questions for translingual QA systems (2010) 0.15
    0.15148814 = sum of:
      0.15148814 = product of:
        0.6312006 = sum of:
          0.09335691 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 421) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09335691 = score(doc=421,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.123661876 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0993398 = boost
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.7549369 = fieldWeight in 421, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=421)
          0.049479242 = weight(abstract_txt:lexical in 421) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.049479242 = score(doc=421,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13848738 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1633735 = boost
                6.5331817 = idf(docFreq=170, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.35728338 = fieldWeight in 421, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5331817 = idf(docFreq=170, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=421)
          0.023715768 = weight(abstract_txt:terms in 421) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023715768 = score(doc=421,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.106863566 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.445253 = boost
                4.058069 = idf(docFreq=2031, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.22192566 = fieldWeight in 421, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.058069 = idf(docFreq=2031, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=421)
          0.16405511 = weight(abstract_txt:translators in 421) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16405511 = score(doc=421,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.24440572 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5455025 = boost
                8.679112 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.67124087 = fieldWeight in 421, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.679112 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=421)
          0.255853 = weight(abstract_txt:translator in 421) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.255853 = score(doc=421,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.26087666 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5967307 = boost
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.98074317 = fieldWeight in 421, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=421)
          0.04474061 = weight(abstract_txt:means in 421) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04474061 = score(doc=421,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16315717 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7857971 = boost
                5.01427 = idf(docFreq=780, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.27421787 = fieldWeight in 421, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.01427 = idf(docFreq=780, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=421)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. King, M.: Evaluation of MT software and methods (1994) 0.13
    0.1307609 = sum of:
      0.1307609 = product of:
        0.6538044 = sum of:
          0.02035112 = weight(abstract_txt:which in 1678) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02035112 = score(doc=1678,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.055613782 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0426061 = boost
                2.9274929 = idf(docFreq=6293, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.3659366 = fieldWeight in 1678, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.9274929 = idf(docFreq=6293, maxDocs=43254)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=1678)
          0.092007756 = weight(abstract_txt:industry in 1678) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.092007756 = score(doc=1678,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12068775 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0860395 = boost
                6.098896 = idf(docFreq=263, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.762362 = fieldWeight in 1678, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.098896 = idf(docFreq=263, maxDocs=43254)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=1678)
          0.09542967 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 1678) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09542967 = score(doc=1678,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.123661876 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0993398 = boost
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.77169836 = fieldWeight in 1678, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=1678)
          0.29240343 = weight(abstract_txt:translator in 1678) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.29240343 = score(doc=1678,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26087666 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5967307 = boost
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              1.1208494 = fieldWeight in 1678, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=1678)
          0.15361245 = weight(abstract_txt:terminology in 1678) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15361245 = score(doc=1678,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21399707 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0451868 = boost
                5.7426 = idf(docFreq=376, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.717825 = fieldWeight in 1678, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.7426 = idf(docFreq=376, maxDocs=43254)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=1678)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  5. Senez, D.: Developments in Systran (1995) 0.12
    0.12299942 = sum of:
      0.12299942 = product of:
        0.6149971 = sum of:
          0.030526677 = weight(abstract_txt:which in 546) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030526677 = score(doc=546,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.055613782 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0426061 = boost
                2.9274929 = idf(docFreq=6293, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.5489049 = fieldWeight in 546, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.9274929 = idf(docFreq=6293, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=546)
          0.06508456 = weight(abstract_txt:cannot in 546) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06508456 = score(doc=546,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11607126 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0650657 = boost
                5.981113 = idf(docFreq=296, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.5607293 = fieldWeight in 546, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.981113 = idf(docFreq=296, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=546)
          0.10121845 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 546) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10121845 = score(doc=546,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.123661876 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0993398 = boost
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.8185097 = fieldWeight in 546, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.173587 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=546)
          0.19886482 = weight(abstract_txt:translators in 546) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19886482 = score(doc=546,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24440572 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5455025 = boost
                8.679112 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.8136668 = fieldWeight in 546, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.679112 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=546)
          0.21930258 = weight(abstract_txt:translator in 546) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21930258 = score(doc=546,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26087666 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5967307 = boost
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018220752 = queryNorm
              0.840637 = fieldWeight in 546, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=546)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)