Document (#26710)

Author
dpa
Title
Speicher für eine universelle Grammatik
Source
Frankfurter Rundschau. Nr.150 vom 2.7.2003, S.WB3
Year
2003
Series
Wissen: Hirnforschung
Abstract
Im menschlichen Gehirn könnte nach einer Studie Hamburger Forscher bereits eine universelle Grammatik verankert sein. In der Untersuchung war das Sprachzentrum der Probanden sehr aktiv, wenn sie die Grammatik einer echten Sprache wie Italienisch oder Japanisch lernten. Bei frei erfundenen Grammatikregeln war dieses so genannte Broca-Zentrum dagegen weniger einbezogen. Das berichtete das Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf. Die Studie sei ein Beleg für eine bereits vor 30 Jahren erstellte Theorie des Linguisten Noam Chomsky, nach der es eine angeborene sprachenübergreifende Grammatik gibt, die alle Menschen der Erde teilen. Dieses Ergebnis sei wichtig, um zu verstehen, wie das Gehirn Sprache bildet, heißt es in einem Kommentar des Fachblattes Nature Neuroscience, das die Hamburger Studie veröffentlicht hat. Es sei aber noch kein endgültiger Beweis dafür, dass die Broca-Region die neuronale Grundlage für eine universelle Grammatik sei.
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft
Sprachwissenschaft

Similar documents (content)

  1. Rolland, M.T.: Grammatikstandardisierung im Bereich der Sprachverarbeitung (1996) 0.15
    0.15072155 = sum of:
      0.15072155 = product of:
        1.2560129 = sum of:
          0.13328943 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 6425) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13328943 = score(doc=6425,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.11810836 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3948153 = boost
                6.018853 = idf(docFreq=285, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              1.128535 = fieldWeight in 6425, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.018853 = idf(docFreq=285, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6425)
          0.06641264 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 6425) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06641264 = score(doc=6425,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.10074668 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0368626 = boost
                3.5157564 = idf(docFreq=3494, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.6592043 = fieldWeight in 6425, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.5157564 = idf(docFreq=3494, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6425)
          1.0563109 = weight(abstract_txt:grammatik in 6425) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.0563109 = score(doc=6425,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.637174 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.1224227 = boost
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              1.6578059 = fieldWeight in 6425, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6425)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)
    
  2. Wittgenstein, L.: ¬'The big typescript' : Wiener Ausgabe (2000) 0.12
    0.11856879 = sum of:
      0.11856879 = product of:
        0.59284395 = sum of:
          0.030053848 = weight(abstract_txt:nach in 997) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030053848 = score(doc=997,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.062251206 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0126288 = boost
                4.3696566 = idf(docFreq=1487, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.48278338 = fieldWeight in 997, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.3696566 = idf(docFreq=1487, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=997)
          0.03945138 = weight(abstract_txt:bereits in 997) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03945138 = score(doc=997,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09402987 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2445413 = boost
                5.370396 = idf(docFreq=546, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.4195622 = fieldWeight in 997, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.370396 = idf(docFreq=546, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=997)
          0.055537254 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 997) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055537254 = score(doc=997,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11810836 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3948153 = boost
                6.018853 = idf(docFreq=285, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.4702229 = fieldWeight in 997, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.018853 = idf(docFreq=285, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=997)
          0.027671933 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 997) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027671933 = score(doc=997,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10074668 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0368626 = boost
                3.5157564 = idf(docFreq=3494, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.27466846 = fieldWeight in 997, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5157564 = idf(docFreq=3494, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=997)
          0.44012955 = weight(abstract_txt:grammatik in 997) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.44012955 = score(doc=997,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.637174 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.1224227 = boost
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.6907525 = fieldWeight in 997, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=997)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  3. Pinker, S.: Wörter und Regeln : Die Natur der Sprache (2000) 0.11
    0.10798853 = sum of:
      0.10798853 = product of:
        0.6749283 = sum of:
          0.09934807 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 2735) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09934807 = score(doc=2735,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.11810836 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3948153 = boost
                6.018853 = idf(docFreq=285, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.8411603 = fieldWeight in 2735, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                6.018853 = idf(docFreq=285, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2735)
          0.055492956 = weight(abstract_txt:gehirn in 2735) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055492956 = score(doc=2735,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13697973 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5021197 = boost
                6.4818883 = idf(docFreq=179, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.40511802 = fieldWeight in 2735, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4818883 = idf(docFreq=179, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2735)
          0.022137549 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 2735) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.022137549 = score(doc=2735,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10074668 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0368626 = boost
                3.5157564 = idf(docFreq=3494, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.21973477 = fieldWeight in 2735, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5157564 = idf(docFreq=3494, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2735)
          0.49794972 = weight(abstract_txt:grammatik in 2735) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.49794972 = score(doc=2735,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.637174 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.1224227 = boost
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.78149724 = fieldWeight in 2735, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2735)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  4. Malsburg, C. von der: Künstliche Intelligenz (2013) 0.10
    0.10178888 = sum of:
      0.10178888 = product of:
        0.5089444 = sum of:
          0.020882115 = weight(abstract_txt:dieses in 967) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020882115 = score(doc=967,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.078044444 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1338285 = boost
                4.892653 = idf(docFreq=881, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.26756695 = fieldWeight in 967, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.892653 = idf(docFreq=881, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=967)
          0.07775216 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 967) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07775216 = score(doc=967,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.11810836 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3948153 = boost
                6.018853 = idf(docFreq=285, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.6583121 = fieldWeight in 967, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.018853 = idf(docFreq=285, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=967)
          0.06866903 = weight(abstract_txt:gehirn in 967) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06866903 = score(doc=967,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.13697973 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5021197 = boost
                6.4818883 = idf(docFreq=179, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.50130796 = fieldWeight in 967, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.4818883 = idf(docFreq=179, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=967)
          0.033550438 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 967) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.033550438 = score(doc=967,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.10074668 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0368626 = boost
                3.5157564 = idf(docFreq=3494, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.3330178 = fieldWeight in 967, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.5157564 = idf(docFreq=3494, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=967)
          0.30809066 = weight(abstract_txt:grammatik in 967) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30809066 = score(doc=967,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.637174 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.1224227 = boost
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.48352674 = fieldWeight in 967, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=967)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  5. Rolland, M.T.: Sprachverarbeitung ohne Parsing? (1997) 0.09
    0.09178562 = sum of:
      0.09178562 = product of:
        0.7648802 = sum of:
          0.10995816 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 1468) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10995816 = score(doc=1468,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11810836 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3948153 = boost
                6.018853 = idf(docFreq=285, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.93099385 = fieldWeight in 1468, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.018853 = idf(docFreq=285, maxDocs=43254)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1468)
          0.03874071 = weight(abstract_txt:eine in 1468) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03874071 = score(doc=1468,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10074668 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0368626 = boost
                3.5157564 = idf(docFreq=3494, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.38453585 = fieldWeight in 1468, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5157564 = idf(docFreq=3494, maxDocs=43254)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1468)
          0.6161813 = weight(abstract_txt:grammatik in 1468) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.6161813 = score(doc=1468,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.637174 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.1224227 = boost
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.014068578 = queryNorm
              0.9670535 = fieldWeight in 1468, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1468)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)