Document (#30207)

Author
Kretschmer, H.
Rousseau, R.
Title
Author inflation leads to a breakdown of Lotka's law : in and out of context
Source
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and technology. 52(2001) no.8, S.610-614
Year
2001
Abstract
Fractional counting of authors of multi-authored papers has been shown to lead to a breakdown of Lotka's Law despite its robust character under most circumstances. Kretschmer and Rousseau use the normal count method of full credit for each author on two five-year bibliographies from each of 13 Dutch physics institutes where high co-authorship is a common occurrence. Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests were preformed to see if the Lotka distribution fit the data. All bibliographies up to 40 authors fit acceptably; no bibliography with a paper with over 100 authors fits the distribution. The underlying traditional "success breeds success" mechanism assumes new items on a one by one basis, but Egghe's generalized model would still account for the process. It seems unlikely that Lotka's Law will hold in a high co-authorship environment.
Theme
Informetrie
Object
Lotka-Gesetz

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