Document (#32169)

Author
Kliemt, A.
Title
Leipziger und Frankfurter Allerlei : Katalogdaten der DNB im WorldCat
Source
Bibliotheksdienst. 41(2007) H.3, S.306-318
Year
2007
Series
Erschließung
Abstract
1971 ging in Ohio/USA ein EDV-Verbund von 54 College- und Universitätsbibliotheken an den Start, entwickelt vom OCLC, dem "Ohio College Library Center. Bereits 1977 öffnete sich dieser Verbund für interessierte Bibliotheken außerhalb Ohios, verbreitete sich schnell in den USA und schaffte bald auch den Sprung nach Übersee. Aus dem lokalen Verbund entwickelte sich ein globaler Verbund von heute etwa 10.000 Bibliotheken in aller Welt. Der Verbundkatalog dieser Bibliotheken, der WorldCat, ist mit mehr als 77 Mio. Titeln und über 1,1 Milliarden Besitznachweisen die größte bibliografische Datenbank der Welt. OCLC wurde als "Online Computer Library Center", zum globalen Datenbank- und Serviceanbieter für Bibliotheken. Über FirstSearch haben inzwischen 54.000 Bibliotheken und Institutionen weltweit, darunter auch die Zentral- und Landesbibliothek Berlin, als OCLC-Mitglieder online Zugriff auf WorldCat und etwa 70 andere OCLCDatenbanken. Am deutschen Bibliothekswesen ging die Entwicklung des WorldCat allerdings weitestgehend vorbei, das Interesse deutscher Bibliotheken war bisher sehr verhalten, die Teilnahme an diesem Verbund lange Zeit gleich Null. Als erste und bis Ende 2006 auch einzige große deutsche Bibliothek nimmt seit März 2000 nur die Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen aktiv am WorldCat teil. Das soll sich jetzt ändern, nachdem nicht zuletzt durch Open WorldCat das Interesse deutscher Bibliotheken am WorldCat doch noch geweckt werden konnte. Die Übernahme der Katalogdaten der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek in den WorldCat Ende 2006 war ein erster Schritt in die neue Richtung, dem bald weitere folgen sollen mit der Übernahme von Daten der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München und der OCLC-PICA-Verbünde GBV und BSZ.
Theme
Bibliographie
Object
WorldCat

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