Document (#33397)

Author
Boos, M.
Rack, O.
Schauenburg, B.
Title
Wissenskommunikation in computergestützten Gruppen : Theoretischer Hintergrund und empirische Befunde
Source
Information - Wissenschaft und Praxis. 59(2008) H.1, S.41-48
Year
2008
Abstract
Der Beitrag geht der Frage nach, welche förderlichen und hinderlichen Bedingungen für die Wissenskommunikation in Gruppen bestehen. Die Leistung einer Arbeits- oder Lerngruppe ist abhängig von verschiedenen Input- und Prozessvariablen. Auf der Inputseite sind vor allem der Aufgabentypus und das Ausmaß der Heterogenität der Gruppe, z.B. bezüglich der Wissensverteilung, zu nennen. Im Verlauf ihrer Arbeit müssen Gruppen verschiedene Schritte der Informationsverarbeitung durchlaufen, bei denen Prozessverluste auftreten können. In der Phase des Informationsaustausches tragen die Gruppenmitglieder ihre Informationen zusammen, um auf der so entstehenden Wissensbasis ein Problem zu lösen oder eine Entscheidung zu fällen. Insbesondere der Austausch ungeteilter Informationen verschafft der Gruppe einen nominellen Vorteil gegenüber dem Individuum. In zahlreichen Studien konnte jedoch gezeigt werden, dass Gruppen überwiegend solche Informationen diskutieren, die allen Mitgliedern bereits vor Beginn des Informationsaustauschs bekannt waren (sog. geteilte Information). Der mangelnde Austausch ungeteilter Information führt häufig zu suboptimalen Gruppenergebnissen. Der Prozess der Wissenskommunikation kann jedoch durch gezielte Interventionen und unterstützende Moderation der Gruppenprozesse verbessert werden.

Similar documents (content)

  1. Döring, N.; Dietmar, C.; Hein, A.: Information überall : Mobile Wissenskommunikation (2005) 0.29
    0.29476202 = sum of:
      0.29476202 = product of:
        2.45635 = sum of:
          0.048189547 = weight(abstract_txt:oder in 5397) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.048189547 = score(doc=5397,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07294112 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0662899 = boost
                4.271175 = idf(docFreq=1641, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              0.66066366 = fieldWeight in 5397, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.271175 = idf(docFreq=1641, maxDocs=43254)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=5397)
          0.08072986 = weight(abstract_txt:informationen in 5397) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08072986 = score(doc=5397,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14838855 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8626658 = boost
                4.974114 = idf(docFreq=812, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              0.5440437 = fieldWeight in 5397, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.974114 = idf(docFreq=812, maxDocs=43254)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=5397)
          2.3274307 = weight(title_txt:wissenskommunikation in 5397) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            2.3274307 = score(doc=5397,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5065172 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4413736 = boost
                9.189939 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              4.5949693 = fieldWeight in 5397, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.189939 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43254)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=5397)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)
    
  2. Schweizer, K.: Moderation und Steuerung der netzbasierten Wissenskommunikation : ein Reader (2006) 0.29
    0.29183838 = sum of:
      0.29183838 = product of:
        1.8239899 = sum of:
          0.050588485 = weight(abstract_txt:oder in 1920) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050588485 = score(doc=1920,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.07294112 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0662899 = boost
                4.271175 = idf(docFreq=1641, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              0.6935524 = fieldWeight in 1920, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.271175 = idf(docFreq=1641, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1920)
          0.19109339 = weight(abstract_txt:moderation in 1920) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19109339 = score(doc=1920,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16073933 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1192708 = boost
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              1.1888403 = fieldWeight in 1920, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1920)
          0.1276638 = weight(abstract_txt:austausch in 1920) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1276638 = score(doc=1920,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19499505 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7434155 = boost
                6.983497 = idf(docFreq=108, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              0.65470284 = fieldWeight in 1920, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.983497 = idf(docFreq=108, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1920)
          1.4546442 = weight(title_txt:wissenskommunikation in 1920) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.4546442 = score(doc=1920,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5065172 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4413736 = boost
                9.189939 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              2.8718557 = fieldWeight in 1920, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.189939 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43254)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=1920)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  3. Kösel, S.; Rieth, D.: ¬Die betriebliche Wissenskommunikation durch Visualisierungstools beleben (2006) 0.22
    0.21930921 = sum of:
      0.21930921 = product of:
        1.8275768 = sum of:
          0.024339397 = weight(abstract_txt:oder in 954) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024339397 = score(doc=954,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07294112 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0662899 = boost
                4.271175 = idf(docFreq=1641, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              0.33368555 = fieldWeight in 954, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.271175 = idf(docFreq=1641, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=954)
          0.057664182 = weight(abstract_txt:informationen in 954) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.057664182 = score(doc=954,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14838855 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8626658 = boost
                4.974114 = idf(docFreq=812, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              0.38860264 = fieldWeight in 954, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.974114 = idf(docFreq=812, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=954)
          1.7455732 = weight(title_txt:wissenskommunikation in 954) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.7455732 = score(doc=954,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5065172 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4413736 = boost
                9.189939 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              3.446227 = fieldWeight in 954, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.189939 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43254)
                0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=954)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)
    
  4. Helmerich, M.: Liniendiagramme in der Wissenskommunikation : eine mathematisch-didaktische Untersuchung (2011) 0.19
    0.19030617 = sum of:
      0.19030617 = product of:
        1.5858848 = sum of:
          0.08510921 = weight(abstract_txt:austausch in 855) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08510921 = score(doc=855,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19499505 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7434155 = boost
                6.983497 = idf(docFreq=108, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              0.43646857 = fieldWeight in 855, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.983497 = idf(docFreq=108, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=855)
          0.046131346 = weight(abstract_txt:informationen in 855) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.046131346 = score(doc=855,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14838855 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8626658 = boost
                4.974114 = idf(docFreq=812, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              0.31088212 = fieldWeight in 855, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.974114 = idf(docFreq=812, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=855)
          1.4546442 = weight(title_txt:wissenskommunikation in 855) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.4546442 = score(doc=855,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5065172 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4413736 = boost
                9.189939 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              2.8718557 = fieldWeight in 855, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.189939 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43254)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=855)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)
    
  5. Döring, N.; Pöschl, S.: Wissenskommunikation in Chats (2005) 0.19
    0.18775217 = sum of:
      0.18775217 = product of:
        2.3469021 = sum of:
          0.019471517 = weight(abstract_txt:oder in 5517) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019471517 = score(doc=5517,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07294112 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0662899 = boost
                4.271175 = idf(docFreq=1641, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              0.26694843 = fieldWeight in 5517, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.271175 = idf(docFreq=1641, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5517)
          2.3274307 = weight(title_txt:wissenskommunikation in 5517) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            2.3274307 = score(doc=5517,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5065172 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4413736 = boost
                9.189939 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43254)
                0.01601584 = queryNorm
              4.5949693 = fieldWeight in 5517, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.189939 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=43254)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=5517)
        0.08 = coord(2/25)