Document (#34822)

Author
Harmsen, B.
Leiter, A.
Title
Fraunhofer-Publica : Kompetenzdatenbank der angewandten Forschung
Source
Information - Wissenschaft und Praxis. 60(2009) H.3, S.151-154
Year
2009
Abstract
Fraunhofer-Publica ist die multidisziplinäre, bibliographische Referenzdatenbank für die Veröffentlichungen der Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, der größten Europäischen Trägerorganisation für angewandte Forschung, und ihre Mitarbeiter. Die Datenbank wurde 1988 ins Leben gerufen und 1991 um Patente ergänzt. Erstmals 1995 übers World Wide Web frei verfügbar, enthält sie seit 1999 auch Volltext-Dokumente. Seit 2005 ist sie "Open Archive Data Provider". Vor kurzem wurde die Web-Oberfläche überarbeitet, wodurch die Zugriffsmöglichkeiten für Suchmachinen-Robots erheblich verbessert werden konnten und Publica-Zitate nun in Google, MSN und in anderen Web-Datenbanken leichter auffindbar sind. 80 Prozent der heutigen Publica-Nutzung wird über Suchmaschinen vermittelt. Das Fraunhofer-Publica Team orientiert sich an vier Qualitätsmerkmalen für die Datenbankproduktion: Beschaffbarkeit der Originaldokumente, Vollständigkeit / Aktualität, Konsistenz der Metadaten und die Verbreitung der Publica-Inhalte. Dies verlangt akkurate Quellangaben, möglichst den Nachweis von IDs wie DOI oder URN sowie möglichst direkte Volltextlinks. Das Optimum im Bezug auf Beschaffbarkeit stellen freie Downloads dar. Was das Kriterium "Verbreitung" anbelangt, werden sowohl das "Harvesten" der Datenbank als auch die direkte Indexierung durch Robots unterstützt. Das Google-Ranking der Listen und Einzeldokumente ist jedoch schlecht, weil sie keine individuellen Titel haben. Deshalb wird als wichtigste Verbesserung angestrebt, individuelle Titel im HTML-Header für Listen und Einzelanzeigen zu generieren. Obwohl das "Harvesting" der Fraunhofer-Publica seit 2005 möglich ist, gibt es nach wie vor keine "Daten-Sets", d.h. fachspezifische Selektionsmöglichkeiten, die wichtig wären, um wissenschaftlichen Fachportalen zuzuarbeiten. Um dies zu ermöglichen, müssen nachträglich ca. 112.000 Publica-Dokumenten grobe DDC-Klassen bis zur dritten Ebene zugeordnet werden.
Theme
Informationsmittel
Object
Fraunhofer-Publica
DDC

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