Document (#35186)

Author
Krämer, S.
Title
Vom Mythos »Künstliche Intelligenz« zum Mythos »Künstliche Kommunikation« oder: : Ist eine nicht-anthropomorphe Beschreibung von Internet-Interaktionen möglich?
Source
Mythos Internet. Hrsg.: Stefan Münker, u. Alexander Roesler
Imprint
Frankfurt : Suhrkamp
Year
1997
Pages
S.83-107
Series
Edition Suhrkamp ; 2010
Abstract
Die suggestive Kraft der Vision »Künstlicher Intelligenz« verblaßt. Zwar wirken Impulse dieser Idee in der Neuroinformatik und in der Biorobotik fort; doch wer heute Grundlagenforschung und erst recht technische Konstruktionsarbeit mit Blick auf zukünftige Computernutzung betreibt, wird das Schlagwort »Künstliche Intelligenz« eher zu vermeiden suchen. Doch die utopische Lücke, die dieses Abflauen hinterläßt, bleibt nicht leer. Eine kaum weniger euphorisch besetzte Vision zeichnet sich ab, in deren Zentrum nicht mehr der Computer als künstliche Intelligenz, sondern der Computer als künstliches Kommunikationsnetz steht. Es geht um das Versprechen einer Interaktion zwischen körperlich Abwesenden, die hervorgeht aus der Verbindung von Telekommunikation und Datenverarbeitung. Jene dialogische Beziehung, die bisher nur der mündlichen Kommunikation zwischen Personen vorbehalten blieb, die einen gemeinsamen Wahrnehmungs- und Handlungsraum teilen, könne nun für Situationen textgebundener Fernkommunikation technisch restituiert werden. Mehr noch: Die Ein-Weg-Kommunikation vom Sender zum Empfänger, deren Modell die Massenmedien vom Buch bis zum Fernsehen verpflichtet blieben, werde nun transformierbar in reziproke Kommunikationsbeziehungen.
Theme
Internet
Field
Kommunikationswissenschaften

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